An official residence is the residence at which a nation's head of state, head of government, religious leader, leaders of international organizations, or other senior figure resides. It may or may not be the same location where the individual conducts work-related functions or lives. 3 Sutton Place, New York City Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Presidential Palace State House Kiriri Presidential Palace Unity Palace Palácio Presidencial Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Kinshasa Presidential Palace Palais de la Nation Palais du mont Ngaliema Palais de Marbre Brazzaville Presidential Palace Le Palais de la Présidence Presidential Palace Abdeen Palace Heliopolis Palace Koubbeh Palace Montaza Palace Ras el-Tin Palace Government Building Asmara President's Office National Palace Imperial Palace Presidential Palace State House Osu Castle formal residence Golden Jubilee House current residence Peduase Lodge retreat Presidential Palace Villa Syli Belle Vue Presidential Palace State House Royal Palace State House Executive Mansion Al-Sikka, Tripoli Al Nasr Convention Centre Dar al-Salam Hotel Abusita Navy Base Royal Palace of Tripoli Bab al-Azizia Iavoloha Ambohitsorohitra Sanjika Palace New State House Presidential Palace Presidential Palace State House Clarisse House Mechouar Essaid, Rabat Dâr-al-Makhzen, Fes Dâr-al-Makhzen, Meknes Marchane Palace, Tangier Bahia Palace, Marrakech El Badi Palace, Marrakech Palácio da Ponta Vermelha State House Presidential Palace Aso Rock Villa Rivers State:Government House Urugwiro Presidential Palace Palais de la Republique State House State House Villa Somalia Mahlamba Ndlopfu, Genadendal Residence, Cape Town Leeuwenhof Cape Province:Government House Transvaal:Government House Natal:Government House Orange Free State:Government House Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Lozitha Palace State House The Palace of the Governors Carthage Palace State House State House State House Government House Government House Government House Ilaro Court Palace of the Revolution Presidential Palace Government House Palacio Nacional, Dominican Republic Government House National Palace King's House Government House Jamaica House Vale Royal Government House Government House Government House President's House St. Anns Diplomatic Residence Whitehall Official residence Belize House Government House Rideau Hall Citadelle of Quebec 24 Sussex Drive Harrington Lake Stornoway The Farm, Gatineau Park 7 Rideau Gate British Columbia:Government House Manitoba:Government House New Brunswick:Old Government House Nova Scotia:Government House Prince Edward Island:Government House Newfoundland and Labrador:Government House Quebec:Édifice Price/Price Building *The provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Quebec no longer have official residences for their lieutenant governors, but do provide them with accommodations.
Casa Presidencial, Costa Rica Casa Presidencial called Casa Blanca Casa Presidencial National Palace Palacio José Cecilio del Valle None. The President uses own private residence. Los Pinos National Palace Castillo de Chapultepec *In every state of the Mexico the Palacio de Gobierno, or Government Palace, was the official residence the governor, they are now maintained as the relevant governor's offices. Querétaro Casa de la Corregidora Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Palacio de las Garzas White House Camp David Number One Observatory Circle Blair House Presidential Townhouse Trowbridge House Waldorf Astoria New York (Ambassador to
All India Trinamool Congress
The All India Trinamool Congress is a national level political party in India. Founded on 1 January 1998, the party is led by its founder Mamata Banerjee, the current chief minister of West Bengal. Following the 2014 general election, it is the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 36 seats. After being a member of the Indian National Congress for over 26 years, Mamata Banerjee formed her own party of Bengal, the "Trinamool Congress", registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1999; the Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul. On 2 September 2016 election commission recognized AITC as a national political party. In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes. People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee was formed against land eviction.
