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List of counties in Missouri

There are 114 counties and one independent city in the U. S. state of Missouri. Following the Louisiana Purchase and the admittance of Louisiana into the United States in 1812, five counties were formed out of the Missouri Territory at the first general assembly: Cape Girardeau, New Madrid, Saint Charles, Saint Louis, Ste. Genevieve. Most subsequent counties were apportioned from these five original counties. Six more counties were added through the 1836 Platte Purchase, the acquired lands of which formed the northwest tip of the state and consisted of Andrew, Buchanan, Holt and Platte counties. In Missouri, the county level of government comes between those of the state, its primary responsibilities include maintaining roads, providing security, prosecuting criminals, collecting taxes. Elected officials at this level include a sheriff, prosecuting attorney, assessor. Most of the counties in Missouri are named after politicians. One such county, was named Van Buren County after President Martin Van Buren, was changed to its present name in support of Van Buren's Democratic opponent Lewis Cass during the presidential election of 1848.

Other counties are named after war heroes, natural resources and former U. S. territories. The city of St. Louis is an independent city, is not within the limits of a county, its residents voted to secede from St. Louis County in 1876. Throughout the United States, St. Louis is one of three independent cities outside the state of Virginia. Population figures are based on the 2010 United States Census. According to that census, the population of Missouri is 5,988,927, an increase of 7.0% from 2000. The average population of Missouri's counties is 52,078; the average land area is 599 sq mi. The largest county is the smallest is St. Louis city; the Federal Information Processing Standard is used by the U. S. government to uniquely identify counties, is provided for each entry. These codes link to the United States Census Bureau's "quick facts" for each county. To distinguish from counties in other states, one must use Missouri's FIPS code, 29. For example, Adair County's unique nationwide identifier is 29001.

List of cities in Missouri List of municipalities in Missouri List of U. S. counties by population Missouri census statistical areas Demographics of Missouri Missouri Association of Counties Digitized 1930 Plat Books of Missouri Counties from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books

Historia animalium (Gessner)

Historia animalium, published at Zurich in 1551–58 and 1587, is an encyclopedic "inventory of renaissance zoology" by Conrad Gessner. Gessner was a medical doctor and professor at the Carolinum in Zürich, the precursor of the University of Zurich; the Historia animalium is the first modern zoological work that attempts to describe all the animals known, the first bibliography of natural history writings. The five volumes of natural history of animals cover more than 4500 pages; the Historia animalium was Gessner's magnum opus, was the most read of all the Renaissance natural histories. The generously illustrated work was so popular that Gessner's abridgement, was published in Zurich in 1563, in England Edward Topsell translated and condensed it as a Historie of foure-footed beastes. Gessner’s monumental work attempts to build a connection between the ancient knowledge of the animal world, its title the same as Aristotle's work on animals, what was known at his time, he adds his own observations, those of his correspondents, in an attempt to formulate a comprehensive description of the natural history of animals.

Gessner’s Historia animalium is based on classical sources. It is compiled from ancient and medieval texts, including the inherited knowledge of ancient naturalists like Aristotle, Pliny the Elder, Aelian. Gessner was known as "the Swiss Pliny." For information he relied on the Physiologus. In his larger works Gessner sought to distinguish fact from myth and popular misconceptions, so his encyclopedic work included both extinct creatures and newly discovered animals of the East Indies, those of the far north and animals brought back from the New World; the work included extensive information on mammals, birds and reptiles. It described in detail their daily movements, it included their uses in medicine and nutrition. Historia animalium showed the animals' places in history and art. Sections of each chapter detailed the animal and its attributes, in the tradition of the emblem book. Gessner's work included facts in different languages such as the names of the animals. There have been various academic studies relating to Gesner's inclusion of some fantastical-looking creatures in the volumes, such as sea monk, sea bishop, or ichthyocentaur.

Gesner was aware of fakery in the curio shops market, where dried rays were manipulated to look like dragons. There may have been fake mermaid-like creatures being imported from China by the Dutch. Commercial interests may have motivated publishers or authors such as Gesner to include such creatures to boost sales, but Gesner was known for meticulously checking facts, it has been suggested that publishers may have interpolated material when Gesner was in no condition to gainsay them, since the author was morbidly ill by the time of these publications. In fact there is the example of the Su of Patagonia, posthumously inserted in the 1603 Frankfurt edition. Volume 1: Live-bearing four-footed animals. Volume 2: Egg-laying quadrupeds. Volume 3 Birds. Volume 4 Fish and aquatic animals. Volume 5 scorpions; the colored woodcut illustrations were the first real attempts to represent animals in their natural environment. It is the first book to illustrate fossils. Gessner acknowledges one of his main illustrators was Lucas Schan, an artist from Strasbourg.

