La Rioja, Argentina
La Rioja is the capital city of the Argentine province of La Rioja, located in the east of the province. The city has a population of 150,000 according to the 2001 census. La Rioja is located on the foot of the Velasco Sierras, 1,167 km from Buenos Aires, 430 km from Córdoba, it was founded in 1591 by the governor of Tucumán Province. La Rioja has a semi-arid climate, with average temperatures of 5 °C to 19 °C in winter and 21 °C to 35 °C in summer, but with maximum temperatures of more than 45 °C; the average annual rainfall is 411.4 mm, falling exclusively during the summer when moist tropical air from the northeast enters the region. The highest recorded temperature was 46.4 °C on December 28, 1971 while the lowest recorded temperature was −7.2 °C on August 5, 1966. The Museo Folklórico is set in a 17th-century building, its displays include local chaya music and the Tinkunaco festival. Official page Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
City Information Universidad Nacional de La Rioja
Neuquén is the capital city of the Argentine province of Neuquén and of the Confluencia Department, located in the east of the province. It occupies a strip of land west of the confluence of the Limay and Neuquén rivers which form the Río Negro making it part of the Microregion of Alto Valle del Río Negro; the city and surrounding area have a population of more than 340,000, making it the largest city in Patagonia. Along with the cities of Plottier and Cipolletti, it is part of the Neuquén – Plottier – Cipolletti conurbation. Founded in 1904, it is the newest provincial capital city in Argentina. Neuquén is both an important agricultural center, surrounded by fertile lands irrigated by the waters of the Limay and Neuquén rivers in an otherwise arid province, a petrochemical industrial center that receives oil extracted from different points of the province, it belongs economically and geographically to the Alto Valle region that produces apples and other fruits. With the discovery of the Vaca Muerta oil fields west of the city, it has begun to experience a boom in real estate and construction.
It is expected that over the next few years the city will experience unprecedented growth as it is the only significant city in the region National Route 22 divides the city into two-halves. The Presidente Perón Airport is eight kilometers away from the city and serves regular flights to Buenos Aires, San Carlos de Bariloche, Comodoro Rivadavia, Río Gallegos, Río Grande and San Martín de los Andes; the first inhabitants of the area were mobile and moved according to the seasons of the year, climatic conditions, the abundance of food and game. Around the 16th century the people living in different areas of the province began to be assimilated by the Mapuche people. One of the most important trails used by the Mapuches passed through the area of the confluence of the Limay and Neuquén rivers. In the 17th century European explorers arrived in the area of the confluence. In 1604, Hernando Arias de Saavedra decided to explore the trails to Patagonia. With the support of the ranchers of Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, Corrientes, he departed from Buenos Aires and passed through the mountains of the Sierra de la Ventana.
He reached what is now the city of Neuquén and continued on passing through what is today Auca Mahuida. In 1782, departing from Carmen de Patagones, Basilio Villarino traveled upstream on the Río Negro. On 23 January 1783, he arrived at the confluence of the Limay and Neuquén Rivers, camping on an island, he followed the Limay to the confluence of the Collón Curá from there to the Chimehuin River. In 1885, the lands of what was at that time called. Shortly after the Conquest of the Desert campaign conducted by the military over Patagonia, the Tehuelche and Pehuenche tribes that inhabited the province of Neuquén were either killed or pushed out of these lands. Since there was no defined border with Chile, the Argentine government reached an agreement with the British-owned Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway company, constructing a railway network in Buenos Aires Province, to build an extension to the town in exchange for lands, in order to populate it. In 1899, the railroad reached Cipolletti in Río Negro province, three years after the construction of the bridge, arrived at Neuquén.
Neuquén was founded on 12 September 1904, the capital of the territory was transferred from Chos Malal to the young town. The name "Neuquén" derives from the Mapudungun word nehuenken, meaning drafty, which the native people used in reference to this river. By 1930, the town had only 5,000 inhabitants. In the 1960s, it acquired a new importance when oil deposits were found in the province by the state company YPF; the 1970s and 1980s saw massive demographic growth, accompanied by improvements such as the creation of the National University of Comahue in 1971. Neuquén has an arid climate. Precipitation is low, averaging 200 millimetres per year, evenly distributed throughout the year; the mean annual temperature is between 14 to 15 °C. During December and January, the mean temperature in these months is about 23 °C while in July, it reaches below 6 °C. Being located far away from any major bodies of water, the thermal amplitude is high along with a large diurnal range, which indicates continental characteristics of the climate of the city.
