List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits

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This is a list of the largest 100 cities in the European Union ranked according to the population within their city limits, it deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or larger urban zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution, for example, Paris is the most populous urban area in the European Union, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table below.

Cities by population within city limits[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Official population (actual). Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the capital of both Belgium and the EU.

Rank City State Official population Date of census/estimate Reference Image
1 London[Notes 1]  United Kingdom 8,787,892 22 June 2016 [1] London from a hot air balloon.jpg
2 Berlin  Germany 3,670,622 31 December 2016 [2] Über den Dächern von Berlin.jpg
3 Madrid  Spain 3,141,991 1 January 2015 [3] Cuatro Torres Business Area.JPG
4 Rome  Italy 2,877,215 31 December 2016 [4] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
5 Paris  France 2,244,000 1 January 2015 [5] Sunset over Paris 5, France August 2013.jpg
6 Bucharest  Romania 2,106,144 1 January 2016 [6] Bucharest (8272280073).jpg
7 Vienna  Austria 1,877,836 1 July 2017 [7] Stephansdom Vienna July 2008 (27)-Stephansdom Vienna July 2008 (31).jpg
8 Hamburg  Germany 1,787,408 30 December 2015 [8] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
9 Budapest  Hungary 1,759,407 1 January 2016 [9] Széchenyi Chain Bridge in Budapest at night.jpg
10 Warsaw  Poland 1,753,977 31 December 2016 [10] Panorama of Warsaw by night (cropped).jpg
11 Barcelona  Spain 1,608,746 31 December 2016 [3] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
12 Munich  Germany 1,542,860 31 December 2016 [11] Stadtbild München.jpg
13 Milan  Italy 1,368,590 31 December 2016 [4] Milan skyline skyscrapers of Porta Nuova business district.jpg
14 Prague  Czech Republic 1,280,508 31 December 2015 [12] Pražský-hrad-z-Karlova-mostu2014.jpg
15 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,260,120 31 December 2015 [13] Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
16 Brussels[Notes 2]  Belgium 1,187,890 1 January 2016 [14] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
17 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,111,307 30 June 2015 [15] Birmingham-Skyline-from-Edgbaston-crop.jpg
18 Cologne  Germany 1,060,582 31 December 2015 [16] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
19 Naples  Italy 970,185 31 December 2016 [4] Napoli6.png
20 Stockholm  Sweden 935,619 31 December 2016 [17] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
21 Turin  Italy 886,837 31 December 2016 [4] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
22 Marseille  France 852,516 31 December 2012 [18] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
23 Amsterdam  Netherlands 848,861 31 December 2016 [19] Amsterdam airphoto.jpg
24 Zagreb  Croatia 806,920 14 September 2016 [20] Zagreb Night.jpg
25 Valencia  Spain 790,201 1 January 2016 [3] Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències.jpg
26 Leeds  United Kingdom 774,060 30 June 2015 [15] Leeds CBD at night.jpg
27 Kraków  Poland 762,448 30 June 2016 [10] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
28 Frankfurt  Germany 732,688 31 December 2015 [21] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
29 Łódź  Poland 698,688 30 June 2016 [10] Lodz manufaktura 01.jpg
30 Seville  Spain 693,878 1 January 2015 [3] 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg
31 Palermo  Italy 673,735 31 December 2016 [4] Palermo02 flickr.jpg
32 Zaragoza  Spain 664,953 1 January 2015 [3] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
33 Athens  Greece 664,046 22 July 2011 [22] Atenes i el mont Licabet des de l'Acròpoli.JPG
34 Helsinki  Finland 642,045 31 August 2017 [23] Southern Helsinki panorama 2011-06-28 1.jpg
35 Riga  Latvia 641,007 1 July 2015 [24] Riga - Latvia.jpg
36 Rotterdam  Netherlands 638,221 31 December 2016 [19] Erasmusbrug seen from Euromast.jpg
37 Wrocław  Poland 637,075 30 June 2016 [10] Wrocław - Rynek 2015-12-25 12-44-18.JPG
38 Stuttgart  Germany 623,441 31 December 2014 [25] Stuttgart - panoramio (40).jpg
39 Düsseldorf  Germany 612,178 31 December 2015 [16] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
40 Glasgow  United Kingdom 606,340 30 June 2015 [15] Glasgow-Green-Geograph-2354475-by-Jim-Smillie.jpg
41 Copenhagen  Denmark 606,057 1 April 2017 [26] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
42 Genoa  Italy 583,601 31 December 2016 [4] Genova dal Castelletto.jpg
43 Dortmund  Germany 586,181 31 December 2015 [16] Dortmund Panorama.jpg
44 Essen  Germany 582,624 31 December 2015 [16] Essen-Panorama.jpg
45 Sheffield  United Kingdom 569,737 30 June 2015 [15] Sheffield skyline.png
46 Málaga  Spain 569,130 1 January 2015 [3] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
47 Leipzig  Germany 560,472 31 December 2015 [27] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
