American InterContinental University
American InterContinental University is a for-profit university with open admissions owned by Career Education Corporation. AIU is regionally accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association to award associate, bachelor's, master's degrees. American InterContinental University was founded in 1970 in Lucerne, Switzerland by American couple Jack and Helen Barnette of Atlanta, was first known as the American Fashion College of Switzerland; the school was recognized as an American degree awarding institution in 1971 offering associate and bachelor's degrees starting in 1974. In 1976 the Switzerland-based school opened a campus in Atlanta and, in 1978, the Lucerne campus moved to London and changed its name to the American College for the Applied Arts. By 1978, the school had 300 students, began to expand its course offering beyond fashion to areas such as business; the school opened several other campuses in subsequent years. Steve Bostic changed its name to American InterContinental University.
In 2001, AIU was acquired by its current owner, Career Education Corporation, a publicly traded operator of for-profit schools. Branch campuses were founded as follows: • Atlanta – Buckhead, Georgia campus 1976• London, UK campus 1978• Los Angeles, California campus 1982• Dubai campus 1995, founded as The American University in Dubai• Atlanta – Dunwoody and South Florida campuses 1998• Online campus 2002• Houston, Texas, 2003 Today, AIU has over 15,000 students and offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate degrees in programs such as business, IT, criminal justice, healthcare management and media production. More than 80 percent of AIU students attend AIU Online, an internet-based online campus that delivers degree programs 100 percent online; the school has 594 part-time instructors. AIU receives 96% of all funds from the US government, including about $29 million from GI Bill funds, it has been sued for defrauding the federal government by taking federal funding while providing substandard education.
AIU has two campuses in the United States. Atlanta, Georgia Following the June 2009 consolidation of the AIU Buckhead and AIU Dunwoody campuses into AIU Atlanta, the new campus underwent a significant renovation. AIU Atlanta's campus now features an industry-current forensics lab. Houston, Texas The AIU Houston building was damaged by Hurricane Ike in September 2008, it was remodeled, a grand re-opening celebration occurred in February 2009. The online program began in 2001 but was recognized as a separate campus in 2002. John Kline serves as president of AIU Online, now considered the main campus for AIU; the online campus offices are located in a northwest suburb of Chicago. London, England. AIU London became part of Regent's University London in April 2013. Los Angeles, California Dubai, United Arab Emirates On February 18, 2008, American InterContinental University announced plans to close down its Los Angeles campus. Dr. George Miller, president of American InterContinental University, cited low student enrollment at the Los Angeles campus as the reason for this decision.
The institution first received accreditation from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in 1987. SACS placed the university on probation in December 2005 and renewed AIU's probation in 2006 for failure to comply with various Principles of Accreditation. On December 11, 2007, CEC announced that SACS had removed AIU's probation and that the university's accreditation was once again in good standing. In 2009, AIU sought to switch accreditation from SACS to the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. School officials felt this was best since the majority of its students are served through its Internet-based campus, based in the HLC geographic region. SACS and HLC are among the six regional accrediting organizations recognized by the U. S. Department of Education; the U. S. Department of Education, Office of Inspector General questioned the Higher Learning Commission's decision to approve accreditation of AIU based on the examination of the commission's standards for measuring credit hours and program length.
An assistant inspector general stated in the report, "This action by HLC is not in the best interest of students, calls into question whether the accrediting decisions made by HLC should be relied upon by the Department of Education when assisting students to obtain quality education through the Title IV programs." NCA-HLC president Sylvia Manning responded that this accusation was "flimsy" because it focused on a single accreditation issue involving a single school. SACS president Belle Wheelan sided with NCA-HLC, calling the OIG report "scary" and emphasizing that American InterContinental University's accreditation under SACS had been in "good standing."In addition to HLC, the University's business programs earned accreditation from the Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs in 2011. In 2013, AIU's Master of Education program became one of the first online programs to be granted initial two-year accreditation by the Teacher Education Accreditation Council; the AIU London was accredite
University of Georgia
The University of Georgia referred to as UGA or Georgia, is a public flagship research university with its main campus in Athens, Georgia. Founded in 1785, it is one of the oldest public universities in the United States; the Center for Measuring University Performance ranks the University of Georgia among the top research universities in the nation and the university is classified by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education as a Research I university. It classifies the student body as "more selective," its most selective admissions category, while the ACT Assessment Student Report places UGA student admissions in the "highly selective" category, the highest category. Incoming students include those from 47 countries around the world; the university is ranked as one of the "Best National Universities for Undergraduate Teaching", tied for 13th overall among all public national universities in the 2019 U. S. News & World Report rankings, is a Kiplinger's and Princeton Review top ten in value.