He used other illustrators as well as himself. Gessner's natural history was unusual for sixteenth century readers in providing illustrations. There was extreme religious tension at the time. Under Pope Paul IV it was felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated all his writings, as Gessner was a Protestant, it was added to the Catholic Church's list of prohibited books. Historia Animalium Liber Primum Historia Animalium Liver IV

West New York School District

West New York School District is a public school district serving students in kindergarten through 12th grade in West New York, New Jersey, United States. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority; as of the 2011-12 school year, the district's nine schools had an enrollment of 7,805 students and 536.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 14.56:1. The district is classified by the New Jersey Department of Education as being in District Factor Group "A", the lowest of eight groupings. District Factor Groups organize districts statewide to allow comparison by common socioeconomic characteristics of the local districts. From lowest socioeconomic status to highest, the categories are A, B, CD, DE, FG, GH, I and J. Schools in the district are: Early Childhood School for Pre-K Elementary schools Public School #1 Public School #2 Public School #3 Robert Menendez Elementary School Albio Sires Elementary School Harry L. Bain Elementary School Middle schoolWest New York Middle School for grades 7 and 8 High schoolMemorial High School Core members of the district's administration are: Clara Brito Herrera, Superintendent Dean Austin, Business Administrator / Board Secretary West New York School District West New York School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education Data for the West New York School District, National Center for Education Statistics

Jehan Alain

Jehan Ariste Alain was a French organist and soldier. Born into a family of musicians, he learned the organ from his father and a host of other teachers, becoming a composer at 18, composing until the outbreak of the Second World War 10 years later, his music was influenced not only by the musical language of the earlier Claude Debussy and his contemporary Olivier Messiaen, as well as his interest in music and philosophies of the far east. At the outbreak of WWII Alain became a dispatch rider in the Eighth Motorised Armour Division of the French Army. Alain was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye into a family of musicians, his father, Albert Alain was an organist and organ builder who had studied with Alexandre Guilmant and Louis Vierne. His younger brother was the composer and pianist Olivier Alain, his youngest sister the organist Marie-Claire Alain, his wife Madeleine and his three children Denis, Agnès, Lise. Jehan received his initial training in the piano from Augustin Pierson, the organist of Saint-Louis at Versailles, in the organ from his father, who had built a four-manual instrument in the family sitting room.

By the age of 11, Jehan was substituting at St. Germain-en-Laye. Between 1927 and 1939, he attended the Paris Conservatoire and achieved First Prize in Harmony under André Bloch and First Prize in Fugue with Georges Caussade, he studied the organ with Marcel Dupré, under whose direction he took first prize for Organ and Improvisation in 1939. His studies in composition with Paul Dukas and Jean Roger-Ducasse won him the Prix des amis de l'orgue in 1936 for his Suite for Organ Op. 48, Variations and Choral. He was appointed organist of Eglise Saint-Nicolas de Maisons-Laffitte in Paris in 1935, remained there for four years, he played at the Rue Notre-Dame-de-Nazareth synagogue. The only known recording of his playing—a six-minute improvisation—was made in 1938 at that synagogue, his short career as a composer began in 1929, when Alain was 18, lasted until the outbreak of the Second World War 10 years later. His music was influenced not only by the musical language of the earlier Claude Debussy and his contemporary Olivier Messiaen, but by an interest in the music and philosophies of the far east, a renaissance of baroque music, in jazz.

Alain described Le jardin suspendu as a portrayal of "the ideal, perpetual pursuit and escape of the artist, an inaccessible and inviolable refuge". He wrote choral music, including a Requiem mass, chamber music and three volumes of piano music, but it is his organ music. His most famous work is Litanies, composed in 1937; that work is prefaced with the text: "Quand l’âme chrétienne ne trouve plus de mots nouveaux dans la détresse pour implorer la miséricorde de Dieu, elle répète sans cesse la même invocation avec une foi véhémente. La raison atteint sa limite. Seule la foi poursuit son ascension.". Deuils, the second of the Trois danses, is dedicated to Odile as a "Funeral Dance to an Heroic Memory". Always interested in mechanics, Alain was a skilled motorcyclist and became a dispatch rider in the Eighth Motorised Armour Division of the French Army. On 20 June 1940, he was assigned to reconnoitre the German advance on the eastern side of Saumur, encountered a group of German soldiers at Le Petit-Puy.

