Boraston is a small village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. It is situated in the West Midlands 0.8 mi north of Worcestershire and 10 mi east of the Herefordshire border. Nearby villages include Tenbury Burford. Boraston is less than 1 mi from the River Teme. Boraston is an historic village, it notes that in 1750 "John Smith of Boraston had 20,000 poles worth £20 and hops worth £30."British travel writer John Marius Wilson described Boraston in his topographical dictionary Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales.'BORASTON, a township-chapelry in Burford parish, Salop. Post Town, Tenbury. Rated property, £1,141. Pop. 235. Houses, 39; the property is divided among a few. The living is a p. curacy annexed in the diocese of Hereford. The church is tolerable.'Boraston Church dates from the 13th century and has no recorded dedication. The nearby church at Nash, which belongs to the Tenbury Team Ministry, is dedicated to St John the Baptist; the church has some. The building is described as having'spiral fluting on part of the bowl.
Between the years 1884 and 1887 it was renovated by architect Henry Curzon. According to the 2001 United Kingdom Census, Boraston had a population of 200 people, with a total of 75 households. Between 1914 and 1918 population in the UK declined as a result of the First World War. However, as more men were called up to serve in the forces for The Second World War, Boraston saw an incline in numbers, a possible reason for this could be the intake of evacuees. Unlike the rest of the country Boraston failed to see an incline in population as a result of the post-war'baby boom', whereby nationally birth rates increased in the period from 1946-1974. Unlike the 1881 Census data agricultural employment is now existent in the village due to the fact that food is now transported nationwide rather than just locally and the UK imports much of its produce, furthermore advancement in technology means less staff are required. Increasing service and manufacturing employment makes up 93.3% of Boraston's occupational categories.
The increase in manufacturing reflects a more industrialised economy, despite the 1811 Census data being recorded in the time of Industrial Revolution. An increase in services as an occupational category reflects the UK's shift from primary production to having an increased tertiary sector of the economy; the 2001 Census shows that the average distance travelled to work by a Boraston citizen is 23.65 km, this suggests that most people now commute outside the village as working in Boraston is not economically viable. Boraston is part of West Midlands for EU Parliament. Boraston's current Member of Parliament is Philip Dunne who retained his Conservative Party seat in the 2010 General Election. In Boraston itself the only public transport is a bus service that starts at Worcester Bus Station and finishes at the second stop in Tenbury Wells with various villages in between, including Boraston; the nearest train station is Ludlow station, 7.03 miles from Boraston, followed by the next nearest Leominster at 9.87 mi.
In terms of road access the A456 road which runs between Birmingham and Woofferton, is a mile south of Boraston. Boraston motocross circuit is located on the outskirts of the village and is a popular track for racers and fans of the sport holding motocross championship races. Listed buildings in Boraston Media related to Boraston at Wikimedia Commons
Church Preen is a dispersed hamlet and small civil parish in central Shropshire, England. The county town of Shropshire is Shrewsbury, located to the North and by road is 12 miles, it is located near Plaish and Hughley. The nearest towns are Church Stretton; the nearest city is Birmingham, located to the East of Church Preen. It is 49 miles by road and takes just over 1 hour to get there; the A49 runs 6 miles to the West and the nearest train station is at Church Stretton, 7.4 miles away. Church Preen has a total of 30 different households, 6 of which are semi-detached and the others are groups of buildings farms. Located in the centre of the hamlet is St. John the Baptist parish church, a separate graveyard, a post box, telephone box, a pump cottage, Preen Manor, a well, Church Preen pre-school, Church Preen quarry and just on the outskirts is Church Preen Primary School; the primary employment sectors are agriculture. The primary school at Church Preen, called Church Preen Primary School, serves the local, rural communities.
