Chesterfield is a city in St. Louis County, United States, a western suburb of St. Louis; as of the 2010 census, the population was 47,484. The broader valley of Chesterfield was referred to as "Gumbo Flats", derived from its soil, which though rich and silty, became like a gumbo when wet. Chesterfield is located 25 miles west of St. Louis. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.52 square miles, of which 31.78 square miles is land and 1.74 square miles is water. Portions of Chesterfield are located in the floodplain of the Missouri River, now known as Chesterfield Valley as Gumbo Flats; this area was submerged during the Great Flood of 1993. Chesterfield Valley is the location of Spirit of St. Louis Airport, used for corporate aviation, as well as the longest outdoor strip mall in America; the remainder of Chesterfield is located on the bluffs above the floodplain, includes residential and retail development. Chesterfield is home to several mid- to high-rise buildings, the tallest being the Drury Plaza Hotel, 12 stories and 125 feet tall.
According to the 2007–2011 American Community Survey estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $95,006, the median income for a family was $88,568. Males had a median income of $94,322 versus $54,934 for females; the per capita income for the city was $51,725. About 1.7% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 47,484 people, 19,224 households, 13,461 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,494.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 20,393 housing units at an average density of 641.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.5% White, 2.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.6% Asian, 0.7% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population. There were 19,224 households of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 30.0% were non-families.
26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age in the city was 46.6 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 46,802 people, 18,060 households, 13,111 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,485.4 people per square mile. There were 18,738 housing units at an average density of 594.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.30% White, 0.86% African American, 0.12% Native American, 5.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.55% of the population. There were 18,060 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families.
23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. Present-day Chesterfield is known to have been a site of Native American inhabitation for thousands of years. A site in western Chesterfield containing artwork and carvings has been dated as 4,000 years old. A Mississippian site, dated to around the year 1000, containing the remains of what have been identified as a market and ceremonial center, is located in modern Chesterfield; the present-day city of Chesterfield is made up of several smaller historical communities, including: Bellefontaine, or as the locals called it, "Hilltown", dates to about 1837 with the arrival of August Hill.
The first post office was established as Bellemonte in 1851. Eighteen years in 1869, the town and post office name were both changed to Bellefontaine. Rinkel's Market was a familiar landmark for years, at the intersection of present-day Olive Boulevard and Chesterfield Parkway; the town of Lake started out as "Hog Hollow," in about 1850. The post office was established as Hog Hollow in 1871, but a year the town's name was changed to what some thought was the more suitable name of Lake. Zierenberg's General Merchandise and Saloon was a well-known landmark at the 18-mile marker on Olive Street Road; the original structure was destroyed by fire in 1918. It was replaced by the existing structure on the same site. Gumbo is located in the valley at the present intersection of Chesterfield Airport Road and Long Road. A notable landmark was the old Twenty Five Mile House - so named because of its
St. Louis County, Missouri
St. Louis County is located in the far eastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. It is bounded by the city of St. Louis and the Mississippi River to the east, the Missouri River to the north, the Meramec River to the south; as of the 2016 Census Bureau population estimate, the population was 998,581, making it the most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Clayton. Saint Louis County was settled by French colonists in the late 1700s, before switching to U. S. rule following the Louisiana Purchase. Saint Louis County split from St. Louis City in 1877. In the 1960s, with the growing suburbanization in Greater St. Louis, the County's population overtook the City's population for the first time. St. Louis County borders, but does not include, the city of St. Louis, an independent city; the county is included in MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2019 there was a proposal to merge the county after a Saturday-wide vote. During the 18th century, several European colonial settlements were established in the area that would become St. Louis County.
French colonists moved from east of the Mississippi River after France ceded those territories to Spain after losing the Seven Years' War. The earliest of these, Saint Louis, was founded by Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau on February 14, 1764, who became major fur traders in the city. Founded in about 1767 was Carondelet, at the southern end of what is now the city of St. Louis. Florissant known as St. Ferdinand, was established in 1785 about twelve miles northwest of St. Louis on a tributary of the Missouri River. During the 1790s small settlements known as Creve Coeur and Point Labadie were built north and west of St. Louis. Upon the sale and transfer of French Louisiana to the United States on October 1, 1804, President Thomas Jefferson suggested that the territory retain the districts drawn by Spanish officials during their decades-long rule of the territory after an arrangement with the French. During this time, the first governing body of St. Louis County was established; this government, called the Court of Quarter Sessions, was composed of Charles Gratiot, Auguste Chouteau, Jacques Clamorgan, David DeLaunay, all ethnic French or French Canadians.
