List of archaeological sites in Peru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Archaeological sites in Peru are numerous and diverse, representing different aspects including temples and fortresses of the various cultures of ancient Peru, such as the Moche and Nazca. The sites vary in importance from small local sites to UNESCO World Heritage sites of global importance.[1] Their nature and complexity of the sites vary from small single-featured sites such as pyramids to entire cities, such as Chan Chan and Machu Picchu. Preservation and investigation of these sites are controlled mainly by the National Institute for Culture (INC) (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Cultura). The lack of funding to protect sites and enforce existing laws, results in large scale looting and illegal trading of artifacts.[2]


The following is an alphabetical list of archaeological sites in Peru, it lists the main archaeological sites of touristic importance as published by the Ministry of Foreign Commerce and Tourism.[3][4]

Site Image Region Culture Period
Acaray Vista a Sector B 8-10-04.JPG Lima   !9100900–200 BC, 1000–1470 AD
Aspero Lima Norte Chico !70003000–1800 BC
Bandurria Bandurria Templo Tardío plaza circular.JPG Lima Norte Chico !70003000–1800 BC
El Brujo Complejo arqueológico Elbrujo2 lou.jpg La Libertad Moche 0100100–750 AD
Buena Vista Lima !99998000–1000 BC
Cahuachi Cahuachi 15.jpg Ica Nazca 99991–500 AD
Cantamarca Lima Canta 11001100–1450 AD
La Centinela Ica Chincha 09000900–1450 AD
Carajía `Karajia1.jpg Amazonas Chachapoya 99991400–1500 AD
Caral PeruCaral01.jpg Lima Norte Chico !70003000–1800 BC
Chan Chan Chanchan fishnet ruins.JPG La Libertad Chimú 0850850–1470 AD
Chanquillo Chanquillo Fortaleza (remains).jpg Ancash Casma/Sechin culture !9700300 BC
Chavin de Huantar Chavín de Huántar.JPG Ancash Chavín 99991200–400 BC
Chinchero Chinchero Archaeological site - overview.png Cusco   9999 
Choquequirao Choquequirao Archaeological site - house.jpg Cusco Inca 99991536–1572 AD
Cumbemayo Cumbemayo aqueduct.JPG Cajamarca Cajamarca 99991500 BC
El Paraíso El paraiso peru.jpg Chillon River Valley 37903790–3065 cal BP
Garagay Garagay altorrelieve polícromo.JPG Lima !88001200 BC
Gran Pajatén Figura del Condor del Gran Pajaten.png La Libertad Chachapoyas 9999200 BC
Gran Saposoa Amazonas Chachapoyas 9999 
Gran Vilaya Amazonas Chachapoyas 9999 
Guitarrero Cave Cueva del Guitarrero.jpg Ancash !20008000–7000 BC
Huaca de la Luna H Luna Frisorestaurado lou.jpg La Libertad Moche 9999450 AD
Huaca del Sol Huaca del Sol southeast.jpg La Libertad Moche 9999450 AD
Huaca Huallamarca Huallamarca Archaeological site - pyramid.jpg Lima Hualla 0500500–1450 AD
Huaca Pucllana Huaca Pucllana 1.JPG Lima
Lima 0200200–700 AD
Huaricanga Lima Region Norte Chico 99993500-1800 BC
Huchuy Qosqo Huchuy Qosqo Stevage.jpg Cuzco Inca 99991420-1530 AD
Inka Uyu Chucuito.jpg Puno 9999 
Inka Wasi, Ayacucho Le volcan Sarasara et le lac Parinacochas. Vue des hauteurs d'Incawasi.jpg Ayacucho Inca 9999 
Inka Wasi, Huancavelica ATRACTIVO TURISTICO INCAHUASI.jpg Huancavelica Inca 9999 
Inti Punku Camino-inca-dia4-c04.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Inti Watana Pumacocha Archaeological site - wall.jpg Ayacucho Inca 9999 
Jisk'a Iru Muqu Jiska2002.jpg Puno South-Central Highland !70003000–1400 BC
Kanamarka Kanamarca.jpg Cusco 9999 
Kuelap Kuelap.jpg Amazonas Chachapoyas 10001000–1400 AD
Kuntur Wasi Kuntur Wasi.jpg Cajamarca Chavín !90001000–700 BC
La Galgada La Libertad Kotosh Religious Tradition !71002900–1800 BC
Las Haldas or Aldas Las Aldas - panoramio.jpg Ancash Casma/Sechin culture 2200-300 BC
Llaqtapata Machu Picchu from Llactapata.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Machu Picchu 80 - Machu Picchu - Juin 2009 - edit.2.jpg Cusco Inca 99991450–1572 AD
Marayniyuq Marayniyoq0002.JPG Ayacucho Wari 9999 
Ñusta Hispana Vilcabamba Archaeological site Nusta Hispana.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Pachakamaq Pachacamac.jpg Lima Huari
0200200–1450 AD
Pañamarca Pañamarca Archaeological site - overview.jpg Ancash Moche 9999100–900 AD
Paramonga Paramonga Fortress & Observatory, Peru.jpg Lima Chimú 12001200–1450 AD
