Lévis is a city in eastern Quebec, located on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, opposite Quebec City. A ferry links Old Quebec with Old Lévis, two bridges, the Quebec and the Pierre Laporte, connect western Lévis with Quebec City; the population in July 2017 was 144,147. Its current incarnation was founded on January 1, 2002, as the result of a merger among ten cities, including the older city of Lévis founded in 1861. Lévis is the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality and census division of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Lévis, its geographical code is 25 as a census division, 251 as an RCM-equivalent territory. First Nations people are said to have favoured the Pointe-Lévy area long before French settlement due to its ideal location, at the junction of the St-Lawrence and the Chaudière rivers. Many archeological sites reveal evidence of human occupation for about 10,000 years; some historians theorize that Pointe-Lévy could have been one of the main centres of Native American population development in the Quebec province.
In 1636 28 years after the foundation of Quebec City, The seignory of Lauzon was founded on the eastern part of the actual territory. In the following years, other seignories were founded near the St-Lawrence River. Pointe-Lévy was an agricultural domain in which several land-owners controlled their part of land in a medieval feudal system; the land of the Lauzon seignory remained unoccupied until 1647, when Guillaume Couture became the first European settler installed in front of Quebec City. Couture was at that time, the first Administrator, Chief Magistrate, Captain of the Militia, member of the Sovereign Council and was considered a hero in New France. Couture, was not the first'Seigneur' of the Lauzon Seignory, as the land had been owned by Jean de Lauson. During the Seven Years' War in the summer of 1759, General James Wolfe established a camp in the territory of Pointe-Lévy and laid siege to Quebec City; the siege succeeded and after firing cannons from the hills of Pointe-Lévy for three months and the battle on the Plains of Abraham in front of the walls, Quebec fell to the British.
During this time, Pointe-Lévy served as the main encampment of the British army in the Quebec area. The constant cannon firing between Quebec City and Pointe-Lévy served to repel both French and British ships from advancing further up the St. Lawrence, thus preventing the delivery of reinforcements to other major cities like Montréal. In 1763, Marie-Josephte Corriveau, "la Corriveau", was hanged in Quebec City for murdering her husband with a pitch-fork. In accordance with English practice, her body was displayed in a cage for several weeks in St-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-Lévy. Used for the first time by the British government in North America, this was an unusual punishment reserved for persons found guilty of heinous crimes; this punishment was practised in England since the Middle Ages. From 1854, the railroad appeared in Pointe-Lévy making the city a major transportation centre for commerce and immigration. Being on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, Pointe-Levy could be connected by rail to Ontario and the Maritime Provinces.
Between 1865 and 1872, the British constructed three forts in order to protect the City of Quebec and its surroundings, from the looming threat of an American invasion. Those garrisons never had to serve their intended purpose. One of them, Fort-Chambly, is open to the public; the City of Lévis, named after the successor to Montcalm, the Chevalier de Levis, was erected in 1861. The founder of this new city was Mgr. Joseph-David Déziel. Many municipalities in the territory of present-day Lévis were merged between 1861 and 2002. Many towns were created and the Village of Pointe-Levy became the Village of Lauzon in 1867 and the City of Lauzon in 1910. In the late 19th and beginning of the 20th century, Alphonse Desjardins, pioneered the foundation of the credit union movement and founded the first caisse populaire in Lévis, he began a long process to create what became the Desjardins Group by travelling everywhere in Quebec helping people in other cities to start their own credit union. On 28 June 1985 Canada Post issued "Fort No.1, Point Levis, Que." one of 20 stamps in the "Forts Across Canada Series".
The stamps are perforated 12½ x 13 and were printed by Ashton-Potter Limited based on the designs by Rolf P. Harder. Lévis covers an area of 444 km2: 48 % farmlands, 36 % forests and 6 % wetlands. In addition to the Saint Lawrence River, the Etchemin and Chaudière rivers run through the city before ending their journey into the Saint Lawrence; the Chaudière River boasts a waterfall with a suspended bridge, which can be accessed from Autoroute 73. Lévis County existed until January 1982 when it was divided into Desjardins Regional County Municipality and Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière Regional County Municipality. On January 1, 2002, ten cities were merged by the Quebec provincial government to form the new city of Lévis; the former cities of Lauzon and Saint-David-de-l'Auberivière had been merged to Lévis in 1989. The regional county municipalities of which these cities were a part ceased to exist; the new city was divided into boroughs. Desjardins, Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Ouest and Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Est, which correspond to most of the territory of the former RCMs.
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L'Ancienne-Lorette is a city in central Quebec, Canada. It is an enclave within Quebec City, it was merged with Quebec City on January 1, 2002 as part of a 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, but after a 2004 referendum it was reconstituted as a separate city on January 1, 2006. Its history dates back to 1674 when a group of Hurons fleeing war with the Iroquois settled there under the protection of the French, they left after French settlers took over the land. A colony started. Following his third and final trip to the shrine of Loreto in Italy, Chaumonot was cured of a terrible headache. In gratitude, he placed the colony under the patronage of Our Lady of the Annunciation, but it is still called Lorette. In 1697, the Hurons left in search of better land for fishing. Afterwards the site became known as Ancienne-Lorette. A new location became known as Nouvelle-Lorette or Jeune-Lorette, corresponds to the Loretteville of today. A year in 1698, the Parish of Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation was established.