The university is organized into 17 constituent schools and colleges offering more than 140 degree programs. The university's historic North Campus is listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places as a designated historic district; the contiguous campus areas include rolling hills and extensive green space including nature walks, fields and large and varied arboreta. Close to the contiguous campus is the university's 58-acre Health Sciences Campus that has an extensive landscaped green space, more than 400 trees, several additional historic buildings. Athens has ranked among America's best college towns due to its vibrant restaurant and music scenes. In addition to the main campus in Athens with its 460 buildings, the university has two smaller campuses located in Tifton and Griffin; the university has two satellite campuses located in Lawrenceville. The university operates several outreach stations spread across the state; the total acreage of the university in 30 Georgia counties is 41,539 acres.
The university owns a residential and research center in Washington, D. C. and three international residential and research centers located at Oxford University in Oxford, England, at Cortona, at Monteverde, Costa Rica. Over 750 student organizations including academic associations, honor societies, cultural groups and intramural athletics, religious groups, social groups and fraternities and community service programs, philanthropic groups are integral parts of student life; the University of Georgia's intercollegiate sports teams known by their Georgia Bulldogs nickname, compete in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and the Southeastern Conference. UGA served as a founding member of the SEC in 1932. In their more than 120-year history, the university's varsity sports teams have won 45 national championships, 264 individual national championships, 170 conference championships, 45 Olympic medals; the Georgia Redcoat Marching Band, the official marching band of the university, performs at athletic and other events.
In 1784, Lyman Hall, a Yale University graduate and one of three doctors to sign the Declaration of Independence, as Governor of Georgia persuaded the Georgia legislature to grant 40,000 acres for the purposes of founding a "college or seminary of learning." Besides Hall, credit for founding the university goes to Abraham Baldwin who wrote the original charter for University of Georgia. From Connecticut, Baldwin graduated from and taught at Yale University before moving to Georgia; the Georgia General Assembly approved Baldwin's charter on January 27, 1785 and UGA became the first university in the United States to gain a state charter. Considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Baldwin would represent Georgia in the 1786 Constitutional Convention that created the Constitution of the United States and go on to be President pro tempore of the United States Senate; the task of creating the university was given to the Senatus Academicus, which consisted of the Board of Visitors – made up of "the governor, all state senators, all superior court judges and a few other public officials" – and the Board of Trustees, "a body of fourteen appointed members that soon became self-perpetuating."
The first meeting of the university's Board of Trustees was held in Augusta, Georgia on February 13, 1786. The meeting installed Baldwin as the university's first president. For the first sixteen years of the school's history, the University of Georgia only existed on paper. By the new century, a committee was appointed to find suitable land to establish a campus. Committee member John Milledge purchased 633 acres of land on the west bank of the Oconee River and gifted it to the university; this tract of land, now a part of the consolidated city–county of Athens-Clarke County, was part of Jackson County. As of 2013, 37 acres of that land remained as part of the North Campus; because Baldwin was elected to the U. S. Senate, the school needed a new president. Baldwin chose his former fellow professor at Yale, Josiah Meigs, as his replacement. Meigs became the school's president, as well as the only professor. After traveling the state to recruit a few students, Meigs opened the school with no building in the fall of 1801.
