Page semi-protected

List of cities with the most skyscrapers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Home Insurance Building in Chicago, completed in 1885, was the first steel-frame skyscraper. By today's definition, it will be considered a highrise building and not a skyscraper.

This list of cities with most skyscrapers ranks cities around the world by their number of skyscrapers. A skyscraper is defined as a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors[1] and/or is taller than approximately 150 m (492 ft).[2] Historically, the term first referred to buildings with 10 to 20 floors in the 1880s. The definition shifted with advancing construction technology during the 20th Century which allowed for taller buildings to be constructed.[1] The lists within this article uses the above definition and complements the list of cities with the most high-rise buildings.

List of top 100 cities by number of completed skyscrapers taller than 150 m (492 ft)

Hong Kong Island skyline viewed from the Victoria Harbour waterfront. Hong Kong has the most number of skyscrapers than any other city in the world.

This is a list of the Top 100 cities by number of completed skyscrapers that are taller than 150 m (492 ft) as of November 2018.[3] All Information in below list comes from The Skyscraper Center (https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/cities).

Rank City Country Image No. of skyscrapers
1 Hong Kong  China Hong Kong Skyline viewed from Victoria Peak.jpg 353
2 New York City  United States Lower Manhattan from Jersey City November 2014 panorama 3.jpg 267
3 Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai skyline 2010.jpg 187
4 Shanghai  China Shanghai - Pudong - Lujiazui.jpg 157
5 Tokyo  Japan Skyscrapers Shinjuku 2007 rev.jpg 147
6 Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Skyline from Nanshan.jpg 138
7 Chicago  United States Chicago sunrise 1.jpg 121
8 Chongqing  China SkylineOfChongqing.jpg 118
9 Guangzhou  China Guangzhou dusk panorama.jpg 105
10 Singapore  Singapore Singapore Marina-Bay-Panorama-02.jpg 85
11 Chengdu  China Jiuyanqiao.jpg 81
12 Seoul  South Korea Downtown Seoul.jpg 80
13 Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta Skyline Part 2.jpg 79
14 Shenyang  China Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG 74
15 Bangkok  Thailand Ratchadamri at night (9322828200).jpg 70
16 Toronto  Canada Toronto Skyline (3594919082).jpg 59
17 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Moonrise over kuala lumpur.jpg 58
18 Nanjing  China Nanjing Skyline 2012.jpg 55
19 Busan  South Korea Busan harbour.jpg 54
20= Panama City  Panama Panama city.png 52
20= Wuhan  China WuhanSkyline.jpg 52
22 Tianjin  China Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 2.jpg 50
23 Nanning  China Nanning skyline 2008.JPG 49
24 Miami  United States Downtown Miami Panorama from the Rusty Pelican photo D Ramey Logan.jpg 46
25 Mumbai  India Mumbai Skyline at Night.jpg 44
26= Istanbul  Turkey Modern Istanbul skyline.jpg 42
26= Melbourne  Australia Melbourne skyline - cropped and contrast.jpg 42
28 Osaka  Japan Central Osaka.jpg 41
29 Makati  Philippines 10-25-2005 JVBA Makati Skyline.jpg 40
30 Dalian  China DalianSkyline.JPG 39
31 Beijing  China CBD view from Tongzhou 3.jpg 38
32= Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Corniche Beach.jpg 37
32= Houston  United States Panoramic Houston skyline.jpg 37
32= Moscow  Russia Moscow Business Center 5073-84.jpg 37
35 Hangzhou  China Qianjiang guoji shidai plaza 09.jpg 36
36 Doha  Qatar Doha Qatar skyline at night Sept 2012.jpg 35
37 Sydney  Australia Sydney skyline and harbour.jpg 34
38 Incheon  South Korea Siheung October 2014 06.JPG 32
39= Changsha  China 长沙市解放西路酒吧一条街.jpg 28
39= Nanchang  China Nanchang Bayi Guangchang 20120723-20.jpg 28
41= Suzhou  China Gate of the Orient 东方之门 dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG 26
41= Xiamen  China 仙岳山上看滨北 - panoramio.jpg 26
43 Los Angeles  United States Los Angeles Skyline at Night.jpg 24
