Bethlehem is a city in Lehigh and Northampton counties in the Lehigh Valley region of the eastern portion of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 74,982, making it the seventh largest city in Pennsylvania, after Philadelphia, Allentown, Erie and Scranton. Of this, 55,639 were in Northampton County, 19,343 were in Lehigh County. Bethlehem lies in the center of the Lehigh Valley, a region of 731 sq mi, home to more than 800,000 people. Together with Allentown and Easton, the Valley embraces the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ metropolitan area, including Lehigh and Carbon counties within Pennsylvania, Warren County in the adjacent state of New Jersey. Smaller than Allentown but larger than Easton, Bethlehem is the Lehigh Valley's second most populous city. In turn, this metropolitan area comprises Pennsylvania's third-largest metropolitan area and the state's largest and most populous contribution to the greater New York City metropolitan area.
There are four general sections of the city: central Bethlehem, the south side, the east side, the west side. Each of these sections blossomed at different times in the city's development and each contains areas recognized under the National Register of Historic Places. ZIP codes that use the address Bethlehem totaled 116,000 in population in the year 2000; these ZIP codes include Hanover Township. The Norfolk Southern Railway's Lehigh Line, runs through Bethlehem heading east to Easton and Phillipsburg, New Jersey across the Delaware River; the Norfolk Southern Railway's Reading Line runs through Bethlehem heading west to Allentown and Reading. In July 2006, Money magazine placed Bethlehem as number 88 on its "Top 100 Best Places to Live." The areas along the Delaware River and its tributaries in eastern Pennsylvania were long inhabited by indigenous peoples of various cultures. By the time of European contact, these areas were the historic territory of the Algonquian-speaking Lenape Nation, which had three main divisions, the Unami and Munsee.
They traded with the Dutch and English colonists in the mid-Atlantic area. On Christmas Eve in 1741, David Nitschmann and Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf, leading a small group of Moravians, founded the mission community of Bethlehem along the banks of the Monocacy Creek by the Lehigh River in the colony of Pennsylvania, they came to set up missionary communities among the Native Americans and unchurched German-speaking Christians. They named the settlement after the Biblical town Bethlehem of Judea, the birthplace of Jesus. "Count Zinzendorf said,'Brothers, how more fittingly could we call our new home than to name it in honor of the spot where the event we now commemorate took place. We will call this place Bethlehem.' And so was Bethlehem named after the birthplace of the Man of Peace.'" It was a typical Moravian Settlement Congregation, where the Church owned all the property. Until the 1850s only members of the Moravian Church were permitted to lease land plots in Bethlehem. However, a member of a group of families that were part of a Huguenot settlement in the Delaware River Valley landed in Bethlehem, a decade or two before 1800 had established grist and saw mills known as Calvin's Mills.
One member of this family was part of the Bethlehem Township council from 1798 to 1802. The historic Brethren's House, Sisters' House, Widows' House and Gemeinhaus with the Old Chapel are remnants of this period of communal living; the Moravians ministered to regional Lenape Native Americans through their mission in the area, as well as further east in the New York colony. In the historic Bethlehem God's Acre cemetery, converted Lenape lie buried alongside the Moravians. In 1762, Bethlehem built the first water-works in America to pump water for public use. While George Washington and his troops stayed in Valley Forge, Washington stored his personal effects at the farm of James Burnside in Bethlehem – as of 1998 a historical museum; the prosperous village was incorporated into a free borough in the County of Northampton in 1845. After the Unity Synod of 1848, Bethlehem became the headquarters of the Northern Province of the Moravian Church in North America. On March 27, 1900, the Bach Choir of Bethlehem presented the United States debut of German Lutheran Johann Sebastian Bach's Mass in B Minor in the city's Central Moravian Church.
