List of cities founded by the Romans

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This is a list of cities and towns founded by the Romans. It lists every city established and built by the ancient Romans to have begun as a colony often for the settlement of citizens or veterans of the legions. Many Roman colonies rose to become important commercial and cultural centers, transportation hubs and capitals of global empires. Most European towns still retain part of the original Roman street-grid.

Cities founded by the Romans[edit]

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Foundation Latin name Modern-day Modern country
753BC Roma Rome Italy
268BC Ariminum Rimini Italy
220BC Belum Belluno Italy
218BC Placentia Piacenza Italy
218BC Tarraco Tarragona Spain
206BC Italica Santiponce Spain [1]
3rd c. BC Modoetia Monza Italy
197BC Salernum Salerno Italy
189BC Bononia Bologna Italy
188BC Forum Livii Forlì Italy
187BC Regium Lepidi Reggio Emilia Italy
181BC Aquileia Aquileia Italy
169BC Corduba Cordoba Spain
168BC Ascrivium Kotor Montenegro
138BC Valentia Edetanorum Valencia Spain
118BC Colonia Narbo Martius Narbonne France
2nd c. BC Massa Massa Italy
2nd c. BC Pistoria Pistoia Italy
80BC Segovia Segovia Spain
77BC Gerunda Girona Spain
73BC Naissus Niš Serbia
62BC Brigantium La Coruña Spain
59BC Florentia Florence Italy
58BC Vesontio Besançon France
52BC Lutetia Parisiorum Paris France
50BC Atuatuca Tungrorum Tongeren Belgium [2]
49BC Iulia Romula Hispalis Seville Spain
44BC Augusta Raurica Basel Switzerland
43BC Lugdunum Lyon France
30BC Augusta Treverorum Trier Germany [3]
29-19BC Castra Legionis León Spain
28BC Augusta Taurinorum Turin Italy
25BC Augusta Praetoria Salassorum Aosta Italy
25BC Emerita Augusta Mérida Spain
25BC Lucus Augusti Lugo Spain
25-13BC Caesarea Caesarea Israel
20BC Bracara Augusta Braga Portugal
16BC Novaesium Neuss Germany
16BC Castra Vetera Xanten Germany
15BC Pons Drusi Bolzano Italy
15BC Ovilava Wels Austria
15BC Iuvavum Salzburg Austria
15BC Augusta Vindelicorum Augsburg Germany
15BC Turicum Zurich Switzerland
14BC Sirmium Sremska Mitrovica Serbia
14BC Borbetomagus Worms Germany
14BC Cesaraugusta Zaragoza Spain
14BC Sorviodurum Straubing Germany
14-9BC Mogontiacum Mainz Germany
12BC Argentoratum Strasbourg France
11BC Bonna Bonn Germany
10BC Noviomagus Speyer Germany
9BC Castellum apud Confluentes Koblenz Germany
1st c. BC Divodurum Metz France
1st c. BC Caesaromagus Beauvais France
1st c. BC Ambianum Amiens France
1st c. BC Faventia Paterna Barcino Barcelona Spain
1st c. BC Abila Avila Spain
1st c. BC Lousonna Lausanne Switzerland
1st c. BC Genava Geneva Switzerland
1st c. BC Ulpia Noviomagus Batavorum Nijmegen Netherlands
6AD Rigomagus Remagen Germany
6AD Aquae Mattiacorum Wiesbaden Germany
15AD Emona Ljubljana Slovenia
39AD Praetorium Agrippinae Valkenburg Netherlands
41AD Lugdunum Batavorum Katwijk Netherlands
42AD Aequum Čitluk Croatia
43AD Londinium London UK
43AD Albanianis Alphen aan den Rijn Netherlands
43AD Lauri Woerden Netherlands
43AD Durovernum Cantiacorum Canterbury UK
43AD Regulbium Reculver UK
43AD Rutupiae Richborough UK
46AD Viminacium Kostolac Serbia
43-49AD Camulodunum Colchester UK [4]
47AD Traiectum Utrecht Netherlands
47AD Matilo Leiden Netherlands
47AD Forum Hadriani Voorburg Netherlands
47AD Nigrum Pullum Zwammerdam Netherlands
48AD Lindum Colonia Lincoln UK
50AD Ratae Corieltauvorum Leicester UK
50AD Durocobrivis Dunstable UK
50AD Colonia Agrippina Cologne Germany
50AD Durocornovium Swindon UK
50AD Verulamium St. Albans UK
50AD Letocetum Wall UK
50AD Dubris Dover UK
50AD Danum Doncaster UK
52AD Mediolanum Whitchurch UK
55AD Isca Dumnoniorum Exeter UK
55AD Blestium Monmouth UK
58AD Viroconium Cornoviorum Wroxeter UK
60AD Durnovaria Dorchester UK
60AD Lindinis Ilchester UK
60AD Ad Flexum Mosonmagyaróvár Hungary
70AD Clausentum Southampton UK
70AD Calleva Atrebatum Silchester UK
70AD Duroliponte Cambridge UK
70AD Clausentum Southampton UK
70AD Concangis Chester-le-Street UK
70AD Condate Northwich UK
70AD Corinium Dobunnorum Cirencester UK
71AD Eboracum York UK
72AD Luguvalium Carlisle UK
74AD Isca Augusta Caerleon UK
74AD Lagentium Castleford UK
74AD Lopodunum Ladenburg UK
75AD Moridunum Carmarthen UK
75AD Venta Silurum Caerwent UK
79AD Deva Victrix Chester UK
79AD Mancunium Manchester UK
79AD Olicana Ilkley UK
79AD Vinovia Binchester UK
80AD Inveresk Roman Fort Musselburgh UK
83AD Bonames (present city district) Frankfurt am Main Germany
85AD Coria Corbridge UK
85AD Gerulata Bratislava Slovakia
89AD Vindobona Vienna Austria
90AD Cannstatt Castrum Stuttgart Germany
97AD Colonia Nervia Glevensium Gloucester UK
98AD Sumelocenna Rottenburg am Neckar Germany
98AD Lopodunum Ladenburg Germany
98AD Traiectum ad Nicrem Heidelberg Germany
1st c. AD Castra Batava Passau Germany
1st c. AD Lactodurum Towcester UK
1st c. AD Bovium Cowbridge UK
1st c. AD Burgodunum Leeds UK
1st c. AD Lentia Linz Austria
1st c. AD Aquae Granni Aachen Germany
1st c. AD Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium Santander Spain
1st c. AD Aeminium later renamed Conimbriga Coimbra Portugal
1st c. AD Traiectum ad Mosam Maastricht Netherlands
1st c. AD Coriovallum Heerlen Netherlands
1st c. AD Portus Lemanis Lympne UK
1st c. AD Colonia Pietas Iulia Pola Pollentia Herculanea Pula Croatia
1st c. AD Salona Solin Croatia
103AD Aquincum Budapest Hungary
107AD Apulum Alba Iulia Romania
120AD Pons Aelius Newcastle upon Tyne UK
120AD Durovigutum Godmanchester UK
131AD Aelia Capitolina Jerusalem (part of) Israel / State of Palestine
140AD Cramond Roman Fort Edinburgh UK
142AD Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort Glasgow UK
150AD Kastell Aalen Aalen Germany
179AD Castra Regina Regensburg Germany
2nd c. AD Theranda Prizren Kosovo
2nd c. AD Pomaria Tlemcen Algeria
421AD Venetiae Venice Italy
7th c. AD Ragusium Dubrovnik Croatia