On 14 March 2007 the police killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed, supported by CBI in its report, that armed CPM cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram. A large number of intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI leader Nanda Patra led the movement. In the 2009 Lok Sabha election, Trinamool Congress won 19 seats in West Bengal. In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats, it won a majority of other municipalities. Under the leadership of former leader of opposition and MLA of Tripura, Sudip Roy Barman, 6 MLAs defected from INC along with many ex ministers, ex members of legislative assembly, senior state and district leaders along with thousands of party workers and supporters who joined AITC to fight the communists in Tripura. Tripura Pradesh Trinamool Congress is working in Tripura to establish Ma Mati Manush government in Tripura, but due to inefficiency and carelessness in leadership by both senior state leaders and central leaders of the party, trinamool is fast approaching towards political irrelevance in Tripura.
Everyday hundreds and thousands of party workers and leaders are leaving the party joining Bharatiya Janata Party which has emerged as the main opposition party in the state. Many of trinamool's senior leaders of the state like 5 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Surajit Dutta, 3 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and Vice-President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Prakash Chandra Das, 2 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former Chairman of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Ratan Chakraborty, former Member of Legislative Assembly, Deputy Speaker, Vice-President and ST face of the state unit Gauri Shankar Reang and many other senior state level leaders along with district and block level leaders and thousands of party workers have left the party and joined Bharatiya Janata Party in the last few months after being frustrated by lack of support from central leadership.
Trinamool is facing serious existential crisis in the state. In the 2012 assembly elections of Manipur, AITC won 8 seats, got 10% of the total votes & became the only opposition party in the Manipur Legislative Assembly. In the 2017 assembly elections the party won only one seat from Bishnupur & polled 5.4% of the total votes cast in the elections. It's lone Member of Legislative Assembly T. Robindro Singh supported Bharatiya Janata Party in forming government in Manipur. Since 2012 the state unit is there in Kerala. Party fought in 2016 Assemby election. In Assembly Election the candidates were contested without Party symbol due to technical issues. From 2016 Mr. Suresh Velayudhanis leading the Party in Kerala as President From 2019 Mr. Harish PVP is leading the party General Secretary Mr. Shamsu Payaningal leading as state Treasurer. Mr. Derek O'Brien MP is the Observer of the State. In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, the Trinamool Congress-led alliance that included the INC and SUCI won 227 seats in the 294-seat legislature.
Trinamool Congress alone won 184 seats. Subsequently, it won a by-election in Basirhat and two Congress MLAs switched to TMC, giving it a total of 187 seats. Now the party has got a National Party Status, expanding its base in Tripura, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. In Kerala, the party contested from five seats in 2014 general elections. On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands to undo government-instituted changes including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met. In the 1998 Lok Sabha polls, TMC won 7 seats. In the next Lok Sabha election, held in 1999, Trinamool Congress won 8 seats with BJP, thus increasing its tally by one. In 2000, TMC won the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections. In the 2001 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 60 seats with Congress. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, TMC won 1 seat with BJP.
In the 2006 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 30 seats with BJP. In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC won a majority of 184 seats. Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister. In the following 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC retains its majority and won 211 seats. Ma Mati Manush
The Writers' Building shortened to just Writers', is the secretariat building of the State Government of West Bengal in India. It is located in West Bengal's capital city of Kolkata; the 150-meter long Writers' Building covers the entire northern stretch of the a water body locally called Lal Dighi in the B. B. D. Bagh area; this served as the office for writers of the British East India Company, hence the name. Designed by Thomas Lyon in 1777, the Writers' Building has gone through several extensions over the years, it housed the office of the Chief Minister of West Bengal until 4 October 2013. Now most of the departments have moved out to another building named Nabanna in Howrah on a temporary basis for facilitating renovation; the giant pediment at the centre is crowned with the statue of Minerva. The terrace contains several other statues and notable among them are four clusters of statues, christened'Justice','Commerce','Science' and'Agriculture', with the Greek gods and goddesses of these four streams flanked by a European and an Indian practitioner of these vocations.