After the Civil War the Borough of South Bethlehem was formed. In 1886 the Borough of West Bethlehem was formed. In 1904, the Boroughs of West Bethlehem and Bethlehem merged. In 1917, the Borough of South Bethlehem and Bethlehem merged to become the City of Bethlehem, with Archibald Johnston selected as the new city's first mayor. Bethlehem Township, Pennsylvania has remained a separate political entity. After the merger of the two boroughs, the bureau provided a count for the original sections. Bethlehem became a center of heavy trade during the industrial revolution; the Bethlehem Steel Corporation and based in Bethlehem, was once the second-largest steel producer in the United States, after Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-based U. S. Steel. Bethlehem Steel was one of the largest shipbuilding companies in the world and one of the most powerful symbols of American industrial manufacturing leadership. Bethlehem Steel began producing the first wide-flange structural shapes made in the United States and the
Clearfield County, Pennsylvania
Clearfield County is a sixth-class county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 81,642; the county seat is Clearfield, the largest city is DuBois. The county was created in 1804 and organized in 1822. Clearfield County comprises the DuBois, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the State College-DuBois, PA Combined Statistical Area. Clearfield County was formed by the Act of Assembly by the second Governor of Pennsylvania at the time, Thomas McKean on March 26, 1804; the county was created from parts of the created counties of Huntingdon and Lycoming. The name for the county was most derived from the many cleared fields of the valleys surrounding Clearfield Creek and West Branch of the Susquehanna River, formed by the bison herds and by old corn fields of prior Native Americans tribes; the first board of county commissioners to the county were Roland Curtin, James Fleming and James Smith, all appointed by Governor McKean in 1805. The first act the commissioners did was to create a local government or seat of the newly created county.
They came upon land owned at the time by Abraham Witmer at a village known as Chincleclamousche, named after the Native American chief of the Cornplanter's tribe of Senecas. Clearfield became the new name of the old village; the two major industries of the county in the mid-1800s until the early 1900s was coal. Lumber was still being floated down the West Branch of the Susquehanna up until 1917. Coal remains the main industry of the county to this day. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,154 square miles, of which 1,145 square miles is land and 9.2 square miles is water. It is the third-largest county in fourth-largest by total area; the West Branch Susquehanna River flows through the county bisecting the county seat along the way. The mountainous terrain of the county made traffic difficult for early settlers. Various Native American paths and trails crossing the area were used intermittently by settlers, invading armies, escaped slaves travelling north along the Underground Railroad.
A major feature located in Bloom Township, Pennsylvania within the county is known as Bilger's rocks and exhibits fine examples of exposed sandstone bedrock, created during the formation of the Appalachian Mountains. The shape of Clearfield County bears an amazing resemblance to that of the state of Arkansas; as of the census of 2000, there were 83,382 people, 32,785 households, 22,916 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile. There were 37,855 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.40% White, 1.49% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 0.46% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.9% were of German, 13.6% American, 10.2% English, 9.9% Irish, 9.1% Italian and 6.0% Polish ancestry. There were 32,785 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.10% were non-families.
26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 16.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males. The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Clearfield County as the DuBois, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census the micropolitan area ranked 6th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 65th most populous in the United States with a population of 81,642. Clearfield County is a part of the State College-DuBois, PA Combined Statistical Area, which combines the populations of both Clearfield and Centre County areas, as well as the State College area.
The Combined Statistical Area ranked 9th in the State of Pennsylvania and 125th most populous in the United States with a population of 235,632. As of October 2014, there were 50,846 registered voters in Clearfield County. Democratic: 21,565 Republican: 23,497 Libertarian: 272 No Party Affiliation: 2,492 Other parties: 3,020 While the county registration tends to be evenly matched between Democrats and Republicans, the county trends Republican in statewide and federal elections; the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964, while Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton winning pluralities in the county, with the former by 88 votes. In 2006, Democrat Bob Casey Jr. received 55% of its vote when he unseated incumbent Republican US Senator Rick Santorum and Ed Rendell received 50.2% of the vote against Lynn Swann. Each of the three row-office statewide winners carried Clearfield in 2008. Clearfield County Jail Quehanna Bootcamp SCI Houtzdale Moshannon Valley Correctional Center Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania at Clearfield, Pennsylvania Pennsylvania State University at DuBois Clearfield County Career and Technology Center Triangle Tech Clearfield Area School District Curwensville Area School District DuBois Area School District Glendale School District Harmony Area School District Moshannon Valley School District Philipsburg-Osceo
Chester is a city in Delaware County, United States. With a population of 33,972 at the 2010 census it is the largest city in Delaware County. Incorporated in 1682, Chester is the oldest city in Pennsylvania and is located on the western bank of the Delaware River between the cities of Philadelphia and Wilmington, Delaware; the Indian tribe that owned the land where Chester now stands were the Okehockings, removed by order of William Penn in 1702 to other lands in Chester County. The original Indian name of Chester was Mecoponaca; the first European settlers in the area were members of the New Sweden colony. The settlement that became Chester was first called "Finlandia" and "Upland" after the Swedish province of Uppland; the New Sweden settlers built Fort Mecoponacka in 1641 to defend the settlement. In 1644, the present site of Chester was a tobacco plantation operated by the New Sweden colonists. By 1682, Upland was the most populous town of the new Province of Pennsylvania. On October 27, the ship Welcome arrived bearing William Penn on his first visit to the province.