Winds are moderately strong throughout the year. Most of the wind comes from the southwest, both of which occur 40 -- 50 % of the time. Summers tend to be windier than winters with average wind speeds ranging from a low of 8 km/h in July to a high of 16 km/h in December. Mean daily sunshine hours range from a high of 11 hours/day in January to a low of 3 hours/day in June; the highest temperature recorded was 42.3 °C on 21 January 1980 while the lowest temperature recorded was −12.8 °C on 13 June 1961. The Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, designed by Mario Roberto Alvarez, opened in 2004; the museum showcases both international artists. The building consists of four halls which include both the temporary and the permanent collection, as well as an auditorium and theater. Neuquén hosted the 2001 FIBA Americas Championship, where the city's basketball fans supported Argentina's national basketball team to win the gold medal. All games were played in the 8,000 seat Esta
Formosa is the capital city of the Argentine province of Formosa, on the banks of the Paraguay River, about 1,200 km from Buenos Aires, on National Route 11. The city has a population of about 234,000 per the 2010 census. Formosa is the hub of the provincial industry; the port that serves the Paraguay towards the Paraná River is the main transport means for the provincial production. Notable sights of the city include the Nuestra Señora del Carmen Cathedral, the Government House, the Torelli Botanic Forest Garden, the Provincial History Museum, the Estadio Centenario football stadium, the Guaicole fauna reserve, the shore of the Paraguay River, the Isla de Oro Island, the Central Square named after José de San Martín; the lands were inhabited by Toba and Wichí aboriginals. On April 8, 1879 Commander Luis Jorge Fontana founded the settlement that would become the capital of the National Territory of Chaco from 1884 to June 15, 1955, when it gained the status of province; the Formosa campus of the National University of the Northeast was established as the National University of Formosa in 1988.
The name of the city comes from the archaic Spanish word fermosa meaning "beautiful". The name Vuelta Fermosa or Vuelta la Formosa was used by Spanish sailors in the 16th century to describe the area where the Paraguay River makes a turn, right in front of the actual city; these sailors were searching for the legendary Sierra del Plata. The city, only a few hundred meters away from Paraguay across the river, has a culture closer to that of Paraguay than the "porteño" culture of Buenos Aires. Laid back and relaxed, its young people relax on the Costanera, the restored pathway along the Río Paraguay which serves as a venue for arts displays and features a fast-food restaurant, or at boliches, local clubs; the city's well-known cultural institutions include the Formosa Regional Historical Museum, the Juan Pablo Duffard Historical Museum, the Qomp Toba Artisanal Museum, the Oscar Albertazzi Arts Institute. The city has, since the 1970s, enjoyed increasing domestic tourism as a winter destination and, since the devaluation of the peso in 2002, growing international tourism, as well.
Formosa is home to one five-star hotel and four four-star hotels. One other five-star establishment, the Howard Johnson Neo Formosa, was completed in July 2011 and features a casino and shopping gallery. Formosa celebrates Our Lady of its patron saint, on July 16 in honor of its holy day. Celebrations, which occur in the main Plaza San Martín, include the traditional pericón dance and stalls selling everything from food to balloons, it celebrates the Fiesta del Río in November, Carnaval on weekends in February and Día de la Fundación de Formosa in April. The El Pucú Airport, 7 kilometres south of the city, serves charter flights, regular flights to Buenos Aires; the city has a climate considered as humid Cfa by Köppen classification. The city's climate is among the warmest and most humid in Argentina: Winters are mild, air frosts are uncommon. Summers are humid. During the most extreme heat waves, temperatures exceed 40°C. Temperatures have exceeded 35°C in every season. Summers are long and sticky, with most days between 30°C and 35°C.