48 Bremen  Germany 557,464 31 December 2015 [28] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
49 Dublin  Ireland 553,165 24 April 2016 [29] OConnellBridgeDublin.jpg
50 Lisbon  Portugal 547,631 1 January 2011 [30] 2012-11-17 at 08-08-47 (8235529079).jpg
51 Dresden  Germany 543,825 31 December 2015 [27] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
52 Vilnius  Lithuania 574,221 1 March 2017 [31] Vilnius city.jpg
53 Poznań  Poland 574,221 31 December 2015 [10] Poznan centrum.jpg
54 Gothenburg  Sweden 541,145 31 December 2014 [32] Gothenburgbynight.jpg
55 Hanover  Germany 532,163 31 December 2015 [33] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
56 Bradford  United Kingdom 531,176 30 June 2015 [15] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
57 Manchester  United Kingdom 530,292 30 June 2015 [15] Manchester Skyline.jpg
58 The Hague  Netherlands 524,305 31 December 2016 [19] Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
59 Antwerp  Belgium 510,610 1 January 2014 [34] OLV-Kathedraal.jpg
60 Nuremberg  Germany 500,096 30 September 2014 [11] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
61 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 498,810 30 June 2015 [15] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
62 Lyon  France 491,268 31 December 2011 [35] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
63 Duisburg  Germany 491,231 31 December 2015 [16] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
64 Liverpool  United Kingdom 478,580 30 June 2015 [15] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - 1004690.jpg
65 Gdańsk  Poland 462,249 31 December 2015 [10] Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 07.jpg
66 Bristol  United Kingdom 449,328 30 June 2015 [15] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
67 Toulouse  France 466,297 31 January 2013 [36] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
68 Tallinn  Estonia 447,414 1 October 2017 [37] Tln1.jpg
69 Murcia  Spain 439,889 1 January 2015 [3] Murcia.JPG
70 Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 422,932 31 October 2016 [38] Bratislava Panorama R01.jpg
71 Szczecin  Poland 405,657 31 December 2015 [10] WOPR, Barka i Zamek Książąt Pomorskich (989499765).jpg
72 Palma de Mallorca  Spain 400,578 1 January 2015 [3] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
73 Bologna  Italy 388,367 31 December 2016 [4] Bologna Panorama.jpg
74 Florence  Italy 382,258 31 December 2016 [4] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
75 Las Palmas  Spain 379,766 1 January 2015 [3] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
76 Brno  Czech Republic 378,327 1 January 2013 [12] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
77 Bochum  Germany 364,742 31 December 2015 [16] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
78 Cardiff  United Kingdom 357,160 30 June 2015 [15] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
79 Bydgoszcz  Poland 355,645 31 December 2015 [10] BydgoszczAir.jpg
80 Wuppertal  Germany 350,046 31 December 2015 [16] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
81 Coventry  United Kingdom 345,385 30 June 2015 [15] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
82 Bilbao  Spain 345,141 1 January 2015 [3] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
83 Nice  France 344,064 31 December 2011 [39] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
84 Utrecht  Netherlands 343,086 31 December 2016 [19] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
85 Leicester  United Kingdom 342,627 30 June 2015 [15] LeicesterAttenboroughPanorama.jpg
86 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 341,625 31 December 2015 [13] Ancient theatre plovdiv-3.jpg
87 Lublin  Poland 340,727 31 December 2015 [10] Lublin18395.jpg
88 Belfast  United Kingdom 338,907 30 June 2015 [40] Belfast City Hall 2.jpg
89 Varna  Bulgaria 334,466 31 December 2015 [13] Varna Cathedral - 2
90 Wakefield  United Kingdom 333,759 30 June 2015 [15] Wakefield-1.jpg
91 Bielefeld  Germany 333,090 31 December 2015 [16] Bielefeld City.jpg
92 Malmö  Sweden 331,201 30 June 2017 [17] Central Malmö.JPG
93 Alicante  Spain 328,648 1 January 2015 [3] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
94 Córdoba  Spain 327,362 1 January 2015 [3] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
95 Aarhus  Denmark 326,676 1 October 2014 .[41] Aarhus waterfront.jpg
96 Thessaloniki  Greece 325,182 24 May 2011 [42] Panorama solun.JPG
97 Cluj-Napoca  Romania 324,576 20 October 2011 [43] Biserica Mihail.JPG
98 Bari  Italy 324,198 31 December 2016 [4] Puglia Bari2 tango7174.jpg
99 Timișoara  Romania 319,279 20 October 2011 [43] Piata Unirii - panoramio - Валерий Дед (3).jpg
100 Catania  Italy 313,396 31 December 2016 [4] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Refers to Greater London which is composed of the Greater London Authority, 32 borough councils and the City of London
  2. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region

References[edit]

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