Penn renamed the settlement for the English city of Chester. Chester County stretched from the Delaware River to the Susquehanna River from its founding in 1682 until 1729 when Lancaster County was formed from the western part. Chester served as the county seat for Chester County from 1682 to 1788. In 1724 the Chester Courthouse was built to support the legal needs of the county. Chester played only a small role in the American Revolutionary War. Throughout 1776 and 1777, there were significant forces stationed in nearby Marcus Hook. In April 1776, nearly 1,000 men were stationed in Chester under Colonel Samuel Miles in preparation for the defense of Philadelphia. However, Colonel Miles led the troops to New York City in July 1776 when it became clear that the British Fleet was threatening New York rather than Philaldelphia. In 1777, the Continental Army led by George Washington passed through Chester on the way to meet the British Army led by General Howe at the Battle of Brandywine. John Armstrong was ordered to take command of the militia stationed at Chester.
The Continental Army fled back to Chester after defeat at the Battle of Brandywine. A portion of the British force occupied Chester as they chased the Continental Army fleeing to Philadelphia. In 1788, the Chester County seat was moved from Chester to West Chester. In 1789, Delaware County was formed from the eastern part of Chester County, Chester became the new county seat. On March 5, 1795, the borough of Chester, governed under the charter granted by Penn in 1701 was incorporated by the Pennsylvania Assembly. In the 1700s and 1800s, Chester was a hub for business due to easy access to the Delaware River for the transport of raw materials and finished goods by ship. By the mid-1800s, many textile mills and factories were built along Chester Creek including the Upland Mills by John Price Crozer and the Powhattan Mills by David Reese Esrey and Hugh Shaw. During the War of 1812, a group of volunteers from Chester called the Mifflin Guards was raised and led by Dr. Samuel Anderson; the troops were sent to Fort DuPont to defend the Delaware River from the threatened attack of British Admiral George Cockburn but did not see any action.
In 1851, the Delaware County seat was moved from Chester to the borough of Media. On February 14, 1866, Chester was incorporated as a city and the first mayor elected was John Larkin, Jr.. In 1871, the Delaware River Iron Ship Building and Engine Works was opened by John Roach through the purchase of the Reaney, Son & Archbold shipyard; the first steel ships of the U. S. Navy were built at the Roach shipyard. For the first 15 years of operation, it was the largest and most productive shipyard in the United States. More tonnage of ships were built at the Roach shipyard than its next two competitors combined. Roach built other businesses to supply materials for his shipbuilding including the Chester Rolling Mill in 1873 to supply metal hull plates and beams, the Chester Pipe and Tube Company in 1877 for the manufacture of iron pipes and boiler tubes, the Standard Steel Casting Company in 1883 to supply steel ingots. Roach built the Combination Steel and Iron Company in 1880 to supply steel rails and other products for businesses beyond the Roach shipyard.
He lost control of the company after his shipbuilding enterprise entered receivership in 1885. World War I brought Chester its first massive growth. People migrated to Chester for 63 % of which were in manufacturing. Between 1910 and 1920, Chester's population increased from 38,000 to 58,000 due to the influx of southern and eastern Europeans and southern U. S. blacks. The Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. was opened in 1917 to build ships for the United States until its closure in 1990. The idled Roach shipyard was purchased in 1917 by W. Averell Harriman to build merchant ships during World War I, renamed the Merchant Shipbuilding Corporation; the shipyard closed permanently in 1923. Like many boomtowns, Chester was unprepared for the social changes that came along with rapid growth; as southern blacks migrated to Pennsylvania as part of the Great Migration, racial violence broke out, racially segregated neighborhoods expanded and economic discrimination emerged. A four-day race riot that resulted in 7 deaths broke out in the city in July 1917 and the separation of blacks and whites in Chester's neighborhoods and workplaces became more defined.
Chester was known as a freewheeling destination for vices such as drugs, numbers rackets and prostitution. Chester was known as Greater Philadelphia's "Saloon Town". By 1914, Chester had more saloons than police officers. In 1927, the Ford Motor Company opene
Corry is a city in northwestern Pennsylvania in the United States. With a population of 6,605 at the 2010 United States Census, it is the second largest city in Erie County. Corry is a part of PA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city became famous in the late-19th and early-20th centuries for being the manufacturer of Climax locomotives. Erie County was formed from parts of Allegheny County on March 12, 1800. On May 27, 1861, tracks owned by the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad intersected with those of the Sunbury and Erie Railroad and was called the "Atlantic and Erie Junction". Land at the junction was owned by Hiram Cory, who sold a portion to the Atlantic and Great Western in October 1861; the railroad built a ticket office at the junction and named it for Cory, but through a misspelling it became Corry. The combination of railroad growth and the discovery of oil in nearby Titusville contributed to Corry's development; this boomtown was chartered as a borough in 1863 and designated as a city in 1866.