Coming around a curve, hearing the approaching tread of the Germans, he abandoned his motorcycle and engaged the enemy troops with his carbine, killing 16 of them before being killed himself. He was posthumously awarded the Croix de Guerre for his bravery, was buried by the Germans with full military honours, he left behind his wife, Madeleine Payan whom he had married in 1935, their three offspring and a body of compositions viewed by many to have been amongst the most original of the 20th century. Henri Dutilleux's Les citations contains a quotation from Jehan Alain's music. Maurice Duruflé wrote a musical tribute to Jehan Alain with his Prélude et fugue sur le nom d'A. L. A. I. N op. 7 for organ. JA stands for Jehan Alain. 1929 – 18 years old – 4 opusJA 021 – Togo, pour piano JA 007 bis – Berceuse sur deux notes qui cornent, pour orgue JA 003 – Etude sur un thème de quatre notes, pour piano JA 008 – Chanson triste, pour piano 1930 – 19 years old – 14 opusJA 009 – Ballade en mode phrygien, pour orgue ou piano JA 002 – Thème et cinq variations, pour piano JA 014 – Lamento, pour orgue JA 001 – Quarante variations, pour piano JA 017 – Des nuages gris, pour deux pianos JA 004 – Ecce ancilla Domini, pour piano JA 029 – Postlude pour l'Office de Complies, pour orgue JA 130 – Adagio, pour piano JA 005 – Seigneur, donne-nous la paix éternelle, pour piano JA 007 – Etude de sonorité sur une double pédale, pour piano JA 010 – Etude sur les doubles notes, pour piano JA 020 – Pour le défrichage, pour piano JA 131 – Variations sur un thème donné de Rimsky-Korsakov, pour quatre voix JA 1

Kerry Hill

Kerry Hill AO was an Australian architect who specialised in hotel design in tropical Asia. He studied at Perth Technical College and the University of Western Australia graduating in 1968, he worked for Howlett & Bailey in Perth from 1969 to 1971. He worked in Hong Kong for Bali- and Hong Kong-based architects and engineers, Palmer & Turner from 1972 until 1974. From 1974 to 1978 he managed the Turner office in Jakarta. Hill established Kerry Hill Architects in Singapore in 1979. Sri Lankan architect Geoffrey Bawa, whom he had a personal friendship with, influenced his early works "by understanding and embracing the architectural traditions of the East". In 1995 he was awarded the Kenneth F Brown Asia Pacific Culture and Architecture Design Award, in 2003 the RAIA Robyn Boyd Award for the Ogilvie House, in 2006 the Royal Australian Institute of Architects Gold Medal, his work has been published in A+U. Hill lectured at the National University of Singapore, the University of Hawaii, the University of Western Australia and the University of Queensland.

His work has been exhibited in Perth. 1980–86 The Darwin Centre, Australia 1987–91 The Sukhothai hotel, Thailand 1992– Armitage Hill hotel, Sri Lanka 1992–94 The Chedi hotel, Indonesia 1992–94 The Serai hotel, Indonesia 1992–94 The Datai Langkawi, Malaysia 1996–97 Ooi House, Margaret River, Western Australia 1998–99 Singapore Cricket Association Pavilion, Singapore 1998-02 The Lalu, Sun Moon Lake, Taiwan 1998-03 ITC Sonar, India 1999-02 Ogilvie House, Sunshine Beach, Australia 2002–04 Soi 53 Apartments, Bangkok, Thailand 2003-04 Anantara Chiang Mai Resort 2005–10 State Theatre Centre of Western Australia 2007–10 Beachside Leighton apartments, Western Australia 2010–14 City of Perth Library, Western Australia 2018 RAH FALHU, Maldives New Directions in Tropical Asian Architecture London, Geoffrey et al.: Kerry Hill: Crafting Modernism, Thames & Hudson, ISBN 978-0500342862 Official website

Guido Daccò

Guido Daccò was an Italian race car and motorcycle racer from Limbiate. He began motorcycle racing in 1969 and from 1980-1984 he raced in Formula 2, he drove in the 1985 24 Hours of Le Mans and began racing in Formula 3000. In 1988 he moved to the United States to drive in the Indy Lights series where he placed 10th in series points. In 1989 he made his CART debut for Dale Coyne Racing. Dacco had little success in CART and bounced from team to team until 1992, making 23 starts with a best finish of 12th, he failed to qualify for the Indianapolis 500 in his attempts in 1990 and 1991. He returned to Europe in 1992 to drive two races in German Formula 3 and retired from racing, he managed an FIA GT team. He died on 29 July 2006, after a long battle with an undisclosed illness. CART statistics at ChampCarStats.com