Patallaqta Patallacta Terraces.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Phuyupatamarka Phuyupatamarca (cloud-level town).jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Pikillaqta Piquillacta Archaeological site - building.jpg Cusco Huari 0500500–1200 AD
Pikimach'ay Ayacucho !000012000 BC
Pinkuylluna Ollantaytambo granaries Stevage.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Pisac Sun Temple at Pisac, Peru.jpg Cusco Inca 99991440–1530 AD
Puka Pukara Tambo Machay Décembre 2006.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Puruchuco Puruchuco Archaeological site - overview.jpg Lima Ichma
14701470–1532 AD
Quispiguanca Cuzco Inca 9999 1460-1530s AD
Qulu Qulu Colo Colo.jpg Puno 9999 
Qunchamarka Conchamarka (cooking stove spot).jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Qurikancha Cusco Coricancha Inti-Huasi main view.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Quriwayrachina Cusco Inca 9999 
Q'inqu Q'enqo.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Raqch'i Raqchi 01.jpg Cusco Inca 14501450–1532 AD
Rumiqullqa Rumicolca.jpg Cusco Wari, Inca 9999 
Runkuraqay Ruins Of Rest-hut, Inca Trail.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Sacred Valley Sacred Valley (around Pisaq), Peru.jpg Cusco Inca 99991000–1537 AD
Saksaywaman Sacsahuaman wall3.jpg Cusco Killke and Inca 0900900–1532 AD
Sayhuite Sayhuite Archaeological site - rock sculpture.jpg Apurímac Inca 9999 
Sechin Alto Sechín Archaeological site - relief (head profile left).jpg Ancash Casma/Sechin culture 20002000–1500 BCE
Sillustani Chulpas de la época Kolla 2.jpg Puno Colla 12001200–1450 AD
Sipán TumbaSeñorSipán3 lou.jpg Lambayeque Moche 999950–700 AD
Suntur Sondor Archaeological site - overview.jpg Apurímac Chanka 9999 
Tambo Colorado TamboColorado-colours.PNG Ica Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Tampu Mach'ay Tambo Machay Archaeological site - bath.png Cusco Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Tarawasi Tarahuasi Archaeological site - wall.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Tarmatampu Tarmatambo.jpg Junín Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Tipón Tipón Archaeological site - overview.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Toquepala Caves Tacna !23507650 BC
Toro Muerto ToroMuerto.jpg Arequipa Huari 0900900–1200 AD
Túcume Tucume Tempelberg-mit-Plattform.jpg Lambayeque Lambayeque, Chimú and Inca 0800800–1532 AD
Tunanmarka Tunanmarca Archaeological site - storehouse.jpg Junín Huanca 9999 
Uchkus Inkañan Uchkus Inkañan archeological site Huancavelica.PNG Huancavelica Inca 9999 
Ullantaytampu Ollantaytambo2.jpg Cusco Inca 14501450–1532 AD
Usnu Willkawaman ushnu.jpg Ayacucho 9999 
(Espiritu Pampa)
Espiritu Pampa Archaeological site - tree on wall.jpg Cusco Inca 99991539–1572 AD
Vilcashuamán Vilcas Huamán Archaeological site Arch.jpg Ayacucho Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Viracochapampa Wiracochapampa1.jpg La Libertad Wari 9999600–800 AD
Vitcos Archaeological site.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Wamanmarka Huamanmarka Archaeological site.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Wanuku Pampa Huánuco Pampa Archaeological site - doorway.jpg Huánuco Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Waqramarka Huacramarca2.jpg Ancash 9999 
Wari ruins Tomb at Wari ruins near Ayacucho.jpg Ayacucho Huari 500500–900 AD
Wari Willka Templo de Huarivilca.jpg Junín Huanca 9999 
Willkaraqay Willkaraqay ruins.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Willkawayin WillkawainTempel2.jpg Ancash Wari 9999400–1000 AD
Wiñay Wayna Peru Wiñay Wayna.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 

See also[edit]


  1. ^ UNESCO. World Heritage Centre. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  2. ^ International Council of Museums. Red List of Peruvian antiquities at risk. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  3. ^ (in Spanish) Ministry of Foreign Commerce and Tourism. Main archaeological sites of touristic importance. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  4. ^ (in Spanish) Archaeology of Peru. Archaeological sites. Retrieved March 3, 2009.

External links[edit]