Industry has played a big part in Corry's growth, the Corry Area Historical Society maintains a museum where one of the Climax locomotives is on display. Corry has been named a Tree City USA for seven consecutive years; the Corry Armory was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,834 people, 2,660 households, 1,763 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,120.5 people per square mile. There were 2,868 housing units at an average density of 470.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.19% White, 0.29% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population. The U. S. Census Bureau estimated Corry's population at 6,331 in 2009. There were 2,660 households, out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families.
29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,967, the median income for a family was $35,375. Males had a median income of $30,220 versus $22,127 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,143. About 14.2% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. Corry is located at 41°55′30″N 79°38′26″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles, all of it land.
The city of Corry is incorporated as a 3rd class city under Pennsylvania law. Third class cities are governed by a commission, in which the mayor and four other members of the city council constitute the commission; the mayor serves as the president of the council. Charles Campbell is the mayor of the city of Corry; the Corry City Council's other members are Steven G. Bresler, Alex Gernovich, Charles Campbell. Tom Winchell is city treasurer and Diane L. Cowles is city controller. Corry is in Pennsylvania's 5th congressional district and is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Republican Glenn Thompson, elected in 2008. Republican Scott Hutchinson of the 21st District has represented Corry in the Pennsylvania State Senate since 2013. Corry is contained by the 4th District of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and is represented by Republican Curt Sonney. Corry is within the Corry Area School District, which operates a middle school, high school, one elementary school, but two abandoned elementary schools, a career and technical center.
Higher education is locally available through the Corry branch of Mercyhurst College, which offers advanced college credits for high school students and an associate degree in business administration. Adult education and training are offered through the Corry Higher Education Council. Emery Bopp, artist William Wallace Brown, member of the United States House of Representatives Ryan Buell, paranormal investigator Fred Marsh, Major League Baseball player Norman T. Newton, Landscape Architect, Scholar Charles F. Ritchel, inventor James Alexander Robertson, academic historian and bibliographer Karen Smyers, triathlete Carmen Hill, Major League Baseball player, Corry HS Linda Kay Olson, Miss America 2nd Runner-up, 1972 List of cities in Pennsylvania List of Tree Cities USA City of Corry Corry Chamber of Commerce Corry Area Historical Society & Museum The Corry Journal Corry Area School District
Parker is a city located in Armstrong County, United States. It is in the extreme northwestern portion of the county; the population was 840 at the 2010 census. The city was named for Judge John Parker, a lead surveyor of Lawrenceburg and founder/owner of Parker's Landing, the two villages combined to create Parker. Parker is sometimes referred to as the "Smallest City in the USA." Parker was incorporated as a city on March 1, 1873, by special state legislation in the midst of the northwestern Pennsylvania oil boom. The new municipality was called "Parker" and made up the earlier villages of Parker's Landing and Lawrenceburg. Residents assumed that Parker would become a major population center, at the height of the oil boom, the population of Parker grew to over 20,000; the boom went bust, by the 1880s the "city" returned to its historic small village size -- a population of 1,000. Parker received national attention again in 2014 when a massive ice jam along the Allegheny River formed and started some minor flooding.
The jam was so massive that it attracted tourists to the area, a local bar named a drink after the ice jam. The ice jam was severe enough that the National Weather Service issued a flood warning for the area in case the ice started melting. Roads There are two highways. From the east, PA 268 goes right through downtown proceeds north towards Foxburg, Emlenton. There is an intersection with PA 368 at the Parker Bridge. WaterwaysThe Allegheny River, at this point is not used to transport goods and materials, but is still a navigable waterway for boating; the first lock is located south of Parker, just past the borough of East Brady. Parker is located at 41°5′39″N 79°40′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles, all of it land. Parker has two land borders with the townships of Hovey to Perry to the south. Across the Allegheny River to the east, Parker runs adjacent with Clarion County's Perry Township with a direct connection via Parker Bridge.