The Writers' Building was designed by Thomas Lyon in 1777 for the British East India Company. In 1821 a 128 ft-long verandah with Ionic columns, each 32 ft high, were added on the first and second floors. From 1889 to 1906 two new blocks were added, approached by iron staircases. Writers' acquired its Greco-Roman look, complete with the portico in the central bay and the red surface of exposed brick; the parapet was put in place and the statues sculpted by William Fredric Woodington in 1883, that line the terrace, were installed. 1776: The site of the demolished St Anne's church and the adjoining plot were granted to Thomas Lyon, after whom Lyons Range is named, to construct buildings to accommodate the junior servants of the East India Company or the "writers". Lyon was acting on behalf of Richard Barwell, member of the council, when Warren Hastings was governor. Writers' Building was the first three-storey building in Calcutta. 1800: Fort William College, opened to train writers in Oriental languages moved to this building.
Over the next 20 years, structural changes were made: a hostel for 32 students and an exam hall, which still exist, a lecture hall, four libraries and rooms to teach Hindi and Persian. 1821: A 128 ft-long verandah with Ionic columns, each 32 ft high, were added on the first and second floors. 1830: The college moved out of Writers' and the building fell into the hands of private individuals who turned it into living quarters and godowns. The Government College of Engineering functioned from here for some time. 1871–74: George Campbell, lieutenant governor-general, felt the need for a secretariat for "quick disposal of work". But the East Indian Railway Company occupied a large space at Writers' and was unable to find alternative accommodation. 1877–82: Ashley Eden, lieutenant-governor of Bengal, was told to relocate the principal offices, housed on Sudder Street and Chowringhee, to Writers'. Because of the space crunch three blocks were constructed. 1879–1906: Two new blocks were added, approached by iron staircases that are still in use.
Writers' acquired its Greco-Roman look, complete with the portico in the central bay and the red surface of exposed brick. The parapet was put in place and statues sculpted by William Fredric Woodington in 1883 were installed lining the terrace. Minerva stands above the central portico. Pre-independence, Writers' had a large courtyard with seven blocks. By 1970, all 13 blocks were constructed; the main block, including the rotunda and five main blocks, are heritage structures. The building went under renovation in a project costing ₹ 2 billion. Prior to this, the state Secretariat and Chief Minister's office temporarily shifted to the Howrah River Bridge Commissioners Building named Nabanna in Howrah. In February 2014, the project was stalled after conservation experts and the state Public Works Department found the plan submitted by an architect firm insufficient. Meanwhile, a team of Jadavpur University and Bengal Engineering and Science University,Shibpur architects was invited to conduct tests of the structure, before the actual renovation could be commenced.
On 8 December 1930 Badal Gupta and Dinesh Gupta headed for the Writers' Building. Dressed in European outfits they carried loaded revolvers, they shot dead the notorious Inspector General of Police, Colonel N. G. Simpson, infamous for his brutal oppression of the prisoners in the jail. After killing Commender-in-chief Simpson, they occupied the Writers' Building, soon a gun battle followed in the corridors. Unable to stand up to the numerous forces of Calcutta police, the trio soon found themselves overpowered and cornered. Unwilling to give themselves up, Badal took potassium cyanide and died while his comrades shot themselves. Benoy died five days in hospital but Dinesh survived only to be hanged on 7 July 1931. Today Dalhousie Square is named after the trio and is called B. B. D. Bagh. A statue of Benoy and Dinesh stands in front of the Writers' Building, showing Benoy, the group leader, leading his comrades in their final battle
Bidhan Chandra Roy
Bidhan Chandra Roy MRCP, FRCS. Bidhan Roy is considered the Maker of Modern West Bengal due to his key role in the founding of several institutions and five eminent cities, Kalyani, Bidhannagar and Habra, he is one of the few people in history to have obtained F. R. C. S. and M. R. C. P. Degrees simultaneously. In India, the National Doctors' Day is celebrated in his memory every year on 1 July, he was awarded Bharat Ratna on India's highest civilian honour. He was a member of the Brahmo Samaj. Bidhan Chandra Roy was born on 1 July 1882 at Bankipore, where his father, Prakash Chandra Roy, was working as an excise inspector, his mother, Aghore Kamini Devi, was a devoted social worker. Bidhan was the youngest of five siblings — he had 2 sisters and Sarojini, 2 brothers and Sadhan. Bidhan's parents were ardent Brahmo Samajists, led an austere and disciplined life, devoted their time and money to the service of everyone in need, irrespective of caste or creed. Prakash Chandra was a descendant of the family of the rebel Hindu king of Jessore, Maharaja Pradapaditya, but did not inherit much wealth from his ancestors.
