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Eunomia family

The Eunomia or Eunomian family is a large asteroid family of S-type asteroids named after the asteroid 15 Eunomia. It is the most prominent family in the intermediate asteroid belt and the 6th-largest family with nearly six thousand known members, or 1.4% of all asteroids in the asteroid belt. By far the largest member is 15 Eunomia, the largest of all the "stony" S-type asteroid, It is about 300 km across along its longest axis, has a 250 km mean radius, lies close to the barycenter of the family. Eunomia has been estimated to contain about 70–75% of the matter from the original parent body; this had a mean diameter of about 280 km and was disrupted by the catastrophic impact that created the family. It is that the parent body was at least differentiated, because the surface of Eunomia and spectra of the smaller family members show some variation; this notwithstanding, other studies have indicated that the body, definitively shattered by the impact that created the family was already somewhat fragmented by previous smaller collisions.

The impactor was a smaller, yet still substantial asteroid of 50 km diameter that hit at a speed of about 22,000 km/h. The other Eunomian asteroids are quite distributed in orbital space around Eunomia; the next largest member identified by the analysis was 258 Tyche of 65 km diameter. However, its orbit lies at the margin of what can be considered the family region, it may well be an interloper; the largest clear family members are about 30 km diameter, with several asteroids in this size range. Spectroscopic studies have shown that the family members span a noticeable range of compositions, although all remain within the S spectral class; as such they are of stony surface composition that includes silicates and some nickel-iron, are quite bright for their size. The family contains large numbers of small objects. Since most of these smaller objects are "eroded" away over time due to secondary collisions, gravitational perturbations, the Yarkovsky effect, this indicates that the Eunomia family was created recently.

The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft flew by 2685 Masursky, a small family member, in 2000. However, the encounter distance of about one million kilometers was too large for surface features to be resolved; the Eunomia family is located between the 3:1 and 8:3 resonances with Jupiter, at high inclinations. A HCM numerical analysis by Zappalà et al. determined a large group of'core' family members, whose proper orbital elements lie in the approximate ranges At the present epoch, the range of osculating orbital elements of these core members is The Zappalà 1995 analysis found 439 core members, while a search of a recent proper element database for 96944 minor planets in 2005 yielded 4649 objects lying within the rectangular-shaped region defined by the first table above. By 2014, Nesvorný identified at total of 5,670, or 1.4% of all asteroids, using the Hierarchical Clustering Method. A number of interlopers have been identified, which share the same orbital elements as the true family members, but can not have come from the same breakup because of spectral differences.

The following have been identified in a spectral survey: 85 Io, 141 Lumen, 546 Herodias

Nataliia Zharkova

Nataliia Zharkova is a 2017 freediving champion of Europe and Ukraine. Zharkova holds multiple records in the discipline of freediving, she is a freediving runner-up champion of the world, 2013. She is the first Ukrainian and the second woman to dive below the arch of the Blue Hole vertical underwater cave in Dahab, Egypt, on a single breath. Zharkova started swimming at the age of 7 when her parents introduced her to swimming to alleviate her spine medical condition. In six months she would be accepted in the school of Olympic Reserve of Ukraine where she spent a total of 10 years. Zharkova represented Ukraine in various Europe swimming championships while attending the school of Olympic Reserve of Ukraine. In 2008 Zharkova begins active training. In 2009, Zharkova participated in a world championship held at Denmark. Zharkova set new Ukraine's national records in freediving. In 2010, Zharkova competed in Ukraine and Latvia; each participation brought Zharkova a new Ukraine's national record. In 2011, the first depth competitions AIDA International World Championship were held at Kalamata, Greece.

Zharkova's first participation in the depth competitions drew here near the top freedivers in the discipline taking 6th place in the CNF discipline. She set new Ukraine's national records in the discipline. In 2012, Ukraine's first team world championship participation, event was held in France. Zharkova represented Ukraine along with Valentin Kuznetsov. Men's team has taken 14th place out of a total of 30. Zharkova took 5th place in the world rating. In 2013, the AIDA International World Championships were held in Greece. Nataliia Zharkova along with Natalia Molchanova won medals in all of the disciplines of the championship. Silver – CNF, 60m Silver – FIM, 78m Bronze – CWT, 85mIn 2013–15, Zharkova was a finalist in the Pool World Championship held at Belgrad, Serbia. In 2015, the AIDA International Depth World Championships were held at Cyprus. Bronze – FIM Bronze – CWT In 2017 Zharkova won 2 gold and a bronze medals at Championship of Europe held at Kaş, Turkey, she set 2 new World Records according to CMAS.