Cooler temperatures only arrive by late April, winters are mild: highs average 22°C, lows average 12°C. However, these averages are reached through a pattern that switches from warm, northerly winds, to cold southerly winds, so forth: with northerly winds, temperatures are much warmer, between 25°C and 30°C and nights are mild, around 15°C. Southerly winds bring a period of drizzly, cold weather with temperatures that stay around 10°C to 15°C for a day or two, followed by clear skies, cold nights and pleasant days at 15°C to 20°C. Light frost is possible in Formosa in the outskirts of the city further away from the river; the highest temperature recorded was 43.7 °C on October 17, 2014 while the lowest temperature recorded was −2.3 °C on July 10, 1976 and August 1, 1993. Rainfall can be expected throughout the year though summer is the wettest season. Thunderstorms can be intense with frequent lightning, powerful gusts of wind and intense precipitation. Franco Llamas, footballer Official website Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
National University of Formosa
San Salvador de Jujuy
San Salvador de Jujuy known as Jujuy and locally referred to as San Salvador, is the capital city of Jujuy Province in northwest Argentina. It is the seat of the Doctor Manuel Belgrano Department, it lies near the southern end of the Humahuaca Canyon. Its population at the 2001 census was 237,751 inhabitants. If its suburbs are included, this figure rises to around 300,000; the current mayor is Raúl Jorge. The city lies on National Route 9 that connects La Quiaca 289 km with Salta 120 km, it is 1,525 km from Buenos Aires. Tourist destinations not far from the city are Tilcara 84 km, Humahuaca 126 km, the Calilegua National Park 111 km. Jujuy is located near the Andes, at the junction of the Xibi Xibi River and the Río Grande de Jujuy, 1,238 meters above sea level; the weather is dry and cold during the winter. Temperatures vary between day and night; the city is the provincial government and cultural centre. Most administrative offices related to economic activities that take place in other parts of the province are located here.
The city has a colonial city centre including the Cabildo, the Cathedral, colourful Andean carnivals. The population of the city, of the province in general, has a much more aboriginal character than the rest of the country, reflected in the predominant Quechua and Chiriguano people and cultures; the Gobernador Horacio Guzmán International Airport at coordinates 24°24′00″S 65°05′00″W, is 33 km southeast of the city and has regular flights to Buenos Aires. After previous attempts in 1565 and 1592, the current city was founded as San Salvador de Velazco en el Valle de Jujuy on April 19, 1593, by Francisco de Argañarás y Murguía; the settlement developed as a strategic site on the mule trade route between San Miguel de Tucumán and the silver mines in Potosí, Bolivia. Reaching its peak importance during the colonial period, San Salvador de Jujuy declined to the status of a remote provincial capital after the Argentine Declaration of Independence in 1816; the town became the capital of Jujuy Province when the latter separated from Salta Province in 1834.
The 1863 Jujuy earthquake leveled the town, it recovered in the following decades. Jujuy began to grow following the arrival of the Northern Central Railway in 1900, its first institution of higher learning, the Economic Sciences Institute, was established in 1959, was incorporated into the new National University of Jujuy in 1973. The city was the location of a number of Argentine films, including Veronico Cruz and Una estrella y dos cafés; the city's impoverished Lower Azopardo neighborhood would give rise to Milagro Sala's Indigenist Tupac Amaru Neighborhood Association. Jujuy has a pleasant humid subtropical climate because of the altitude. Summers bring warm days at 28 nights at 16 °C with frequent thunderstorms; the rest of the year is sunny, with temperatures at about 24 °C during the day and 11 °C at night, dry winters with warm days of 19 °C and cold nights at 6 °C, sunny springs with warm days and cool nights. During heat waves, temperatures can sometimes reach 35 °C but these are not frequent and nights always bring significant cooling, as opposed to many low-lying areas in Northern Argentina.
During the winter, temperatures can reach −7 °C and snow, although rare, may fall on occasion. Precipitation is about 800 mm; the highest temperature recorded was 42.4 °C on October 16, 2014 while the lowest temperature recorded was −6.9 °C on August 14, 1978. List of twin towns and sister cities in Argentina Municipal site City tourist and Cultural office Digital Newspaper
San Carlos de Bariloche known as Bariloche, is a city in the province of Río Negro, situated in the foothills of the Andes on the southern shores of Nahuel Huapi Lake. It is located within the Nahuel Huapi National Park. After development of extensive public works and Alpine-styled architecture, the city emerged in the 1930s and 1940s as a major tourism centre with skiing and mountaineering facilities. In addition, it has numerous restaurants, cafés, chocolate shops; the city has a permanent population of 108,205 according to the 2010 census. The name Bariloche comes from the Mapudungun word Vuriloche meaning "people from behind the mountain"; the Poya people used the Vuriloche pass to cross the Andes, keeping it secret from the Spanish priests for a long time. Nahuel Huapi lake was known to Spaniards since the times of the Conquest of Chile. Following the trails of the Mapuche people across the Andes, in the summer of 1552–1553, the Spanish Governor of the Captaincy of Chile Pedro de Valdivia sent Francisco de Villagra to explore the area east of the Andes at the latitudes of the city of Valdivia.
