Below is a list of towns and cities in Switzerland. Until 2014 municipalities with more than 10,000 inhabitants were considered to be towns. Since 2014, the Federal Statistical Office uses a new algorithm to define whether a municipality can be called a town or not. FSO considers 162 municipalities as towns in Switzerland. Further, some municipalities, which would fulfill such a definition prefer to understand themselves still as a village, or refer to themselves just as municipalities. See Municipalities of Switzerland for a table of the largest and smallest. Largest towns in Switzerland: Zürich Geneva Basel Lausanne Bern Winterthur Lucerne St. Gallen Lugano Biel/Bienne Thun Köniz La Chaux-de-Fonds Fribourg Schaffhausen Vernier Chur Sion Uster Neuchâtel This is an alphabetical list of towns, which follows FSO's definition, places with historic town rights and/or market towns. Places in bold print are towns because of FSO's definition and historic town/market rights. Places in italics are towns excluded by FSO's definition, but places with, historic town rights, or, which were places with historic market rights.
Places in normal print are towns according to the FSO's definition. Places that had lost historic town rights are identified with "-h". Cantonal capitals are underlined. List of municipalities of Switzerland List of places in Switzerland List of postal codes of Switzerland Official list of towns and cities of Switzerland
State Route 50 is a west–to–east highway in Middle Tennessee. The road ends in Altamont; the current length is 161.3 miles. SR 50 begins as a 2-lane secondary highway in Hickman County at exit 148 on I-40 near Only as a continuation of Duck River Road. SR 50 travels southeast and crosses a bridge over the Duck River to enter Only and have an intersection with Dyer Road, which follows SR 50's former alignment through the community. SR 50 passes through wooded areas as it bypasses Only to the south before having an intersection with SR 229, which provides access to the Turney Center Industrial Complex. SR 50 continues east to cross the Duck River again before paralleling it and having an intersection with SR 438; the highway has two more crossings of the Duck river before passing near Grinder's Switch and entering Centerville. SR 50 passes south of downtown as it comes to an intersection with SR 48 and SR 100, where it becomes a primary highway as it turns south to have a short concurrency with them before leaving Centerville and continuing east, still paralleling the Duck River.
For a short distance. The highway passes south of Littlelot, where it has an intersection with SR 230 shortly before another bridge over the Duck River, an interchange with the Natchez Trace Parkway, crossing into Maury County. SR 50 becomes Williamsport Pike as it turns southeast and has an intersection with SR 247 shortly before crossing another bridge over the Duck River and passing through Williamsport; the highway continues through farmland to come to an interchange with US 43/US 412/SR 6 and entering Columbia. SR 50 parallels the Duck River from the highway's beginning to Columbia. SR 50 enters Columbia from the northwest and has a short concurrency with US 412 Bus/SR 99 before bypassing downtown to the south along James Campbell Boulevard, where it becomes a 4-lane divided highway and has an intersection with SR 243. SR 50 passes a major business district, where it has an intersection with SR 245 before having an intersection with US 31/SR 7. SR 50 narrows to 2-lanes and has an intersection with Tom J Hitch Parkway before turning southeast and leaving Columbia, becoming New Lewisburg Highway.
The highway now passes through farmland and has an intersection with SR 373 in the Glendale community before having an interchange with I-65 at exit 37, shortly before crossing into Marshall County. SR 50 becomes New Columbia Highway and continues southeast to enter Lewisburg at an intersection where it becomes concurrent with US 431/SR 106; the highway becomes N Ellington Parkway as it has an intersection with SR 417 just before splitting off from US 431/SR 106 onto Franklin Avenue to enter downtown. SR 50 comes to an intersection and becomes concurrent with US 31A Bus/US 431 Bus. From here to Fayetteville, SR 50 is unsigned, they go south through downtown before SR 50 and US 431 Bus split off from US 31A Bus and go east at another intersection with SR 373. They leave downtown and come to an intersection with US 31A/US 431/SR 11/SR 106/SR 272, where US 431 Bus and SR 106 end and SR 50 becomes concurrent with US 431, they become E Commerce Street before leaving Lewisburg and going southeast as Fayetteville Highway.
The highway passes through Belfast, where it has an intersection with SR 271, before continuing southeast through farmland to Petersburg, where it goes through town on Buchanan Street as it has a short concurrency with SR 129 and has an intersection with both SR 130 and SR 244 before leaving Petersburg and crossing into Lincoln County. US 431/SR 50 becomes Lewisburg Highway as it continues southeast through farmland to enter Fayetteville on the north side of town, it passes through some neighborhoods as Bright Avenue before entering downtown Main Avenue N, where they come to an intersection with US 64/SR 15, where SR 50 splits from US 431 to follow US 64/SR 15 east. Turning northeast, it becomes Mulberry Avenue as it leaves downtown and comes to an intersection with US 64 Bypass and US 231/SR 10, where it becomes Winchester Highway, they widen to an undivided 4-lane highway and leave Fayetteville. On the eastern edge of town, SR 50 breaks away from US 64/SR 15, turns northeast, becomes Lynchburg Highway.