44 San Francisco  United States San Francisco skyline of April 2017 seen from Treasure Island.jpg 23
45= Jinan  China Jinanfromqianfoshan.jpg 22
45= Zhuhai  China Portas do Cerco.JPG 22
47 Qingdao  China Qingdao picture.jpg 21
48= Dallas  United States Dallas view.jpg 20
48= Liuzhou  China Liuzhou city night photo.JPG 20
48= Macau  China Vistas de Macao, 2013-08-08, DD 02.jpg 20
48= Ningbo  China Downtown Ningbo with Tianyi Square.jpg 20
48= Wuxi  China Wuxi.jpg 20
53= Boston  United States Panoramic Boston.jpg 19
53= Hefei  China Hefeiskyline.jpg 19
53= Mexico City  Mexico Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 19
56 Seattle  United States Space Needle002.jpg 18
57= Atlanta  United States Atlanta Skyline from Buckhead.jpg 17
57= Calgary  Canada Calgary Skyline 2015 2.png 17
57= London  United Kingdom London from a hot air balloon.jpg 17
57= Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh North Skyline .jpg 17
61= Fuzhou  China Wusi Hualin Road Intersection CBD.jpg 16
61= Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam
Río Saigón, Ciudad Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, 2013-08-14, DD 29.JPG
16
61= Kunming  China
Kunming 40.JPG
16
61= Kuwait City  Kuwait Kuwait City cropped.jpg 16
65= Frankfurt am Main  Germany Frankfurt Skyline (16259801511).jpg 14
65= Goyang  South Korea Hipark city Familie.jpg 14
65= Las Vegas  United States Las Vegas 89.jpg 14
65= Mandaluyong  Philippines Mandaluyong City 1.JPG 14
65= Pyongyang  North Korea Laika ac Pyongyang (7975203722).jpg 14
65= Taipei  Taiwan 臺北市 Taipei City Skyline - panoramio.jpg 14
65= Taiyuan  China
太原市中心.jpg
14
72= Brisbane  Australia Brisbane May 2013.jpg 13
72= Manama  Bahrain Manama, Bahrain Decembre 2014.jpg 13
72= Philadelphia  United States GardenStreetBridgeSchuylkillRiverSkylinePhiladelphiaPennsylvania.jpg 13
72= São Paulo  Brazil Octávio Frias de Oliveira Bridge jpg.jpg 13
72= Tel Aviv  Israel 080718 Tel Aviv (01).jpg 13
77= Paris-Courbevoie  France Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg 12
77= Pattaya  Thailand Pattaya Thailand skyline photo D Ramey Logan.jpg 12
77= Sharjah  United Arab Emirates Al Khan Lagoon by Night.jpg 12
80= Bogota  Colombia Centro fin Btá 2.jpg 11
80= Nagoya  Japan 180324 Nagoya Castle & Skyscrapers in Meieki.jpg 11
80= Taichung  Taiwan Taichung skyline on a clear day.JPG 11
80= Zhengzhou  China CBDyiZZ.jpg 11
84= Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires con las puertas abiertas.jpg 10
84= Daejeon  South Korea Daejeon Government Complex.jpg 10
84= Dongguan  China Dongguan Avenue (CBD) 2010.jpg 10
84= Jersey City  United States 2013 Jersey City skyline 2.jpg 10
84= Pittsburgh  United States Pittsburgh skyline panorama daytime.jpg 10
84= Xi'an  China XiAn qujiang.jpg 10
90= Monterrey  Mexico Campestre de Monterrey.jpg 9
90= Guiyang  China Guiyang buildings.jpg 9
90= Kawasaki  Japan Musashi-kosugi skyscrapers.jpg 9
90= Kolkata  India Urbana Residential Complex in kolkata.jpg 9
90= Minneapolis  United States 2008-0712-MPLS-panorama.JPG 9
90= Montreal  Canada Montreal skyline September 2013.jpg 9
90= Sunny Isles Beach  United States Sunny Isles Beach skyline 2015 from west.jpg 9
97= Balneário Camboriú  Brazil Panorama Balneário Camboriú.jpg 8
97= Denver  United States DenverCP.JPG 8
97= Detroit  United States Skyline of Detroit, Michigan from S 2014-12-07.jpg 8
97= Gold Coast  Australia Gold Coast skyline.jpg 8
97= Hanoi  Vietnam West Hanoi.jpg 8
97= Shijiazhuang  China Farviewshijiazhuang.jpg 8
97= Taguig  Philippines Fort Bonifacio 2.JPG 8
97= Warsaw  Poland Warsaw panorama.png 8


List of top 100 cities by number of under construction skyscrapers taller than 150 m (492 ft)

This is a list of the Top 100 cities by number of under construction skyscrapers that are taller than 150 m (492 ft) as of November 2018.[4] All Information in below list comes from The Skyscraper Center (https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/cities).

