Bettembourg is a commune and town in southern Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Esch-sur-Alzette, part of the district of Luxembourg; as of 2005, the town of Bettembourg, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 7,157. Other towns within the commune include Abweiler, Fennange and Noertzange; the Parc Merveilleux children's amusement park is located just outside Bettembourg. Bettembourg Castle, located in the centre of the town, has a history starting in 1733 when it was built as the residence of a farming family. Today it houses the offices and services of the local commune and acts as the town hall of Bettembourg. Media related to Bettembourg at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Dippach is a commune and small town in south-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Capellen, part of the district of Luxembourg; the commune's administrative centre is Schouweiler. The River Mess, a tributary of the Alzette, rises here; as of 2005, the town of Dippach, which lies in the north-east of the commune, has a population of 790. Other villages within the commune include Bettange-sur-Mess and Sprinkange. Media related to Dippach at Wikimedia Commons
Esch-sur-Alzette is a commune with town status in south-western Luxembourg. It is the country's second "city", its second-most populous commune, with a population of 35,040 inhabitants, as of 2018, it lies in the south-west of the country, on the border with France and in the valley of the Alzette, which flows through the town. The town is referred to as just Esch; the country's capital, Luxembourg City, is 15 km to the north-east. For a long time Esch was a small farming village in the valley of the Uelzecht river; this changed. With the development of the mines and the steel industry the town's population multiplied tenfold in a couple of decades. In 1911 the steel- and iron-producing company ARBED was founded; the development of the steel industry in the south of the country, provided Luxembourg with sustained economic growth during the second half of the 19th century. In the 1970s, as a result of the steel crisis, the mines and many of the blast furnaces were shut down, the last one, in Esch-Belval halting its operations in 1997.
The blast furnaces were replaced by an electric furnace, fed with scrap metal rather than iron ore. Today the industrial wastelands on Belval left behind by the steel industry, are being redeveloped and converted into a new, modern town quarter. New cultural buildings such as the cinema Utopolis Belval and the Rockhal, Luxemburg's biggest concert hall, schools and Belval Plaza, a shopping centre, have been built in the last years; the area around the old blast furnaces will host different structures of the University of Luxembourg, many research centres and the national archives. Two of the University's three faculties relocated there: The Faculty of Arts and Education Sciences moved in the summer of 2016, the Faculty of Sciences and Communication in fall 2017. Esch-sur-Alzette is home to the National Museum of the Resistance, which has material related to the resistance to German occupation during the Second World War. Lucien Wercollier's sculpture. Other tourist attractions include the large park, the Berwart Tower, built in 1621.
The Lankelz miniature railway operates on Sunday afternoons and public holidays from May to mid-October. Esch is home to the Conservatoire de Musique. Founded as a school of music in 1926, it achieved Conservatoire status in 1969. There are two cinemas in the centre of the town, one called the'Ariston', the'Kinosch' and a third one called'Utopolis Belval' is situated in the former industrial wastelands Belval; the main theatre is the Théâtre d’Esch. There is the Kulturfabrik, a cultural centre in a reconverted abattoir which hosts performances of various kinds; the town is the site of one of the six regional headquarters of the Grand Ducal Police. The town has the longest shopping street in Luxembourg. One of the largest employers in the town is ArcelorMittal, the world's largest steel producer, which formed from the merger of Aceralia, ARBED, Usinor. Esch is governed by its communal council. Elections take place to this body every 6 years, under a system of proportional representation; the mayor is Vera Spautz, of the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party.
The governing majority on the council consists of The Greens. The council, in office reflects the 2011 local election results, its mandate will run out in January 2018.'G' denotes parties that went on to form the governing majority. 2017 electionsThe most recent elections were held on 8 October 2017. This new council will take office in January 2018. After the elections, a coalition agreement was signed between 3 parties, the CSV, the Greens, the DP, who will form the new governing majority on the council; the designated new mayor is Tom Schlesser of Dei Lénk. For national elections to the Chamber of Deputies, Esch is located in the Sud constituency. Esch is in the heart of the traditional footballing heartland of the south of the country, the town was the first place in the country to embrace the game; the first two football clubs in the country, CS Fola Esch and Jeunesse Esch, both come from the town. Jeunesse have been the most successful Luxembourgian club, winning an unrivalled twenty-eight National Division titles.