From here on, SR 50 is signed. SR 50 passes through the small town of Mulberry before crossing into Moore County. SR 50 becomes Fayetteville Highway and passes through several miles of farmland before entering Lynchburg, where it has an intersection with SR 55, turns secondary, follows Main Street for a short distance before turning onto Winchester Highway and leaving Lynchburg. SR 50 winds its way through the countryside for the next few miles before crossing a bridge over the Elk River and entering Franklin County, passing just south of Tims Ford Dam. SR 50 continues as Lynchburg Road as it makes its way east to Broadview, where it has intersections with SR 121 and SR 476 before crossing an arm of Tims Ford Lake to enter Winchester; this section of SR 50 between Lynchburg and Winchester is popular with area motorcyclists and sports car drivers due to its sinuousness. In Winchester, SR 50 makes several turns and has several names until it joins US 41A/SR 16 as Dinah Shore Boulevard in downtown.
The highway leaves downtown as it widens to an undivided 4-lane highway and crosses a bridge over an arm of Tims Ford Lake and heads northeast out of town. SR 50 becomes primary as it splits from US 41A/SR 16 as W Main Street to en
Francis Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield, PC, was by turns a civil servant, a company director, a Conservative politician, a European Commissioner. He served as Minister of State at the Treasury from 1979 to 1982, as Secretary of State for Trade from 1982 until 1983, as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1983 until 1984, a member of the European Commission from 1984 to 1988 and known as'The Father of the Single Market'. Cockfield was born in Horsham, a month after his father, Lieutenant C. F. Cockfield, died at the Battle of the Somme, he was educated at Dover Grammar School read for an LLB and a BSc at the London School of Economics. Cockfield joined the Inland Revenue in 1938, was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1942, he progressed within the Inland Revenue, serving as Director of Statistics from 1945 to 1952 and as a Commissioner from 1951 to 1952, before joining Boots as its finance director. He was its managing director and chairman from 1961 to 1967, he was a member of Selwyn Lloyd's National Economic Development Council from 1962 to 1964.
Cockfield was known by his first name, for most of his life but hated it. When he married his first wife, Ruth Simonis, his granddaughter, recalls how he told her he wished to use his middle name instead: "All my life I've been called Frank but I've hated it- you're to call me Arthur."Cockfield left Boots to become an adviser to the Conservative politician Iain Macleod on taxation and economic matters, was president of the Royal Statistical Society from 1968 to 1969. Macleod died shortly after the Conservatives took power in 1970, but Cockfield went on to advise Anthony Barber, Macleod's successor as Chancellor of the Exchequer, until 1973, he served as chairman of the Price Commission from 1973 to 1977, receiving a knighthood in 1973 New Years Honours List. Cockfield was created Baron Cockfield, of Dover in the County of Kent, in April 1978. On the election of Margaret Thatcher to office in May 1979, he became a Minister of State at the Treasury, a post he held until April 1982, he became a member of the Privy Council in 1982, was the last Secretary of State for Trade from 1982, before it was merged with the Department of Industry in 1983.
After the 1983 general election, Cockfield became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. In this role he had no specific departmental responsibilities, so he became an advisor and a sort of one-man think-tank to the Prime Minister. Lord Cockfield resigned from the cabinet in September 1984 to join the European Commission as commissioner for Internal Market, Tax Law and Customs under Jacques Delors, a Vice-President of the first Delors Commission, he was expected to follow Margaret Thatcher's eurosceptic line, but became a driving force in laying the groundwork for the creation of the Single European Market in 1992. Only a few months after he arrived in Brussels, he produced a mammoth white paper listing 300 barriers to trade, with a timetable for them to be abolished, he was not selected to serve a second term, was replaced by Leon Brittan. After leaving the Commission in 1988, Cockfield became a consultant for accountants Peat, Marwick, McLintock, he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold II of Belgium in 1990, honorary doctorates and fellowships from a number of British and American universities.
He married twice. He married his first wife, Ruth Helen Simonis, in 1943, they had two children: a daughter, Hilary Ann Cockfield, born June 1944. He had five grandchildren by his 1st wife, he married choreographer Monica Mudie, in 1970. He was survived by his son Roger and daughter Hilary and five grandchildren from his first marriage. Lord Cockfield is buried, along with his wife Monica, on the Isle of Man. Obituary, The Times, 10 January 2007 Obituary, The Guardian, 11 January 2007 Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 11 January 2007 Obituary, The Independent, 22 January 2007