The first school building patterned after Yale's Connecticut Hall was built the year later. Yale's early influence on the new university extended into the classical curriculum with emphasis on Latin and Greek. By 1803, the students
Carrollton, Georgia is a city in the north west region of Georgia, about 45 miles west of Atlanta near the Alabama state line. It is the county seat of Carroll County, included in the Atlanta Metropolitan Area. Carrollton has been a commercial center for several rural counties in both Georgia and Alabama, it is the home of the University of West Georgia Technical College. The 2016 United States Census estimates placed the city's population at 26,815. Carrollton is located near the center of Carroll County at 33°34′51″N 85°4′36″W; the Little Tallapoosa River flows through the northwestern part of the city. U. S. Route 27 passes through the city center, leading north 9 miles to Interstate 20 in Bremen and south 42 miles to LaGrange. According to the United States Census Bureau, Carrollton has a total area of 22.8 square miles, of which 22.3 square miles is land and 0.54 square miles, or 2.37%, is water. Carroll County, of which Carrollton is the county seat, was chartered in 1826, was governed at the time by the Carroll Inferior Court, which consisted of five elected justices.
In 1829, the justices voted to move the county seat from the site it occupied near the present community of Sandhill, to a new site about 8 miles to the southwest. The original intention was to call the new county seat "Troupville", in honor of former governor George Troup, but Troup was not popular with the state government of the time, so the Georgia General Assembly incorporated the town as Carrollton, in December 1829; the name was in honor of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last living signer of the Declaration of Independence. In 1830, the town was surveyed and lots were laid out, with the central feature being the town square, named Adamson Square, for local judge and congressman William C. Adamson. Although it was the county seat and the main market town for most of Carroll County, transportation of both goods and passengers was difficult until the coming of the railroad in 1874, so Carrollton remained a frontier town until well after the Civil War; the coming of the railroad brought new prosperity to Carrollton.
Farmers were able to bring their crops cotton, to town for shipment to distant markets, obtain the fertilizers and agricultural supplies they needed. At the same time, consumer goods were more available than before; the railroad encouraged the growth of the fledgling industrial ventures in the textile industry, in and around Carrollton. These early textile mills water powered, served as the basis for a textile industry that helped ensure the town's prosperity well into the 20th century. At the start of the 20th century, Carrollton boasted running water and had electric lighting and telephone service; the town began paving its streets in 1918. In 1906, Carrollton was chosen as the site of the Fourth District Agricultural and Mechanical School, which became West Georgia College in 1934, is now a 12,834-student university, the University of West Georgia. In May 1964 Robert F. Kennedy visited Carrollton for the dedication of Kennedy Chapel on the university campus. Carrollton remained an agricultural and textile manufacturing center throughout the first half of the 20th century, but as the local production of cotton declined and the population became more urban, other industries began to take on a greater prominence.
Most notable is the Southwire Company. Founded in Carrollton in 1950, Southwire is now one of the world's largest manufacturers of wire and cable and is the largest owned wire manufacturer, with more than 1,500 local employees and 5,000 employees worldwide; this diversification of industry has continued into the 21st century, aided in part by Carrollton's ready access to Interstate 20 and the Norfolk Southern Railway. The city's major employers presently include companies in the airline, power distribution, software, home entertainment, healthcare industries, among others. Carrollton remains an important market town, with a wide variety of national retail chains and restaurants, serving Carroll County and the surrounding region. Carrollton was mentioned in Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and in the 1939 movie of the same name. Carrollton featured in the 1983 TV movie Murder in Coweta County, although the Carrollton scenes were not filmed there. Other films shot in the Carrollton area include Conjurer with John Schneider, The Way Home with Dean Cain, Between Love and a Hard Place with Bern Nadette Stanis.
Carrollton was the home of actress Susan Hayward. On August 21, 1995, Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 crashed near Carrollton. Nine of the 29 passengers and crew on board were killed as a result of the accident; the city attracted news media attention amidst allegations of censorship in September 2011 when the mayor overruled the board of the city-owned Carrollton Cultural Arts Center in order to ban as "very offensive" the live stage musical The Rocky Horror Show, scheduled for a run just before Halloween. The theater board had authorized use of the venue and appropriated $2,500 for the show, in rehearsal. News reports attributed the mayor's decision to his being shown by the city manager a video of the rehearsal posted by a cast member to a personal Facebook page. In February 2012, three months than planned, the show was produced and funded without city money at the Townsend Center for the Performing Arts at the University of West Georgia in Carrollton; the Virginia-based anti-censorship Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression gave one of its national 2012 "Muzzle" awards to the mayor "for appointing himself the arbiter
Emory University is a private research university in Atlanta, Georgia. The university was founded as Emory College in 1836 in Oxford, Georgia, by the Methodist Episcopal Church and was named in honor of Methodist bishop John Emory. In 1915, Emory College moved to its present location in Druid Hills and was rechartered as Emory University. Emory maintained a presence in Oxford that became Oxford College, a residential liberal arts college for the first two years of the Emory baccalaureate degree; the university is the second-oldest private institution of higher education in Georgia and among the fifty oldest private universities in the United States. Emory University has nine academic divisions: Emory College of Arts and Sciences, Oxford College, Goizueta Business School, Laney Graduate School, School of Law, School of Medicine, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Rollins School of Public Health, the Candler School of Theology. Emory University, the Georgia Institute of Technology, Peking University in Beijing, China jointly administer the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering.