They play in the south of the town. Fola were important in the early history of the sport in Luxembourg, winning five titles up to 1930. Fola's home stadium is Stade Émile Mayrisch, in the south-east of Esch, which it shares with its sister athletics club CA Fola Esch. In 2017 US Esch joined Jeunesse and CS Fola in the top flight after winning the second division Promotion d'Honneur. At the 2006 Tour de France, Esch-sur-Alzette hosted the end of Stage 2 and the start of Stage 3; the Tour passed through the town in 2017. Esch-sur-Alzette is the southern terminus of the A4 motorway; the east-west A13 meets the A4 just to the north of Esch, terminates at Pétange in the west and meets the German Bundesautobahn 8 at its eastern end. Esch is one of four towns in the Grand Duchy to have more than one railway station. Esch's three railway stations, Esch-s
Rosport-Mompach is a commune of Luxembourg located in the canton of Echternach. The comune was created on 1 January 2018 with the fusion of the communes of Mompach. Born Dickweiler Girst Herborn Hinkel Moersdorf Mompach Osweiler Rosport Steinheim Givenich The commune bordered on the East by the German border; the commune forms part of the zone d'appellation of Crémant de Luxembourg. The carbonated water factory Sources Rosport SA is located in Rosport. Henri Tudor, engineer
Strassen is a commune and town in central Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Luxembourg. In 2016, Strassen's population was 8500 citizens; the current mayor of Strassen is Gaston Greiveldinger. Strassen was formed on 6 January 1851; the law forming Strassen was passed on 6 August 1849. The origins of the town began in Roman times; the name of Strassen comes from the Latin "strata,". In Roman times, the Roman road led from Trier through Arlon Mamer upwards. Remains of the road were found in 1960 during the widening of Kiem Street; the seal of Johann Strassen and religious piety dating from 1500, provided the basis for the municipal coat of arms created in 1976 and hieraldic description of "Cloche d'or". Due to a historical plague, one-third of the population of Strassen disappeared. With the cadastral maps during the time of Maria Theresia the area of Strassen was 2594.65 acres and the population was 417. Strassen, along with some houses in Reckenthal, became a parish in 1804. In 1823 the town of Strassen was united with the town of Bertrange, but by a law of August 6, 1849, Strassen was again separated from Bertrange effective 1 January 1850.
Thus it became a separate municipality from Reckenthal. At that time, the population consisted of 1300. In 1850, natives of Luxembourg including some from Strassen, began to emigrate to the United States, The emigrants from Luxembourg started experiencing a high death rate in the US, which discouraged further emigration. In 1854 the national poet Michel Rodange married a citizen of Strassen, by the name of Leysen Magdalene and they moved to Fels where he was a teacher; the first water main was laid in 1908. For an entire century, the population did not change much. Strassen in 1946 had 332 houses. In 1960 there were 1900 inhabitants and 20 years 4200. On 1 January 1997 there were about 5000 inhabitants in. Strassen is considered to be one of the smallest communes of the country. Due to a strong increase of Luxembourg's population, new districts are seeing the day in Strassen. Strassen has been classified as the 3th most expensive commune in Luxembourg. In fact, you have to count to spend on average 7 592 euro/m² on recent real estate goods.
