Clervaux is a commune and town in northern Luxembourg, administrative capital of the canton of Clervaux. The town's arms, granted in 1896, show three blackbirds on a gold ground in the chief of a red shield, as a variation of the arms of the former Lords of Clervaux; the city was the site of heavy fighting during World War II, in the December 1944 Battle of Clervaux, part of the "Battle of the Bulge". As of 2015, the town of Clervaux, which lies in the south-west of the commune, has a population of 1,309. Other towns within the commune are: Drauffelt Eselborn Fischbach Grindhausen Heinerscheid Hupperdange Urspelt Kalborn Lieler Marnach Mecher, Clervaux Munshausen Reuler Roder Siebenaler Weicherdange The Family of Man, a famous exhibit of photos collected by Edward Steichen, is on permanent display in Clervaux Castle; the castle includes the Battle of the Bulge Museum, with an extensive collection of American and Luxembourgish artifacts from World War II, an exhibition of models of the castles and palaces of Luxembourg.
A U. S. Sherman tank that participated in the battle for Clervaux and a German 88 anti-aircraft/anti-tank artillery piece are on display in front of the castle; the Abbey of St. Maurice and St. Maur is situated on the hills above the town of Clervaux. Notable associations include Halldór Laxness, 1902–1998, the Nobel Prize-winning Icelandic writer, who converted to Roman Catholicism while staying at the abbey. A Roman Catholic mission to Scandinavia has for many years maintained a base at the abbey; the town is home to a parish church, built between 1910 and 1912 in the Rheinisch-Romanesque style, to an eighteenth century chapel. "Clervaux". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6. 1911. Media related to Clervaux at Wikimedia Commons http://www.tourisme-clervaux.lu/
Sanem is a commune and town in south-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Esch-sur-Alzette; the administrative centre and largest town is Belvaux. As of 2005, the town of Sanem, which lies in the north of the commune, has a population of 2,397. Other towns within the commune include Belvaux and Soleuvre. Sanem Castle has a history dating back to the 13th century. Today's building was completed in 1557 after the medieval castle had been destroyed; the castle still maintains much of its original character. List of mayors of Sanem Media related to Sanem at Wikimedia Commons Commune of Sanem official website
Käerjeng is a commune in southwestern Luxembourg, in the canton of Capellen. It lies on the border with Belgium; the commune of Käerjeng was formed on 1 January 2012 from the former communes of Bascharage and Clemency. The law creating Käerjeng was passed on 24 May 2011, it has an area of 33.67 km2. The commune has the following localities: Gemeng Käerjeng is one of the 106 communes in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, it is situated in the south-west of the country in the canton of Capellen. Five towns are part of the commune: Bascharage and the towns Clemency, Fingig and Linger. Gemeng Käerjeng has a population of 10,000 citizens and has the 9th-highest commune population in Luxembourg. Gemeng Käerjeng is located on the dividing line of the waters of the Rhine basin and the watershed of the Meuse, it is bordered by the communes of Pétange, Sanem, Dippach and Steinfort, as well as the Belgian border to the north-west. Elevation: Between 247 m at Tapp near Linger and 362 m at Kues near Fingig. Total area: 52.2 km2 Media related to Käerjeng at Wikimedia Commons
Rumelange is a commune with town status in south-western Luxembourg, on the border with France. Rumelange was formed on 25 September 1891; the law forming Rumelange was passed on the 27 June 1891. As of the February 1, 2011 census, the commune had a population of 5,038; as of 2008, the town of Rumelange, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 4,818. It is the site of some of the underground iron mines no longer in operation. Rumelange is home to Luxembourg's National Mining Museum. Batty Weber an influential journalist and author Alfred Kieffer a Luxembourgian footballer, competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics Foni Tissen a Luxembourg schoolteacher and artist of hyperrealistic, darkly humorous paintings Emile Kirscht a Luxembourg painter and a co-founder of the Iconomaques group of abstract artists in Luxembourg Ernest Toussaint boxer, competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Mamer is a commune and town in south-western Luxembourg. It is located 7 km west of Luxembourg City; the commune includes Mamer itself, the smaller communities of Capellen and Holzem. Mamer is situated on a tributary of the Alzette; the A6 motorway from Luxembourg to Brussels designated European route E25, runs through Mamer. As of 2014, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 8,173; the town is the thirteenth-largest in Luxembourg. The commune as a whole is the fourteenth-most populous in the country; the Treveri, a Gallic or Celtic tribe, inhabited the region for several hundred years until they were conquered by Julius Caesar in 54 BC. A Celtic necropolis from the 1st century was discovered in the early 1970s on the Juckelsboesch plateau between Mamer and Kehlen. A beautiful dark blue glass bowl was among the offerings found in the tombs. During the Gallo-Roman era which lasted until about 450, the Romans built and maintained a number of roads in the area including the Kiem linking Trier to Reims through what is now Mamer.
