Kazi Nazrul Islam
Kazi Nazrul Islam was a Bengali poet, writer and revolutionary. He is the poet of Bangladesh. Popularly known as Nazrul, he produced a body of poetry and music with themes that included religious devotion and spiritual rebellion against fascism. Nazruls activism for political and social justice earned him the title of Rebel Poet and his compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet. The same genre is known as Nazrul Geeti in India. In addition to being revered in Bangladesh, he is commemorated and revered in India, especially in the Bengali Speaking states of West Bengal. Born in a Bengali Muslim Kazi family, Nazrul Islam received religious education and he learned about poetry and literature while working with the rural theatrical group Letor Dal. He joined the British Indian Army in 1917, after serving in the British Indian Army in the Middle East during World War I, Nazrul established himself as a journalist in Calcutta. He assailed the British Raj in India and preached revolution through his works, such as Bidrohi and Bhangar Gaan.
His nationalist activism in Indian independence movement led to his frequent imprisonment by the colonial British authorities, while in prison, Nazrul wrote the Rajbandir Jabanbandi. Exploring the life and conditions of the masses of the Indian subcontinent. His writings greatly inspired Bengalis of East Pakistan during the Bangladesh Liberation War, bangladeshi literary critic Azfar Hussain characterized Kazi Nazrul Islam as one of the greatest revolutionary poets in the world. Nazruls writings explore themes such as love, humanity and he opposed all forms of bigotry and fundamentalism, including religious, caste-based and gender-based. Throughout his career, Nazrul wrote short stories and essays but is best known for his songs and he pioneered new music forms such as Bengali ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music for nearly 4,000 songs, collectively known as Nazrul Geeti and it caused Nazruls health to decline steadily and forced him to live in isolation in India (he was admitted in Ranchi mental hospital for many years.
At the invitation of the Government of Bangladesh and his moved to Dhaka in 1972. He died four years later, on 29 August 1976, both Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal observed mourning for his demise. Kazi Nazrul Islam was born on Friday 24 May 1899 at 10,20 am in the village of Churulia in the Asansol subdivision and he was born into a Muslim Taluqdar family and was the second of three sons and a daughter
Nikos Kazantzakis was a Greek writer, celebrated for his novels, which include Zorba the Greek, Christ Recrucified, Captain Michalis, and The Last Temptation of Christ. He wrote plays, travel books and philosophical essays such as The Saviors of God, universally recognised as a giant of modern Greek literature, Kazantzakis was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in nine different years. His fame was spread in the English speaking world by cinematic adaptations of Zorba the Greek. When Kazantzakis was born in 1883 in Heraklion, Crete had not yet joined the modern Greek state, from 1902 to 1906 Kazantzakis studied law at the University of Athens, his 1906 Juris Doctor thesis title was Ο Φρειδερίκος Νίτσε εν τη φιλοσοφία του δικαίου και της πολιτείας. Then he went to the Sorbonne in 1907 to study philosophy, there he fell under the influence of Henri Bergson. His 1909 doctoral dissertation at the Sorbonne was a version of his 1906 dissertation under the title Friedrich Nietzsche dans la philosophie du droit et de la cité.
Upon his return to Greece, he began translating works of philosophy, in 1914 he met Angelos Sikelianos. Together they travelled for two years in places where Greek Orthodox Christian culture flourished, largely influenced by the enthusiastic nationalism of Sikelianos, Kazantzakis married Galatea Alexiou in 1911, they divorced in 1926. He married Eleni Samiou in 1945, between 1922 and his death in 1957, he sojourned in Paris and Berlin, Russia and later in Cyprus, Egypt, Mount Sinai, Nice and Japan. While in Berlin, where the situation was explosive, Kazantzakis discovered communism. He never became a committed communist, but visited the Soviet Union and stayed with the Left Opposition politician and he witnessed the rise of Joseph Stalin, and became disillusioned with Soviet-style communism. Around this time, his earlier nationalist beliefs were gradually replaced by a more universalist ideology, in 1945, he became the leader of a small party on the non-communist left, and entered the Greek government as Minister without Portfolio.