The university operates the Confucius Institute in Atlanta in partnership with Nanjing University. Emory has a growing faculty research partnership with the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology. Emory University students come from all 50 states, 6 territories of the United States, over 100 foreign countries. Emory Healthcare is the largest healthcare system in the state of Georgia and comprises seven major hospitals, including the internationally renowned Emory University Hospital and Emory University Hospital Midtown; the university operates the Winship Cancer Institute, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, many disease and vaccine research centers. Emory University is the leading coordinator of the U. S. Health Department's Education Center; the university is one of four institutions involved in the NIAID's Tuberculosis Research Units Program. The International Association of National Public Health Institutes is headquartered at the university and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Cancer Society are national affiliate institutions located adjacent to the campus.
The university is partnered with the Nobel Peace Prize winning Carter Center. Emory University has the 16th largest endowment among U. S. colleges and universities. It is ranked 21st nationally and 71st globally according to U. S. News & World Report's 2018 rankings. Emory University has a Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education status of R1: "highest research activity" and is cited for high scientific performance and citation impact in the CWTS Leiden Ranking; the National Science Foundation ranked the university 36th among academic institutions in the United States for research and development expenditures. Emory University research is funded by federal government agencies, namely the National Institutes of Health. In 1995 Emory University was elected to the Association of American Universities, an association of the 62 leading research universities in the United States & Canada. Emory has many distinguished alumni and affiliates, including 2 Prime Ministers, 9 University Presidents, 11 members of the United States Congress, 2 Nobel Peace Prize laureates, a Vice President of the United States, a United States Speaker of the House, a United States Supreme Court Justice.
Other notable alumni include Rhodes Scholars, 6 Pulitzer Prize winners, Emmy Award winners, MacArthur Fellows, CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, heads of state and other leaders in foreign government, musicians, an Olympic medalist. Emory has more than 149,000 alumni, with 75 alumni clubs established worldwide in 20 countries. Emory College was founded in 1836 in Georgia by the Methodist Episcopal Church; the college was named in honor of the departed Methodist bishop John Emory. Ignatius Alphonso Few was the college's first president. In 1854, the Atlanta Medical College, a forerunner of Emory University School of Medicine, was founded. On April 12, 1861, the American Civil War began. Emory College was closed in November 1861 and all of its students enlisted on the Confederate side. In late 1863 the war came to Georgia and the college was used as hospital and a headquarters for the Union Army; the university produced many officers who served in the war, including General George Thomas Anderson who fought in nearly every major battle in the eastern theater.
35 Emory students lost their lives and much of the campus was destroyed during the war. Emory College, as with the entire Southeastern United States, struggled to overcome financial devastation during the Reconstruction Era. In 1880, Atticus Greene Haygood, Emory College President, delivered a speech expressing gratitude for the end of slavery in the United States, which captured the attention of George I. Seney, a New York banker. Seney gave Emory College $5,000 to repay its debts, $50,000 for construction, $75,000 to establish a new endowment. In the 1880s, the technology department was launched by Isaac Stiles Hopkins, a polymath professor at Emory College. Hopkins became the first president of the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1888. Emory University's first international student, Yun Chi-ho, graduated in 1893. Yun became an important political activist in Korea and is the author of "Aegukga", the national anthem of the Republic of Korea. On August 16, 1906, the Wesley Memorial Hospital and Training School for Nurses renamed the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, was established.