Mambra was a Roman vicus centred on a villa with thermal baths, sited on the banks of the Mamer River at the eastern end of today's Mamer. The Roman settlement was burnt by Germanic invaders around 276; the oldest historical reference to Mamer is to be found in a document which records how, on 8 April 960, daughter of Wigeric, Count Palatine, made a gift of the hamlet of Mambra to Saint Maximin's Abbey in Trier for the benefit of the monks. Nicolaus Mameranus was born in Mamer in 1500. A soldier and historian under Charles V, he succeeded in having the Emperor pay for the restoration of the village of Mamer after the Duke of Orléans' troops pillaged it in 1543. In 1555, he was appointed poet laureate; the road linking Luxembourg City to Brussels, passing through Mamer, was built in 1790. In 1859, the railway to Brussels was opened, with a station in Mamer; the inhabitants of Mamer suffered under the First and Second World Wars, although the town itself escaped bombing. The Voie de la Liberté commemorating the victorious route of the Allies after the D-Day landings passes through Mamer, liberated on 10 September 1944.
Since 1945, Mamer has prospered year-by-year as a result of its location close to Luxembourg City and its excellent road and rail connections. In 2003, the Lycée Technique Josy Barthel was opened, as was the Mamer Lycée railway station, which serves it; the population of Mamer has increased over the past 40 years, reaching 5,047 in 2005 and 8,173 in 2014. Some 46% are foreigners, representing over 60 countries, with significant numbers from Portugal, Belgium and Germany; this can be ascribed to Mamer's development as a commuter town for those working in the international institutions and financial services in and around Luxembourg City. The communal council, with offices at Mamer Castle, consists of 13 members: 6 from the Christian Social People's Party, 3 Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party, 2 Democratic Party, 2 The Greens; the mayor, Gilles Roth, in his second term since October 2005, is a lawyer and counsellor at the Ministry of Finance. Since April 2006, he has been chairman of the CSV's communal councils committee.
A native of Mamer, he is married with one child. The communal coat of arms consists of a temple on a blue background with four golden columns, headed by a blue wheel between two hooks; the colours are based on the arms of the Mersch-Rodemacks. The temple depicts Mamer's long history and its discovered Roman vestiges; the wheel stems from the arms of the Mameranus family while the two hooks are reminiscent of the crest of the Mamer family. Only 7 km west of Luxembourg City, Mamer enjoys a pleasant semi-rural setting in Luxembourg's Gutland, where the undulating surroundings are ideal for cattle farming and forestry; the centre of the original village is to the south of the N6 from Luxembourg City to Arlon. This is where the church, town hall, most of the shops are located. Several restaurants are located along the Route d'Arlon itself; the extensive Belle Etoile shopping centre is 2 km to the east. Most of the recent housing developments have been to the north, between the N6 and the E25 motorway in the Cité Mameranus area.
There have been commercial developments to the west close to the Mamer motorway exit. Since 2000, Mamer has seen the opening of the Lycée Technique Josy Barthel. In addition, the Kinneksbond, a large primary school and pre-school complex, opened in 2007. Adjacent to the school buildings, the ultra-modern Kinneksbond cultural centre opened in October 2010. A second European School for Luxembourg is now being built in the area; the commune boasts three railway stations: Mamer, Mamer Lycée, Capellen. All three are located on Line 50. From Mamer, there are regular train services to Kleinbettingen and Arlon. In addition to a frequent bus service to Luxembourg and Kirchberg, long-distance routes connect Mamer to Arlon, Septfontaines, Steinfort and Eischen. Mamer has a variety of school-bus routes serving both the Luxembourg schools and the European School. In recent years, Mamer has seen the development of a wide range of services including an Ambulance and Fire Station and seco
Wiltz is a commune with town status in north-western Luxembourg, capital of the canton Wiltz. Wiltz is situated on the banks of the river Wiltz, it was a battleground in the Battle of the Bulge, near the end of World War II. A local airfield was used depending on the location of the Front; as of 2014, the town of Wiltz, which lies in the south of the commune, has a population of 5,469. Other towns within the commune include Weidingen; the name "Wiltz" comes from a Celtic word meaning "on the creek." Wiltz was inhabited by the Celts, was first documented in 764AD. It received its town rights in 1240; the counts of Wiltz are among the oldest in Luxembourg. One of the main features of the town is Wiltz Castle; this castle, situated on 600 acres of lawns and gardens, contains hundreds of rooms. It was completed in 1727, the final Count died in 1793, it served as a private girls school from 1851 until 1950, became a retirement home after that. The industrialisation of Wiltz was advanced in the late 19th and early 20th century by the leather industry, namely by IDÉAL Tannerie de Wiltz S.