He resigned this post the following year, in 1946, The Society of Greek Writers recommended that Kazantzakis and Angelos Sikelianos be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1957, he lost the Prize to Albert Camus by one vote, Camus said that Kazantzakis deserved the honour a hundred times more than himself. In total Kazantzakis was nominated in nine different years, late in 1957, even though suffering from leukemia, he set out on one last trip to China and Japan. Falling ill on his flight, he was transferred to Freiburg, Germany. He is buried on the surrounding the city of Heraklion near the Chania Gate. His epitaph reads I hope for nothing, the 50th anniversary of the death of Nikos Kazantzakis was selected as main motif for a high-value euro collectors coin, the €10 Greek Nikos Kazantzakis commemorative coin, minted in 2007
Sarah Kane was an English playwright. Her plays deal with themes of love, sexual desire, pain. They are characterised by an intensity, pared-down language, exploration of theatrical form and, in her earlier work. Kane herself, as well as scholars of her work, such as Graham Saunders, identify some of her inspirations as expressionist theatre and Jacobean tragedy. The critic Aleks Sierz has seen her work as part of what he has termed In-Yer-Face theatre, Kanes published work consists of five plays, one short film and two newspaper articles for The Guardian. Born in Brentwood and raised by evangelical parents, however, she rejected those beliefs. Kane struggled with depression for many years and was twice voluntarily admitted to the Maudsley Hospital in London. However, she wrote consistently, if slowly, throughout her adult life, for a year she was writer-in-residence for Paines Plough, a theatre company promoting new writing, where she actively encouraged other writers. Before that, she had worked briefly as associate for the Bush Theatre.
Kane died in 1999, two days taking a overdose of prescription drugs, she committed suicide by hanging herself by her shoelaces in a bathroom at Londons Kings College Hospital. Kane originally wanted to be a poet, but decided that she was unable to convey her thoughts and she wrote that she was attracted to the stage because theatre has no memory, which makes it the most existential of the arts. I keep coming back in the hope that someone in a room somewhere will show me an image that burns itself into my mind. Apart from some writing which she would dismiss as juvenilia, Kanes first play was Blasted, Kane wrote the first two scenes while a student in Birmingham, where they were given a public performance. The agent Mel Kenyon was in the audience and subsequently represented Kane, the completed play, directed by James Macdonald, opened at the Royal Court Theatre Upstairs in 1995. From its opening in a naturalistic – though troubling – world, the narrative ultimately breaks into a series of increasingly disturbing short scenes.
Its scenes of rape and other forms of brutality. Kane admired Bonds work, and he in turn publicly defended Kanes play, other dramatists whom Kane particularly liked and who could be seen as influences include Samuel Beckett, Howard Barker, and Georg Büchner, whose play Woyzeck she directed. Blasted was fiercely attacked in the British press, the Daily Mail drama critic Jack Tinker wrote a review headlined this disgusting feast of filth
Veli Karahoda is an Albanian writer, poet and essayist. He studied in the University of Pristina, Faculty of Arts, kafkas Albanian Castle,1991, Gjon Buzuku Publishing House, Pristina. The Demons,2000, Rilindja Publishing House, the Seven Last Words,2003, Gjon Buzuku Publishing House, Pristina. The Serpent and The Shadow,2015, Gjon Buzuku Publishing House and Other Stories,1994, Rilindja Publishing House, Pristina. Lucrecia,1995, Rilindja Publishing House, the Yellow Hourglass,1992, ArtCenter Publishing Company, Pristina. The Academy,1993, BlendAS Publishing Company, the Fair of Corpses,1992, ArtCenter Publishing Company, Pristina. Kështjella shqip e Kafkës, Veli Karahoda,9788677850029, Amazon. com, Books
Kaizen, is Japanese word for continuous improvement. In business, kaizen refers to activities that continuously improve all functions and it applies to processes, such as purchasing and logistics, that cross organizational boundaries into the supply chain. It has been applied in healthcare, life-coaching, banking, by improving standardized programmes and processes, kaizen aims to eliminate waste. Kaizen was first practiced in Japanese businesses after the Second World War, influenced in part by American business and quality-management teachers and it has since spread throughout the world and has been applied to environments outside of business and productivity. The Japanese word kaizen simply means change for better, with no inherent meaning of continuous or philosophy in Japanese dictionaries or in everyday use. The word refers to any improvement, one-time or continuous, large or small, the discussion below focuses on such interpretations of the word, as frequently used in the context of modern management discussions.
