Paranoia is a dystopian science-fiction tabletop role-playing game designed and written by Greg Costikyan, Dan Gelber, Eric Goldberg, first published in 1984 by West End Games. Since 2004 the game has been published under license by Mongoose Publishing; the game won the Origins Award for Best Roleplaying Rules of 1984 and was inducted into the Origins Awards Hall of Fame in 2007. Paranoia is notable among tabletop games for being more competitive than co-operative, with players encouraged to betray one another for their own interests, as well as for keeping a light-hearted, tongue in cheek tone despite its dystopian setting; the game is set in a dystopian future city, controlled by an artificial intelligence construct called The Computer, where information are restricted by color-coded security clearance. Players are enforcers of The Computer's authority, will be given missions to seek out and eliminate threats to The Computer's control; the players are part of prohibited underground movements, will have secret objectives including theft from and murder of other players.
Several editions of the game have been published since the original version, the franchise has spawned several spin-offs and comic books based on the game. A crowdfunding at Kickstarter for a new edition was funded. Delivery to backers began in March 2017. Paranoia is a humorous role-playing game set in a dystopian future similar to Nineteen Eighty-Four, Brave New World, Logan's Run, THX 1138. Most of the game's humor is derived from the players' attempts to complete their assignment while adhering to The Computer's arbitrary and nonsensical security directives; the game's main setting is an futuristic city called Alpha Complex. Alpha Complex is controlled by a civil service AI construct; the Computer serves as the game's principal antagonist, fears a number of threats to its'perfect' society, such as The Outdoors and secret societies. To deal with these threats, The Computer employs Troubleshooters, whose job is to go out, find trouble, shoot it. Player characters are Troubleshooters, although game supplements have allowed the players to take on other roles, such as High-Programmers of Alpha Complex.
The player characters receive mission instructions from the Computer that are incomprehensible, self-contradictory, or fatal if adhered to, side-missions that conflict with the main mission. They are issued equipment, uniformly dangerous, faulty, or "experimental". Additionally, each player character is an unregistered mutant and a secret society member, has a hidden agenda separate from the group's goals involving stealing from or killing teammates. Thus, missions turn into a comedy of errors, as everyone on the team seeks to double-cross everyone else while keeping their own secrets; the game's manual encourages suspicion between players, offering several tips on how to make the gameplay as paranoid as possible. Every player's character is assigned six clones, known as a six-pack, which are used to replace the preceding clone upon his or her death; the game lacks a conventional health system. As a result, Paranoia allows characters to be killed, yet the player can continue instead of leaving the game.
This easy spending of clones tends to lead to frequent firefights, gruesome slapstick, the horrible yet humorous demise of most if not all of the player character's clone family. Additional clones can be purchased; the Paranoia rulebook is unusual in a number of ways. Paranoia features a security clearance system based on colors of the visible spectrum which restricts what the players can and cannot do; the lowest rating is Infrared. Interfering with anything, above that player's clearance carries significant risk; the full order of clearances from lowest to highest is Infrared, Orange, Green, Indigo and Ultraviolet. Within the game, Infrared-clearance citizens live dull lives of mindless drudgery and are medicated, while higher clearance characters may be allowed to demote or summarily execute those of a lower rank and those with Ultraviolet clearance are completely unrestricted and have a great deal of access to The Computer. Security clearance is not relate
Infanta Beatrice of Portugal was Duchess of Savoy by marriage to Charles III, Duke of Savoy. She was the Sovereign Countess of Asti from 1531 to 1538, she was the second daughter of his second wife, Maria of Aragon. Her siblings included King John III of Holy Roman Empress Isabella, she was educated under the supervision of her governess Elvira de Mendoza. In Villefranche-sur-Mer on 8 April 1521, Beatrice married Charles Duke of Savoy, he had succeeded as the Duke of Savoy since 1504, making Beatrice Duchess consort at the moment of her wedding. Beatrice is described as beautiful and ambitious. In 1531, she received as a fiefdom, from her cousin and brother-in-law, the emperor Charles V, the County of Asti which, on her death, was inherited by her son and permanently included on the Savoy's heritage. In 1534, she welcomed Christina of Denmark, a ward of her brother-in-law the Emperor, on her way to her marriage with the Duke of Milan; when Christina was widowed in 1535, the Milanese Count Stampa suggested a marriage between Christina and the eldest son of Beatrice, the heir of Savoy, in an attempt to protect Milan from Imperial sovereignty.