There are around 40 pupils at the school spread over 3 classes from the ages of 5 to 11. More can be read on the school in the education section. There is a preschool called Church Preen Preschool, it is held at The Village Hall, Church Preen and children from 2 up to 5 years old are welcome. Mark Pritchard is the local MP for Wrekin. Mark Pritchard is a member of the Conservative Party; the surrounding area around the hamlet is privately owned farmland. The forests and woodlands in the area coniferous trees. Church Preen lies between 240 metres above sea level; the nearest rivers are the River Corve and the River Severn where it flows passed Cressage about 4.94 miles away. Church Stretton Fault Line runs just to the North of the hamlet, which has led to several different rock types sprawling over Shropshire. Church Preen lies on the edge of Marine Silurian, from the Silurian period around 409-439 million years ago and the Ordovician period around 443–488 million years ago; the huge variety of different rock types in Shropshire has played a big part in what the land shape looks like today.
Church Preen is set upon a rise up to the ridge hill, covered by deciduous woodland called Netherwood Coppice. There are many hills in the surrounding area including Lawley Hill, which elevates to 217 metres and Caer Caradac Hill at 459 metres, they are within 3.47 miles of the hamlet. Church Preen Manor sits adjacent to the church, it lies on an old Cluniac monastery, thought to have been built in 1159, overlooking Wenlock Edge. The remains of which have been lie under a yew tree in the gardens; the other monastic buildings were destroyed in 1850 by Norman Shaw to make way for the new manor, but this fell into disrepair in World War I until it was restored again. Presently, there are 6 acres of garden with 18 outdoor rooms leading into one another. Mrs Ann Trevor-Jones has developed the gardens for 30 years with her husband. There is a cafe and plants are sold. Opening and closing times as well as the small admission fee can be found on the website. There is a disused quarry located 0.3 miles to the South of the hamlet in a field owned by the New Holding Farm.
Apart from access by car via the country roads running through Church Preen, there is the A49, which runs 5.35 miles to the West of the hamlet. To the East there is the A458 near Harley, which by road is 4.74 miles away. The nearest station as said before is Church Stretton Station, which by road is 7.31 miles. Birmingham Airport is the nearest international airport, which by road is just less than 50 miles away. Church Preen Primary School is the only school in the hamlet; as said in the introductory text, it serves the rural communities with 3 classes over 40 pupils. The first school opened on 15 January 1872 with 20 children, of which only 6 had been in education and they learnt the three r's; the school was built by the architect of old Scotland Yard. The new school is well built with a big events room, which can be split into separate rooms by sliding doors. With many windows, it is bright and Mrs R. Beard is the headmistress. There is a pre-school, which meets in the village hall, inside of the primary school, for children form ages of 2 to 5 years old.
St. John the Baptist Church is the centre of Church Preen; the church is 70 feet long by 13-foot wide. It was a monastic church, which explains the abnormal appearance; the church was founded as a cell of Wenlock Priory in 1163. A prior and 2 or 3 monks would have served the church; the priory has little remains. Church Preen Yew, which stands inside the church's grounds is thought to be of a old age; this is because the Celtic people used to think of them as symbols of rebirth. When St. Augustine brought Christianity to England, he ordered that churches were to be built around them, which dates the trees back to the 5th century. Church preen is mentioned in the Domesday Book as'quiet' and talks of Norman Shaw's architecture of Preen Manor briefly. From 1801-1961, the population has changed quite dramatically. In 1801, it was at 84 and rose to a maximum of 117 in 1881, it decreased back to 89 people by 1961. The percentage of males to females has fluctuated but has b
Cardington is a village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. It is situated south of Shrewsbury, near Caer Caradoc Hill, the nearest town is Church Stretton; the parish contains the villages of Enchmarsh and Plaish, most of the parish is in the Shropshire Hills AONB. In the Domesday Book the village is referred to as “Cardintine under the Fief of Rainwald Vicecomes” and it is mentioned that there were 11 leagues of woodland. Soon after that date the area had associations with the Fitzalans, who gave Cardington and Lydley Hayes to the military order of the Knights Templar in about 1120; the order was suppressed in 1308 and the lands involved reverted to the original donors. Subsequent history is based on several important families that lived within the Parish, some of whom started charities for the education of the young or for the provision of food for the poor. One example is the Old Free School which still stands next to the churchyard and was provided from a bequest in the will of William Hall in 1740 for the building of a schoolhouse and the maintenance of the schoolmaster.
