|Rank||Name||Canton||Highest Point |
Altitude (m) (Situation as of 2018)
|7||Lac de la Haute-Sûre||Wiltz||537|
|36||Vallée de l'Ernz||Diekirch||420|
Mersch is a commune and town in central Luxembourg, capital of the canton of Mersch. It is situated at the confluence of the rivers Alzette and Eisch; as of 2001, the town of Mersch, which lies in the centre of the commune, has a population of 3,345. Other towns within the commune include Beringen, Moesdorf, Reckange and Schoenfels. Mersch is the home of Luxembourg's national literary archive; the town is the site of one of the six regional headquarters of the Grand Ducal Police. Mersch Castle is one of the castles belonging to the Valley of the Seven Castles. Located in the centre of the town, its history goes back to the 13th century. Today the castle houses the administrative offices of the local commune; some 3 kilometres north of Mersch, Pettingen Castle in the village of Pettingen is one of the best preserved fortified castles in the country. Mersch is connected to the centre and north of the country on Line 10 trains serving Mersch railway station. Media related to Mersch at Wikimedia Commons
Grosbous is a commune and small town in western Luxembourg, in the canton of Redange. As of 2005, the town of Grosbous, which lies in the south of the commune, has a population of 619. Other towns within the commune include Dellen. Media related to Grosbous at Wikimedia Commons Syndicat d'Initative et de Tourisme Grosbous
Vianden is a commune with town status in the Oesling, north-eastern Luxembourg, with over 1,800 inhabitants. It is the capital of the canton of Vianden, part of the district of Diekirch. Vianden lies near the border between Luxembourg and Germany; as of 2013, the town of Vianden, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 1,811. It is known for its impressive castle and beautiful location in the Our valley; the origins of Vianden date back to the Gallo-Roman age when there was a castellum on the site of the present castle. The original name of Vianden was Viennensis; the valley was covered in vineyards in Roman times, the first historical reference to Vianden was in 698 when there is a record of a gift in the form of a vineyard in Monte Viennense made by Saint Irmina to the Abbey of Echternach. Vianden possesses one of the oldest charters in Europe, granted in 1308 by Philip II, count of Vianden, from whom the family of Nassau-Vianden sprang, and, the ancestor of William of Orange.
In the Middle Ages, Vianden's craftsmen were recognised for their skills as tanners, weavers, masons and goldsmiths. In 1490, they created guilds for their various trades. Over the years pig-farming and leathermaking became the major industry with the establishment of two tanneries at the end of the 19th century which closed in the mid-1950s; the castle was built between the 11th and 14th centuries and became the seat of the counts of Vianden. It was further developed until the 18th century but with the departure of the Counts of Luxembourg to the Netherlands combined with the effects of fire and an earthquake, it deteriorated; the final blow came in 1820 when William I of the Netherlands sold it to a local merchant who in turn sold off its contents and masonry piecemeal, reducing it to a ruin. There were several attempts at restoration but these were hampered by problems of ownership. Still, the chapel which forms part of it was restored in 1849 by Prince Henry of the Netherlands, during one of his visits to the town Victor Hugo lived in the castle for three months in 1871.
Not until 1977, when Grand Duke Jean ceded the castle to the State, was it possible to undertake large-scale work, most of which has now been completed. Vianden is remembered as the site of multiple battles in World War II. In November 1944 it saw fierce combat between German forces, it was the last place in Luxembourg to be freed from the Germans in February 1945 when the Americans completed Luxembourg's liberation. A memorial to the west of the town, overlooking the castle, commemorates this final battle; the first Boeing 747-8F built, RC501, is named "City of Vianden" and is operated by Cargolux Airlines. Vianden is a 47 kilometres drive from Luxembourg town, it can be reached by bus from Diekirch or Clervaux which have rail connections to the city of Luxembourg. There are buses to Bitburg in Germany. Many visitors arrive by bicycle taking the signposted cycle tracks from the south along the Our valley. Like the city of Luxembourg, Vianden has a temperate climate with chilly winters. Rainfall is moderate.
