IJlst is a city in Friesland, Netherlands. It is located about 3 km southwest of Sneek, it lies within the municipality of Súdwest-Fryslân and had a population of 3,140 in January 2017. It is one of the eleven cities in Friesland. Between 1654 and 1664, Renier van Tzum was burgomaster of IJlst. Van Tzum was the chief factor of the Dutch East India Company in Siam, he was VOC opperhoofd in Japan. Before 2011, the city was part of the Wymbritseradiel municipality and before 1984 IJlst was an independent municipality; the name IJlst derives from the name of Ey. The river IJ is the central point of the little city. IJlst has a railway station located between the cities of Stavoren; the following districts are part of IJlst: Centrum Roodhem Mientlan Noord Wiiddraai De Rat Cloosterkamp De Iendracht Media related to IJlst at Wikimedia Commons
Gendt is a city in Gelderland in the municipality of Lingewaard. It was an independent municipality, but merged with Huissen and Bemmel in 2001 to form the new macro-municipality Lingewaard; the city is located on the Waal river, about 5 km northeast of the city of Nijmegen. It received city rights in 1233, it has a population of 7.253. Stijn Schaars, Dutch soccer player, was born in Gendt. Kalkar J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, "Gent". Map of the former municipality, abt. 1868. Website Gendt
Doetinchem is a city and municipality in the east of the Netherlands. It is situated along the Oude IJssel river in a part of the province of Gelderland called the Achterhoek; the municipality had a population of 57,292 in 2017 and consists of an area of 79.66 km2 of which 0.60 km2 is water. This makes Doetinchem the largest town in the Achterhoek. On 1 January 2005, a municipal restructuring merged the neighbouring municipality of Wehl as well as the Zelhelmse Broek area with Doetinchem; the local government organization in the Netherlands is complex and fine-grained (see municipality and Govt Stats, with municipalities being divided into various entities. The municipality of Doetinchem consists of: the city: Doetinchemthe villages: Centrum Gaanderen Wehl Dichteren Overstegen De Huet De Hoop Oosseld Schöneveld & Muziekbuurtthe neighbourhoods: IJzevoorde Langerak Wijnbergen Nieuw-WehlWehl was a separate municipality until 31 December 2004, when it merged with the municipality of Doetinchem, it is known from archaeological finds of skulls, pottery shards, flint arrowheads that the area was inhabited more than 11,000 years ago.
These prehistoric hunters were followed by Germanic tribes like the Franks and Saxons. Roman coins have been found and there is archaeological evidence of the Vikings having plundered the area; the first reference to the name of Doetinchem comes in a document from the year 838 which mentions a ‘villa Duetinghem’, a settlement with a small church. In 887, there is another mention of ‘Deutinkem’, a fortress with a church, given to the Bishop of Utrecht; the spelling has varied over the centuries, with ‘Duttichem’, ‘Duichingen’ and ‘Deutekom’ being just some examples. For a long time Doetinchem remained a small place but around 1100 it started to grow and, after suffering several attempts by plunderers, a town wall was built. In 1236, Doetinchem was granted city rights by Count Otto II of Gelre and Zutphen, in return the town provided taxes and soldiers for the Count’s army; the new city council published rules for the city, codified in the ‘Keurboek van Doetinchem’, which laid down severe punishments for infringements.
In 1226, Doetinchem faced increasing danger from plunderers, so the city wall was raised by a metre. There were four barriers in the wall which, being weak points, were replaced over time by four large city-gates known as: the Hamburgerpoort, the Waterpoort, the Gruitpoort, the Hezenpoort. A moat was dug around the wall and a rampart was built in front. Despite these defences, Doetinchem was besieged many times and during the Eighty Years' War was besieged and conquered twice; however the walls became seen as redundant and in 1672, they were torn down. However, it was not until the second half of the 19th century that the city-gates and most of the rampart were removed. From its early years, Doetinchem had been an important marketplace for farmers to sell their wares. Doetinchem has had its fair share of disasters. Apart from the sieges mentioned above, in 1527 a large fire destroyed most of the city including the city archives, in 1580 most of the city was killed by plague. There was occasional flooding.