Rank City Country Image No. of skyscrapers under construction
1 Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Skyline from Nanshan.jpg 48
2 Mumbai  India Mumbai Skyline at Night.jpg 46
3 Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai skyline 2010.jpg 45
4 Shenyang  China Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG 43
5 New York City  United States Lower Manhattan from Jersey City November 2014 panorama 3.jpg 39
6 Wuhan  China WuhanSkyline.jpg 29
7 Toronto  Canada Toronto Skyline (3594919082).jpg 28
8 Guangzhou  China Guangzhou dusk panorama.jpg 27
9 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Moonrise over kuala lumpur.jpg 23
10= Bangkok  Thailand Ratchadamri at night (9322828200).jpg 22
10= Chongqing  China SkylineOfChongqing.jpg 22
10= Nanning  China Nanning skyline 2008.JPG 22
13 Melbourne  Australia Melbourne skyline - cropped and contrast.jpg 20
14 Guiyang  China Guiyang buildings.jpg 18
15 Shanghai  China Shanghai - Pudong - Lujiazui.jpg 17
16 Xi'an  China XiAn qujiang.jpg 16
17 London  United Kingdom London from a hot air balloon.jpg 15
18= Balneário Camboriú  Brazil Panorama Balneário Camboriú.jpg 14
18= Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta Skyline Part 2.jpg 14
18= Miami  United States Downtown Miami Panorama from the Rusty Pelican photo D Ramey Logan.jpg 14
18= Moscow  Russia Moscow Business Center 5073-84.jpg 14
22= Hefei  China Hefeiskyline.jpg 13
22= Ningbo  China Downtown Ningbo with Tianyi Square.jpg 13
24 Hangzhou  China Qianjiang guoji shidai plaza 09.jpg 12
25 Busan  South Korea Busan harbour.jpg 11
26 Makati  Philippines 10-25-2005 JVBA Makati Skyline.jpg 10
27 Urumqi  China Urumqi partial panorama at dusk.JPG 10
28= Lanzhou  China Lanzhou city from Five Springs Park.jpg 9
28= Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh North Skyline .jpg 9
30= Beijing  China CBD view from Tongzhou 3.jpg 8
30= Chengdu  China Jiuyanqiao.jpg 8
30= Chicago  United States Chicago sunrise 1.jpg 8
30= Colombo  Sri Lanka UG-LK Photowalk - Colombo Skyline - 2017-03-12 (5).jpg 8
30= Kunming  China
Kunming 40.JPG
8
30= Los Angeles  United States Los Angeles Skyline at Night.jpg 8
30= Mexico City  Mexico Ciudad.de.Mexico.City.Distrito.Federal.DF.Paseo.Reforma.Skyline.jpg 8
30= Nanjing  China Nanjing Skyline 2012.jpg 8
30= Tianjin  China Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 2.jpg 8
30= Xiamen  China 仙岳山上看滨北 - panoramio.jpg 8
30= Zhuhai  China Portas do Cerco.JPG 8
41= Monterrey  Mexico Campestre de Monterrey.jpg 7
41= Changsha  China 长沙市解放西路酒吧一条街.jpg 7
41= Gurgaon  India Apartmentingurgaon.JPG 7
41= Istanbul  Turkey Modern Istanbul skyline.jpg 7
45= Ankara  Turkey Sogutozu Ankara Turkey.jpg 6
45= Gwangmyeong  South Korea 6
45= Jeddah  Saudi Arabia Jeddah Seafront.jpg 6
45= Jinan  China Jinanfromqianfoshan.jpg 6
45= Mandaluyong  Philippines Mandaluyong City 1.JPG 6
45= Suzhou  China Gate of the Orient 东方之门 dong fang zhi men Suzhou photo Christian Gänshirt 2015.JPG 6
45= Sydney  Australia Sydney skyline and harbour.jpg 6
45= Zhanjiang  China 6
53= Baku  Azerbaijan A view of the Baku bay, Azerbaijan.jpg 5
53= Burnaby  Canada Metrotown Burnaby.JPG 5
53= Dalian  China DalianSkyline.JPG 5
53= Harbin  China Harbin Economic and Technological Development Zone.jpg 5
53= Noida  India Noida sector 78.jpg 5
53= Qingdao  China Qingdao picture.jpg 5
53= San Francisco  United States San Francisco skyline of April 2017 seen from Treasure Island.jpg 5
53= Seoul  South Korea Downtown Seoul.jpg 5
53= Surabaya  Indonesia Surabaya Central Park.jpg 5
53= Tokyo  Japan Skyscrapers Shinjuku 2007 rev.jpg 5
63= Puebla  Mexico 4
63= Changchun  China 长春20171029.png 4
63= Doha  Qatar Doha Qatar skyline at night Sept 2012.jpg 4
63= Frankfurt am Main  Germany Frankfurt Skyline (16259801511).jpg 4
63= Gold Coast  Australia Gold Coast skyline.jpg 4
63= Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam
Río Saigón, Ciudad Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam, 2013-08-14, DD 29.JPG
4
63= Liuzhou  China Liuzhou city night photo.JPG 4
63= Manila  Philippines Ermita, Luneta, PNU, SM mall (near city hall) (Manila)(2018-02-05).jpg 4
63= Pasig  Philippines Ortigas Center Manila.JPG 4
63= Seattle  United States Space Needle002.jpg 4
63= Taguig  Philippines Fort Bonifacio 2.JPG 4
73= Auckland  New Zealand Auckland City from Mt Victoria, Devonport - Flickr - 111 Emergency (1).jpg 3
73= Beihai  China 3
73= Brisbane  Australia Brisbane May 2013.jpg 3
73= Dongguan  China Dongguan Avenue (CBD) 2010.jpg 3
73= Foshan  China Foshan 2011.jpg 3
73= Guilin  China 20090503 Guilin 6285.jpg 3
73= Haikou  China Haikou skyline in 2013 - 01.jpg 3
73= Hanoi  Vietnam West Hanoi.jpg 3
73= Jersey City  United States 2013 Jersey City skyline 2.jpg 3
73= Karachi  Pakistan KarachiSkyline-View from Hill Park-Panorama.jpg 3
73= Kolkata  India Urbana Residential Complex in kolkata.jpg 3
73= Manama  Bahrain Manama, Bahrain Decembre 2014.jpg 3
73= Manchester  United Kingdom Manchester In Colour!.jpg 3
73= Mecca  Saudi Arabia Mecca from Jabal Nur.JPG 3
73= Medan  Indonesia Medan.. Downtown.jpg 3
73= Nanchang  China Nanchang Bayi Guangchang 20120723-20.jpg 3
73= Shijiazhuang  China Farviewshijiazhuang.jpg 3
73= Sunny Isles Beach  United States Sunny Isles Beach skyline 2015 from west.jpg 3
73= Taichung  Taiwan Taichung skyline on a clear day.JPG 3
73= Taiyuan  China 太原市中心.jpg 3
73= Tel Aviv  Israel 080718 Tel Aviv (01).jpg 3
73= Warsaw  Poland Warsaw panorama.png 3
73= Wuxi  China Wuxi.jpg 3