In 1914, the Candler School of Theology was established. In 1915, Emory College relocated to Druid Hills and was rechartered as Emory University after accepting a land grant from Asa Griggs Candler, founder of The Coca-Cola Company
Clayton State University
Clayton State University is a public university in Morrow, serving Metro Atlanta, is a selective Senior Unit of the University System of Georgia. The main campus includes 192 acres of wooded grounds, featuring five lakes and a park-like atmosphere. Located in the north-central part of Clayton County in suburban south metro Atlanta, the main campus is a fifteen-minute drive from Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport and about twenty minutes from downtown Atlanta. Clayton State maintains a separate Fayette County instructional site in Peachtree City and offers additional instruction at locations in Jonesboro in Clayton County and McDonough in Henry County. In 2014 the University enrolled 7,145 students, served by 208 full-time faculty and 356 full-time staff. Upon opening in 1991, Clayton State's Spivey Hall began presenting jazz, classical music and other musical entertainment, it has since developed into one of the premiere chamber music venues in the Atlanta metropolitan area and offers more than 400 performances per year.
These performances air on Georgia Public Broadcasting. Clayton State basketball, cross-country, tennis and track & field programs are a part of Division II of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, competing in the Peach Belt Conference. In 2011, the Clayton State women’s basketball team won the NCAA Division II national championship. In 2015, the Carnegie Foundation acknowledged Clayton State's outreach to Metro Atlanta communities and non-profit institutions; the institution was founded in 1969 and was known as Clayton Junior College. When the school became a four-year institution in 1986, the institute took on the name Clayton State College. In 1996, the Georgia Board of Regents renamed many higher-education institutions, with Clayton State becoming Clayton College and State University. In 2005, the name was changed to Clayton State University to acknowledge its fast-growing undergraduate and professional programs. Clayton State University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award associate and master's degrees.
Clayton State University is organized into four colleges and one school: College of Arts and Sciences College of Business College of Health College of Information and Mathematical Sciences School of Graduate StudiesThe College of Business is accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. The Harry S. Downs Continuing Education Center, overlooking the main campus lake, is offers programs in language, personal growth, technical subjects, is a venue for conferences and special events. In 2004, approval for developing a masters program was given by the Georgia Board of Regents. Clayton State University offers nine master's degree programs and 40 baccalaureate degree majors; the university is accredited by the Southern Association of Schools. Clayton State students live throughout Atlanta and Georgia, represent every region of the United States and some 30 foreign countries. While one-third of the students are under 22, the median age is 28 and the University is recognized for two-thirds of its students being non-traditional, adult learners.
The US News & World Report ranking of colleges in 2010 identified Clayton State University as having the most diverse student body population among comprehensive baccalaureate-level colleges and universities in the Southern United States six times in the past decade. All students are required to have access to a laptop computer, regardless of major or status. On February 1, 2011 the student login "SWAN" was updated to be more secure against phishing of students' usernames and passwords, it was updated again in the spring of 2017. The Campus Events Council is the largest student-based organization on the Clayton State University campus, providing informational and social events. In 2012, Clayton State was ranked third among state universities in Georgia in economic impact by the University of Georgia’s Selig Center for Economic Growth. Clayton State University was named by the Arbor Day Foundation as Tree Campus USA. For three consecutive years, 2011 - 2013, Clayton State University was named by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution as one of the Top 100 Workplaces in Metro Atlanta.
Clayton State University is a Division II member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, competing in the Peach Belt Conference. The university fields varsity teams, known as the Lakers, in five men's and five women's sports: men's and women's basketball, men's and women's cross country, men's golf, men's and women's soccer, women's tennis, men's and women's indoor and outdoor track and field. Official website Clayton State Athletics website
DeKalb County, Georgia
DeKalb County is a county in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 691,893, its county seat is Decatur. DeKalb County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it contains 10% of the city of Atlanta. It is Georgia's most diverse county. DeKalb is a suburban county, is the second-most-affluent county with an African-American majority in the United States, behind Prince George's County, Maryland, in suburban Washington, D. C. In 2009, DeKalb earned the Atlanta Regional Commission's "Green Communities" designation for its efforts in conserving energy and fuel. In recent years, some communities in North DeKalb have incorporated, following a trend in other suburban areas around Metro Atlanta. Dunwoody and Brookhaven are now the largest cities within the county. DeKalb County, formed in 1822 from Henry and Fayette counties, took its name from Baron Johann de Kalb, a Bavarian-born former officer in the French Army, who fought for the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.
