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List of child prodigies

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In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.[1][2][3]

Mathematics and science[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

  • Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher who wrote a treatise on vibrating bodies at the age of nine; he wrote his first proof, on a wall with a piece of coal, at the age of 11 years, and a theorem by the age of 16 years. He is famous for Pascal's theorem and many other contributions in mathematics, philosophy, and physics.[4]
  • Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920), was an Indian mathematician and autodidact who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, learned college-level mathematics by age 11, and generated his own theorems in number theory and Bernoulli numbers by age 13 (including independently re-discovering Euler's identity).[5]


Mental calculators[edit]

Note: Several mathematicians were mental calculators when they were still children. Mental calculation is not to be confused with mathematics; this section is for child prodigies largely or primarily known for calculating skills.

The arts[edit]

Performance[edit]

  • Kishan Shrikanth directed a feature film titled Care of Footpath at age nine and entered the Guinness Book of World Records for being the youngest director of a professional level feature film.[13]
  • Sheila Sri Prakash (born 1955), is a dancer of Bharatanatyam, having given her first critically acclaimed performance on stage when she was six years old. She had a prolific career in the arts between 1961 and 1984, with accomplishments as a Kuchipudi dancer and Veenai musician, she also distinguished herself as a gifted painter and sculptor. She is currently an architect.

Music[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • William Cullen Bryant was published at the age of 10 years; at the age of 13 years, he published a book of political satire poems .[14]
  • Minou Drouet caught the notice of French critics at the age of eight, leading to speculation that her mother was the true author of her poetry. She later proved herself to be the author.[15]

Visual arts[edit]

Chess[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Feldman, David H.; Morelock, M. J. (2011). "Prodigies". In Runco, Mark A.; Pritzker, Steven R. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Creativity. Encyclopedia of Creativity (Second Edition). Academic Press. pp. 261–265. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-375038-9.00182-5. ISBN 978-0-12-375038-9. Lay summary (8 April 2015). For the purposes of this and future research, a prodigy was defined as a child younger than 10 years of age who has reached the level of a highly trained professional in a demanding area of endeavor.
  2. ^ Rose, Lacey (2 March 2007). "Whiz Kids". Forbes. Retrieved 3 April 2015. At the moment, the most widely accepted definition is a child, typically under the age of 10, who has mastered a challenging skill at the level of an adult professional.
  3. ^ Feldman, David Henry (Fall 1993). "Child prodigies: A distinctive form of giftedness" (PDF). Gifted Child Quarterly. 27 (4): 188–193. doi:10.1177/001698629303700408. ISSN 0016-9862. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  4. ^ William Durant, Ariel Durant (1963). The Age of Louis XIV: A History of European Civilization in the Period of Pascal, Molière, Cromwell, Milton, Peter the Great, Newton, and Spinoza: 1648-1715. Simon and Schuster. p. 56.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ Berndt, Bruce C.; Robert A. Rankin (2001). Ramanujan: Essays and Surveys. Providence, Rhode Island: American Mathematical Society. pp. 9. ISBN 0-8218-2624-7.
  6. ^ "Knowledge". google.com. 1889. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  7. ^ "The American Mathematical Monthly". google.com. 1918. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  8. ^ Bergmann, Peter G.; De Sabbata, V. (30 April 2002). Advances in the Interplay Between Quantum and Gravity Physics. ISBN 9781402005930. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  9. ^ Amaldi, Edoardo; Battimelli, Giovanni; Paoloni, Giovanni (1998). 20th Century Physics. ISBN 9789810223694. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Von_Neumann summary". st-and.ac.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  11. ^ "The History of Computing". gmu.edu. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  12. ^ "HP-45". Hpmuseum.org. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  13. ^ "Login". timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  14. ^ "On William Cullen Bryant". vcu.edu. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Kitten on the Keys"[permanent dead link], (archived page) Time Magazine Jan 28, 1957.
  16. ^ "The unfading colours of child prodigy". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  17. ^ "The Hindu : She spells hope and happiness". hinduonnet.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2015.