Francisco de Villagra crossed the Andes through Mamuil Malal Pass and headed south until reaching Limay River in the vicinity of Nahuel Huapi Lake. Another early Spaniard to visit the zone of Nahuel Huapi Lake was the Jesuit priest Diego de Rosales, he had been ordered to the area by the Governor of Chile Francisco Antonio de Acuña Cabrera y Bayona, concerned about the unrest of the native Puelche and Poya after the slave-hunting expeditions carried out by Luis Ponce de León in 1649, who captured Indians and sold them into slavery. Diego de Rosales started his journey at the ruins of Villarica in Chile, crossed the Andes through Mamuil Malal Pass, traveled further south along the eastern Andean valleys, reaching Nahuel Huapi Lake in 1650. In 1670 Jesuit father Nicolás Mascardi, based in Chiloé Archipelago, entered the area through the Reloncaví Estuary and Todos los Santos Lake to found a mission at the Nahuel Huapi Lake, which lasted until 1673. A new mission at the shores of Nahuel Huapi Lake was established in 1703, backed financially from Potosí, thanks to orders from the viceroy of Peru.
Historians disagree if the mission belonged to the jurisdiction of Valdivia or Chiloé. According to historic documents, the Poya of Nahuelhuapi requested the mission to be reestablished to forge an alliance with the Spaniards against the Puelche. Following the 1712 Huilliche rebellion in Chiloé Archipelago some insurgents sought refuge with Father Manuel del Hoyo in the mission; the mission was destroyed in 1717 by Poyas following a disagreement with the missionaries. Soon thereafter authorities learned that four or five people travelling to Concepción had been killed by the Poya; the colonists assembled a punitive expedition in Calbuco and Chiloé. Composed of both Spaniards and indios reyunos, the expedition did not find any Poya. In 1766 the head of the Mission of Ralún tried to reestablish the mission at Nahuel Huapi, but the following year, the Crown suppressed the Society of Jesus, ordering them out of the colonies in the Americas; the area had stronger connections to Chile than to the distant city of Buenos Aires during most of the 19th century, but the explorations of Francisco Moreno and the Argentine campaigns of the Conquest of the Desert established the legitimacy of the Argentine government.
It thought the area was a natural expansion of the Viedma colony, the Andes were the natural frontier to Chile. In the 1881 border treaty between Chile and Argentina, the Nahuel Huapi area was recognized as part of Argentina. German settlers begun to arrive in neighboring southern Chile from the 1840s; some of these settlers and their descendants begun a lucrative leather industry obtaining leather from indigenous communities across the Andes. In the 1880s the Argentine Army displaced indigenous communities disrupting this trade and forcing leather merchants in Chile themselves to cross the Andes to obtain supplies; this way numerous entrepreneurs from Chile, many with a German background, established cattle and trade business in the area of Nahuel Huapi and Lácar lakes. The modern settlement of Bariloche developed from a little shop called La Alemana established by Carlos Wiederhold in 1895. Wiederhold was a German-Chilean from a wealthy family from the city of Osorno whose ancestors arrived in the Chilean government programme of German colonization of Valdivia and Llanquihue.
As Wiederhold was named consul of the German Empire in Chile he left Bariloche for Puerto Montt in the 1900s. In Puerto Montt Wiederhold continued to run the business while in Bariloche Wiederhols business partner Federico Hube a German-Chilean from Osorno, was left in charge of local affairs. By 1900 Chilean merchants dominated trade in the area of Nahuel Huapi Lake by their control of nearby mountain passes. Hube & Achelis controlled Camino y Lacoste did so in Paso Puyehue. A war scare between Chile and Argentina in the 1900s meant some difficulties for these earlier entrepeneurs who came to benefit from the 1902 boundary arbitration between Chile and Argentina which increased trust along the international boundary. A small settlement developed around La Alemana, its former site is the city center. By 1895 the settlement of Bariloche was made up of German-speaking immigrants: Austrians and Slovenians, as well as Italians from the city of Belluno, Chileans. A local legend says that the name came from a letter erroneously addressed to Wiederhold as San Carlos instead of Don Carlos.