As of the census of 2000, there were 799 people, 309 households, 221 families residing in the city. The population density was 728.6 people per square mile. There were 356 housing units at an average density of 324.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 1.88 % African American. There were 309 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 15.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.0% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,844, the median income for a family was $35,250. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $21,875 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,627. About 10.2% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. A post office called Parker's Landing was established in 1871. In 1894 its name was changed to Parkers Landing and in 1950 the name was changed to Parker, it remains in operation to the present. Parker appears in the 1876 Atlas of Pennsylvania. Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery Parker Presbyterian Cemetery City website
Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania
Beaver Falls is a city in Beaver County, United States. The population was 8,987 at the 2010 census, it is located 31 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, on the Beaver River, six miles north of its confluence with the Ohio River. Called Brighton, Beaver Falls was chartered as a borough in 1868, it adopted the commission form of government in 1913. In the 1870s, Beaver Falls had as many as 200 Chinese residents. Travelers would stop in Beaver Falls while traversing Western Pennsylvania, since there were many modes of transportation through the area; the city was linked to Ellwood City in 1914 by the Pittsburgh, Harmony and New Castle Railway, an interurban trolley line. The line closed on 15 June 1931; the city is best known in fiction as the setting of the television situation comedy Mr. Belvedere. On May 31, 1985, an F3 tornado hit just north of the city as it went across northern portions of Beaver County, as part of the 1985 United States-Canadian tornado outbreak. Geneva College is located in the College Hill neighborhood on the north side of the city.
The world's first recorded college basketball game occurred in the city on April 8, 1893 when the intramural team from Geneva College defeated the New Brighton YMCA. The population declined nearly 50% between 1940 and 2000, attributed to its central location in the Rust Belt. Several manufacturing plants provided significant employment for residents in the twentieth century. Like most rust belt cities, Beaver Falls has suffered a fair amount of economic malaise due to the decline in the steel-making capacity in the region. Beaver Falls is located at 40°45′32″N 80°19′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles, of which 2.1 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Beaver Falls has five land borders: Patterson Heights and Patterson Township to the southwest, White Township to the west, West Mayfield to the northwest, Big Beaver to the north. Across the Beaver River to the east, Beaver Falls runs adjacent with North Sewickley to the northeast and Daugherty Township to the east, New Brighton to the southeast.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,920 people, 3,798 households, 2,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,681.6 people per square mile. There are 4,380 housing units at an average density of 2,067.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.82% White, 17.53% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population. There were 3,798 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.5% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,344, the median income for a family was $30,405. Males had a median income of $31,151 versus $22,243 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,808. About 19.8% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over. Adam K. Bert, stamp collector and dealer Ralph E. Chambers, amusement ride engineer Papa John Creach, violinist who played with Jefferson Airplane and Hot Tuna Jack Damaska, MLB player Dave Dameshek, NFL analyst/writer, TV comedy writer, podcast host, radio personality Ernest Kline, Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania from 1971 to 1979 Tony Lip, The Sopranos, Donnie Brasco Joe Lonnett, MLB player and coach Paul McKee, professional football player Thomas Midgley, Jr. inventor of lead for gasoline, chlorofluorocarbons Jim Mutscheller, tight end, Baltimore Colts, 1954-1961 Joe Namath, Hall of Fame AFL and NFL quarterback Harry Traver and roller coaster designer Tom Tribone, energy entrepreneur, founder and CEO of Guggenheim Global Infrastructure Company Joe Walton and professional football coach Candy Young, former hold of National High School Record in 100 meters.
Sports Illustrated High School Athlete of the Year for 1979. College Hill Morado Mount Washington Lower End Downtown Pleasantview Riverview Beaver County Christian High School Big Beaver Falls Area School District Divine Mercy Academy Geneva College Beaver River Trail, a paved rail trail that runs over the former Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad right-of-way along the Beaver River. Carnegie Free Library of Beaver Falls, the first public library in Beaver County; the library was established in 1903 and was given a $50,000 grant from Andrew Carnegie, making the structure a Carnegie library. The building is on the National Register of Historic Places. Reeves Field is the playing field for the Beaver Falls Fighting Tigers and the Geneva College Golden Tornadoes football teams; the closest airport to the city is Beaver County Airport. Though located in Allegheny County, Pittsburgh International Airport is within close proximity of Beaver Falls, is accessible by way of I-376 (former P
Erie is a city on the south shore of Lake Erie and the county seat of Erie County, United States. Named for the lake and the Native American Erie people who lived in the area until the mid-17th century, Erie is the fourth-largest city in Pennsylvania, as well as the largest city in Northwestern Pennsylvania, with a population of 101,786 at the 2010 census; the estimated population in 2017 had decreased to 97,369. The Erie metropolitan area, equivalent to all of Erie County, consists of 276,207 residents; the Erie-Meadville, PA Combined Statistical Area has a population of 369,331, as of the 2010 Census. Erie is halfway between the cities of Buffalo, New York, Cleveland and due north of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Erie's manufacturing sector remains prominent in the local economy, though health care, higher education, service industries and tourism are emerging as significant economic drivers. Over four million people visit Erie during summer months for recreation at Presque Isle State Park, as well as attractions such as Waldameer Park.