The oldest existing house in the county is the 1831 Goodwin House along Peachtree Road in Brookhaven. In 1853, Fulton County formed from the western half of DeKalb, divided along a straight and due north/south line down the middle; until this time, the growing city of Atlanta had been inside DeKalb. Atlanta grew because the city of Decatur did not want to become the railroad terminus in the 1830s, thus a spot at the Thrasherville encampment in western DeKalb was picked to become Terminus and Marthasville, before becoming Atlanta a few years after its founding. North and southwest Fulton came from two other counties: Milton and southeast Campbell, respectively. DeKalb once extended further north to the Chattahoochee River, but this strip was given to Milton, is now the panhandle of Sandy Springs. During the Civil War, much of the Battle of Atlanta took place in DeKalb; until the 1960s, DeKalb was a agricultural county, but as the sprawl of the metropolitan Atlanta region expanded, DeKalb became urbanized.
Finished in 1969, the eastern half of the Interstate 285 beltway, called "the Perimeter", ringed the northeastern and southern edges of the county, placing most of it "inside the Perimeter" along with nearly all of Atlanta. Interstate 675 and Georgia 400 were planned to connect inside the Perimeter, along with the Stone Mountain Freeway connecting with the Downtown Connector near Moreland Avenue, destroying many neighborhoods in western DeKalb, but community opposition in the early 1970s spared them this fate of urbanization, although part of the proposed Stone Mountain Tollway became the Freedom Parkway. Only Interstate 20 and Interstate 85 were built through the county. DeKalb became one of only two counties to approve MARTA rapid transit in the 1970s. In April 2018, more than 350 bus drivers for DeKalb County School District went on strike over low pay and poor working conditions, resulting in seven bus drivers being fired. In recent years, along with many other counties in the Atlanta area, DeKalb County has voted Democratic in presidential elections, while in the past it was more of a swing county, voting Democratic and Republican an equal number of times from 1960 until 1988.
In the wake of the United States elections, 2018, it no longer has any Republican representatives in the state legislature or United States House of Representatives, for the first time since the breakdown of the old Solid South. The current Chief Executive Officer of DeKalb County is Michael Thurmond, he took office on January 1, 2017. Current County Commissioners as of January 2019: Unincorporated DeKalb County is policed by the DeKalb County Police Department, the DeKalb Sheriff's Office, responsible for serving criminal warrants and securing the courts and county jail, the DeKalb Marshal's Office, which serves civil processes issued through state court, such as evictions. Fire services are provided throughout the county by Rescue. DeKalb County Fire and Rescue provided emergency medical services throughout the county; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is based in the Druid Hills CDP in an unincorporated area in the county. The Federal Bureau of Investigation Atlanta Field Office is located in Chamblee.
The Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice has its headquarters near Decatur. The Georgia Bureau of Investigation has its headquarters near Decatur, in an unincorporated area; the Metro State Prison of the Georgia Department of Corrections was located in an unincorporated area in DeKalb County. Female death row inmates resided in the Metro State Prison; the prison was closed in 2011. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 271 square miles, of which 268 square miles is land and 3.6 square miles is water. The county is crossed by the South River and numerous creeks, including Nancy Creek, Snapfinger Creek and two forks of Peachtree Creek. Peachtree Creek and Nancy Creek drain into the Chattahoochee River and to the Gulf of Mexico. South River drains into the Ocmulgee River and into the Atl
Marietta is located in central Cobb County, United States, is the county's seat and largest city. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 56,579; the 2017 estimate is 61,048. Marietta is the fourth largest of the principal cities of the Atlanta metropolitan statistical area; the origin of the name is uncertain. It is believed that the city was named for Mary Cobb, the wife of U. S. Senator and Superior Court judge Thomas Willis Cobb. Judge Cobb is the namesake of the county. Homes were built by early settlers near the Cherokee town of Big Shanty prior to 1824; the first plat was laid out in 1833. Like most towns, Marietta had a square in the center with a courthouse; the Georgia General Assembly recognized the community on December 19, 1834. Built in 1838, Oakton House is the oldest continuously occupied residence in Marietta; the original barn, milk house and wellhouse remain on the property. The spectacular gardens contain the boxwood parterre from the 1870s. Oakton served as Major General Loring's headquarters during the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in 1864.