All immersions of that championship were filmed with the Dive Eye underwater drone. CWT – 85m 2 ming 51 sec – gold, world record CNF – 65m 2 ming 41 sec – gold, world record Currently Zharkova is a master Instructor at AIDA International, instructor, she is a chairman of the Freediving committee at UFUA and is a member of the CMAS international committee. She is an author of multiple training programs and a coach in Deep Division freediving school in Kharkiv, Ukraine. Zharkova conducts trainings in warm climate locations, most notably in Dahab and prepares for upcoming competitions. DYN, Dynamic apnea with fins – 172 meters DNF, Dynamic apnea without fins – 132 meters FIM, Free immersion apnea – 82 meters, National record of Ukraine CWT, Constant weight apnea – 95 meters, National record of Ukraine STA, Static Apnea – 6 minutes 02 seconds, National record of Ukraine CWT, Constant weight apnea, Bi-fins – 85 meters, CMAS World record CNF, Constant weight apnea without fins – 65 meters, CMAS World record Zharkova graduated Kharkiv State Technical University of Construction and Architecture in 2012 as a BSc in the field of Architecture led by professor Alexander Buryak.

On 27 October 2016, Nataliia Zharkova became the first Ukrainian and the second woman in the world to dive through an underwater vertical cave known as Blue Hole on a single breath. Zharkova immersed to a depth of 56 meters and swam 30 meters under the arch. Official website

Cretan Chronicles

Cretan Chronicles is a trilogy of single-player role-playing fantasy gamebooks written by John Butterfield, David Honigmann and Philip Parker, illustrated by Dan Woods. The Cretan Chronicles were published by Puffin between 1985 and 1986 under the Adventure Gamebooks banner, which covered the more popular Fighting Fantasy and the related Sorcery! series, as well as the one-off Shakespearean-era role-playing game Maelstrom. The trilogy consists of: Blood Feud of Altheus At the Court of King Minos Return of the Wanderer; the reader controls Altheus, brother of the legendary hero Theseus, who in this series was killed in his quest to slay the Minotaur of Crete. Told of this state of affairs by the messenger god Hermes, Altheus embarks on a mission of vengeance. In Bloodfeud of Altheus, the young hero chooses a patron god from among six of the Olympians, sets out for Athens to meet with his father, King Aegeus to gain passage to Crete; the book ends when Altheus's ship manages to get past Talos, the bronze giant, arrives in Crete.

In the next book, At the Court of King Minos, Altheus has arrived on Crete and must deal with the members of Minos's court while trying to enter the labyrinth beneath Minos's palace and succeed where his brother failed. After killing the Minotaur, Altheus escapes from the palace and sails away with the king's daughter, Ariadne. In the final book, Return of the Wanderer, Altheus is condemned by the gods to wander in search of redemption for sins he has committed against Ariadne; each book is set in the mythological world of Ancient Greece. The series incorporates a set of characteristics differing from the Fighting Fantasy series, including combat statistics Might and Protection, Honour and Shame ratings. Might is "a combination of natural ability and the value of the strongest weapon he is carrying", while Protection is a combination of "inborn skill at dodging and the sum total of the armour he happens to be wearing". Honour is gained by victory in combat, may be used up in appeals to the gods or to gain a temporary increase in Might or Protection in combat.

Shame cannot be eradicated once acquired, "is accumulated by such cultural faux pas as slaying one's opponent after he has surrendered, or failing to perform heroic deeds". If Altheus accumulates more Shame than Honour, he will be "overwhelmed by the burden of his heroic conscience" and kill himself on the spot. Altheus chooses a patron deity at the start of Bloodfeud of Altheus, but maintains standings with other gods, being either in Favour, Neutral, or in Disfavour with each deity. Actions appeasing or angering the gods may change these ratings, in turn the ratings determine how the gods react to and assist Altheus at various points in the story. Certain patrons give particular benefits -. Another difference from the Fighting Fantasy books is the way that the protagonist's health is represented. Instead of having a stamina attribute which decreases as the character is injured, there are four simple stages to measure health: healthy, wounded wounded and dead; these are automatically reset after a battle.