In 1948, the place was incorporated as the village municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. In 1967, it gained town status and was took back its original name, L'Ancienne-Lorette, to distinguish itself from a Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Lac-Saint-Jean region; until 1971, L'Ancienne-Lorette was the gateway to Quebec's International Airport, which therefore used to be known as L'Ancienne-Lorette Airport. In 1971 the rural section of the town that included the airport was annexed by Sainte-Foy. On January 1, 2002, L'Ancienne-Lorette was merged with Quebec City as part of a province-wide municipal reorganization and became part of the Laurentien borough of that city. After a 2004 referendum it again became an independent city on January 1, 2006. According to the Canada 2006 Census: Population: 16,516 % Change: +3.7 Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 7075 Area: 7.63 km² Density: 2,163.7 Mother tongue: English as first language: 1.5% French as first language: 97.4% English and French as first language: 0.2% Other as first language: 0.9%Population trend: Population in 2011: 16745 Population in 2006: 16,516 Population in 2001: 15,929 Population in 1996: 15,895 Population in 1991: 15,242In 2006, L'Ancienne-Lorette was 98.9% White, 0.3% Aboriginal, 0.8% Visible Minorities.
Quebecair Express, prior to its disestablishment, had its headquarters in the city. Antoine Plamondon, artist Patrice Bergeron, NHL hockey centre for the Boston Bruins Mario Marois, NHL defenceman, principally for the Quebec Nordiques Félix Auger-Aliassime, Canadian professional tennis player, junior singles and doubles US Open champion Huron-Wendat Nation L'Ancienne-Lorette in L'Encyclopédie de l'agora
La Matapédia Regional County Municipality
La Matapédia is a regional county municipality in eastern Quebec, Canada at the base of the Gaspé peninsula, in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region. Its seat is in Amqui, it is named after the Matapédia River which runs through the western part of the RCM. La Matapédia was created on January 1, 1982, succeeding from the former Matapédia County Municipality; the region was subject to one of the last waves of colonization in Quebec, settled by people from the Lower Saint-Lawrence between 1850 and 1950. It is a rural region in the Matapedia Valley crossed by the Notre Dame Mountains. Agriculture and logging, its related industries, are the main economic activities. There are 25 subdivisions within the RCM: Highways and numbered routes that run through the municipality, including external routes that start or finish at the county border: List of regional county municipalities and equivalent territories in Quebec
Pikogan is an Indian reserve in Abitibi-Témiscamingue, inhabited by members of the Abitibiwinni First Nation. The reserve had a population of 487 in the Canada 2006 Census, it is part of the census agglomeration of Amos
Centre-du-Québec is a region of Quebec, Canada. The main centres are Drummondville, Bécancour, it has a 2006 census population of 224,200 inhabitants. The Centre-du-Québec region was established as an independent administrative region of Quebec on July 30, 1997. Contrary to its name, Centre-du-Québec is not in the south; some consider the name Bois-Francs to be synonymous with the Centre-du-Québec region. The Centre-du-Québec is a agricultural region known as the breadbasket of Quebec. Forestry is a major industry. Other major industries of the area include transportation, recycling and cabinetmaking; the Centre-du-Québec region derives great benefit from its central location. The Centre-du-Québec region is home to several thousand members of the Wabanaki Nation, they are scattered throughout the region, with two major population centres: Odanak, Quebec Wôlinak, Quebec Bécancour Drummondville Kingsey Falls Nicolet Plessisville Princeville Saint-Cyrille-de-Wendover Saint-Germain-de-Grantham Victoriaville Warwick Main highways in the region include: Autoroute 20 Autoroute 30 Autoroute 55 Route 116 Route 122 Route 132 Route 161 List of regions of Quebec Quebec municipal elections, 2005, results in Centre-du-Québec Centre-du-Québec official website Centre-du-Québec government portal Centre-du-Québec tourist site Toile Jeunesse, a regional youth-oriented portal "Map of the Centre-du-Québec region".
Archived from the original on 2007-08-09. CRÉ|
Lac-Simon, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Quebec
Lac-Simon is a First Nations reserve of 1,200 residents and lake in Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Quebec located 32 kilometres south-east of Val-d'Or. There are a number of residential cottages and summer houses around the lake, it is about 24 kilometres long and 3 kilometres wide with a large island containing a smaller pond itself. There are several small islands on it. Around 1910, the missionary Étienne Blanchin and the Hudson's Bay Company encouraged Grand-Lac-Victoria Algonquins to come and establish a community at Lac-Simon. Other Algonquins were invited to move to Lac-Simon. In the 1950s a small Republic RC-3 Seabee with four people on board crashed and sank in deep water in lake simon. In 2007 the aircraft was discovered in 46 metres of water; the return of deer to the area was featured in an episode of Lorne Greene's New Wilderness in the mid-1980s
Wôlinak is an Abenaki First Nations reserve in the Centre-du-Québec region, Canada. An enclave within the city of Bécancour, it was one of the Seven Nations of Canada. Around 1600, a few Abenaki families and Solokis familles established themselves on the Puante river, given the name of Bécancour from the name of M. de Bécancour, Baron de Portneuf, established there. From 600 inhabitants in the beginning, their numbers diminished after epidemics. Western Abenaki Seven Nations of Canada Waban-Aki Nation, Quebec Map of Wôlinak