Carrollton is a city in Denton and Collin counties in Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 119,097, making it the twenty-third most populous city in Texas; the area was first settled by Jared Ford in 1842 by William and Mary Larner on a site within the Peters Colony grant. In 1844, the A. W. Perry family claimed land in the area around Trinity Mills where, in partnership with Wade H. Witt, a mill was established; the English colony, a group of families in the northeastern area of settlement which crossed into Denton County, was home to large landowners including the Furneaux, Jackson and Rowe families. It is most that Carrollton was named for Carrollton, the original home of many of these settlers. Early on, Carrollton's livelihood was agricultural, but following the construction of the Dallas-Wichita Railroad through Trinity Mills in 1878, the community began to grow in its industrial significance. Carrollton's significance was further strengthened when the railroad was extended to Denton in 1880 by Jay Gould, who sold the line to the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad in 1881.
By 1885, Carrollton had flour mills, cotton gins, two churches, a school, a population of 150. The St. Louis Southwestern Railway crossed the Katy in 1888, the town became a shipping center for livestock, cotton seed, grain, helping the town surpass Trinity Mills to the north. In 1913 Carrollton was incorporated, W. F. Vinson was elected mayor. A gravel industry that began in Carrollton in 1912 transformed the city, by the late 1940s, to a "grain and gravel" town; the city supported a brick plant and a dairy industry, National Metal Products established itself in the city in 1946. After World War II the city grew rapidly. In 1950 its population stood at 1,610, it grew to 4,242 in 1960 and 13,855 in 1970. At this point, significant suburban growth began spilling out of north Dallas, the city grew tremendously between 1970 and 1980, with a documented growth of 193% to 40,595 inhabitants. By 1983, the population was 52,000, by 1990, it had reached 82,169, by 2010 the population had grown to 119,097.
It is a suburb of Dallas and in 2006 was named to America's "Top 100 Places to Live" by Relocate America. In 2006, it was selected as the 19th best place to live in the United States by Money magazine. In 2008 it was named by Money magazine the 15th best place to live among small cities. In 1996 there was a successful recall election of Carrollton Texas Mayor Gary Blanscet and council members Linda Caldwell, Bernis Francis, Stan Hampton, Bob Novinsky, Bert Colter & Stan Sewell. All were replaced by a special election. According to the United States Census Bureau, Carrollton has a total area of 37.1 square miles, of which 36.3 square miles is land and 0.81 square miles, or 2.19%, is water. Carrollton is located in portions of three counties: Dallas County, Denton County, Collin County. On average, the warmest month is July; the highest recorded temperature was 112 °F in 1980. The average coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was 1 °F in 1989. The most precipitation on average occurs in May.
Carrollton is considered to have a humid subtropical climate. As of the 2010 census, the total population was 119,097, with 43,299 households and 31,073 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,209.8 people per square mile. There were 45,508 housing units at an average density of 1,253.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 63.6% White, 8.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 13.4% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.8% some other race, 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.0% of the population. There were 43,299 households at the 2010 census. Of these, 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.8% were headed by married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 4.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74, the average family size was 3.25. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males. At the 2010 census, the median income for a household in the city was $70,960 and the median income for a family was $68,672; the per capita income for the city was $26,746. About 4.1% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over. The city houses headquarters for: Inc.. Halliburton has North America operations for Easywell in Carrollton. Heelys, Inc. Jokari Motel 6 SECURUS Technologies The CMI Group Brandt Companies Hilite International Woot Inc. Parks Coffee / ProStar Services, Inc. Sleep Experts According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $196,245,000 Revenues, $180,310,000 in expenditures, $548,384,000 in total assets, $271,753,312 in total liabilities, $164,806,320 in cash and investments; the city of Carrollton is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of, to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, enable joint decisions.