While wounded a combatant is only allowed to add the roll of one die to their Might instead of two to reflect their weakened state. The books have around 500–600 paragraphs and are therefore longer than the standard Fighting Fantasy books, they are physically larger, sized to Steve Jackson's Sorcery! series. The Cretan Chronicles use a unique system known as "Taking a Hint". At times the reader may want to perform non-standard actions; these are not offered in the text, but are available when the paragraph number is in italic type, by adding 20 to the paragraph number. If there is no non-standard action at that point which a Bronze-Age hero would have thought of, the reader pays a penalty in either Honour or Shame, for trying to be ahead of his time. Mazes and Minotaurs a role-playing game set in the world of ancient Greek myth

Lisbon Principles

In 1997, a core set of six principles was established by ecological economist Robert Costanza for the sustainability governance of the oceans. These six principles became known as the "Lisbon Principles": together they provide basic guidelines for administering the use of common natural and social resources. Principle 1: Responsibility. Access to environmental resources carries attendant responsibilities to use them in an ecologically sustainable, economically efficient, fair manner. Individual and corporate responsibilities and incentives should be aligned with each other and with broad social and ecological goals. Principle 2: Scale-matching. Ecological problems are confined to a single scale. Decision-making on environmental resources should be assigned to institutional levels that maximize ecological input, ensure the flow of ecological information between institutional levels, take ownership and actors into account, internalize costs and benefits. Appropriate scales of governance will be those that have the most relevant information, can respond and efficiently, are able to integrate across scale boundaries.

Principle 3: Precaution. In the face of uncertainty about irreversible environmental impacts, decisions concerning their use should err on the side of caution; the burden of proof should shift to those whose activities damage the environment. Principle 4: Adaptive management. Given that some level of uncertainty always exists in environmental resource management, decision-makers should continuously gather and integrate appropriate ecological and economic information with the goal of adaptive improvement. Principle 5: Full cost allocation. All of the internal and external costs and benefits, including social and ecological, of alternative decisions concerning the use of environmental resources should be identified and allocated; when appropriate, markets should be adjusted to reflect full costs. Principle 6: Participation. All stakeholders should be engaged in the formulation and implementation of decisions concerning environmental resources. Full stakeholder awareness and participation contributes to credible, accepted rules that identify and assign the corresponding responsibilities appropriately

Ange Hyacinthe Maxence, baron de Damas

Ange Hyacinthe Maxence de Damas de Cormaillon, baron de Damas, was a French general and statesman who participated in the Napoleonic Wars on the Russian side before returning to France after Napoleon's exile. Upon his return to France, he continued his military career and entered into politics becoming the Minister of War and the Minister of Foreign Affairs under the Capetian kings. After his father Charles's death at Quiberon, Maxence de Damas, maternally a great-grandson of the Irish war hero General Sarsfield, was led by his uncle the Duke of Richelieu, who presented him to Czar Paul I to join the military cadet school in Saint Petersburg, he began a distinguished military career in the service of Czar Alexander. He entered Paris. At the request of Louis XVIII, Maxence de Damas began a new military career in France, he was appointed given command of the 8th division Marseille. After having pacified the South, he commanded the 9th Division in Spain, he received the surrender of Figuières, he was made a Peer of France in 1823.

He became Minister of War in 1823, designed the Act of 1824, which emphasized commitment to the number, competence through training and length of service. In 1824, the king asked him to replace François-René de Chateaubriand as Minister of Foreign Affairs, he managed to solve the crisis in Spain and Portugal, Greece with the Ottoman Empire, ordered an archaeological expedition on the Euphrates, which will update the City of Ur and the splendors of Khorsabad. He negotiated with the Republic of Santo Domingo for compensation of the French. From 1828 he tutored the Duke of Bordeaux. After the July Revolution, he accompanied the Charles X into exile. By his marriage with Charlotte Laure de Hautefort, daughter of Julie Alix de Choiseul-Praslin, he became owner of the Château de Sainte-Suzanne 10 May 1822; the baron de Damas retired to his wife's castle, Hautefort. He began his ultimate career dedicated to social works, manager of the hospice Hautefort, creating the first local "social security", promoting agriculture through the introduction of a loan of honor, writing his memoirs.

Baron de Damas, the body of his wife, born Sigismonde Charlotte Laure de Hautefort Ange-Hyacinthe de Damas, Mémoires du baron de Damas, publiées par son petit-fils Comte de Damas, Paris, 1922 Petr Zaborov, « "Ja Rossii i russkih ne zabyvaju" Dvadcat' pjat' pisem barona de Dama k semejstvu Oleninyh », dans Cahiers du monde russe, no 39/3 Dossier de Légion d'honneur du baron de Damas