However, despite the fact that Doetinchem is only 10 km from the German border, because the Netherlands was not involved in the First World War, Doetinchem saw nothing more than the posting of a few border guards during that time. During the Second World War, Doetinchem came off lightly at first. However, some prisoners were executed after being implicated in the shooting death in Putten of an important German officer by the Dutch Resistance and disastrously, in March and April 1945, the centre of Doetinchem was destroyed by Allied bombing, either intended for nearby German towns or, as some say, was to destroy the German defenses in Doetinchem. Which of the two is true has never been clarified and there is still some discussion about the true intentions of the bombardment; the city itself was liberated by The Calgary Highlanders in 1945 after a brief battle there. In 2018 a writer called Karel Berkhuysen researched about the Allied bombing, he found. This information was passed to the Allies.
In the decades after the war, Doetinchem grew and in a few years had outgrown its "competitors" in the Achterhoek, namely Doesburg and Zutphen. The Dutch company, had a factory for some years in the city. From 2003 till 2005, the city grew enormously as new districts such as Dichteren were built, as Doetinchem incorporates outlying villages such as Wehl into its municipality. In 2011, the city is still growing. By building new district as het Loo and Isseldoks, the opening of a brand new theatre and cinema, Doetinchem is the biggest growing city in Gelderland; the main church in the central square, St Catherine’s Church was destroyed in the World War II bombing and restoration took from 1948 to 1963. Although a Roman Catholic church, it became Dutch Reformed in 1
Wijchen is a municipality and a town in the province of Gelderland, in the eastern part of the Netherlands. Number of residents per population centre per 12 December 2009: Source: Statistics Netherlands The population centre Woezik and the township Laak are statistically included in Wijchen. Neighbourhoods in Wijchen include: Centre: Kloosterakker Wijchen-Oost: Valendries and Uilenboom. Woezik: Veenhof and Saltshof. Wijchen-Noord. Achterlo: Homberg, Heilige Stoel and Kraaijenberg. Wijchen-West: Blauwe Hof and Aalsburg. Wijchen-Zuid: Abersland, Huissteden, Hoogmeer, De Ververt, De Geer, Elsland, De Weertjes, De Grippen, Zevendreef, Sluiskamp and Kronenland. Kerkeveld: De Gamert, De Meren, Diemenwei, De Flier, De Lingert. Huurlingsedam. Streets in most neighbourhoods are numbered instead of named; this is not common practice in the Netherlands, therefore the street numbers are included in the house numbering. E.g. someone living in Abersland, 11th street, house #05 will use Abersland 1105 in his address.
Parts of Wijchen Castle date from the 14th century, but it took its current Mannerist form in the years 1609–1629. It is used to serve as the town hall; the town hall is on the other side of the road, while the castle is only used for important meetings. Fred Rutten, football coach Roy Makaay, footballer Claudia van Thiel, volleyball player Media related to Wijchen at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Meppel is a municipality and a city in the northeast of the Netherlands, in the south-west of the province Drenthe. It developed in the 16th century as a distribution inland harbour for turf. There used to be a lot of waterways in the town. Meppel is the smallest municipality in the province of Drenthe, with a total area of 58 km². People born in Meppel are referred to as'Meppeler Muggen'; this is due to a traditional folk tale. The people of Meppel thought. After closer inspection it was only a swarm of mosquitos. Meppel received city rights in 1644, it is the oldest city in the province of Drenthe. Official website
Harlingen is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland on the coast of Wadden Sea. Harlingen is a town with a long history of shipping. Harlingen received city rights in 1234. Harlingen is served by two stations on the railway line from Leeuwarden. From 1904 to 1935 there was a passenger service on the North Friesland Railway, freight being carried until January 1938. Rederij Doeksen operate ferries to the Wadden islands of Vlieland and Terschelling that depart from Harlingen; the famous Dutch writer Simon Vestdijk was born in Harlingen and used to depict his hometown in his writings as Lahringen. The town of Harlingen, Texas, in the United States is named after this city because many of the original settlers of the Texas town came from Harlingen; the Admiralty of Friesland was established in Dokkum in 1597 but moved to Harlingen in 1645. Harlingen Midlum Wijnaldum Harlingen travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website streaming webcams Chisholm, Hugh, ed..