Cities not founded by the Romans but have gained importance with the Romans[edit]

Conquest Latin name Modern-day Modern country
4th c. BC Pompeii Pompei Italy
338BC Capua Capua Italy
3rd c. BC Volubilis Meknes Morocco
293BC Barium Bari Italy
268BC Asculum Ascoli Piceno Italy
229BC Dyrrachium Durrës Albania
225BC Brixia Brescia Italy
222BC Mediolanum Milan Italy
3rd c. BC Barium Bari Italy
196BC Comum Como Italy
146BC Colonia Augusta Achaica Patrensis Patras Greece
133BC Attalia Antalya Turkey
89BC Patavium Padua Italy
78BC Spalatum Split Croatia
74BC Nicomedia İzmit Turkey
72BC Nicaea İznik Turkey
67BC Tarsus Tarsus Turkey
64BC Berytus Beirut Lebanon
27BC Ulpia Serdica Sofia Bulgaria
15BC Poetovio Ptuj Slovenia
15BC Neviodunum Drnovo Slovenia
15BC Celeia Celje Slovenia
15BC Nauportus Vrhnika Slovenia
44AD Colonia Claudia Caesarea Cherchell Algeria
64AD Trapezus Trabzon Turkey
330AD Constantinopolis Istanbul Turkey

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The first purely Roman city to be established outside Italy
  2. ^ Oldest town in Belgium
  3. ^ It has a claim to being the oldest city in Germany
  4. ^ It has a claim to being the oldest city in Britain