He earned only a moderate salary for most part of Bidhan's childhood, yet he and Aghore Kamini supported the education and upbringing of not just their own children but a number of other poor children orphans. The spirit of ` give and take' was inculcated in his siblings from their tender years, they were taught and encouraged to give away what was precious to them and willingly. Bidhan completed his matriculation from Patna Collegiate School in 1897, obtained his I. A. degree from Presidency College, Calcutta and B. A. from Patna College with Honors in Mathematics. After completing his graduation in mathematics, he applied for admission to the Bengal Engineering College and the Calcutta Medical College, his application was accepted by both institutions and he opted to pursue medical studies. Bidhan left Patna in June 1901 to join the Calcutta Medical College. While at medical school, Bidhan came upon an inscription which read, "Whatever thy hands findeth to do, do it with thy might." These words became a lifelong source of inspiration for him.
The partition of Bengal was announced. Opposition to the partition was being organised by nationalist leaders like Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal. Bidhan resisted the immense pull of the movement, he controlled his emotions and concentrated on his studies, realising that he could serve his nation better by qualifying in his profession first. Intending to enroll himself at St Bartholomew's Hospital to pursue postgraduate study in medicine, Bidhan set sail to England in February 1909 with only ₹1200. However, the Dean of St. Bartholomew's Hospital was reluctant to accept an Asian student and rejected Bidhan's application. Dr. Roy did not lose heart but kept submitting his application again and again till the Dean, after 30 admission requests, admitted Bidhan to the college. Bidhan completed his postgraduation in just two years and three months, in May 1911 accomplished the rare feat of becoming a member of the Royal College of Physicians and a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons simultaneously.
He returned home from England in 1911. After graduation, Roy joined the Provincial Health Service, he exhibited immense dedication and hard work, would serve as a nurse when necessary. In his free time he practised charging a nominal fee. Following his return from England after post-graduation, he taught at the Calcutta Medical College, at the Campbell Medical School and the Carmichael Medical College. Dr. Roy believed that swaraj would remain a dream unless the people were healthy and strong in mind and body, he made contributions to the organisation of medical education. He played an important role in the establishment of the Jadavpur T. B. Hospital, Chittaranjan Seva Sadan, Kamala Nehru Memorial Hospital, Victoria Institution, Chittaranjan Cancer Hospital; the Chittaranjan Seva Sadan for women and children was opened in 1926. Women were unwilling to come to the hospital but thanks to Dr. Roy and his team's hard work, the Seva Sadan was embraced by women of all classes and communities, he opened a center for training women in social work.
In 1942, Rangoon fell to Japanese bombing and caused an exodus from Calcutta fearing Japanese insurgency. Dr. Roy was serving as the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta, he acquired air-raid shelters for schools and college students to have their classes in, provided relief for students and employees alike. In recognition for his efforts, the Doctorate of Science was conferred upon him in 1944. Dr. Roy believed, he felt that the youth must not take part in strikes and fasts but should study and commit themselves to social work. While delivering the Convocation Address at the University of Lucknow on 15 December 1956, Dr. Roy said:My young friends, you are soldiers in the battle of freedom-freedom from want, ignorance and helplessness. By a dint of hard work for the country, rendered in a spirit of selfless service, may you march ahead with hope and courage... Dr. Roy was both Gandhiji's doctor; when Gandhiji was undertaking a fast in Parnakutivin, Poona in 1933, Dr. Roy attended to him.