The City of Carrollton has a City Council that consists of seve
McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, United States. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. Part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about 32 miles north of Dallas; the Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second-fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest. In the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117; the most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2019, is 187,802. As of May 2017, McKinney City was the third-fastest-growing city in the United States. In 2014, McKinney was rated #1 by Money Magazine as "Best Place to Live" in America. On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres for the townsite. Ten years McKinney incorporated, in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.
For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, schools and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, a garment-manufacturing company; the population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had 355 businesses; the town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s. By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it supported 254 businesses. Since McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents.
The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney is 162,898. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2017, is 168,358. Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas, he was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles, of which 62.2 square miles is land and 0.7 square mile, or 1.07%, is covered by water. McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region. On average, the warmest month is July; the highest recorded temperature was 118 °F in 1936. On average, the coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was −7 °F in 1930. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May, it is part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt.
Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, winters are mild and are rainy. Spring is the wettest part of the year; as of the 2010 census McKinney had a population of 131,117. The median age was 33; the racial composition of the population was 74.8% White, 10.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.1% reporting two or more races. About 18.6 % of residents were Latino of any race. Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.2% were not families. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29. In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, for a family was $72,133.
Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over. Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 131,117 in the 2010 census; as of the 2000 U. S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico; as of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U. S. in the 1990s. In May 2017, the US Census Bureau reported that McKinney City, Texas was the third fastest-growing city in the United States, it had a 5.9% growth rate between 2015 and 2016. According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top 10 employers in the city are: The Comprehensive Annual Financial Report states that the city's various funds had $324.6 million in total revenues, $247.9 million in total expenditures, $1,360.8 million in total assets, $437.6 million in
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
Pasadena is a city in the U. S. state of Texas, within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the city's population is 149,043, making it the seventeenth most populous city in the state of Texas, as well as the second-largest city in Harris County; the area was founded in 1893 by John H. Burnett of Galveston, who named the area after Pasadena, because of the perceived lush vegetation; the Pasadena Volunteer Fire Department is the largest of all volunteer municipal fire departments in the United States. Prior to European settlement the area around Galveston Bay was settled by the Karankawa and Atakapan tribes the Akokisa, who lived throughout the Gulf coast region. Spanish explorers such as the Rivas-Iriarte expedition and José Antonio de Evia charted the bay and gave it its name; the pirate Jean Lafitte established a short-lived kingdom based in Galveston in the early 19th century with bases and hide-outs around the bay and around Clear Lake. Lafitte was forced to leave in 1821 by the U.
S. Navy. Following its declaration of independence from Spain the new nation of Mexico moved to colonize its northern territory of Texas by offering land grants to settlers both from within Mexico and from the nearby United States; the colony established by Stephen F. Austin and the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company of New York began a wave of settlement around the bay. Following a coup in the Mexican government by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Texas revolted against Mexican rule in 1835. After several battles and skirmishes the final battle of the Texas Revolution took place near modern Pasadena on April 21, 1836. Santa Anna was captured at Vince's Bayou; because this was the last conflict that led to the Mexican surrender and neighboring Deer Park have adopted the nickname "Birthplace of Texas". Sam Allen started a ranch in 1843 with 350 acres; this became the Allen Ranch which occupied what is now western Pasadena all the way to Harrisburg, Texas. By 1888, the ranch contained 15,000 acres in Harris County, 10,000 acres in Brazoria County, Texas with grazing lands in Galveston and Fort Bend Counties.
The Galveston, Houston & Henderson Railroad ran through the Allen ranch. There was a problem of cattle being killed on the tracks and in 1875, Allen built a 19-mile fence along the east side of the railway right of way to keep the cattle off the tracks; the fence ran from Harrisburg to League City and had four rails and a top rail wide enough to walk on. A gate was placed in the fence at the Harrisburg-Lynchburg Road with a large sign above instructing that it should be closed at all times; the area east of this railroad fence running from Buffalo Bayou to the tracks on Sims Bayou ran all the way to Galveston Bay. It contained 100,000 acres of grazing land for cattle. "Proposed" towns in or near present-day Pasadena were set up but short lived and either abandoned or never got off the ground. In 1892 Colonel John H. Burnett of Galveston established an unnamed townsite on the Vince Survey just east of the Allen Ranch. Burnett was involved in both construction and promotion of railroads and knew their impact on the value of property.