"Harlingen". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press
The Hague is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland. It is the seat of government of the Netherlands. With a metropolitan population of more than 1 million, it is the third-largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam; the Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area, with a population of 2.7 million, is the 13th-largest in the European Union and the most populous in the country. Located in the west of the Netherlands, The Hague is in the centre of the Haaglanden conurbation and lies at the southwest corner of the larger Randstad conurbation; the Hague is the seat of the Cabinet, the States General, the Supreme Court, the Council of State of the Netherlands, but the city is not the constitutional capital of the Netherlands, Amsterdam. King Willem-Alexander lives in Huis ten Bosch and works at the Noordeinde Palace in The Hague, together with Queen Máxima; the Hague is home to the world headquarters of Royal Dutch Shell and other Dutch companies.
Most foreign embassies in the Netherlands and 200 international governmental organisations are located in the city, including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court, which makes The Hague one of the major cities hosting a United Nations institution along with New York City, Vienna and Nairobi. Because of this, The Hague is known as the home of international law and arbitration; the Hague was first mentioned as Die Haghe in 1242. In the 15th century, the name des Graven hage came into use "The Count's Wood", with connotations like "The Count's Hedge, Private Enclosure or Hunting Grounds". "'s Gravenhage" was used for the city from the 17th century onward. Today, this name is only used in some official documents like marriage certificates; the city itself uses "Den Haag" in all its communications. Little is known about the origin of The Hague. There are no contemporary documents describing it, sources are of dubious reliability. What is certain is that The Hague was founded by the last counts of the House of Holland.
Floris IV owned two residences in the area, but purchased a third court situated by the present-day Hofvijver in 1229 owned by a woman called Meilendis. Floris IV intended to rebuild the court into a large castle, but he died in a tournament in 1234, before anything was built, his son and successor William II lived in the court, after he was elected King of the Romans in 1248, he promptly returned to The Hague, had builders turn the court into a "royal palace", which would be called the Binnenhof. He died in 1256 before this palace was completed but parts of it were finished during the reign of his son Floris V, of which the Ridderzaal, still intact, is the most prominent, it is still used for political events, such as the annual speech from the throne by the Dutch monarch. From the 13th century onward, the counts of Holland used The Hague as their administrative center and residence when in Holland; the village that originated around the Binnenhof was first mentioned as Die Haghe in a charter dating from 1242.
It became the primary residence of the Counts of Holland in 1358, thus became the seat of many government institutions. This status allowed the village to grow. In its early years, the village was located in the ambacht, or rural district, of Monster, governed by the Lord of Monster. Seeking to exercise more direct control over the village, the Count split the village off and created a separate ambacht called Haagambacht, governed directly by the Counts of Holland; the territory of Haagambacht was expanded during the reign of Floris V. When the House of Burgundy inherited the counties of Holland and Zeeland in 1432, they appointed a stadtholder to rule in their stead with the States of Holland and West Friesland as an advisory council. Although their seat was located in The Hague, the city became subordinate to more important centres of government such as Brussels and Mechelen, from where the sovereigns ruled over the centralised Burgundian Netherlands. At the beginning of the Eighty Years' War, the absence of city walls proved disastrous, as it allowed Spanish troops to occupy the town.
In 1575, the States of Holland, temporarily based in Delft considered demolishing the city but this proposal was abandoned, after mediation by William the Silent. In 1588, The Hague became the permanent seat of the States of Holland as well as the States General of the Dutch Republic. In order for the administration to maintain control over city matters, The Hague never received official city status, although it did have many of the privileges granted only to cities. In modern administrative law, "city rights" have no place anymore. Only in 1806, when the Kingdom of Holland was a puppet state of the First French Empire, was the settlement granted city rights by Louis Bonaparte. After the Napoleonic Wars, modern-day Belgium and the Netherlands were combined in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands to form a buffer against France; as a compromise and Amsterdam alternated as capital every two years, with the government remaining in The Hague. After the separation of Belgium in 1830, Amsterdam remained the capital of the Netherlands, while the government was situated in The Hague.
When the government started to play a more prominent role in Dutch society after 1850, The Hague expanded. Many streets were built for the large number of civil se