Chester County, Pennsylvania
Chester County is a county in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 498,886, increasing by 4.1% to a census-estimated 519,293 residents as of 2017. The county seat is West Chester. Chester County was one of the three original Pennsylvania counties created by William Penn in 1682, it was named for England. Chester County is part of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD Metropolitan Statistical Area. Eastern Chester County is home to many communities that comprise part of the Main Line western suburbs of Philadelphia, while part of its southernmost portion is considered suburban Wilmington, along with southwest Delaware County. Philadelphia and Chester were the three Pennsylvania counties created by William Penn on August 24, 1682. At that time, Chester County's borders were Philadelphia County to the north, the ill-defined western edge of the colony to the west, the Delaware River to the east, Delaware and Maryland to the south. Chester County replaced the Pennsylvania portion of New Netherland/New York’s "Upland", eliminated when Pennsylvania was chartered on March 4, 1681, but did not cease to exist until June of that year.
Much of the Welsh Tract was in eastern Chester County, Welsh place names, given by early settlers, continue to predominate there. The fourth county in the state, Lancaster County, was formed from Chester County on May 10, 1729. On March 11, 1752, Berks County was formed from the northern section of Chester County, as well as parts of Lancaster and Philadelphia counties; the original Chester County seat was the City of Chester, a center of naval shipbuilding, at the eastern edge of the county. In an effort to accommodate the increased population of the western part of the county, the county seat was moved to a more central location in 1788. In response to the new location of the county seat, the eastern portion of the county separated and formed the new Delaware County in 1789 with the City of Chester as its county seat. Much of the history of Chester County arises from its location between Philadelphia and the Susquehanna River; the first road to "the West" passed through the central part of Chester County, following the Great Valley westward.
S. Route 30; this road is still named Lancaster Avenue. The first railroad followed much the same route, the Reading Railroad progressed up the Schuylkill River to Reading. Industry tended to concentrate along the rail lines. Easy transportation allowed workers to commute to urban jobs, the rise of the suburbs followed. To this day, the developed areas form "fingers" extending along major lines of transportation. During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Brandywine was fought at what is now the southeastern fringe of the county; the Valley Forge encampment was at the northeastern edge. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 759 square miles, of which 751 square miles is land and 8.7 square miles is water. The topography consists of rolling hills and valleys and it is part of the region known as the Piedmont. Watersheds that serve Chester County include the Octoraro, the Brandywine, Chester creeks, the Schuylkill River. Many of the soils are fertile; because of its proximity to Philadelphia, Chester County has seen large waves of development over the past half-century due to suburbanization.
Although development in Chester County has increased, agriculture is still a major part of the county's economy, the number of horse farms is increasing in the county. Mushroom growing is a specialty in the southern portion of the county. Elevations: High point—1020 Welsh Mt. Honeybrook Twp. Other high points—960 Thomas Hill, Warwick Twp. Low point—66 Schuylkill River, Chester-Montgomery county line. Cities and boroughs: Coatesville 314. Chester County has four distinct seasons and has a hot-summer humid continental climate except for some far southern lowlands which have a humid subtropical climate; the hardiness zones are 7a. Berks County Montgomery County Delaware County New Castle County, Delaware Cecil County, Maryland Lancaster County Valley Forge National Historical Park French Creek State Park Marsh Creek State Park White Clay Creek Preserve As of the 2010 census, the county was 82.1% White Non-Hispanic, 6.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American or Alaskan Native, 3.9% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian, 1.8% were two or more races, 2.4% were some other race.