On October 1, 1812, the District of St. Louis was renamed St. Louis County during a federal reorganization of the Louisiana Territory's status. After the transfer of Louisiana to the United States, the authority to grant incorporation to municipalities was delegated to the Territory and was a state power; the first to gain municipal status in St. Louis County was St. Louis, which incorporated on November 9, 1809, under the territorial legislature, gained city status on December 9, 1822. Only a handful of other municipal incorporations took place prior to the separation of the county and city: St. Ferdinand was granted incorporation in 1829, while Bridgeton, a settlement along the Missouri River near Florissant, gained incorporation in 1843. Two towns grew and incorporated in the 1850s, with their growth stimulated by the construction of the Pacific Railroad: Pacific and Kirkwood. Pacific, a community along the Meramec River, known before the railroad line connection as Franklin, straddles St. Louis and Franklin counties.
Kirkwood was settled in 1853 after Hiram Leffingwell and Richard Elliott platted and auctioned land along the railroad line. Leffingwell organized the town as a planned suburb, Kirkwood was granted incorporation by the state in 1865. Other areas of the county did not incorporate as towns. Among these were Chesterfield, Gumbo, both settled in the 1820s in west St. Louis County, Gravois and Affton, which were settled in south St. Louis County in the 1850s and 1860s; the first St. Louis Public Schools were established in the major city in the 1830s, it was a decade and more before some of the settlements of St. Louis County began providing public education. In 1854, the School District of Maplewood was established, it included all of today's Maplewood district, part of what became Webster Groves, along the south and southwest, a large part of St. Louis in the east, to the north up to Clayton Road; the first school called the Washington Institute and renamed as Maplewood High School, opened as a one-room stone building at the crossing of Manchester Road over the Missouri Pacific Railroad tracks.
Another antebellum school district was Rock Hill, which provided a one-room school across from the Rock Hill Presbyterian Church until about 1870. The first school in Florissant opened in 1819 under the direction of the Religious of the Sacred Heart, a Roman Catholic religious congregation; the instructor, Rose Philippine Duchesne, was a French immigrant, described as "one of the foremost educators in the state of Missouri." A second school an Indian school known as the St. Regis Academy, was operated for young boys from 1823 to 1829; the complex included a Jesuit seminary known as St. Stanislaus Seminary, which continued to operate until 1971; the earliest public school in Florissant was the St. Ferdinand School, authorized by the General Assembly in 1845 and operated until 1871, when the Florissant School District was formed. From 1813 to 1830, the county initiated several c
Jefferson City, Missouri
Jefferson City the city of Jefferson and informally Jeff, is the capital of the U. S. state of Missouri and the 15th most populous city in the state. It is the county seat of Cole County and the principal city of the Jefferson City Metropolitan Statistical Area, the second-most-populous metropolitan area in Mid-Missouri and fifth-largest in the state. Most of the city is with a small northern section extending into Callaway County. Jefferson City is named for the third president of the United States; the city won a 2013 essay contest sponsored by Rand McNally, was named "Most Beautiful Small Town"Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the Ozark Plateau on the southern side of the Missouri River in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is 30 miles south of Columbia and sits at the western edge of the Missouri Rhineland, one of the major wine-producing regions of the Midwest; the city is dominated by the domed Capitol, which rises from a bluff overlooking the Missouri River to the north. Many of Jefferson City's primary employers are in manufacturing industries.
Jefferson City is home to Lincoln University, a public black land-grant university founded in 1866 by the 62nd Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops with support from the 65th Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops. In pre-Columbian times, this region was home of an ancient people known only as the "Mound Builders", having been replaced by Osage Native Americans. In the late 17th century, frontiersmen started to inhabit the area, including Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, Louis Jolliet, Jacques Marquette, Robert de LaSalle, Daniel Boone, with the latter having the greatest influence on the region. Daniel Boone's son, Daniel Morgan Boone, would lay out Jefferson City in the early 19th century; when the Missouri Territory was organized in 1812, St. Louis was Missouri's seat of government, St. Charles would serve as the next capital. However, in the middle of the state, Jefferson City was chosen as the new capital in 1821, when Thomas Jefferson was still living; the village first was called "Lohman's Landing", when the legislature decided to relocate there, they proposed the name "Missouriopolis" before settling on the city of "Jefferson" to honor Thomas Jefferson.