Erie is known as the "Flagship City" because of its status as the home port of Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship Niagara. The city has been called the "Gem City" because of the sparkling lake. Erie won the All-America City Award in 1972, in 2012 hosted the Perry 200, a commemoration, celebrating 200 years of peace between England and Canada following the War of 1812 and Battle of Lake Erie. Cultures of indigenous peoples occupied the shoreline and bluffs in this area for thousands of years, taking advantage of the rich resources; the Sommerheim Park Archaeological District in Millcreek Township, Pennsylvania west of the city, includes artifacts from the Archaic period in the Americas, as well as from the Early and Middle Woodland Period a span from 8,000 BCE to 500 CE. The historic Iroquoian-speaking Erie Nation occupied this area before being defeated by the five nations of the Iroquois Confederacy in the 17th century during the Beaver Wars; the Iroquois tribes had developed and five nations formed a political league in the 1500s, adding their sixth nation in the early 18th century.
The Erie area became controlled by the Seneca, "keeper of the western door" of the Iroquois, who were based in present-day New York. Europeans first arrived as settlers in the region when the French constructed Fort Presque Isle near present-day Erie in 1753, as part of their effort to defend New France against the encroaching British colonists; the name of the fort refers to the peninsula that juts into Lake Erie, now protected as Presque Isle State Park. The French term "presque-isle" means peninsula; when the French abandoned the fort in 1760 during the French and Indian War, it was the last post they held west of Niagara. The British established a garrison at the fort at Presque Isle that same year, three years before the end of the French and Indian War. Erie is in what was the disputed Erie Triangle, a tract of land comprising 202,187 acres in the northwest corner of Pennsylvania fronting Lake Erie, claimed after the American Revolutionary War by the states of New York, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
The Iroquois claimed ownership first so a conference was arranged for on January 9, 1789 wherein representatives from the Iroquois signed a deed relinquishing their ownership of the land. The price for it was $1,200 from the federal government; the Seneca Nation separately settled land claims against Pennsylvania in February 1791 for the sum of $800. It became a part of Pennsylvania on March 3, 1792, after Connecticut and New York relinquished their rights to the land and sold the land to Pennsylvania for 75 cents per acre or a total of $151,640.25 in continental certificates. The General Assembly of Pennsylvania commissioned the surveying of land near Presque Isle through an act passed on April 18, 1795. Andrew Ellicott, who completed Pierre Charles L'Enfant's survey of Washington, D. C. and helped resolve the boundary between Pennsylvania and New York, arrived to begin the survey and lay out the plan for the city in June 1795. Initial settlement of the area began that year. Lt. Colonel Seth Reed and his family moved to the Erie area from New York.
They became the first European-American settlers of Erie, settling at what became known as "Presque Isle". President James Madison began the construction of a naval fleet during the War of 1812 to gain control of the Great Lakes from the British. Daniel Dobbins of Erie and Noah Brown of Boston were notable shipbuilders who led construction of four schooner−rigged gunboats and two brigs. Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry arrived from Rhode Island and led the squadron to success in the historic Battle of Lake Erie. Erie was an important shipbuilding and railroad hub during the mid-19th century; the city was the site. While the delays engendered cargo troubles for commerce and travel, they provided much-needed local jobs in Erie; when a national standardized gauge was proposed, those jobs, the importance of the rail hub itself, were put in jeopardy. In an event known as the Erie Gauge War, the citizens of Erie, led by the mayor, set fire to bridges, ripped up track and rioted to try to stop the standardization.
On August 3, 1915, the Mill Creek flooded downtown Erie. A culvert, or a tunnel, was blocked by debris, collapsed. A four-block reservoir, caused by torrential downpours, had formed behind it; the resulting deluge killed 36 people. After the flood, Mayor Miles Brown Kitts had the Mill Creek directed into another larger culvert, constructed under more than 2 mi