6.5 % of the population were Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 433,501 people, 157,905 households, 113,375 families residing in the county; the population density was 573 people per square mile. There were 163,773 housing units at an average density of 217 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.21% White, 6.24% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.95% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, 1.06% from two or more races. 3.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.0 % were of Irish, 13.1 % Italian, 10.1 % English and 5.6 % American ancestry. 91
Northumberland County, Pennsylvania
Northumberland County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 94,528, its county seat is Sunbury. The county was formed in 1772 from parts of Lancaster, Bedford and Northampton Counties and named for the county of Northumberland in northern England. Northumberland County is a fifth class county according to the Pennsylvania's County Code. Northumberland County comprises the Sunbury, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area. Among its famous residents, Joseph Priestley, the Enlightenment chemist and theologian, left England in 1796 due to religious persecution and settled on the Susquehanna River, his former house is a historical museum. Before European settlement the area was inhabited by the Akhrakouaeronon or Atrakouaehronon, a subtribe of the Susquehannock. By 1813 the area once comprising the sprawling county of Northumberland had been divided over time and allotted to other counties such that lands once occupied by Old Northumberland at its greatest extent are now found in Centre, Luzerne, Mifflin, Clearfield, Montour, Lackawanna, Wyoming, Potter, McKean, Venango and Schuylkill Counties.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 478 square miles, of which 458 square miles is land and 19 square miles is water; the main river in Northumberland County is the Susquehanna River and the divergence of the 977 miles long river into its two branches of navigable river and former divisions of the Pennsylvania Canal System. The Susquehanna River's tributaries in the county include the West Branch Susquehanna River, Chillisquaque Creek, Shamokin Creek, the west flowing Mahanoy Creek, whose valley is a rail and road transportation corridor to Tamaqua and points thereafter either east, north, or south such that: east along rail or US 209 through Nesquehoning and historic Jim Thorpe; the county has mountains in the south and north, with the rest being rolling hills. Lycoming County Montour County Columbia County Schuylkill County Dauphin County Perry County Juniata County Snyder County Union County As of the census of 2000, there were 94,556 people, 38,835 households, 25,592 families residing in the county.
The population density was 206 people per square mile. There were 43,164 housing units at an average density of 94 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.09% White, 1.52% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.5 % were of 12.9 % Polish, 9.9 % American, 8.2 % Italian, 8.1 % Irish and 5.8 % Dutch ancestry. 95.8% spoke English and 1.5% Spanish as their first language. There were 38,835 households out of which 27.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.10% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males. Northumberland County's live birth rate was 1,167 births in 1990. Northumberland County's live birth rate in 2000 declined to 919 births, while in 2011 it was 961 babies. Over the past 50 years, rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children. County poverty demographics According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for Northumberland County was 15.9% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Line Mountain School District - 38.4% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level, Milton Area School District - 51.9, Mount Carmel Area School District - 59.5%, Shikellamy School District - 45%, Shamokin Area School District - 59.5% and Warrior Run School District - 32.2%.
According to the US Census Bureau, from 2009-2014 Northumberland County saw a 62% increase in the number of families in the federal food assistance program called SNAP. The number of people or families receiving monthly SNAP assistance dollars rose from 2,965 in 2009 to 4,814 people in 2014. Teen Pregnancy rateThe Pennsylvania Department of Health reports the annual teens aged 15–19 birth rate. From 2011 to 2015, Northumberland County experienced a 10% decline in teen pregnancies. In Pennsylvania the majority of p
Perry County, Pennsylvania
Perry County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,969; the county seat is New Bloomfield. The county was created on March 22, 1820, was named after Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812, who had died, it was part of Cumberland County and was created in part because residents did not want to travel over the mountain to Carlisle, thus the temporary county seat became Landisburg Perry County is included in the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is served by the 717/223 area codes. In 2010, the center of population of Pennsylvania was located in the eastern end of Perry County. Green Park, an incorporated village located in northeastern Tyrone Township, serves as Perry County's midpoint between the Conococheague Mountain in the west and the Susquehanna River to the east. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 556 square miles, of which 551 square miles is land and 4.1 square miles is water.
It is drained by the Susquehanna River, which forms all of its eastern boundary. The Juniata River enters Perry County from Juniata County near Millerstown; the river flows southeast to its confluence with the Susquehanna River near Duncannon. Aside from the aforementioned rivers, the county consists of various creeks and lakes, which provide recreational and fishing opportunities powered mills throughout the county and served as a means of transportation To this day and kayaking are forms of recreation which utilise the Sherman Creek and other bodies of water in the county. Perry County is situated in the Appalachian mountains, the Appalachian Trail runs through, including through the town of Duncannon, through various woodland areas offering scenic vistas; the county is famous for being the northern head of the Tuscarora Trail. The hardiness zone is 6B. Like the surrounding region, common trees include red maple, pitch pine, eastern white pine, eastern hemlock, shagbark hickory, juniper, though American sycamore, sugar maple, black walnut, elm and sassafras are fairly common.