Cardington is a small rural village whose form and overall size was well established by the 14th century and which remains unchanged. There are several buildings that date from before 1600 including "The Barracks", the Malster’s Tap and its associated Longhouse. Several other buildings belong to the early 17th century including Manor Farm, Grove Farm, the Royal Oak public house and the timber framed barns that are common throughout the village; the old Free School is an early example of a brick building in this part of rural Shropshire. The remaining listed buildings and most of the unlisted cottages date from between the early 18th and 19th centuries, the most ambitious of, the old Vicarage on the western fringe of the village; the latter was built c. 1814–15 and is an accomplished piece of domestic design from the Regency period. The most important building in the village is the Church of St James, the nave of which dates from the Norman period. In plan it is typical of the simplest of churches from the Norman period, consisting of a short rectangular nave with a squat west tower.
A chancel was added in c. 1300 in the form of a simple continuation of the nave. The linear character of the building is carried into the strong west tower, which rises in three stages and is crowned by an embattled parapet; the top or belfry stage was added in the 14th century. The fine timber porch was added in 1639. Listed buildings in Cardington, Shropshire
Boscobel is a civil parish in the east of Shropshire, England, on the border with Staffordshire. To the north is the Staffordshire village of Bishops Wood. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 12; because of its small population, it shares a parish council with the neighbouring Donington parish. It is the smallest parish in Shropshire by population – the smallest by area is Deuxhill, it is the site of Boscobel House, home to the Giffard family, owners of the Boscobel Royal Oak, where Charles II hid in an oak tree after losing the Battle of Worcester in 1651. A historical romance on the subject was published as Boscobel in 1871 by William Harrison Ainsworth; the "pine groves of Boscobel" are mentioned by Charles Kinbote, narrator of Vladimir Nabokov's 1962 postmodern novel Pale Fire, in descriptions of his escape from Zembla. In the parish is White Ladies Priory. Escape of Charles II Listed buildings in Boscobel Media related to Boscobel at Wikimedia Commons
Bishop's Castle is a small market town in the southwest of Shropshire and its smallest borough. According to the 2011 Census it had a population of 1,893. Bishop's Castle is 1.5 miles east of the Wales-England border, about 20 miles north-west of Ludlow and about 20 miles south-west of Shrewsbury. To the south is Clun and to the east is Church Stretton; the town is within an agricultural area and has become known for its alternative community including artists, musicians and craftspeople. The surrounding area is hillwalking country and Bishop's Castle is a "Walkers are Welcome Town", gaining the award in 2008; the long distance footpath the Shropshire Way runs through the town and Offa's Dyke is only a few miles to the west. The ancient trackway of the Kerry Ridgeway, a prehistoric Bronze Age route, runs from the town; the BC Ring, a 60-mile challenging route around the town, was published in 2008. The town has two micro-breweries, including the UK's oldest brewery. Documented history begins in Saxon times for Bishop's Castle when Edwin Shakehead, grateful for being miraculously cured of the palsy at Saint Ethelbert's tomb in Hereford Cathedral gave part of his lands to the incumbent Bishop of Hereford.
A successive Bishop of Hereford built a castle a motte and bailey design, in 1087 to defend the church and village from the threat of the Welsh. The castle has been under attack several times, not always by Welsh raiders, most notably in 1263 when John Fitzalan, 6th Earl of Arundel and Lord of Oswestry and Clun, held it under siege and caused significant damage, estimated at 1,060 marks. In the Early Middle Ages the castle and parish were situated in Wales and in England so territorial disputes literally'came with the territory'. In 1557 the castle was described as follows: "thirteen rooms covered with lead, a tower on the outer wall on the eastern side containing a stable, two rooms covered with tiles. There were two other rooms called'le new buyldinge' situated on the outer wall between the building over the gate and the tower called'le prison tower'. There was a dovecote, a garden, a forest and a park." As peace came to the Welsh Marches Bishop's Castle became one of the notorious rotten boroughs, an electorally corrupt situation wherein the tiny borough elected two members of parliament from 1585.