Gandhiji refused to take medicine on the grounds. Gandhiji asked Dr. Roy, "Why should I t
Siddhartha Shankar Ray
Siddhartha Shankar Ray was a lawyer and Indian National Congress politician from West Bengal. In his political career he held a number of offices, including Union Minister of Education, Chief Minister of West Bengal, Governor of Punjab and Indian Ambassador to the United States. Ray was born in an aristocratic Baidya family. Ray's father, Sudhir Kumar Ray, was a well known barrister of Calcutta High Court and a member of the Indian National Congress and his mother Aparna Devi, was the elder daughter of the eminent barrister and nationalist leader Chittaranjan Das and Basanti Devi. Ray was married to a noted barrister and politician, who grew up in England. Ray's sister is Justice Manjula Bose, a senior judge of the Calcutta High Court. Ray was related to Sudhi Ranjan Das, a former Chief Justice of India and Satish Ranjan Das, a former Advocate General of Bengal and a Law Member of the Viceroy's Executive Council. Ray studied at, Mitra Institution, Bhowanipore Branch, Presidency College and University Law College, of the University of Calcutta.
In college and university, he was active in both politics. In 1941, he was elected as student Under-Secretary in the Calcutta University Institute Elections and was put in charge from time to time of various departments including Students' Aid Fund, Debates and Socials, he was the Debate Secretary and the General Secretary of the Calcutta University Law College Union. As a sportsman he captained the Presidency College cricket team, he was the captain of the team that won the Inter Collegiate cricket Championship in 1944. He had scored 1000 runs for three consecutive seasons, he was a keen footballer in Calcutta playing for the Kalighat Club. He was a University Blue in this sport and represented the Calcutta University in inter-varsity matches. In 1939, he was the captain of the victorious Presidency College football team which won both the Elliot and Hardinge Birthday Shields, he was interested in lawn tennis and table tennis. Ray was called to the bar by the Honourable Society of Inner Temple, London, in 1947.
While in London he played cricket for the Indian Gymkhana Club. Upon his return from England in 1946, Ray joined the Calcutta Bar as a junior of Justice Ramaprasad Mukherjee, who became a Judge and Chief Justice of the High Court of Calcutta. In 1954 he became one of the three junior Central Government counsels in Calcutta. In 1957 he was elected to the Bhowanipore Assembly seat which he won by a large majority, becoming the youngest member of the West Bengal Cabinet under the leadership of Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, he was appointed as Law Department, West Bengal. In 1962, he was re-elected to the state's Legislative Assembly as an Independent Candidate. In 1966, he became the Union Cabinet Minister of Education & Youth Services for the Government of India, he was the Union Cabinet Minister of West Bengal Affairs of the Government of India. After the Congress won the General Election of 1972, he became the Chief Minister of West Bengal from March 19, 1972 to June 21, 1977, he took office shortly after the Bangladesh Liberation War, his administration was faced with the massive problem of resettling over a million refugees in various parts of the state.
The crackdown on Naxalites took place during this period. He had the distinction of serving as the Governor of Punjab from April 2, 1986 to December 8, 1989; when the Congress came back to power once again in Delhi in 1991, Ray was sent as India's Ambassador to the United States. He remained in the United States from 1992 to 1996. Prior to that, he was the Leader of Opposition in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly from 1991-1992. During his retirement between 1996 and 2010, Ray returned to his law practice, once again making his mark as an eminent Barrister of the High Court of Calcutta. Ray died of renal failure on 6 November 2010 at the age of 90. Official Biographical Sketch in Lok Sabha Website S. S. Ray - an administrator par excellence, Indo-Asian News Service, 7 November 2010 S. S. Ray accorded a state funeral, Indo-Asian News Service, 7 November 2010 Ray, Bengal's last aristocrat politician, The Times of India, 7 November 2010 A leader of many hues, The Times of India, 7 November 2010 Sukharanjan Sengupta, Misunderstood for role in Naxal period, The Times of India, 6 November 2010 Legal eagle with excellent court etiquette, The Times of India, 7 November 2010 Ray: The Left’s whipping boy till the end, The Statesman, 6 November 2010 Punjab's friendly troubleshooter, The Tribune, 7 November 2010
Government of West Bengal
The Government of West Bengal known as the State Government of West Bengal, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal and its 23 districts. It consists of an executive, led by the Governor of a judiciary and a legislative. Like other states in India, the head of state of West Bengal is the Governor, appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Central government, his or her post is ceremonial. The Chief Minister is vested with most of the executive powers. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal, houses the Vidhan Sabha; the secretariat is located in the Nabanna building. The Calcutta High Court is located in Kolkata, which has jurisdiction over the whole of West Bengal and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands; the present Legislative Assembly of West Bengal is unicameral, consisting of 295 Member of the Legislative Assembly including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. Its term is 5 years. On 18 January 1862, under the Indian Councils Act of 1861, a 12-member Legislative Council for Bengal was founded by the Governor-General of India with the Lt Governor of Bengal and some nominated members..