Mosses of various species are common sights on fallen tree logs, along streams, on the trunk of trees, in sidewalk cracks growing in shaded areas. Ferns grow along streams and in shaded areas, are commonly seen in Perry County woodlands. Juniata County Northumberland County Dauphin County Cumberland County Franklin County US 11 / US 15 US 22 / US 322 PA 17 PA 34 PA 74 PA 104 PA 233 PA 235 PA 274 PA 849 PA 850 As of the census of 2000, there were 43,602 people, 16,695 households, 12,320 families residing in the county; the population density was 79 people per square mile. There were 18,941 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.54% White, 0.43% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, 0.54% from two or more races. 0.69 % of the population were Latino of any race. 45.8 % were of 5.0 % English ancestry. 96.8 % spoke 1.2 % Spanish as their first language. There were 16,695 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.20% were non-families.
21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.01. There is a high population of Anabaptist communities, such as Amish and Mennonites. In Perry County, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males. Perry County's live birth rate was 609 births in 1990; the County's live birth rate in 2000 had declined to 511 births, while in 2011 it was 555 babies. Over the past 50 years, rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children. Birth ratePerry County's live birth rate was 609 births in 1990.
The County's live birth rate in 2000 was 512 births. From 1960 to 2010, rural Pennsylvania has experienced an ongoing decline in the number of residents under 18 years old. Teen Pregnancy ratePerry County had 34 babies born to teens in 2011. In 2016, the number of teen births in Perry County was 32; the United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Perry County as the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census the metropolitan area ranked 6th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 96th most populous in the United States with a population of 549,475. Perry County is a part of the larger Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area, which combines the populations of Perry County as well as Adams, Dauphin and York Counties in Pennsylvania; the Combined Statistical Area ranked 5th in the State of Pennsylvania and 43rd most populous in the United States with a population of 1,219,422. Brenda Benner, Chair Stephen Naylor, Vice Chair Paul Rudy, Secretary Steven Hile
Bedford County, Pennsylvania
Bedford County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,762; the county seat is Bedford. In 1750 Robert MacRay, a Scots-Irish immigrant, opened the first trading post in Raystown on the land, now Bedford County; the early Anglo-American settlers had a difficult time dealing with raids from Native Americans. In 1754 fierce fighting erupted as Native Americans became allied with the British or French in the North American front, known as the French and Indian War, of the Seven Years' War between those nations in Europe. In 1759, after the capture of Fort Duquesne in Allegheny County, on the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, English colonists built a road between the fort to the newly built Fort Bedford in Raystown; the English defeated the French in the war and took over their territories in North America east of the Mississippi River. Treaties with the Indians opened more land for future peaceful settlement; this road improved on ancient Indian trails.
In years it was widened and paved as "Forbes Road". When the Pennsylvania Turnpike was built, this interstate toll road became the main highway through Bedford County. Bedford County was created on 9 March 1771 from part of Cumberland County and named in honor of Fort Bedford; the 1767 Mason-Dixon Line had stabilized the southern border with Maryland. In the aftermath of the American Revolution, the population increased due to emigration. Within a lifetime Old Bedford County was reduced from its original boundaries. Huntingdon County was created on 20 September 1787 from the north part of Bedford County, plus an addition of territory on the east from Cumberland County. Somerset County was created from part of Bedford County on 17 April 1795. Centre was created on 13 February 1800 from parts of Huntingdon, Lycoming and Northumberland counties. Cambria County was created on 26 March 1804 from parts of Bedford and Somerset Counties. Blair County was created on February 1846 from parts of Huntingdon and Bedford Counties.
Fulton County was created on 19 April 1850 from part of Bedford County, setting the county at its current boundaries. The land was developed into lush farms with woodlands, it was developed as a trading center on the way to Pittsburgh and farther west of Pennsylvania. In 1794 President George Washington came to the county in response to the Whiskey Rebellion. In the late 19th century, the Bedford Springs Hotel became an important site for wealthy vacationers, it was built near natural springs, important to the Native Americans for hundreds of years. During the administration of President James Buchanan, he moved much of his administration to the hotel, which became the informal summer White House; the U. S. Supreme Court met at the hotel once, it was the only time. During the late 19th century, the county had a population boom, with the number of people doubling between 1870 and 1890. Railroads constructed through the town connected the county with the mining industry; the story of the Lost Children of the Alleghenies originates from Blue Knob State Park in the county.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,017 square miles, of which 1,012 square miles is land and 4.6 square miles is water. Evitts Mountain Morrison Cove Tussey Mountain Blue Knob, highest mountain in the county at 3,120 feet Blair County Huntingdon County Fulton County Allegany County, Maryland Somerset County Cambria County Bedford County is situated along the western border of the Ridge and Valley physiographic province, characterized by folded and faulted sedimentary rocks of early to middle Paleozoic age; the northwestern border of the county is at the Allegheny Front, a geological boundary between the Ridge and Valley Province and the Allegheny Plateau. The stratigraphic record of sedimentary rocks within the county spans from the Cambrian Warrior Formation to the Pennsylvanian Conemaugh Group. No igneous or metamorphic rocks of any kind exist within the county; the primary mountains within the county extend from the southern border with Maryland to the northeast into Blair County, are held up by the Silurian Tuscarora Formation, made of quartz sandstone and conglomerate.