Strassen is appreciated from the expatriates, given its proximity with Luxembourg City, its quality of life. As in many other communes in Luxembourg, Strassen has a private aquatic center named Les Thermes, with a cost of €37,000,000. Luxembourg's national center of archery and the national center of martial arts are located in Strassen. In September the biennial Stroossefestival takes part in central Strassen, with performances, food stalls, attractions for all ages. Like elsewhere in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, public transport is fast. There are buses. Strassen has provided for a city night shuttle bus service. In the municipal area, there are 4 schools, well equipped. In primary school, students lessons are in the three official languages of the country; the primary in Luxembourgish and the secondary language is German, while studying the prospect of having the second language cycle in French and the third language cycle in English. Bernard of Luxemburg, Dominican theologian Official website
Differdange is a commune with town status in south-western Luxembourg, 17 miles west from the country's capital. It lies near the borders with Belgium and France and it is located in the canton of Esch-sur-Alzette. With a population of around 26,000, Differdange is the country's third largest city, it is the main town of the commune, other towns within the commune include Lasauvage and Oberkorn. Differdange is an industrial town, home to much of Luxembourg's steel production, much of its development occurred during its heyday. Today, Differdange still remains an important industrial center, with ArcelorMittal, the world's largest steel producer, retaining an important steel factory in the town. Notable landmarks in Differdange include the Maison de Soins de Differdange, an ancient Cistercian abbey dating back to 1235 and the Differdange Castle, located on a hill in the centre of the town, which dates from 1577 and is now used by Miami University; as such, Differdange is home to Miami University's Dolibois European Center, the University's European campus branch where students study abroad.
Differdange is home to football team FC Differdange 03. The era of the Cistercian cathedrals and abbeys was in full swing during the thirteenth century and Differdange did not deviate from this pattern. In 1235, Alexandre de Soleuvre founded the abbey of Differdange, which he donated to the order of Cîteaux; the Cistercian abbey welcomed only sisters from the nobility of Luxembourg. Subsequently, women from the Lorraine region of France and the present province of Luxembourg in Wallonia made their vows at Differdange. In 1552, the abbey sacked by French soldiers. However, it was during the French invasion of Luxembourg that the abbey and the town experienced real raids and innumerable rampages; the last abbess to direct the convent was Marie-Madeleine de Gourcy, who held office until 1796. After her mandate, the Order was formally dissolved; the Abbey of Differdange was auctioned off in 1797 and subsequently be bought by the commune of Differdange in 1929. In 1981 following its purchase by government of Luxembourg, the Differdange Abbey was transformed into a hospital and health center.
The Differdange Castle is one of the only remaining landmarks from the Renaissance period in the area. Although it has no known origin since all traced manuscripts have disappeared, squire listed was Wilhelm de Differdange, named in documents dating from 1310; the castle is the earliest example in Luxembourg of a château built in the Renaissance style. It was intended as a fortification. Differdange'e descendants were extinguished in 1400 with the death of his last grandson. In 1552, the castle underwent a disastrous fire, It was restored and occupied by Anna of Isenburg. Beginning in 1830, Luxembourg's steel industry evolved from and artisan stage to an industrial stage. In 1896, two blast furnaces were erected in Differdange with the name of "Société Anonyme des Hauts-Fourneaux de Differdange". Subsequently, eight other blast furnaces were built, allowing the production of steel beams known at the time as "Differdinger". On August 4, 1907, Differdange received its town status by William IV of Luxembourg.
During the 20th century, the industrial boom was at its peak, the population of Differdange rose from less than 4,000 in 1890 to 18,000 by 1930. In 1967, the "Société des Hauts-Fourneaux and Aciererie de Differdange" merged with several steel companies in Belgium and France to form ARBED, Luxembourg's largest steel company, which had numerous factories in Differdange; the town is located in the valley of the river Chiers, a tributary of the river Meuse which takes its source in the section of Oberkorn. Differdange has an altitude of 293 meters, the highest point of the municipality being at 427,1m at Koufeld; the commune spreads over 2,215 hectares. Its territory borders France, through the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle in the basin of Longwy. Differdange Lasauvage Niederkorn Oberkorn Émile Krieps a resistance leader and politician Jean Portante a writer of novels, plays, journalistic articles and poetry. J. the current Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Luxembourg since 2011SportÉtienne Bausch a footballer, competed at the 1924 Summer Olympics Émile Kolb a footballer, competed at