A. belonging to the Adler & Oppenheimer trust. During World War II, Luxembourg was occupied 10 May 1940. On 31 August 1942, a general strike was initiated in Wiltz. On 16 December 1944, the Wehrmacht began the Ardennes Offensive. Norman Cota, the commander of the 28th Infantry Division and his staff left Wiltz when the Germans came nearer. In the evening of 19 December, after some combat, the last Americans left Wiltz. On January 1945, Wiltz was liberated by American troops after intensive combats during the days before. Wiltz was named Martyr Town after the war. A monument representing a lighthouse was erected to commemorate the victims of the repression following the 1942 General Strike. Wiltz has a quiet town centre. There is an outdoor musical hall with bands and classical musical shows held every fortnight. Looking out from the hill on the music hall one will see the largest lake in the country at Esch-sur-Sure, located around 20 km away. A local multi-carriage tourist "road-train" takes visitors around the village and its surroundings on the hour.
There is an international soccer training pitch. In the heart of Wiltz there is plenty to see with a second world war tank parked in the main plaza. One of the most popular nights out is the summer rave held 10 km in the wilderness. A local farm has been transformed into a pub and rave club, this is a favourite night out for scout units. Wiltz is a major centre for the international scouting movement. There are many scout buildings surrounding the town; the International Scouting One Penny Monument, dedicated to Robert Baden-Powell, is located in Wiltz. Nearby Wiltz, on a hill overlooking the town, the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima is the site of an annual pilgrimage on Ascension Day. In particular it attracts many of the Portuguese people who form a sizeable proportion of the population of Luxembourg; the Festival of Wiltz, a music and performing arts festival, takes place every summer. In 2015 it was the venue for the Linuxbierwanderung. Paul Wilwertz a Luxembourgian politician Romain Schneider a Luxembourgian politician Kevin Malget a Luxembourgish international footballer FC Wiltz 71 Wiltz Castle Wiltz railway station Wiltz municipality official site Festival of Wiltz RadioLNW – Local broadcast station in Wiltz Scouts de Wiltz
Diekirch is a commune with town status in north-eastern Luxembourg, capital city of the canton Diekirch and, until its abolition in 2015, the district of Diekirch. The town is situated on the banks of the Sauer river; the town's heraldic shield, showing a crowned lion on a castle, was granted in 1988. It is based on the town's 14th century seal and arms; as of 2001, the town of Diekirch itself, which lies in the south of the commune, has a population of 6,068. Diekirch was the first town in Luxembourg to have a pedestrian zone, in 1977. Diekirch is home to a brewery of national importance carrying the town's name. Three secondary schools are located in Diekirch: Lycée classique de Diekirch, Lycée technique hôtelier Alexis Heck and Nordstadlycée; the town is home to the national operational headquarters of the Luxembourgish Army at the Haerebierg Military Centre and the National Museum of Military History, reflecting Diekirch's pivotal role in the famous Battle of the Bulge, called by the Germans Rundstedt-Offensive, a major battle of World War II.
It was here that the river Sauer was crossed on the night of January 18, 1945, by the US 5th Infantry division. The town is the seat of one of the six regional headquarters of the Grand Ducal Police and of one of the two judicial districts of Luxembourg; as far as sports events are concerned, Diekirch has gained a reputation for its annual cross country running competition — the Eurocross —, an IAAF permit meeting and attracts world-class runners, with Gabriela Szabo and Irina Mikitenko among its past winners. The town received its name, according to old sources, when Charlemagne in the late 8th century resettled Saxons, in order to bring them under his control. One of the centre of these settlements was in the area of Diekirch. In order to convert the pagan Saxons to Christianity, a church was built, which gave the settlement its name: "Diet-Kirch". In Old Franconian, thiuda. Þeudō is a reconstructed word from Germanic, which plays a role in the etymology of the term "Deutsch". In the 14th century, the blind king of Bohemia, fortified it, surrounding the place with a castellated wall and a ditch supplied by a stream.
It remained more or less fortified until the beginning of the 19th century when the French, during their occupation, levelled the old walls and substituted avenues of trees. In the course of extensive excavation in the 1960s, it was shown that the St. Laurence church is a Roman building. In the early 20th century, wall ruins and mosaics were being found north of the town center. Archaeological investigations in 1992-1993, 1999 and 2008 enabled the reconstruction of a large Roman villa, which extended over all the land of the medieval town and was abandoned in the early 5th century; the town's mascot is the donkey. There is a donkey fountain in the centre of Diekirch; the yearly cavalcade is held under the sign of the donkey. Paul Eyschen a Luxembourgish politician, statesman and diplomat, he was the eighth Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for twenty-seven years, 1888-1915. Léon Roth a Luxembourgian sprint canoer who competed in the 1952 Summer Olympics Johnny Lucas a Luxembourgian sprint canoer who competed in the 1952 Summer Olympics Ali Kaes a Luxembourgish politician General Gaston Reinig a Luxembourgian soldier and a former Chief of Defence of the Luxembourg Army Michael Pinto a Portuguese professional footballer Diekirch is twinned with: Media related to Diekirch at Wikimedia Commons Official website