Marietta was selected as the hub for the new Western and Atlantic Railroad, business boomed. By 1838, roadbed and trestles had been built north of the city. However, in 1840, political wrangling stopped construction for a time. In 1842, the railroad's new management decided to move the hub from Marietta to an area that would become Atlanta. Nonetheless, in 1850, when the railroad began operation, Marietta shared in the resulting prosperity. Businessman and politician John Glover arrived in 1848. A popular figure, Glover was elected mayor when the city incorporated in 1852. Another early resident was Carey Cox, a physician, who promoted a "water cure", which developed into a spa that attracted patients to the area; the Cobb County Medical Society recognizes him as the county's first physician. The Georgia Military Institute was built in 1851, the first bank opened in 1855. During the 1850s, fire destroyed much of the city on three separate occasions. By the time the Civil War began in 1861, Marietta had recovered from the fires.
In April 1862, James Andrews, a civilian working with the Union Army, came to Marietta, along with a small party of Union soldiers dressed in civilian clothing. The group spent the night in the Fletcher House hotel located in front of the Western and Atlantic Railroad. Andrews and his men, who became known as the Andrews Raiders, planned to seize a train and proceed north toward the city of Chattanooga, destroying the railroad on their way, they hoped, in so doing, to isolate Chattanooga from Atlanta and bring about the downfall of the Confederate stronghold. The Raiders boarded a waiting train on the morning of April 1862, along with other passengers. Shortly thereafter, the train made a scheduled stop in the town of Big Shanty, now known as Kennesaw; when the other passengers got off the train for breakfast and the Raiders stole the engine and the car behind it, which carried the fuel. The engine, called The General, Andrews' Raiders had begun the episode now known as the Great Locomotive Chase.
Andrews and the Raiders failed in their mission. Andrews and all of his men were caught within two weeks, including two men who had arrived late and missed the hijacking. All were tried as spies and hanged. General William Tecumseh Sherman invaded the town during the Atlanta Campaign in the summer of 1864. In November 1864, General Hugh Kilpatrick set the town ablaze, the first strike in Sherman's March to the Sea. Sherman's troops crossed the Chattahoochee River at a shallow section known as the Palisades, after burning the Marietta Paper Mills near the mouth of Sope Creek; the Marietta Confederate Cemetery, with the graves of over 3,000 Confederate soldiers killed during the Battle of Atlanta, is located in the city. In 1892, the city established a public school system, it included a high school for a separate high school for blacks. Leo Frank was lynched at 1200 Roswell Road just east of Marietta on August 17, 1915. Frank, a Jewish-American superintendent of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta, had been convicted on August 25, 1913, for the murder of one of his factory workers, 13-year-old Mary Phagan.
The murder and trial, sensationalized in the local press, portrayed Frank as sexually depraved, captured the public's attention. An eleventh-hour commutation by Governor John Slaton of Frank's death sentence to life imprisonment created great local outrage. A mob threatened the governor to the extent that the Georgia National Guard had to be called to defend him, he left the state with his political career over. Another mob, systematically organized for the purpose, abducted Frank from prison, drove him to Marietta, hanged him; the leaders of the abduction included past and future elected local and state officials. There were two state legislators, the mayor, a former governor, a clergyman, two former Superior Court justices, an ex-sheriff. In reaction Jewish activists created the Anti-Defamation League, to work to educate Americans about Jewish life and culture, to prevent anti-Semitism. Marietta is located near the center of Cobb County, between Kennesaw to the northwest and Smyrna to the southeast.
U. S. Route 41 and State Route 3 run through the city northeast of downtown as Cobb Parkway, Interstate 75 runs parallel to it through the eastern part of Marietta, with access from exits 261, 263, 265, 267. Downtown Atlanta is 20 miles to the southeast, Cartersville is 24 miles to th