Chestnut Ridge is a broad anticline held up by the Devonian Ridgeley Member of the Old Port Formation made of sandstone and conglomerate. Broad Top, located north of Breezewood, is a plateau of flat-lying rocks that are stratigraphically higher, thus younger, than most of the other rocks within the county. Broad Top extends into Huntingdon County to Fulton County to the east; the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River is the main drainage in the northern two-thirds of the county. The river flows to the east through the mountains within the county through several water gaps caused by a group of faults trending east–west through the central part of the county; the river turns north and flows into Raystown Lake in Huntingdon County. The southern third of the county is drained by several tributaries of the Potomac River. Both the Potomac and Juniata rivers are part of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Several limestone quarries exist in Bedford County, most of which are owned and operated by New Enterprise Stone and Lime Company.
Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania
Susquehanna County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,356, its county seat is Montrose. The county was created on February 21, 1810, from part of Luzerne County and organized in 1812, it is named for the Susquehanna River. The first settlers began to move into the area from Connecticut in the mid-1700s. At the time, the area was part of Luzerne County; as more and more people from Connecticut moved in, there began to be some conflict. Under Connecticut's land grant, they owned everything from present-day Connecticut to the Pacific Ocean; this meant their land grant overlapped with Pennsylvania's land grant. Soon fighting began. In the end, the government of Connecticut was asked to surrender its claim on the area, which it did. In 1810, Susquehanna County was formed out of Luzerne County and in 1812, Montrose was made the county seat. After the Civil War, coal started to be mined. Following this and roads were built into the county allowing for more people to come.
At one point the county had nearly 50,000 people. Coal became, as with neighboring counties, the backbone of the economy; this boom in coal would allow for an age of prosperity in the county. When the Great Depression hit, the coal industry suffered horribly. Within months the coal industry was struggling. During World War II the coal industry picked up again, but only for a short time. Soon after the economy in the county failed. Many mines were closed, railways were torn apart, the economy took a turn for the worse. Unemployment rose and population decline increased. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 832 square miles, of which 823 square miles is land and 8.7 square miles is water. Susquehanna County is mountainous, with large concentrations of mountains in the east and smaller, more hill-like mountains in the west; the highest mountain in the county is North Knob just west of Union Dale. Most people live in one of the several long and narrow valleys; these valleys are good farming land.
Broome County, New York Wayne County Lackawanna County Wyoming County Bradford County Tioga County, New York As of the census of 2000, there were 42,238 people, 16,529 households, 11,785 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile. There were 21,829 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.54% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26 % were of English, 16.1 % were of German, 15.1 % Irish, 7.7 % Polish ancestry. There were 16,529 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.99. Birth rateIn the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males. Susquehanna County's live birth rate was 612 births in 1990; the County's live birth rate in 2000 was 499 births, while in 2011 it had declined to 374 babies. Teen Pregnancy rateSusquehanna County had a 318 babies born to teens in 2011. In 2015, the number of teen births in Susquehanna County was 265. County poverty demographics According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for Susquehanna County was 12.8% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Blue Ridge School District - 42.9% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level.