Cities with at least 50 skyscrapers above 150m (under construction inclusive)

Included in this chart are cities with skyscrapers of known heights that are completed or under construction.

Rank City ≥800m ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m ≥250m ≥200m ≥150m
1 Hong Kong Hong Kong, China[5] 1 2 4 6 16 65 330
2 United States New York City[6] 1 2 5 8 18 35 100 302
3 United Arab Emirates Dubai[7] 1 1 1 1 1 3 15 37 69 114 232
4 China Shenzhen[8] 1 1 2 7 21 43 114 183
5 China Shanghai[9] 1 1 2 3 4 8 26 64 169
6 Japan Tokyo[10] 1 27 151
7 China Chongqing[11] 1 3 6 22 55 139
8 United States Chicago[12] 2 3 7 15 33 127
9 China Guangzhou[13] 1 1 2 4 12 22 42 126
10 Indonesia Jakarta[14] 1 4 15 49 94
11 Thailand Bangkok[15] 1 1 1 1 1 4 8 24 92
12 China Chengdu[16] 1 1 1 3 4 26 89
13 Canada Toronto[17] 1 7 27 87
14 Singapore Singapore[18] 8 34 86
15 South Korea Seoul[19] 1 1 1 1 2 6 20 85
16 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[20] 1 1 3 4 5 10 21 46 82
17 India Mumbai[21] 1 3 16 38 76
18 China Wuhan[22] 1 1 1 3 3 7 14 38 68
19 South Korea Busan[23] 1 1 4 11 18 65
20 China Nanjing[24] 1 1 2 8 13 34 64
21 Australia Melbourne[25] 1 8 23 62
=22 United States Miami[26] 3 10 61
=22 China Nanning[27] 1 1 2 3 7 9 29 61
24 China Tianjin[28] 1 1 1 1 3 10 30 57
25 Panama Panama City[29] 4 23 52
26 Russia Moscow[30] 2 6 15 8 22 50