Over the years, the city became to be most referred to as "Jefferson City" and the name stuck. For years, this village was little more than a trading post located in the wilderness about midway between St. Louis and Kansas City. In 1825, the settlement was incorporated as a city and a year the Missouri legislature first met in Jefferson City. Jefferson City was chosen as the site of a state prison; this prison, named the Missouri State Penitentiary, opened in 1836. This prison was home to multiple infamous Americans, including former heavyweight champion Sonny Liston, assassin James Earl Ray, bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd. During the Civil War, Jefferson City was occupied by Union troops and the elected state legislature was driven from Jefferson City by Union General Nathaniel Lyon; some of the legislators reconvened in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession. Missouri was claimed by the Union, as was neighboring state Kentucky. Missourians were divided and many people in the state—especially in St. Louis—supported the Union, while other areas were pro-Confederate along the Missouri River between Jefferson City and Kansas City.
German immigrants created vineyards in small towns on either side of the Missouri River on the north from the city east to Marthasville, located outside of St. Louis. Known as the "Missouri Rhineland" for its vineyards and first established by German immigrants in the mid-1800s, this region has become part of Missouri's agricultural and tourist economy. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.58 square miles, of which 35.95 square miles is land and 1.63 square miles is water. Jefferson City has a humid continental climate with cold winters; the city borders on having a humid subtropical climate but falls just short due to January having a mean temperature of 30 °F, below the 32 °F isothern. Thunderstorms are common in both the summer. Light snow is common during the winter, although about half of wintertime precipitation falls as rain; as of the census of 2010, there were 43,079 people, 17,278 households, 9,969 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,198.3 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 18,852 housing units at an average density of 524.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.0% White, 16.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.6% of the population. There were 17,278 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.9% of residents under the age of 18, 10.3% between the ages of 18 and 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age in the city was 37.5 years.
The gender makeup of
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Cass County, Missouri
Cass County is a county located in the western part of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,478, its county seat is Harrisonville. The county was organized in 1835 as Van Buren County, but was renamed in 1849 after U. S. Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan, who became a presidential candidate. Cass County is part of Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Harrisonville area was inhabited by the Dhegihan Native American subgroup. The Osage, Omaha and Kansa tribes make up this Siouan linguistic group; the Kansas tribal range extended southward from the Kansas-Missouri River junction as far as the northern edge of Bates County, taking in the sites of modern Pleasant Hill, Garden City and Drexel. On their southeastern border they were neighbors of the Osage, although there is no evidence that either of these tribes had a permanent settlement in the territory of Cass County. Early camp meetings southwest of Harrisonville had as many as 500 Indians in attendance, as they seemed to enjoy the religious services as much as the white settlers.
These visitors were reported to be Delaware, both speaking related Algonquian languages. In 1818 a grant of land in southern Missouri was made to some Delawares, but it was receded by them in 1825, most of them moved to a reservation in Kansas, while others had gone to Texas; those who remained in the Harrisonville area were close relatives of the Sauk and Kickapoo tribes. The first American settler on the site of modern Harrisonville was James Lackey in 1830. Other early settlers were John Blythe and Dr. Joseph Hudspeth. Lackey was considered a "squatter," as he built a cabin and enclosed a small field on the tract of public land taken for county seat purposes; the site of the town was fixed under an act of the Missouri General Assembly in 1835, by David Waldo of Lafayette County and Samual Hink and William Brown, both of Jackson County. In the same year, the first court met for the county, known as Van Buren County; the Justices James McClellan and William Savage met in McClellan's residence about three miles southeast of Peculiar on September 14, 1835.
William Lyon was appointed clerk of the court and county government was organized, including the establishment of Grand River Township. In the spring of 1837 the town of Harrisonville was located by Enoch Rice, Francis Prine and Welcome Scott, appointed commissioners by the state legislature in the winter of 1836; these commissioners in company with Martin Rice, the county surveyor, met at the home of John Cook on April 3, 1837 and decided on Lackey's preemption claim. In May they laid off the town in lots 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the northeast and northwest quarters of Section 4, Township 44N. Range 31W. Within these 160 acres there were to be four streets: Wall and Pearl running east to west and Independence going north and south, each less than 40 feet wide. Fleming Harris was appointed town commissioner on April 8, 1837; the first town lots were sold on June 12 of that year. "Democrat" was urged as a name for the new town but was rejected. Instead, the town was named after U. S. Representative Albert G. Harrison from Missouri.
On October 8, 1835, the first church in Harrisonville was organized in the county two miles southwest of town known as Hopewell or New Hope Baptist. The first house within the town was erected by Jason L. Dickey in 1836; the first jail in Harrisonville and second for the county was established in 1838. Its site was 312 S. Independence. One of its successors is listed among the state's historic sites. Harrisonville was served by railroad lines presently known as the Missouri Pacific and the Frisco. Railroad construction was responsible for the notorious "Gunn City Massacre," the background of which began in 1857. Cass County approved a large stock subscription for the Pacific Railroad Company; this corporation surrendered the bonds to the new Saint Louis and Santa Fe Railroad, from whence they were still assigned to the Land Grant Railroad & Construction Company of New York. Citizens of Cass County sought by injunction to prevent the funding of these bonds, but by legal maneuvering and collusion, a new set of bonds was issued secretly.