Two kaizen approaches have been distinguished, flow kaizen, process kaizen, the former is oriented towards the flow of materials and information, and is often identified with the reorganization of an entire production area, even a company. The latter means the improvement of individual workstands, improving the way production workers do their job is a part of a process kaizen. In this model, operators mostly look for ideas which, if possible. This is in contrast to models of work improvement, which generally have a long lag between concept development and project implementation. In the traditional model, the time between concept development and project implementation is very long, in the kaizen model, workers mostly look for small ideas and improvements which can be implemented on the same day. Kaizen is a process, the purpose of which goes beyond simple productivity improvement. Successful implementation requires the participation of workers in the improvement, people at all levels of an organization participate in kaizen, from the CEO down to janitorial staff, as well as external stakeholders when applicable.
Kaizen is most commonly associated with manufacturing operations, as at Toyota, the format for kaizen can be individual, suggestion system, small group, or large group. At Toyota, it is usually a local improvement within a workstation or local area and involves a group in improving their own work environment. This group is guided through the kaizen process by a line supervisor. Kaizen on a broad, cross-departmental scale in companies, generates total quality management, while kaizen usually delivers small improvements, the culture of continual aligned small improvements and standardization yields large results in terms of overall improvement in productivity. This philosophy differs from the command and control improvement programs of the mid-twentieth century, Kaizen methodology includes making changes and monitoring results, adjusting
Eleanor Hibbert was an English author who combined imagination with facts to bring history alive through novels of fiction and romance. In 1989, the Romance Writers of America gave her the Golden Treasure award in recognition of her significant contributions to the romance genre, by the time of her death, she had written more than 200 books that worldwide sold more than 100 million copies in 20 languages. She continues to be a widely borrowed author among lending libraries and her popular works of historical fiction are appreciated by readers and critics alike for their accuracy, quality of writing, and attention to detail. Hibbert was born Eleanor Alice Burford on 1 September 1906 at 20 Burke Street, Canning Town and she inherited a love of reading from her father, Joseph Burford, a dock labourer. Her mother was Alice Louise Burford, née Tate, when she was quite young, her health forced her to be privately educated at home. At the age of 16 she went to a college, where she studied shorthand, typewriting.
She worked for a jeweller in Hatton Garden, where she weighed gems and she worked as a language interpreter in a cafe for French and German speaking tourists. In her early twenties she married George Percival Hibbert, a leather merchant about twenty years older than herself. During World War II the Hibberts lived in a cottage in Cornwall that looked out over a bay called Plaidy Beach, the house had carved fireplaces and a staircase from the Tudor period. Hibbert restored the house and furnished it opulently but soon found it too big for her taste and she moved to a two-storey penthouse apartment at Albert Court, Kensington Gore, London that overlooked the Royal Albert Hall and Hyde Park. She shared her apartment with Mrs Molly Pascoe, a companion who travelled with her. In 1985 Hibbert sold Kings Lodging, Hibbert spent her summers in her cottage near Plaidy Beach in Cornwall. To get away from the cold English winter, Hibbert would sail around the world on board a ship three months a year from January to April.