As of November 3, 2015, there were 24,854 registered voters in Susquehanna County. Republican: 15,501 Democratic: 10,063 Other Parties: 3,224 MaryAnn Warren, Democrat Alan M. Hall, Republican Elizabeth M. Arnold, Vice-Chair, Republican Clerk of Courts and Prothonotary, Jan Krupinski, Republican Coroner, Tony Conarton, Republican District Attorney, Marion O'Malley, Republican Recorder of Deeds and Register of Wills, Michelle Estabrook, Republican Sheriff, Lance Benedict, Republican Treasurer, Jason Miller, Republican Auditor, George Starzec, Republican Auditor, Susan Jennings, Democrat Tina Pickett, Republican - Apolacon, Dimock, Forest Lake, Jessup and Rush Townships, Little Meadows Borough Jonathan Fritz, Republican - Ararat, Brooklyn, Clifford, Gibson, Great Bend, Harmony, Jackson, Lenox, New Milford, Silver Lake and Thompson Townships, Friendsville, Great Bend, Hop Bottom, Montrose, New Milford, Susquehanna Depot and Union Dale Boroughs Lisa Baker, Republican - Ararat, Brooklyn, Clifford
Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Lycoming County is a county located in the U. S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; as of the 2010 census, the population was 116,111. Its county seat is Williamsport. Lycoming County comprises the Williamsport, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located about 130 miles northwest of Philadelphia and 165 miles east-northeast of Pittsburgh, Lycoming County is the largest county in Pennsylvania in area. Lycoming County was formed from Northumberland County on April 13, 1795; the county was larger. It took up most of the land, now north central Pennsylvania; the following counties have been formed from land, once part of Lycoming County: Armstrong, Centre, Clinton, Jefferson, McKean, Sullivan, Venango, Forest and Cameron. Lycoming County was named Jefferson County in honor of Thomas Jefferson; this name proved to be unsatisfactory. The name change went through several steps. First a change to Lycoming County was rejected, next the name Susquehanna County was struck down as was Muncy County, before the legislature revisited and settled on Lycoming County for Lycoming Creek, the stream, the center of the pre-Revolutionary border dispute.
1615: The first European in Lycoming County was Étienne Brûlé. He was a voyageur for New France. Brule descended the West Branch Susquehanna River and was held captive by a local Indian tribe near what is now Muncy before escaping and returning to Canada.1761: The first permanent homes were built in Muncy. Three log cabins were built by Bowyer Brooks, Robert Roberts and James Alexander.1772: The first gristmill is built on Muncy Creek by John Alward1775: The first public road is built along the West Branch Susquehanna River. The road followed Indian trails from Fort Augusta in what is now Sunbury to Bald Eagle Creek near modern-day Lock Haven.1786: The first church built in the county was Lycoming Presbyterian church in what was known as Jaysburg and is now the Newberry section of Williamsport.1792: The first sawmill was built on Lycoming Creek by Roland Hall.1795: The first elections for Lycoming County government are held soon after the county was formed from Northumberland County. The elected officers were Samuel Stewart, county sheriff and the first county commissioners were John Hanna, Thomas Forster and James Crawford.
Andrew Gregg was elected to represent Lycoming County in the United States Congress, William Hepburn was voted to the Pennsylvania State Senate and Flavel Roan, Hugh White and Robert Martin served as representatives in the Pennsylvania General Assembly.1823: The county government funded the construction of the first bridges over Loyalsock and Lycoming Creeks.1839: The first railroad is built. It connected Williamsport with Ralston in northern Lycoming County; the railroad followed Lycoming Creek. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,244 square miles, of which 1,229 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water. Lycoming County is the largest county in second-largest by total area. Lycoming County is divided between the Appalachian Mountains in the south, the dissected Allegheny Plateau in the north and east, the valley of the West Branch Susquehanna River between these; the West Branch of the Susquehanna enters Lycoming County from Clinton County just west of the borough of Jersey Shore, on the northwest bank of the river.
The river flows east and a little north with some large curves for 15 miles to the city of Williamsport, followed by the borough of Montoursville as well as the boroughs of Duboistown and South Williamsport. The river flows just north of Bald Eagle Mountain through much of its course in Lycoming County, but it passes the end of the mountain and turns south just before the borough of Muncy, it continues south past the borough of Montgomery and leaves Lycoming County, where it forms the border between Union and Northumberland Counties. From there the West Branch merges with the North Branch Susquehanna River at Northumberland and flows south to the Chesapeake Bay; the major creeks of Lycoming County are all tributaries of the West Branch Susquehanna River. On the north or left bank of the river they are: Pine Creek which the river receives just west of Jersey Shore. Loyalsock and Muncy Creeks are the major watersheds of Sullivan County. There is White Deer Hole Creek, the only major creek in Lycoming County on the right bank of the river.
It is south of Bald Eagle Mountain, flows from west to east. The river receives it at the village of Allenwood in Gregg Township in Union County. Other creeks found on the right bank of the West Branch Susquehanna River in Lycoming County are minor, including Antes Creek in the Nippenose valley, Mosquito Creek, Hagermans Run, Black Hole Creek; the entire county is in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The percent of the county drained by each creek's watershed is as follows: Pine Creek, 15.27%.