The outraged populace viewed this development as a sophisticated maneuver to benefit the holders of bonds that had become worthless by re-obligating the county to pay those same bonds. Three men who helped to perpetrate this swindle, including the county attorney and a judge of the county court, were shot and killed on April 24, 1872 while on board a Katy railroad spur between Bryson and Paola, Kansas. Forty-one men were arrested and brought to trial for these killings. At the time of the shootings, a Republican newspaper, belonging to Mr. Porter J. Coston, in Harrisonville, was burned by the same mob; the year before the Civil War, 12 cities in Missouri had population of 2,500 or more. Harrisonville ranked 37th with a population of 675. In 1863 the town was depopulated, most of the buildings burned, the jail among them. Fort Harrisonville was a Union stronghold for a brief period in 1863 and provided protection for loyal Union families. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 702 square miles, of which 697 square miles is land and 5.7 square miles is water.
Jackson County Johnson County Henry County Bates County Miami County, Kansas Johnson County, Kansas Interstate 49 U. S. Route 71 Route 2
O'Fallon is a city along Interstate 64 and Interstate 70 between Lake St. Louis and St. Peters in St. Charles County, United States, it is part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census O'Fallon had a population of 79,329, making it the largest municipality in St. Charles County and seventh largest in the state of Missouri. O'Fallon's namesake in St. Clair County, Illinois is part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area; the two O'Fallons are one of the few pairs of same-named municipalities to be part of the same MSA. O'Fallon was founded in 1856 by Nicholas Krekel; the community was named after the president of the North Missouri Railroad. A post office called O'Fallon has been in operation since 1859; the St. Mary's Institute of O'Fallon was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007. In 2006, Money Magazine named O'Fallon 39th in its "Best 100 Places to Live." Money Magazine ranked O'Fallon 68th out of 100 in 2008, 26th out of 100 in 2010, 42nd out of 100 in 2017.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.20 square miles, of which 29.19 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 79,329 people, 28,234 households, 21,436 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,717.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 29,376 housing units at an average density of 1,006.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.9% White, 4.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population. There were 28,234 households of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 24.1% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 30% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female. Mastercard has a major presence in O'Fallon. Venture Stores was headquartered and maintained a distribution center in O'Fallon, until its dissolution; the buildings are now occupied by True Manufacturing. Shell Oil Company announced on February 27, 2012 it will close its regional distribution center here by the end of 2012, costing more than a dozen jobs. Lou Fusz Automotive Dealership in O'Fallon, won the 2012 State of Missouri Bid Contract for Police vehicles for the second year in a row. O'Fallon is the home of the River City Rascals independent Frontier League baseball team; the Rascals play at CarShield Field in O'Fallon, built in 1999. It is located on Tom Ginnever Boulevard and T. R. Hughes Boulevard near downtown. Civic Park - A 20 acres park featuring Alligator's Creek Aquatic Center and Amphitheater.
Dames Park - A 59 acres sports park with three football fields and a fitness course. Fort Zumwalt Park - A 47.5 acres park featuring a fishing lake, a disc golf course and historic Fort Zumwalt. Knaust Park - A 6 acres park with a playground and walking path. O'Fallon Sports Park - A 95 acres soccer complex with 12 fields playgrounds and concessions. Home to the Renaud Spirit Center. Ozzie Smith Sports Complex - A 76 acres baseball/softball complex with seven diamonds and the St. Charles Co. Amateur Sports Hall of Fame. Adjacent to CarShield Field. Westhoff Park - A 65 acres park featuring baseball diamonds, sand volleyball courts, horseshoe pits, basketball courts and handball courts, a skate park. O'Fallon operates under a charter form of government. In 2010, the current four wards were redistricted and a new, fifth ward was created; the current mayor is William "Bill" Hennessy. The current City Council members are: Dave Hinman, Rick Lucas, Rose Mack, Tom Herweck, Reid Cranmer, Jeff Schwentker, Jeff Kuehn, Mike Pheney, Debbie Cook.