The cruise would take her to destinations like Egypt and Australia. She sailed to Sydney aboard the cruise ship Oronsay in 1970, towards the end of her life, her eyesight started failing. Eleanor Hibbert died on 19 January 1993 on the cruise ship Sea Princess somewhere between Athens and Port Said and was buried at sea, a memorial service was held on 6 March 1993, at St Peters Anglican Church, Kensington Park Road, London. Eleanor Hibbert grew up in London, Hibbert first discovered her fascination for the past when she visited Hampton Court in her teenage years, after her marriage, Hibbert achieved the financial independence she needed to realise her desire to write. Londons historic monuments and royal personalities filled Hibberts historical novels and she was influenced by her regular visits to British historic homes and their architecture
Wladimir Kaminer is a Russian-born German short story writer and disc jockey of Jewish origin. Kaminer was born in Moscow, and after training as an audio engineer for theatre and radio. Following the collapse of the Berlin Wall, Kaminer emigrated to Marzahn, from the late 1990s onward Kaminer became a prime mover in Berlins art and literature scenes, based at the reopened Kaffee Burger club. He holds regular readings at the cafe, and contributes regularly to various German literary organs, Kaminer hosts a weekly radio show, called Wladimirs World, on Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburgs RADIOmultikulti, a station aimed at immigrants in Germany. Kaminer regularly DJs at his Russendiskos, during which he plays music by Russian bands. These discos originally began at the Kaffee Burger, but now occasionally tour Germany, though Russian is his first language, Kaminers entire literary output is in German, and sometimes concerns the language contact situation of Russian immigrants to Germany. In 2006 he announced his intention to run for Mayor of Berlin in 2011, the final chapter of his 2007 book Ich bin kein Berliner was subtitled My first speech as mayoral candidate.
Russendisko, released in English as Russian Disco Schönhauser Allee Militärmusik Die Reise nach Trulala Mein deutsches Dschungelbuch Ich mache mir Sorgen, das Kochbuch des Sozialismus Ich bin kein Berliner. Ein Reiseführer für faule Touristen Mein Leben im Schrebergarten Es gab keinen Sex im Sozialismus
Elmer Stephen Kelton was an American journalist and writer, known particularly for his Western novels. 15 May 1904 –27 April 1993) Kelton, when Kelton was three years old, the family moved to the McElroy Ranch located in the counties of Crane and Upton, near the city of Crane, south-southwest of Midland. He spent the rest of his childhood at three different homesteads on the McElroy Ranch, where his father was employed for thirty-six years, from 1944 to 1946, Kelton had served in the U. S. Army, with combat infantry experience in Europe during World War II. He and Anni Lipp, a native of Austria, were married, one son, Gerhard of Plainview, is Annis son that was adopted by Kelton. The other son and a daughter are Steve Kelton and Kathy Kelton, both of San Angelo. He had three brothers, Merle Kelton and his wife, Ann, of May, Bill Kelton and his wife, Pat, of Atlanta, from 1948-1963, Kelton was the farm-and-ranch editor for the San Angelo Standard-Times in the Harte-Hanks chain. For five years he was editor of Sheep and Goat Raiser Magazine and another twenty-two years he was editor of Livestock Weekly and his memoir, Sandhills Boy, was published in 2007.
Three of his novels have been featured in Readers Digest Condensed Books, peers in the WWA named him as the greatest Western writer of all time. The Good Old Boys was made into the Turner Network Television TV movie named The Good Old Boys starring Tommy Lee Jones, in 1977, Kelton received an Owen Wister Award for lifetime achievement. In April 1997, the Texas State Legislature proclaimed Elmer Kelton Day, in 1998, he received the first Lone Star Award for Lifetime Achievement from the Larry McMurtry Center for Arts and Humanities at Midwestern State University in Wichita Falls, Texas. He has received honorary doctorates from Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, Kelton received a lifetime achievement award from the National Cowboy Symposium in Lubbock. He is honored with a star in the sidewalk at the Fort Worth Stockyards in Fort Worth, Kelton was working on another book but faced multiple health problems in the spring of 2009. The book was not completed before he died on August 22,2009 and his funeral was held on August 27,2009, at the First United Methodist Church in San Angelo.