The land was sold in 10 acres lots. He had established the nearby towns of Deepwater and Genoa to be incorporated into Pasadena and Houston; the 1900 hurricane that destroyed Galveston damaged Pasadena, as well. The city received a population boost from some Galveston refugees who relocated to the mainland following the catastrophe. Donations by the newly created Red Cross, including millions of strawberry plants to Gulf Coast farmers, helped revive the community; this and the subsequent establishment of a major strawberry farm in the area by Texaco founder Joseph S. Cullinan made Pasadena a major fruit producer for many years afterward; as the community recovered major tracts of the Allen Ranch were liquidated opening up new development. Rice farmers from Japan settled in the community further diversifying its agriculture. Champion Coated Paper Company of Ohio opened a paper mill in 1937. Other businesses began to develop. In 1901 the Texas Oil Boom began with the gusher at Spindletop; the discovery of the oil field at Goose Creek led to increasing petroleum exploration around Galveston Bay.
By 1917–1920 refinery operations had appeared in Pasadena and continued to expand thereafter (Pasadena Refining System... The world wars brought further industrial development, with Pasadena's growth rate surpassing neighboring Houston. Pasadena voted to incorporate in 1923, but residents decided to cancel the incorporation one year later. Pasadena incorporated in 1928; because of the 1928 incorporation, Houston did not incorporate Pasadena's territory into its city limits, while Houston annexed surrounding areas that were unincorporated. By the mid-20th century Pasadena's economy had become tied to petroleum and other heavy industry. NASA's Johnson Space Center was established near Pasadena in 1963 with the residential community of Clear Lake City under Pasadena's jurisdiction, established nearby; these developments helped to diversify the town's economy significantly. Former Pasadena City Council member and State Representative Ray Barnhart described the city at the time as "a lovely community but politically corrupt."
Barnhart recalled that a half dozen Pasadena officials were indicted in the late 1950s and early 1960s for public corruption. In 1965, Houston Post reporter Gene Goltz Received the Pulitzer Prize for his exposure of government corruption in Pasadena, which resulted in widespread reforms. In the 21st century, Pasadena emerged as a working-class suburb of Houston, with a 60 percent Hispanic population. In 2015, Pasadena voted to alter the com
Richardson is a principal city in Dallas and Collin counties in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2015 American Community Survey, the city had a total population of 106,123. Richardson is an affluent inner suburb of Dallas, it is home to The University of Texas at Dallas and the Telecom Corridor®, with a high concentration of telecommunications companies. More than 5,000 businesses have operations within Richardson's 28 square miles, including many of the world's largest telecommunications/networking companies: AT&T, DirectTV, Cisco Systems, Samsung, ZTE, MetroPCS, Texas Instruments and Fujitsu. Richardson's largest employment base is provided by the insurance industry, with Blue CrossBlue Shield of Texas' headquarters located in the community along with a regional hub for GEICO, regional offices for United Healthcare, one of State Farm Insurance's three national regional hubs. Settlers from Kentucky and Tennessee came to the Richardson area in the 1840s. Through the 1850s the settlement was located around the present-day site of Richland College.
After the Civil War a railroad was built northwest of the original settlement, shifting the village's center closer to the railroad. Richardson was chartered in 1873, the town was named after the secretary of the Houston & Texas Central Railroad, Alfred S. Richardson. In 1908, the Texas Electric Railway an electric railway known as the Interurban, connected Richardson to Denison, Waco and Dallas. In 1910 the population was 600. A red brick schoolhouse was built in 1914 and is now the administrative office for the Richardson Independent School District. In 1924 the Red Brick Road, the present-day Greenville Avenue, was completed; the completion of the road brought increased traffic and property values. The town incorporated and elected a mayor in 1925. In 1940 the population was 740. After World War II the city experienced major increases in population, which stood at 1,300 by 1950. Throughout the 1950s the city continued to see growth including the opening of the Collins Radio Richardson office, Central Expressway, a police department, shopping centers and many homes.
