List of avalanches by death toll

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This is an incomplete list of notable avalanches.

Death toll (estimate) Event Location Date
1 22,000 Huascarán avalanche; triggered by the 1970 Ancash earthquake[1] Peru 1970
2 10,000 White Friday (1916)[2] Italy 1916
3 4,000 Huascarán avalanche[1] Peru 1962
4 310 2015 Afghanistan avalanches Afghanistan 2015
5 265 Winter of Terror; series of 649 avalanches Austria-Switzerland 1951
6 201 (56 confirmed, 145 presumed dead) 2012 Afghanistan avalanches[3] Afghanistan 2012
7 200 Lahaul Valley avalanche[4] India 1979
8 172 2010 Salang avalanches; series of at least 36 avalanches Afghanistan 2010
9 155 1918 Mitsumata village avalanche[5] Japan 1918
10 138 2012 Gayari Sector avalanche Pakistan 2012
11 125 Kolka-Karmadon rock ice slide Russia 2002
12 107 Saint-Martin[6] (Hautes-Pyrénées) France 1600
13 102 2010 Kohistan avalanche Pakistan 2010
14 96 Wellington, Washington avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United States United States 1910
15 90 1922 Ōmi Train avalanche[7] Japan 1922
16 84 1938 Unazuki avalanche[8] Japan 1938
17 81 Pragelato Italy 1904
18 79 (57 confirmed 22 presumed dead) 1954 Blons avalanches Austria 1954
19 70 Frassino avalanche Italy 1885
20 65 Palm Sunday Avalanche; deadliest avalanche along Chilkoot Trail Alaska 1898
21 62 1910 Rogers Pass avalanche; deadliest avalanche in Canada Canada 1910
22 59 1993 Bayburt Üzengili avalanche Turkey 1993
23 55 Møre og Romsdal Norway 1679
24 50[citation needed] Siglunesi Iceland 1613
25 43 Lenin Peak[9] Kyrgyzstan 1990
2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster Nepal October 2014
27 42 1995 Gokyo avalanche[10] Nepal 1995
28 40 Puente del Inca avalanche[11] Argentina 1965
29 39 Val-d'Isère[12] France 1970
30 38 Huez-en-Oisans[13] France 1749
31 37 Ortiporio (Corsica) France 1934
32 32 Vallouise (Hautes-Alpes) France 1757
33 31 1999 Galtür avalanche Austria 1999
34 29 Rigopiano avalanche Italy 2017
35 28 Granduc Mine Avalanche[14] Canada 1965
36 24 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1885
2017 Gurez sector avalanche India 2017
38 23 Balea Lac Romania 1977
39 22 2015 Mount Everest avalanches; triggered by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake[15][16] Nepal April 2015
40 21 Sogn og Fjordane Norway 1873
Lofoten Norway 1956
42 20 Hnífsdalur Iceland 1910
Flateyri Iceland 1995
44 18 Rybô[citation needed] Slovakia 1924
45 16 Low Tatras[17] Slovakia 1956
Vassdall Norway 1986
2014 Mount Everest avalanche Nepal April 2014
48 15 1972 Manaslu Nepal avalanche Nepal 1972
49 14 Súðavík Iceland 1995
50 12 Neskaupstaður Iceland 1974
High Tatras[18] Slovakia 1974
Montroc avalanche[19] France 1999
Kaprun avalanche Austria 2000
54 11 Flathead Valley avalanches Canada 2008
2009 Zigana avalanche Turkey 2009
Manaslu[20] Nepal 2012
57 10 2009 Afghan avalanches Afghanistan 2009
58 9 Seyðisfjörður Iceland 1732
Siglufjörður Iceland 1919
Cerro ventana avalanche[21] Argentina 2002
Mont Maudit avalanche[22] France 2012
Restelica Kosovo 2012
63 8 Lewes avalanche; deadliest avalanche in the United Kingdom United Kingdom 1836
64 7 Alpine Meadows United States March 1983
Sankt Anton am Arlberg (Wolfsgruben avalanche) Austria 1988
2003 Connaught Creek Valley avalanche British Columbia 2003
Western Tatras Slovakia 2005
68 6 Oravska Magura Slovakia 1968
1970 Mount Everest disaster Nepal 1970
2009 Schalfkogel avalanche Austria 2009
Valfréjus avalanche France January 2016
72 5 Loveland Pass avalanche[23] United States 2013
2016 Geier avalanche Austria February 2016
74 3 1996 Mount Everest disaster[24] Nepal 1996
2009 Buachaille Etive Mòr avalanche United Kingdom 2009
2012 Tunnel Creek avalanche United States 2012

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Peru Earthquake: A Special Study". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Oct 1970: 18. 
  2. ^ "Soldiers perish in avalanche as World War I rages". This Day in History. www.history.com. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  3. ^ "145 'presumed dead' in Afghan avalanche". ABC News. 2012-03-10. 
  4. ^ "The 10 Worst Snow Disasters in History". scientificamerican.com. 
  5. ^ ja:三俣の大雪崩 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  6. ^ Pierre Bernard Palassou, Nouveaux mémoires pour servir à l'histoire naturelle des Pyrénées et des pays adjacens, Pau, imp. Vignancour, 1823
  7. ^ ja:北陸線列車雪崩直撃事故 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  8. ^ ja:泡雪崩#歴史 (Japanese language) Retrieved date on March 29, 2017.
  9. ^ http://www.centralasia-travel.com/en/expeditions/lenin/history
  10. ^ Lee Allyn Davis (2008). Natural Disasters. Infobase Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4381-1878-9. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  12. ^ Pudasaini, Shiva P.; Hutter, Kolumban (2007), Avalanche dynamics: dynamics of rapid flows of dense granular avalanches, シュプリンガー・ジャパン株式会社, p. 32, ISBN 978-3-540-32686-1 
  13. ^ Christophe Ancey, Vincent Bain, Dynamique des avalanches, Cemagref, 2006, ISBN 2-88074-648-5
  14. ^ "Rescue workers clear snow and debris after the Granduc mine avalanche near Stewart, B.C., in 1965 in which 28 people died". Vancouver Sun. Vancouversun.com. 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  15. ^ Beaumont, Peter (2015-04-25). "Deadly Everest avalanche triggered by Nepal earthquake". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-04-25. 
  16. ^ Gopal Sharma and Ross Adkin (2015-04-25). "Devastating Nepal earthquake kills over 1,300, some in Everest avalanche". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-04-25. 
  17. ^ VRBA, Miloš, V lavinách a vánicích, Vsetín : Altituda, 2003, ISBN 80-86743-01-2
  18. ^ "Lavina ze Sedla nad Skokom". Hoslavia.utc.sk. Archived from the original on 2014-04-20. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  19. ^ Agrawala, Shardul (2007), Climate change in the European Alps: adapting winter tourism and natural hazards management, OECD Publishing, p. 66, ISBN 978-92-64-03168-5 
  20. ^ "Avalanche kills climbers at one of world's highest peaks". CNN.com. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  21. ^ "Recordarán los seis años de la tragedia del cerro Ventana - Diario LMNeuquén". lmneuquen.com.ar. 
  22. ^ Allen, Peter (2012-07-12). "Climbers triggered Mont Blanc avalanche which killed three Britons". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  23. ^ "CAIC". Avalanche.state.co.us. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  24. ^ "Lopsang Sherpa, two others killed on Everest". Summit Journal 1996. Outside Online. 1996. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 

External links[edit]