A life-size statue of Kelton by Raul Ruiz displayed at the Stevens Central Library in San Angelo, the runner-up was Keltons understudy Patrick Dearen of Midland, for his 2012 novel To Hell or the Pecos. Partial list of works, Texas Ranger Novels, San Angelo Standard-Times Museum of the Desert Southwest, has exhibit on Kelton elmerkelton. net, - Macmillan. com The Story of Elmer Kelton Keltons papers, 1948-1985. - Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library at Texas Tech University Wall Street Journal on Elmer Kelton Elmer Kelton interview with Bradley D. Pettit, - AmericanCowboy. com Texas Rangers Audiobooks - GraphicAudio. net
John Katzenbach is a United States author of popular fiction. He is married to Madeleine Blais and they live in western Massachusetts and he left the newspaper industry to write psychological thrillers. Two more of his books were made into films in the United States, 1995s Just Cause with Sean Connery, a fourth book, The Wrong Man, was made in 2011 as the French TV film Faux Coupable. Der Reporter The Mean Season Just Cause Harts War Official site
Colonel Richard Justin Kemp CBE is a retired British Army officer who served from 1977 to 2006. After retiring from the army, Kemp turned to writing and his first book, Attack State Red is an account of the 2007 campaign undertaken by the Royal Anglian Regiment, documenting their initial deployment and trials in Afghanistan. Attack State Red was listed as a bestseller in The Sunday Times, Richard Kemp was educated at Colchester Royal Grammar School. He served as a soldier and officer in the Royal Anglian Regiment from 1977 to 2006 and he started his training as an infantry soldier in 1977 at Bassingbourn Barracks, Cambridgeshire. The following year he entered the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and was commissioned as lieutenant on the General List on 5 August 1978. He was posted back to the Royal Anglian Regiment on 3 March 1979, his first regimental appointment was as a commander with the 3rd Battalion, based in Palace Barracks. After leaving Belfast he subsequently saw service around the world, including Germany, Kenya and he was promoted lieutenant on 5 August 1980, and captain on 5 August 1985.
He wrote the military manual, Armoured Infantry Company Group Tactics. As a captain in the Royal Anglian Regiment he took part in the first Gulf War, in 1990–91 and he was promoted major on 30 September 1991. In the late 1990s, he devised a new system for training Warrior AFV crews in gunnery combined with tactical movement, the system was a development of US armoured infantry training techniques, and was subsequently adopted by elements of the Royal Armoured Corps. In Bosnia, he served on operations with the United Nations and he took over the Armoured Infantry Training and Advisory Team based at Hohne and Sennelager, and held a staff appointment in the Ministry of Defence. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel on 30 June 1997, and commanded the 1st Battalion, Royal Anglian Regiment in Oakington and Londonderry from 1998 to 2000. After this command, he was appointed Commander of the Operational Training and Advisory Group and spent six months as Counter Terrorism, Kemp was attached to the Cabinet Office from 2001–2006, with a six-month posting to Afghanistan in 2003.
While working at the Cabinet Office his responsibilities included Iraq, and he made visits to Baghdad, Fallujah. He was involved in devising and developing government strategies and policies on counter terrorism and he was promoted colonel on 30 June 2004, and retired from the army on 30 March 2006. Kemp was Commander of the first Task Force Helmand in Afghanistan in 2003, while Commander in Afghanistan, he devised a doctrine for combating suicide attack, which did not previously exist in the British forces. That doctrine was taken into general use in the armed forces. Richard Kemp led a campaign in 2007 and 2008 to recognise the sacrifice of British troops killed and wounded in action by the award of a similar to the US Purple Heart