Texas Instruments opened its offices in Dallas on the southern border of Richardson in 1956. This was followed by significant gains in land values and economic status. In the 1960s Richardson experienced additional growth including several new parks and the creation of the University of Texas at Dallas within the city limits. By 1972 the population was 56,000. Residential growth slowed in the 1980s. Commercial development increased throughout the 1980s. Richardson had a population of 74,840 according to the 1990 census. Population increases throughout the 1990s was from development of the northeast part of the city; the city of Buckingham, after being surrounded by Richardson, was annexed into the city in 1996. Richardson had a population of 91,802 as of the 2000 census. By 2002 Richardson had four Dallas Area Rapid Transit light rail stations and had built the Eisemann Center for Performing Arts and Corporate Presentations and the adjacent Galatyn Park urban center, which has a 2-acre public pedestrian plaza, a luxury hotel and mixed-use development.
Richardson was a "dry city" with no alcohol sales until November 2006, when the local option election passed to allow the sale of beer and wine in grocery and convenience stores. In the fall of 2008 Peter Perfect, a Style Network television show, came to Richardson; the business-makeover show remodeled SpiritWear, an apparel and embroidery store in the city's historic downtown area. The episode first aired on January 22, 2009, it was the first episode of the series to be filmed outside of California. In 2006, Richardson was ranked as the 15th best place to live in the United States by Money magazine; this ranked Richardson the 3rd best place to live in Texas. In 2007, the Morgan Quitno 14th Annual America's Safest and Most Dangerous Cities Awards pronounced Richardson the 69th safest city in America. In the same study Richardson ranked the 5th safest city in Texas. In 2008, Richardson was ranked as the 18th best place to live in the United States by Money magazine; this ranked Richardson the 4th best place to live in Texas.
In 2009, Business Week's annual report on the "Best Places to Raise Kids," ranked Richardson in 2nd place in Texas. Richardson was the first North Texas city recognized as a best workplace for commuters by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Department of Transportation in 2004; as of 2010 the city has continued to be recognized every year since 2004. In 2011 the Texas Recreation and Park Society awarded Richardson with the Texas Gold Medal for excellence in the field of recreation and park management. In 2014, Richardson was called the "5th happiest mid-sized city in America" by national real estate website and blog, Movoto.com, based on a number of metrics, such as low unemployment, low crime, high income. In 2014 Richardson was named America's 17th Best City to Live in by 24/7 Wall St. based on crime, education, environment and infrastructure. D Magazine ranked Richardson Heights as one of the top 5 neighborhoods on the rise in 2014. Richardson ranked number 2 on SmartAsset's Boomtowns of 2015.
In August 2016, Safeco Insurance listed Richardson as the 9th safest midsized city in the nation based on overall property crime rates. In November 2016, The Dallas Morning News ranked the Breckinridge Park neighborhood as the 6th best neighborhood in Dallas-Fort Worth. In 2016, Richardson ranked 2nd on SmartAsset's healthiest housing markets in American and 6th best college towns to live in. USA Today and 24/7 Wall St. ranked Richa
Mesquite is a suburban city located east of the city of Dallas. Most of the city is located in Dallas County; as of 2017 census estimates the population was 143,949, making it twenty-first most populous city in the U. S. state of Texas. Mesquite is positioned in the crossroads of four major highways, making locations such as downtown Dallas, Lake Ray Hubbard, Dallas Love Field, DFW International Airport, accessible. According to legislative action, the city is the "Rodeo Capital of Texas". In 2016, Mesquite received a Playful City USA designation, for the fourth year in a row; the city has been named a Tree City USA for over 25 years. The city of Mesquite holds the 10th longest reign in all of Texas. Unique to suburbs of Dallas and Fort Worth, the city of Mesquite is served by its own local airport, Mesquite Metro Airport. Companies and institutions with a major presence in the city are the United Parcel Service, Sears, AT&T, Eastfield College, the Texas A&M University–Commerce Mesquite Metroplex Center, Ashley Furniture, FedEx.