Beatrice supported the plan, when Louis died, she suggested that her next son could replace him. Nothing more was heard of this, however. In April 1536, Beatrice fled from the French conquest of Savoy to Christina in Milan in the company of two of her two eldest surviving children and the Shroud of Turin from Chambéry. In May, she was able to visit the Emperor without any political result, she lived as a guest with Christina in Milan, with whom she was good friends. In November 1537, Beatrice was escorted by the Imperial viceroy of Milan to the Emperor in Genova, but again, the meeting was without any result, she continued to Nice. She died in Nice in January 1538. Beatrice and Charles III had nine children: Prince of Piedmont. Louis, Prince of Piedmont. Emmanuel Philibert. Catherine. Marie. Isabella. Emmanuel. Emmanuel. John. After the death of the childless Sebastian of Portugal, her son fought for his rights to become King of Portugal, however he failed and the throne was given to Isabella's son Philip.
Cartwright Ady, Julia. Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and Lorraine, 1522-1590. New York: E. P. Dutton and Company. OCLC 871060. Prestage, Edgar: Il Portogallo nel medioevo, in: Cambridge University Press - Storia del mondo medievale, vol. VII, pp. 576–610, Garzanti, 1999. Ricaldone, Aldo di, Annuari del Monferrato, Vol I and II. Testa D. Storia del Monferrato, seconda edizione ampliata, Tip. S. Giuseppe 1951. Vergano L.: Storia di Asti, Vol. 1,2,3. Tip. S. Giuseppe Asti, 1953, 1957. Descendants of Manuel I of Portugal
The Balcombe drilling protest occurred when test drilling and possible fracking for petroleum were proposed in 2012 near Balcombe, a village in West Sussex England. Local residents protested and anti-fracking environmentalists in the UK made it a focus of attention; the drill pad is located in a wooded area known as Lower Stumble Wood. After the initial announcement of plans to drill a local protest group was formed and a picnic was held. There was considerable opposition to exploration plans with a poll conducted by the Balcombe Parish Council showing that 82% of local residents were opposed. Cuadrilla Resources, the company that proposes to drill the well, engaged in public relations efforts attempting to convince villagers that the project was both useful and safe. Previous exploration by Conoco in the same area in 1986 was abandoned due to low production of oil; as of June 2013 Balcombe had emerged as a focus of opposition to fracking in the Weald Basin of southeast England. No actual permits that allowed for fracking were asked for or issued.
In July 2013 a licence to drill the well was granted by the Environment Agency and Cuadrilla began transporting equipment and supplies to the test site. The well would be 3,000 feet deep with a possible 2,500 feet horizontal leg; the property is owned by the Balcombe Estate, managed by Simon Greenwood, a local resident and a member of the Balcombe Parish Council that granted permission for the well. It is the opinion of Mr. Greenwood. On 25 July 2013 colourfully dressed protestors blocked the gates to the site and prevented passage of a lorry with drilling equipment. On 26 July there was a heavy police presence at the gates and about a dozen protestors were arrested and charged with violation of section 241 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1992 which governs picketing. Protests continued on 27 July and additional protestors were arrested. Frack Off protestors from outside the immediate area have proven to be creative. After receiving intelligence developed by the local police of credible threats of direct action the company suspended drilling on 16 August.
Up to 1,000 protesters were expected for a six-day "Reclaim the Power" camp at the annual meeting of the No Dash for Gas environmental action movement. Workshops in skills-sharing in campaign building and direct action were planned; the height of the security fence around the site was doubled and razor wire installed. Hundreds of protesters from throughout the UK camped on private land at the so-called No Dash for Gas "Reclaim the Power" camp during the weekend of 17–18 August about a mile from the drilling pad in a field west of Cherry Lane near the intersection with London Road in Cuckfield Parish. Facilities such as kitchens and toilets were erected without permission to support hundreds of expected participants. 38 Degrees, a not-for-profit political-activism organisation reported raising £50,000 with £30,000 budgeted to support local groups, £10,000 for training, £10,000 on development of internet sites and infrastructure. 2,000 marched in Balcombe on held Sunday with direct action scheduled to commence on Monday.