In 1618 the castle started to deteriorate and in the 1700s the stone keep and surroundings were flattened to make a bowling green. In 1642, the Three Tuns Brewery was established on its current site, making it the oldest licensed brewery site in Britain. While some of the current building dates to the seventeenth century, the main building is a Victorian tower brewery erected about 1888. In 1719 – the fifth year of the reign of George I and the year Daniel Defoe published Robinson Crusoe – the Castle Hotel was constructed over the site of the old baille of the ancient castle, it was built on the orders of a local landowner, James Brydges, who in the year the hotel was completed was created Duke of Chandos. In an age of unabashed corruption, he acquired a number of lucrative sinecure offices and amassed such wealth that he was known as'Princely Chandos'; the 1st Duke of Chandos sold the Castle Hotel to John Walcot who in turn sold it to Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey, known as'Clive of India', who amassed such wealth during his time in that country that Horace Walpole writing from London to a country friend said: ‘you will be frightened by the dearness of everything...
I expect that a pint of milk will soon not be sold under a diamond, nobody can keep a cow but my Lord Clive’. From Viscount Clive the hotel descended to his son, to his grandson, who changed the family name to Herbert, his mother's maiden name. Edward became Earl of Powis on the death of George Herbert, 2nd Earl of Powis. Local landowners, including Robert Clive expended large sums of cash buying votes, a common practice at the time in some areas to ensure a seat in Parliament. In 1726 one unsuccessful parliamentary candidate was subsequently able to prove that of the 52 people voting for his rival, the incumbent MP, 51 had received bribes and inducements; the Reform Act 1832 eradicated Bishops Castle was disenfranchised. All, physically left of the castle today is a 10 m long, coursed stone wall on the west side of the castle site, 2 m thick and 3 m high, it was overgrown with ivy and was renovated to keep it safe and stable. The Castle Hotel stands on the site of the castle itself and is built of stone salvaged from the original castle.
The layout of the town in the present day shows that the town was made up of 46 burgage plots which were separated by a few small lanes which have developed to be Church Street, Union Street and Station Street. In 1249 a Royal Charter for a weekly market and an annual fair was granted, they are both still popular, although the Friday market is closed while the town hall is being refurbished. In the 1600s, the town hall was constructed as a new administrative centre, a court and a prison, it has been refurbished thanks to a Lottery grant and was re-opened in June 2014. The refurbished town hall now provides a venue for local events and formal meetings of the Town Council; the town was classified as a municipal borough in 1885. It still has a mayor and its regalia, it is now a "Quality Town Council". Bishop's Ca
Albrighton is a large village, civil parish in Shropshire, England. It is located 7.5 miles northwest of Wolverhampton and is best described as a dormitory village for the city. It is used to be within the now defunct Bridgnorth district; the village has a railway station, on the Shrewsbury to Wolverhampton Line. Close by is RAF Cosford and the M54 motorway; the village is the most easterly settlement in Shropshire. To the north is the hamlet and parish of Donington separated from Albrighton by Humphreston Brook. Mentioned in the Domesday Book as Albricston or the home/farm of Albric/Aethelbeorht, it received its charter in 1303, renewed in 1662 for rather unusual reasons; the charter declared that "because Albrighton adjoined Staffordshire on the east and west sides and other malefactors fled Staffordshire to escape prosecution because there was no resident justice of the peace in that part of Shropshire". The parish church, dedicated to St Mary Magdalene was completed around 1181, some rebuilding work was done in 1853.
It is built of red sandstone in the Norman style. The church contains an alabaster monument to Sir Craig Wilson, as well as the Albrighton Mace donated to the village in 1663, by Lady Mary Talbot; the east window of the church dates from the 14th century. The church contains the family tomb of the Talbot Family, including the final resting place of Charles Talbot and Francis Talbot, among others; the church is separated from the close parish church of St Cuthbert by Humphreston Brook. The story is that two sisters disagreed about the nature of the architecture of the church and so resolved to build their own churches right next to each other. Humphreston Brook was dammed by a local miller in the 17th century and it now provides the boundary between the two parishes and feeds into Donington Pool, part of the Donington and Albrighton Nature Reserve. Blakeway refers to the pond as being called Hall Pool as it was adjacent to Hall Orchard, a burial ground for Roman Catholics by the church of St Mary Magdalene.