Centuries before American settlers moved into the area, Mesquite was an open prairie land and a key trading ground for indigenous peoples. The Ionies were the western tribe located close to present day Fort Worth; the Tawakonies were in present-day Dallas. The Caddo were the native farmers of the Mesquite land. From 1680 to 1790, after harvest was over, these three tribes held an annual tournament and trading fair; the city of Mesquite was founded on March 14, 1878, on land along the Texas & Pacific Railway, which ran from Dallas to Shreveport, Louisiana. The locals named the town after Mesquite Creek; the city was incorporated on December 3, 1887, after electing Mayor J. E. Russell. In the city's earliest years it was known for many outlaws residing in the area. A prominent outlaw was Sam Bass known for his train robberies in Texas. In 1878 he robbed a train in downtown Mesquite, escaping with $30,000; the Mesquiter, established in 1882 by R. S. Kimbrough, was Dallas County's longest running newspaper.
Mesquite prospered through the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a farming community growing cotton, hay and sugar and using the railroad to ship raw goods. The town remained predominantly agrarian until after World War II when the suburban boom took root in Mesquite. In 1946, the Mesquite Rodeo was founded by Charlie Columbus McNally, was one of the only rodeos that had a permanent location. By the mid 1980s, the events were being broadcast by ESPN. In 1959, Big Town Mall opened as the first air conditioned shopping mall in the United States; the mall was demolished in the summer of 2006 and FedEx opened a logistics center on the property in 2017. By 1970, LBJ Freeway was constructed, connecting Mesquite to its neighbors, Garland to the north and Balch Springs to the south. In 1971, Town East Mall was constructed; the mall was used by director Ron Howard to film portions of the movie Cotton Candy in 1978. The mall's associated traffic and shops would continue to grow the town. In 1986, the Mesquite Arena opened its doors as the new home for the Mesquite ProRodeo.
By 1998, the facility was expanded to include a Convention Center, Exhibition Hall and a Hampton Inn & Suites. By the 1990 census, the city had grown to from 1,696 residents in 1950 to 101,484 people, nearly twice the population twenty years earlier. 2011 saw Mesquite pass a law that allows wine sales in the city. The measure had been considered several times for many years, but was always blocked by strong protest against the proposed sales, it was one of the few cities without beer and wine sales in eastern Dallas County before the law came into effect. In June 2015, the Mesquite Arts Center added on a Freedom Park exhibit, in memorial of September 11; the park displays a 15-foot beam, recovered from the remains of Ground Zero. Mesquite Fire Department received the beam in 2011. Mesquite is located at 32°46′58″N 96°36′36″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.2 square miles, of which 46.0 square miles is land and 0.52 square kilometres, or 0.33%, is water.
Mesquite is a principal city of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metroplex, in which one quarter of all Texans live. Like most cities in the DFW area, Mesquite has a humid subtropical climate characteristic of the Southern Plains of the United States, it is continental, characterized by a wide annual temperature range. Located at the lower end of Tornado Alley and the rest of Dallas-Fort Worth are prone to extreme weather. On average, the warmest month is July; the highest recorded temperature in Mesquite was 112 °F in 1980. The average coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was 1 °F in 1989. May is the average wettest month; as of the 2010 United States Census, Mesquite had a population of 139,824. In July 2017, the population was estimated at an increase of 4,125 people. Per the American Community Survey in 2017, the median age was 32.8. According to the 2010 census, 64.9% of Mesquite was White, 25.0% was Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.8% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 38.9% of Hispanic or Latino origin, 3.2% from two or more races.