Laws O'Fallon is served by the Fort Zumwalt School District, the westernmost part is served by the Wentzville R-IV School District. The south to southeastern part of the city is served by the Francis Howell R-III School District. St. Dominic High School is a private Catholic school located in O'Fallon. Satellite campuses of Webster University and Lindenwood University are located in O'Fallon. Fire protection is provided by the O'Fallon Fire Protection District, which in 2007 became the first Internationally Accredited Fire Agency in the state of Missouri; the award was made by the Center for Public Safety Excellence's Commission on Fire Accreditation International. The CFAI has approved accreditation status for only 120 fire agencies worldwide; the southern portion of the city is served by the Wentzville Fire Protection District. Nathan Heald, U. S. Army officer during the War of 1812, in command of Fort Dearborn, in Chicago Harry Gilmer, All-American college and Pro-Bowl football player and former head coach of the Detroit Lions City of O'Fallon O'Fallon Fire Protection District Historic maps of O'Fallon in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri
St. Joseph, Missouri
St. Joseph is a city in and the county seat of Buchanan County, United States. Small parts of St. Joseph extend into Andrew County, United States, it is the principal city of the St. Joseph Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Buchanan, DeKalb counties in Missouri and Doniphan County, Kansas; as of the 2010 census, St. Joseph had a total population of 76,780, making it the eighth largest city in the state, the third largest in Northwest Missouri. St. Joseph is located thirty miles north of the Kansas City, Missouri city limits; the city was named after the both the town's founder the biblical Saint Joseph. The city is located on the Missouri River, it is the birthplace of hip hop star Eminem as well as the death place of Jesse James. St. Joseph is home to Missouri Western State University. St. Joseph was founded on the Missouri River by Joseph Robidoux, a local fur trader, incorporated in 1843. In its early days, it was a bustling outpost and rough frontier town, serving as a last supply point and jumping-off point on the Missouri River toward the "Wild West".
It was the westernmost point in the United States accessible by rail until after the American Civil War. The main east-west downtown streets were named for Robidoux's eight children: Faraon, Francois, Edmond, Charles and Messanie; the street between Sylvanie and Messanie was named for Angelique. St. Joseph, or "St. Joe", as it was called by many, was a "Jumping-Off Point" for those headed to the Oregon Territory in the mid-1800s; these cities, including Independence, St. Joseph, were where pioneers would stay and purchase supplies before they would head out in wagon trains; the town was a bustling place, was the second city in the US to have electric streetcars. Between April 3, 1860, late October 1861, St. Joseph was one of the two endpoints of the Pony Express, which operated for a short period over the land inaccessible by rail, to provide fast mail service; the pony riders carried along with the mail, a small personal Bible. Today the Pony Express Museum hosts visitors in the old stables. On April 3, 1882 outlaw Jesse James was killed at his home located at 1318 Lafayette, now sited next to The Patee House.
In the post-Civil War years, when the economy was down, the hotel had served for a time as the home of the Patee Female College, followed by the St. Joseph Female College up to 1880. James was living under the alias of Mr. Howard. An excerpt from a popular poem of the time is: "...that dirty little coward that shot Mr. Howard has laid poor Jesse in his grave." The Heaton-Bowman-Smith Funeral Home maintains a small museum about Jesse James. Their predecessors conducted the funeral; the museum is open to the public. His home is now known as the Jesse James Home Museum, it has been relocated at least three times, features the bullet hole from that fateful shot. St. Joseph is identified by the slogan, "Where the Pony Express started and Jesse James ended." Among properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are the Patee House, a former hotel now maintained as a museum of transportation, the Missouri Theatre, an ornate movie palace. St. Joseph's population peaked in 1900, with a census population of 102,979.
This population figure is questionable, as civic leaders tried to inflate the numbers for that census. At the time, it was the home to one of the largest wholesale companies in the Midwest, the Nave & McCord Mercantile Company, as well as the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, the C. D. Smith & Company, which would become C. D. Smith Healthcare; the Walnut Park Farm Historic District near St. Joseph was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. In 1997, St. Joseph was named an "All-America City" by the National Civic League. St. Joseph was voted the top true western town of 2007 by True West Magazine, in the January/February 2008 issue. Saint Joseph is located at 39°45′29″N 94°50′12″W, on the Missouri/Kansas border in northwestern Missouri close to Nebraska; the nearest major metropolitan area to St. Joseph is the Kansas City Metropolitan Area, which begins 30 miles to the south; the nearest major airport is Kansas City International Airport, 35 miles to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.77 square miles, of which 43.99 square miles is land and 0.78 square miles is water.
The monthly weather averages listed below are taken from National Weather Service 1981-2010 Normals. Snowfall is not recorded at the St Joseph weather station; as of the census of 2010, there were 76,780 people, 29,727 households, 18,492 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,745.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 33,189 housing units at an average density of 754.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 6.0% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.0% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.7% of the population. There were 29,727 households of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.8% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01. In the ci