The High Street has not been altered too much over the years. The half timbered Georgian facades and lime trees still make the street picturesque; some sources say the lime trees were planted in the 19th century by a Dr Orson Bidwell, others say a former Earl of Shrewsbury was responsible. In all probability both of them planted trees and so may many other people if a tree was damaged or failed; the diary of John Howell, tenant farmer of Beamish and House Farm gives the year of planting as 1832. For most of the 14th century and into the 15th the manor of Albrighton, together with Ryton, was held by the Carles, Careles or Careless family; the Carles were connected by marriage to the Lestranges and the Talbots. Albrighton left the control of this family with the marriage of an heiress to a member of the Corbet family in the reign of Henry VI; the Earl of Shrewsbury is the premier Earl of England and, until 1918, was the biggest land owner in Albrighton. They were the Talbot family, many of whom are buried in Albrighton Church.
George Talbot, 9th Earl of Shrewsbury so never married. He died in 1630 aged sixty-three and was buried in the family tomb at the parish church of Albrighton. Early in the 17th century, Albrighton was noted for making buttons and in the 18th century clock making flourished. By 1880 it was bricks, but by and large, agriculture was the main industry before the building of the railways. Albrighton was granted Borough status in 1303 on account of its remoteness from Shrewsbury, Shropshire's county town; that was renewed in 1662 but it seemed to lapse again by the 19th century. A Mace confirming its borough status was discovered for auction at Sotheby's and this was purchased for £359 in 1948; the money was raised by local subscription under the guidance and perseverance of the Rev E E Wright. The Borough status meant that there was a Justice of the Peace who could order the arrest of criminals. A small jail and stocks stood somewhere near to the Crown, whilst a room above it was used for various village meetings and transactions.
There was a Toll House nearby. A press article in 1884 discussing the history of the village's regular fairs stated that they were'held on a wide open space called the Cross, where the cross roads are in the middle of the; the Market Hall stood in the midst of the space, with the lock-up under it, the stocks and pinfold close by. Rev. Blakeway's drafts of his History of Albrighton mentions that the Market House'stands in the middle of the and has two arches', it is not known when the Toll Market Hall/House were demolished. The Rev Wright thought the buildings were more to be on the area of the village green but none of the early tithe maps show these buildings; the village green was much more important in the first half of 20th century. At the time of the First World War there were swings on it, political meetings were held there, an evangelist lady spent three days a year in a caravan giving out leaflets and talking to people a band gave concerts there; the population of Albrighton in 1800 was 900.
In 1900 it was 1200 and was still only 1230 by 1931. Today it is over 4000. Gas came to Albrighton in 1868 and the Gasometer was at the side of the railway goods yard; the Cosford Waterworks were established in 1857 and water was first supplied to the village in 1895. Electricity came in 1919 on overhead poles and dur
Bettws-y-Crwyn is a small, remote village and civil parish in south-west Shropshire, England. It is close to the Wales-England border and is one of a number of English villages to have a Welsh language placename, which translates as "chapel of the fleeces"; the parish name was written as Bettws, the suffix a local name for the church, only appears in written records in the nineteenth century. The parish, including the hamlets of Anchor and Hall of the Forest had a total population of 212 at the 2001 census, increasing to 239 at the 2011 census, it lies at 400 m above sea level, making it one of the highest settlements in Shropshire and England too. The village is about sixteen miles west of the Shropshire town of Craven Arms, only about nine miles south-east of Newtown in Powys, Wales. Bettws had a school which closed in 1951; the parish lies within the Clun electoral division of Shropshire Council. The church of St. Mary dates from the late 13th or early 14th century, was "restored" in 1860. There is a fine 15th or 16th century screen and roof, a 17th-century pulpit, 19th century pews, with the names of farms within the parish painted on them.
The church contains a ceramic war memorial plaque to men who died serving in World War I. At one time a pair of medals belonging to local man Pryce Lloyd, who returned home to the parish from his wartime service was displayed under the plaque. Listed buildings in Bettws-y-Crwyn Bettws parish Media related to Bettws-y-Crwyn at Wikimedia Commons