Somerset County, Pennsylvania
Somerset County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,742, its county seat is Somerset. The county was created from part of Bedford County on April 17, 1795, named after the county of Somerset in England. Somerset County comprises the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Johnstown–Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area. Southwestern Pennsylvania began; as population increased, the area was split into smaller counties. Bedford County was formed from part from Cumberland in 1771 and is referred to as "Old Bedford County" and contained what are now 20 smaller counties. In 1773 part of Bedford County was split off to form Westmoreland County. In 1787 Bedford County was split in half with northern part becoming Huntingdon County and southern part remained as a smaller Bedford County. Somerset County was split off from western part Bedford County 17 April 1795. In 1804 the northern half of Somerset County was split off to form Cambria County.
No further splits from Somerset County occurred since 1804. George Washington passed through the area of Somerset County in 1753 on a scouting expedition at the beginning of the French-Indian War; the Forbes Road cuts through Somerset County. This 200-mile stretch from Carlisle to what is now Pittsburgh was created by Brigadier General John Forbes in the British Expedition of 1758 to Fort Duquesne. Forbes Ford was one of two great western land routes cut through the wilderness to create supply lines from the east, it was the primary route of pioneers travelling to Ohio Country. Fur trappers and hunters were first to stay in the region; the earliest permanent white settlement in what is now Somerset County is a region known as Turkeyfoot. People of "The Jersey Settlement" emigrated from Essex and Morris Counties, New Jersey about 1770. Somerset County gained worldwide attention in 2001 when a hijacked airliner, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed in Stonycreek Township, near the town of Shanksville as part of the September 11 attacks.
The first confirmed report of the plane's crash came from Somerset County Airport as reported on NBC's The Today Show. The most target of this flight was the U. S. Capitol in Washington, D. C; the terrorists' plans for this plane were thwarted by the actions of crew. Their bravery is honored and the crash site, the final resting place of the passengers and crew, is now protected as part of the Flight 93 National Memorial, under the care of the National Park System. See USS Somerset, a U. S. Navy warship, named in commemoration of the Flight 93 tragedy. In July 2002, Somerset County again made worldwide news when nine coal miners were rescued from several hundred feet underground at the Quecreek mine after an intense multi-day struggle. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,081 square miles, of which 1,074 square miles is land and 6.6 square miles is water. Somerset County is one of the far southern counties of Pennsylvania, along its straight southern edge; the county borders Garrett and Allegany Counties in Maryland, the Pennsylvania counties of Fayette, Westmoreland and Bedford.
Somerset County along with Garrett County is one of the snowiest inhabited locations in the United States, with the highest elevations of the county averaging 150+ inches of snow each winter. The county's elevation and general proximity to both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean causes snow from both Nor'easters and lake effect upslope snow events to fall from late October through early April. Snow has been recorded in Somerset County in every month except July, although local lore has it that July saw snow in 1816, "the year without a summer." Mount Davis, the highest natural point in the state of Pennsylvania at 3,213 feet, is located in the southern part of the County. Cambria County Bedford County Allegany County, Maryland Garrett County, Maryland Fayette County Westmoreland County Flight 93 National Memorial Kooser State Park Laurel Hill State Park Laurel Mountain State Park Laurel Ridge State Park Somerset County is situated along the eastern border of the Allegheny Plateau physiographic province, characterized by folded to flat-lying sedimentary rocks of middle to late Paleozoic age.
The eastern border of the county is at the Allegheny Front, a geological boundary between the Allegheny Plateau and the Ridge and Valley Province. The stratigraphic record of sedimentary rocks within the county spans from the Devonian Scherr Formation to the Pennsylvanian Monongahela Formation. Most of these rocks are clastics, there is little or no limestone exposed at the surface. No igneous or metamorphic rocks of any kind exist within the county. Structurally, Somerset County has many gentle folds, the axes of which trend north-northeast. Synclines include the Youghiogheny Syncline, New Lexington/Johnstown Syncline, Somerset Syncline, Berlin Syncline, Wellersburg Syncline; the southern end of Wilmore Syncline is at the town of Windber. Anticlines include the Laurel Hill Anticline, Centerville Dome, Boswell Dome, Negro Mountain Anticline, an unnamed anticline between the Berlin and Wellersburg Synclines; the primary mountains within the county are Laurel Hill, Negro Mountain, Meadow Mountain, Savage Mountain, Allegheny Mountain.
Negro Mountain includes Mount Davis, the highest peak in Pennsylvania. Each mountain trends northeast. Al