The prevailing wind is south-westerly. The summer evenings are pleasant with temperatures of around 25 °C until 11 pm. There are short periods of drought but the vegetation loses its rich green for long. Daylight extends from about 5 am from 8 am to 4.30 pm in December. In the summer, temperatures can be quite warm and in the case that the preceding winter is mild, there is a higher chance that insect populations will over-reproduce. During these summers, fruit fly and mosquito populations increase becoming a nuisance for residents and tourists; the scenic atmosphere and various local attractions have made Vianden a popular tourist destination in Luxembourg with many tens of thousands of visitors every year from the Netherlands and Germany. With its 14 hotels, four campsites and youth hostel, there is a wide selection of accommodation. In addition, Vianden benefits from the large numbers of day-trippers who take advantage of its restaurants, cafés, souvenir shops and sports facilities; the economy is however not without problems.
While the hydro-electric pumping plant continues directly and indirectly to provide employment for the local population, the closure of the Electrolux plant a couple of years ago has resulted in a considerable loss of jobs. The commune is now planning to encourage the establishment of skilled craft industries in the area by making land available for development. Vianden is one of Luxembourg's main tourist centres with large numbers of holidaymakers and local visitors at all times of the year. In particular, the restored castle set spectactularly on the rocks above the town has become a museum which traces its history and its links with the royal families of Europe back to the Middle Ages. There are links with Victor Hugo who visited Luxembourg in 1862 and 1865 and spent a longer period in Vianden in 1871, his sketches and letters can be seen in the museum located in the house where he stayed next to the bridge over the Our. There is a museum of arts and crafts and a doll and toy museum, but many people just visit Vianden to wander through its hilly, historic streets or as a centre for walking, camping or cycling in the north of Luxembourg.
There is a pleasant cycle route up the Sauer and Our val
Kayl is a commune and town in south-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Esch-sur-Alzette, part of the district of Luxembourg; as of 2001, the town of Kayl, which lies in the centre of the commune, has a population of 4,237. Other towns within the commune include Tétange; the first surviving written reference to'Keyle' dates from 1235. Since the thirteenth century the name of the town has not changed although more than twenty different spellings have been identified. Media related to Kayl at Wikimedia Commons
Feulen is a commune in central Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Diekirch, part of the district of Diekirch; the commune's administrative centre is Niederfeulen. Towns within the commune include Oberfeulen. Media related to Feulen at Wikimedia Commons
Clervaux is a commune and town in northern Luxembourg, administrative capital of the canton of Clervaux. The town's arms, granted in 1896, show three blackbirds on a gold ground in the chief of a red shield, as a variation of the arms of the former Lords of Clervaux; the city was the site of heavy fighting during World War II, in the December 1944 Battle of Clervaux, part of the "Battle of the Bulge". As of 2015, the town of Clervaux, which lies in the south-west of the commune, has a population of 1,309. Other towns within the commune are: Drauffelt Eselborn Fischbach Grindhausen Heinerscheid Hupperdange Urspelt Kalborn Lieler Marnach Mecher, Clervaux Munshausen Reuler Roder Siebenaler Weicherdange The Family of Man, a famous exhibit of photos collected by Edward Steichen, is on permanent display in Clervaux Castle; the castle includes the Battle of the Bulge Museum, with an extensive collection of American and Luxembourgish artifacts from World War II, an exhibition of models of the castles and palaces of Luxembourg.
A U. S. Sherman tank that participated in the battle for Clervaux and a German 88 anti-aircraft/anti-tank artillery piece are on display in front of the castle; the Abbey of St. Maurice and St. Maur is situated on the hills above the town of Clervaux. Notable associations include Halldór Laxness, 1902–1998, the Nobel Prize-winning Icelandic writer, who converted to Roman Catholicism while staying at the abbey. A Roman Catholic mission to Scandinavia has for many years maintained a base at the abbey; the town is home to a parish church, built between 1910 and 1912 in the Rheinisch-Romanesque style, to an eighteenth century chapel. "Clervaux". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6. 1911. Media related to Clervaux at Wikimedia Commons http://www.tourisme-clervaux.lu/
Putscheid is a commune and village in north-eastern Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Vianden; as of 2001, the village of Putscheid, which lies in the centre of the commune, has a population of 35. Other villages within the commune include Bivels, Nachtmanderscheid and Weiler. Media related to Putscheid at Wikimedia Commons