At the American Community Survey estimates of 2017, 0.1% of the American Indian population was Cherokee. 1.1% of the city's Asian community was Indian, 0.1% Chinese, 0.6% Filipino, 0.0% Japanese, 0.0% Korean, 0.6% Vietnamese, 0.3% of other Asian origin. 56 residents were estimated to be Chamorro. The m
Plano is a city in the U. S. state of Texas, located twenty miles north of downtown Dallas. The city of Plano is a part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. Plano lies within Collin County, but includes a small portion that extends into Denton County; the city's population was estimated at 286,143 in 2017, making it the ninth most populous city in the state of Texas and the 69th most populous in the United States. The city is a hub for many corporate headquarters. Plano was considered to be the safest city in the nation by Forbes in 2011. European settlers came to the area near present-day Plano in the early 1840s. Facilities such as a sawmill, a gristmill, a store soon brought more people to the area. A mail service was established, after rejecting several names for the nascent town, residents suggested the name Plano, as a reference to the local terrain and devoid of any trees; the name was accepted by the post office. In 1872, the completion of the Houston and Central Texas Railway helped the city to grow, it was incorporated in 1873.
By 1874, the population had grown to more than 500. In 1881, a fire raged through the business district; the town was rebuilt and business again flourished through the 1880s. In 1881, the city assumed responsibility for what would become Plano Independent School District, ending the days of it being served only by private schools. At first, the population of Plano grew reaching 1,304 in 1900, rising to 3,695 in 1960. By 1970, Plano began to feel some of the boom its neighbors had experienced after World War II. A series of public works projects and a change in taxes that removed the farming community from the town helped increase the overall population. In 1970, the population reached 17,872, by 1980, it had exploded to 72,000. Sewers and street development kept pace with this massive increase because of Plano's flat topography, grid layout, planning initiatives. During the 1980s, many large corporations moved their headquarters to the city, including J. C. Penney and Frito-Lay, which encouraged further growth.
By 1990, the population reached 128,713. In 1994, the city was recognized as an All-America City. By 2000, the population grew to 222,030. Plano is surrounded by other municipalities and therefore cannot expand in area, there is little undeveloped land remaining within the city limits. However, as of July 2012, one large tract of land was being developed: Turnpike Commons at the intersection of Renner Road and the George Bush Turnpike; the development is expected to feature apartments, medical facilities, restaurants, a Race Trac gas station, a hotel. There was an epidemic of heroin abuse among young people in the 1990s; the Plano authorities created an anti-drug campaign with the name "Operation Rockfest."In 2013, Plano received top-scoring nationally in a livability index according to an algorithm created by AreaVibes.com, a Toronto-based company specializing in such data. AreaVibes ranked Plano at the top of the list of U. S. cities with populations between 100,000 and 10,000,000. Another chart, "Best Places to Live in 2013" has Plano ranked number 1.
In September 2017, a mass shooting occurred. According to the United States Census Bureau, Plano has a total area of 71.6 square miles. Plano is about 17 miles from Downtown Dallas. Plano is in the humid subtropical climate zone; the highest recorded temperature was 118 °F in 1936. On average, the coolest month is January and the warmest is July; the lowest recorded temperature was -7 °F in 1930. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May; as of the census of 2010, Plano had 259,841 people, 99,131 households and 69,464 families, up from 80,875 households and 60,575 families in the 2000 census. The population density was 3,629.1 people per square mile. There were 103,672 housing units at an average density of 1,448.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 66.9% White, 7.6% Black, 0.36% Native American, 16.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.86% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino made up 14.7% of the population As of 2009 western Plano has a higher concentration of Asians, while eastern Plano has a higher concentration of Hispanics and Latinos.
Of the 99,131 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18. Married couples accounted for 56.7%. 24.4% of all households were individuals, 5.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61, the average family size was 3.15. Data indicates that 28.7% of Plano's population was under the age of 18, 7.0% was 18 to 24, 36.5% was 25 to 44, 22.9% was 45 to 64, 4.9% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,492, the median income for a family is $101,616. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population live below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. In 2007, Plano had the highest median income of a city with a popu