the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics Bernard Fischer a footballer, competed at the 1928 Summer Olympics Paul Feierstein a footballer, competed at the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics Michael Maurer a boxer who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics Arnold Kieffer a footballer, competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics Fernand Ciatti a boxer, competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics Julien Darui a French football goalkeeper Gusty Kemp a footballer, played 20 times for the national team and competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics Paul Anen a fencer, competed at the 1948 and 1952 Summer Olympics Jean-Fernand Leischen a fencer, competed in three Summer Olympics Nicolas May a footballer, competed in the 1948 Summer Olympics Josy Stoffel a retired gymnast, competed in five consecutive Summer Olympics in 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960 & 1964 Rudy Kugeler a fencer, competed in the team épée at the 1960 Summer Olympics Ferd Lahure (b
Communes of Luxembourg
Luxembourg's 102 Communes conform to LAU Level 2 and are the country's lowest administrative divisions. Communes rank below cantons in Luxembourg's hierarchy of administrative subdivisions. Communes are re-arranged, being merged or divided as demanded by demographic change over time. Unlike the cantons, which have remained unchanged since their creation, the identity of the communes has not become ingrained within the geographical sensations of the average Luxembourger; the cantons are responsible for the ceremonial and statistical aspects of government, while the communes provide local government services. The municipal system was adopted when Luxembourg was annexed into the French département of Forêts in 1795. Despite ownership passing to the Netherlands, this system was maintained until it was introduced upon independence in 1843; the province of Luxembourg, which now constitutes part of Belgium, was part of Luxembourg prior to 1839 when it possessed a low degree of sovereignty. Due to Luxembourg's incorporation into the main country by its occupying powers, the modern municipal system in Luxembourg is less than two centuries old.
Luxembourg has three official languages: French and the national language Luxembourgish. Some government websites offer English versions The communes have no legislative control over matters relating to the national interest, which reside with the Chamber of Deputies. Below this level, they have wide-ranging powers; the communes provide public education, maintain the local road network and other infrastructure, ensure basic public health, provide most social security. Communes have discretionary powers for comprehensive health care within their borders, land-use planning, funds for cultural activities, provision of care to the elderly, providing a sufficient supply of water and electricity. There are 102 communes in the 12 cantons; the 12 communes with city status are Diekirch, Dudelange, Esch-sur-Alzette, Grevenmacher, Remich, Rumelange and Wiltz. Since the country's creation in 1839, eight communes have changed their name and thirty-nine communes have been merged, resulting in the 102 communes that exist today.
These defunct communes are listed in the table below. The municipal system was created during the French occupation to mirror the systems employed in the rest of the French Republic; these were overhauled in 1823, but the system itself was retained until independence, granted under the 1839 Treaty of London. The law regulating their creation and organisation dates to 24 February 1843, enshrined in the Luxembourgian constitution promulgated on 17 October 1868. Upon independence, there were 120 communes. A series of mergers and partitions between 1849 and 1891 increased this number to 130. Most of these were brought about by asymmetrical population growth, as population growth in the south caused the balance of population in the country to shift. For instance, some of the communes born in that era include Rumelange and Walferdange. In the pattern of Nordstad and Schieren were separated from Ettelbruck. Since the end of the First World War, during which Luxembourg was occupied by Germany, the number of communes has dropped steadily.
In 1920, Luxembourg City was expanded. Another wave of mergers took place in the 1970s when sparsely-populated areas in the north and west of the country were merged to form Lac de la Haute-Sûre, Wincrange. 2006 saw the creation of Kiischpelt and Tandel from four smaller communes, further reducing them to just 116. 2012 saw the creation of Käerjeng, Vallée de l'Ernz and Parc Hosingen from smaller communes, the merger of Clervaux, Esch-sur-Sûre and Schengen into adjacent ones. Eschweiler was merged into Wiltz in 2015. Following the mergers of Boevange-sur-Attert and Tuntange into the new commune of Helperknapp, the merger of Septfontaines and Hobschied into the new commune of Habscht, the merger of Rosport and Mompach into Rosport-Mompach in 2018, there are now only 102 communes. Category:Lists of communes of Luxembourg Statec. Recueil de statistiques par commune 2003. Luxembourg City: Statec. ISBN 2-87988-053-X. Archived from the original on 2007-06-10. Retrieved 2006-07-18. / "Archives of Mémorial A".
Service central de législation. Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2006-07-18