Most of the commerce in Bariloche related to goods imported and exported at the seaport
Maipú is a city in Mendoza Province, Argentina. It is the capital of the Maipú Department, it is located a short distance from Mendoza. Maipú is at the centre of an important wine-growing region, has a wine museum, it has a population of 89,433. Not to be confused with Maipú, Buenos Aires in the east of Argentina. Mendoza wine VISITE MAIPU wine photos service shop weather professional all information of CITY MAIPUMunicipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. Municipal website
Pergamino is an Argentine city in the Province of Buenos Aires. It has a population of about 104,985 inhabitants as per the 2010 census and is the administrative seat of its county, Pergamino Partido, its UN/LOCODE is ARPGO. Long valued for its many springs and fertile land, the area had been home to the Charrúa and Araucanian people when it was first noticed by Spanish colonist around 1620. Becoming a posada along the trade route between colonial Buenos Aires and Córdoba, the settlement was given its name on 3 January 1626, for the parchment paper found there and conforming to an Araucanian term meaning "red soil." The settlement's first businesses were established in 1700 and in 1749, recurrent attacks by displaced natives led to the construction of a fort. These attacks did not cease, on 8 August 1751 the settlement was destroyed; the site continued to be of interest, Commander Juan González ordered the village rebuilt on orders from the Buenos Aires colonial government in 1769. The Curate of nearby Arrecifes ordained a Parish in Pergamino in 1779 and the new Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata assigned the area a partido in 1784.
The fort played a prominent role during the initial battles in the war for independence and, in 1815, was the site of a mutiny led by Col. Ignacio Álvarez Thomas against the fledgling nation's Head of State, Director Carlos María de Alvear. Col. Álvarez Thomas' coup d'état against Director de Alvear's brief though divisive autocracy averted the dissolution of the United Provinces of the River Plate, the confederacy that became Argentina. Following the struggle for independence, the progressive new Governor of Buenos Aires, Martín Rodríguez, assigned Pergamino a Justice of the Peace in 1822 and the first school was opened in 1828; the town soon became home to a number of abattoirs and following the 1829 rise of Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas a close alliance developed between the governor and Pergamino's most prominent families, the Acevedos and the Anchorenas. Following Governor Rosas' 1852 overthrow, the local gentry allied themselves to Bartolomé Mitre, a prominent advocate on behalf of Buenos Aires Province for greater autonomy.
Mitre was elected governor in 1860 and President of Argentina in 1862. President Mitre's 1862 establishment of Argentina's first institute of Agronomy helped lead to the development of a new economic activity in the region around Pergamino: intensive agriculture; the first Argentine grain shipment to arrive intact in the United Kingdom in 1875 touched off an agricultural boom that for Pergamino, resulted in the massive cultivation of maïze. The city's growth accelerated further upon the arrival of the Central Argentine Railway in 1882, en route to Rosario. Pergamino, whose population by exceeded 10,000 and home to over 90 registered businesses, was formally designated as a city on 23 October 1895. Continuing to rely economically on maize, local landowners funded the establishment of an agricultural laboratory in 1912. Pergamino's population, now European immigrants and their children, nearly tripled to 30,000 between 1895 and 1914. One immigrant from the Piedmont, Enrique Venini, founded Pergamino's first newspaper, La Opinión, in 1917.
The city's growing immigrant communities included a sizable contingent of British railway engineers and other technicians associated with the expanding railways. A number of these staffers and the Central Argentine Railway's director, Ronald Leslie, organized Pergamino's first football team on 18 November 1918, christening it in honor of a British Field Marshal famed for his roles in the Boer War and in World War I, Gen. Douglas Haig. Club Atlético Douglas Haig has enjoyed regional prominence in the Argentine B League. Pergamino's main church and city hall were both completed in 1930. Following a decade of prosperity, the great depression led to the ruin of the majority of the area's small landholders; the city soon began to recover, celebrated the opening of the Municipal Fine Arts Museum in 1936, for instance. A devastating flood in 1939 led to construction of canals along the Pergamino River. Growing to nearly 50,000 people by 1947, the city's first large manufacturing establishments began to operate at this time.
Pergamino's agricultural sector, was strained by the creation of a national export grain purchaser, the IAPI, by President Juan Perón in 1946. The dissolution of the IAPI following Perón's overthrow in 1955 and the 1956 establishment of the National Agricultural Laboratory in Pergamino helped revitalize the sector in the area and nationally; the elections of 1963 carried a native of Dr. Arturo Illia, to the Presidency; the city's first high-rises were built, as well as the industrial district. Another native of Pergamino, Héctor Chavero, became nationally renowned during that era after releasing an album of folklore ballads and narration, El payador perseguido.