Cities with at least 1 skyscraper above 300m (i.e. about 75–80 floors) (under construction and on-hold inclusive)

City ≥700m ≥600m ≥500m ≥450m ≥400m ≥350m ≥300m
United Arab Emirates Dubai[31] 1 1 1 1 4 10 22
China Shenzhen[8] 1 1 2 7 14
United States New York City[6] 1 2 4 7 12
China Guangzhou[13] 2 1 2 4 10
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur - 1 1 3 5 6 9
China Tianjin[28] 1 2 3 3 8
China Shanghai[9] 1 1 3 4 4 6
Hong Kong Hong Kong, China[32] 1 1 2 4 6
China Chongqing[11] 1 1 2 6
United States Chicago[12] 1 1 2 2 6
Saudi Arabia Mecca - 1 1 1 1 1 1
Saudi Arabia Jeddah 1 1 1 1 2 3 4
Saudi Arabia Riyadh - - - 7 - 2 4
Kuwait Kuwait City - - - - 1 2 5
Indonesia Jakarta[33] - - - - - 1 4
Russia Moscow - - - - - 2 6
United States San Francisco - - - - - - 1
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi - - - - - 1 6
Australia Gold Coast - - - - - - 1
South Korea Incheon - - - - - - 1
Thailand Bangkok - - - - 1 1 4
Qatar Doha - - 2 4 4 4 5
Chile Santiago - - - - - - 1
South Korea Seoul - - 1 1 1 1 2
South Korea Busan - - 1 1 1 1 2
France Paris[34] - - - - - - 2
Kazakhstan Astana - - - - - 1 1
United States Houston[35] - - - - - - 2
United States Los Angeles - - - - - - 2
United Kingdom London - - - - - - 1
Mexico Mexico City - - - - - - 2
Mexico Monterrey - - - - - - 2
Japan Osaka - - - - - - 1
Sri Lanka Colombo - - - - 1 1 2
United States Philadelphia - - - - - - 1
United States Atlanta - - - - - - 1
Australia Melbourne - - - - - - 1
India Mumbai - - - - 1 2 5
Bangladesh Dhaka - - - - 2 2 2
North Korea Pyongyang - - - - - - 1
Canada Toronto - - - - - - 1

See also

Notes

^A Metro Manila - The actual administrative area governed by the City of Manila is only 42.88 square kilometers. The 16 cities and 1 municipality that constitute Metro Manila, formally known as the National Capital Region, were all historically governed as part of the City of Manila, and, as a whole, encompasses an area of 613.14 square kilometers, which is comparable to the areas covered by other cities on the list, such as Seoul, Singapore, and Mumbai. Its number of completed skyscrapers combined are 94 making it the world's number 10 in number of completed skyscrapers.

References

  1. ^ a b The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Skyscraper". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2016-10-26. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  2. ^ Ambrose, Gavin; Harris, Paul; Stone, Sally (2008). The Visual Dictionary of Architecture. Switzerland: AVA Publishing SA. p. 233. ISBN 978-2-940373-54-3.
  3. ^ "Number of 150m+ Completed Buildings - The Skyscraper Center". Skyscrapercenter.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Number of 150m+ Under Construction Buildings - The Skyscraper Center". Skyscrapercenter.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Hong Kong". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  6. ^ a b "New York City". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Dubai". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Shenzhen". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Shanghai". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Tokyo". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Chongqing". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Chicago". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Guangzhou". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  14. ^ "Jakarta". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Bangkok". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Chengdu". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Toronto". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  18. ^ "Singapore". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Seoul". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Kuala Lumpur". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Mumbai". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Wuhan". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  23. ^ "Busan". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  24. ^ "Nanjing". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  25. ^ "Melbourne". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  26. ^ "Miami". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  27. ^ "Nanning". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  28. ^ a b "Tianjin". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Panama City". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  30. ^ "Moscow". CTBUH. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  31. ^ "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
  32. ^ "CTBUH Tall Building Database". The Skyscraper Center. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
  33. ^ "The Skyscraper Center". Skyscrapercenter.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  34. ^ "Découvrir La Défense". www.ladefense.fr. Archived from the original on 2018-04-05. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  35. ^ "List of cities with the most skyscrapers". CTBUH Skyscraper Database.

External links