After 2 days of direct action protests the camp began breaking up on Wednesday 21 August, leaving a contingent of those who have been protesting since July behind. On 19 August activists engaged in direct actions at Cuadrilla headquarters in Lichfield, Staffordshire and at the London offices of Bell Pottinger, which conducts its public relations. A few protesters gained entry to Cuadrilla's building and posted banners reading "Reclaim the Power" and "Power to the People," and, at Bell Pottinger, several protesters super glued themselves to the entrance, posting a banner over its entrance reading "Bell Pottinger Fracking Liars." The entrance to the drilling site was blocked by protesters who were locked together. There was a heavy police presence; as the day progressed the protesters where pushed to the side. Lucas was released on bail the next day. Most arrests at the entrance to the drilling site were made under a section of the Public Order Act, failure to comply with a condition made by a senior police officer on the scene.
There were direct actions at the homes of Lord Howell and Francis Maude, the Conservative MP who represents Balcombe. According to Fiona Harvey of The Guardian the Balcombe protests coincide with movement of the issue of hydraulic fracturing to the front of the public agenda in the United Kingdom; the initial permits to drill near Balcombe were issued as were permits in other parts of the UK such as Lancashire where fracking operations are believed to have resulted in two small earthquakes. As of August 2013 public opinion was evenly divided with about 40% of the public for and 40% against; the Balcombe protests occurred against a background of political and public relations blunders such as this remark by the government energy minister Michael Fallon:The beauty of that - please don't write this down - is that of course are underneath the commentariat. All these people writing leaders saying, `Why don't they get on with shale?' We are going to see how thick their rectory walls are, whether they like the flaring at the end of the drive.
There is growing public awareness of the potential impacts of industrial scale exploitation of shale gas. On 5 December 2014 the High Court has dismissed Frack Free Balcombe Residents’ Association’s claim for a judicial review to quash the County Council’s grant of planning permission for oil and gas exploration and appraisal south of Balcombe. According to Mr Justice Gilbart, author of the judgement, there was never a
The 2015 Lecoq Seoul Open was a professional tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It was the second edition of the first edition for men, it was part of the 2015 ATP Challenger Tour and the 2015 ITF Women's Circuit, offering a total of $50,000 in prize money. It took place in South Korea, on 11 -- 17 May 2015 for men and 18 -- 24 May 2015 women. 1 Rankings as of 4 May 2015 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Lee Duck-hee Nam Ji-sung Kwon Soon-wooThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Matthew Barton Marcos Giron Dimitar Kutrovsky Fritz WolmaransThe following players received entry by lucky loser spots: Philip Bester Li Zhe Wu DiThe following player received entry by a special exempt: Grega Žemlja 1 Rankings as of 11 May 2015 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Ahn Yu-jin Hong Seung-yeon Kim Sun-jung Lee So-raThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Han Sung-hee Kang Seo-kyung Mari Osaka Yurika Sema Go Soeda def. Chung Hyeon, 3–6, 6–3, 6–3 Riko Sawayanagi def.
Jang Su-jeong, 6–4, 6–4 Gong Maoxin / Peng Hsien-yin def. Lee Hyung-taik / Danai Udomchoke, 6–4, 7–5 Chan Chin-wei / Lee Ya-hsuan def. Hong Seung-yeon / Kang Seo-kyung, 6–2, 6–1 2015 Lecoq Seoul Open at ITFtennis.com
The table below details the complete World Championship Grand Prix results of the Formula One constructor Brabham between 1962 and 1992. It includes results from the works team as well as entered cars. Since the Constructors' Championship points were awarded to chassis-engine combinations rather than entrants, the table is sorted first by engine manufacturer by entrant. Notes^1 – Brabham only used the Brabham BT3 in practice, he drove a spare works Lotus 25 for the rest of the weekend after the engine in his Brabham BT3 failed. ^2 – Formula Two entry ^3 – Ligier finished 8th in the 1967 German Grand Prix, but was awarded the point for 6th place as the two F2 drivers who finished ahead of him were ineligible to score points