The strength of this council was increased by subsequent acts. Under the Indian Councils Act of 1892, the maximum strength of the council was increased to 20 members out of which seven members were to be elected. After the Indian Councils Act of 1909 the number raised to 50 members; the West Bengal government headed by Mamata Banerjee has 41 ministers, including 17 new faces. Among them, 5 are Ministers of State holding independent charge, 8 are junior ministers. "West Bengal Government Publications". New Administrative Building at Nabanna. Wbxpress.com. Retrieved 2006-10-28. "West Bengal Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2006-10-28. "Election Database". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2006-08-18. Retrieved 2006-08-26. "Council of Ministers in West Bengal, 2016". West Bengal Govt. Orders. Retrieved 2012-08-16. Official website
Prafulla Chandra Ghosh
Prafulla Chandra Ghosh was the first Chief Minister of West Bengal, India. He was the Chief Minister in two West Bengal governments, first in the Indian National Congress government from 15 August 1947 to 14 August 1948 in the Progressive Democratic Alliance Front government from 2 November 1967 to 20 February 1968. Education: Presidency College, Calcutta. Chemistry, B. Sc. Occupation: First ASA master, British India, of Indian origin, he exchanged scientific views with the likes of Madame Marie Curie and Albert Einstein. Prafulla Ghosh was born in a Yadav Family on 24 December 1891 at a remote village, Malikanda, in Dhaka district, British India as son of Purna Chandra Ghosh and Binodini Devi. Both the parents are religious simple person. Prafulla Ghosh was a brilliant student throughout his academic life and always stood first with scholarship. Prafulla had rural upbringing and enjoyed cultural festivals such as Jatra, Padavali Gan, participated in agricultural activities. Prafulla first attended Jagannath College and moved to Dhaka where he graduated with B. A. and B.
Sc in 1913. In 1916, he obtained his M. M. Sc as first class first in both, he joined research in Chemistry at Dhaka University. In 1919, he joined Presidency Calcutta as Demonstrator. In Jan 1920, he started work at Calcutta Mint as ASA master and he was the first Indian to be employed in that position, he was awarded doctorate in 1920 in Chemistry by Calcutta University. Prafulla Ghosh got interested in Swadeshi movement and by inspired by armed revolution of Dhaka Anushilan Samiti and joined in 1909. However, he did not like the activities of raising money by theft and cycle of theft defend in the court and quit Anishilan Samity in 1913 and focused on academics. During the same time, while working on Damodar flood relief met Surendranath Banerjee and other moderate leaders. Yogendra Nath Saha introduced Prafulla Ghosh to non-violent principles of Gandhi. At the beginning, Gadhian principles did not impress him but he was moved by Gandhi's speech at Dhaka in December 1920 and soon afterward met with Gandhi in Calcutta.
In Jan, 1921 Prafulla Ghosh resigned from his job at Calcutta mint and along with other members of Anami Sangha joined freedom struggle movement led by Gandhi. His great-granddaughter is Priyanka Yoshikawa; the theory of profits India as known to ancient and mediaeval Europe Mahatma Gandhi, as I saw him West today Jībana-smr̥tira bhūmikā Mahātmā Gāndhī Prācīna Bhāratīẏa sabhyatāra itihāsa