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List of counties in South Carolina

The U. S. state of South Carolina is made up of the maximum allowable by state law. They range in size from 359 square miles in the case of Calhoun County to 1,358 square miles in the case of Charleston County; the least populous county is McCormick County, with only 9,958 residents, while the most populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 498,776, despite the state's most populous city, being located in Richland County. In the colonial period, the land around the coast was divided into parishes corresponding to the parishes of the Church of England. There were several counties that had judicial and electoral functions; as people settled the backcountry, judicial districts and additional counties were formed. This structure grew after the Revolutionary War. In 1800, all counties were renamed as districts. In 1868, the districts were converted back to counties; the South Carolina Department of Archives and History has maps that show the boundaries of counties and parishes starting in 1682.

Until the late 19th century, the South Carolina Lowcountry was divided into parishes which in turn were subdivided several "districts". Carteret County Craven County Granville County Orange County Lewisburg County 1785-1791 Winton County present-day Barnwell County Liberty County present-day Marion County Winyah County former name of Georgetown County Claremont County Salem County Cheraw District created in 1769 Camden District created in 1769 Ninety-Six District created in 1769 Pinckney District 1791-1798 Washington District 1785-1798 Pendleton District created in 1789 from Cherokee lands Birch County proposed in 2013 Landrum, John Belton O'Neall Colonial and revolutionary history of upper South Carolina: embracing for the most part the primitive and colonial history of the territory comprising the original county of Spartanburg with a general review of the entire military operations in the upper portion of South Carolina and portions of North Carolina Shannon and Company, South Carolina, OCLC 3492548 Information on County Formation timeline Complete South Carolina County Guide Map of former parishes of South Carolina South Carolina Department of Archives and History

1995 PBA Governors' Cup Finals

The 1995 PBA Governors Cup Finals was the best-of-7 championship series of the 1995 PBA Governors Cup and the conclusion of the conference's playoffs. The San Miguel Beermen and the Alaska Milkmen played for the 62nd championship contested by the league; the Alaska Milkmen retains the Governor's Cup title and ending frustrations of two bridesmaid finishes during the season, defeating the San Miguel Beermen in a seven-game series, winning the last two games. Alaska outscored 25 to 13 in the final period. Allan Caidic buried his only triple for the game to move the Beermen ahead, 75-69, but the Milkmen countered with a 10-0 run to put them on top, 79-75. Sean Chambers led Alaska with 25 points and his defense on Caidic held the triggerman to just five points on a 2-of-9 shooting. Paul Alvarez teamed up with Gido Babilonia in a crucial 7-2 run. Alvarez led the Beermen's rally from nine points down in the third quarter. Alaska scored just 12 points in the fourth quarter as Sean Chambers was held scoreless by the hustling San Miguel defense.

Alaska exploited every fumble and missed San Miguel committed in the third quarter to fuel a breakaway and rout the Beermen. The Milkmen led by as many as 34 points midway in the fourth quarter. Allan Caidic played his best game of the series, poured in 28 points and fired three of his six three-pointers in the third period, a short jumper by Paul Alvarez gave the Beermen its biggest lead, 99-84 with 7:33 remaining. Kenny Travis scored nine of his 48 points in the second overtime, Travis snapped the final tie at 110-all with his seventh triple with 1:07 left and gave San Miguel the lead for good; the Beermen missed two chances of putting away the Milkmen in the first extra period. Sean Chambers follow up on Abarrientos layup with 8.7 seconds left in regulation tied the game at 94-all, Jojo Lastimosa's triple with 31 seconds left in the first overtime tied it again at 103-all. Alaska rallied from 16 points down from a 41-53 halftime deficit; the Milkmen outscored the Beermen, 28-10 in the third quarter to take a 69-63 lead going into the final 12 minutes.

Jojo Lastimosa and Jeffrey Cariaso combined for 13 points that broke a 74-all deadlock and gave the Milkmen their biggest lead, 90-79, with time down to 1:37. Alaska trailed by four points, the last at 75-79 with eight minutes to go in the final quarter when they held the Beermen to a single free throw for five minutes to put the game away, Jojo Lastimosa bury a triple as the Milkmen regain the upper hand at 80-79, jumpers from the right flank by Bong Hawkins and Johnny Abarrientos gave Alaska an 89-80 lead with 1:36 left. PBA official website

Land alienation in Ratanakiri Province

Despite a 2001 law allowing indigenous communities to obtain collective title to traditional lands, land alienation has been a major problem in Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia. The national government has granted concessions over land traditionally possessed by Ratanakiri's indigenous peoples, land "sales" have involved bribes to officials, threats, or misinformation. For instance, a group of Ratanakiri villagers in 2001 were given salt and promises of development by military representatives in exchange for thumbprinting documents that—unbeknownst to them—transferred ownership of their ancestral lands to a military general. Following the involvement of several international NGOs, land alienation has decreased in frequency; these NGOs have assisted in the training of provincial government officials, promoting understanding of indigenous community concerns as well as encouraging dialog between the provincial and national governments. Pilot communal land titling projects have aimed to give legal force to traditional land ownership.

Community natural resource management initiatives in Ratanakiri have been successful and have served as models for similar programs on a national level. Land alienation in Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia. NGO Forum on Cambodia. ISBN 87-91563-20-8

Elisha Bartlett

Elisha Bartlett was a medical doctor and poet who served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives and as the first mayor of Lowell, Massachusetts. Elisha Bartlett was born in Smithfield, Rhode Island, in 1804 and was educated in Smithfield, a friend's school in New York. After studying medicine under the mentorship of Dr. Willard of Uxbridge, Dr. Green and Dr. Heywood of Worcester, Dr. Levi Wheaton of Providence, he earned an M. D. degree at Brown Medical School in 1826. Beginning with his appointment as Professor of Pathological Anatomy and Materia Medica at the Berkshire Medical College in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in 1832, Bartlett taught at a number of medical schools, including Transylvania University, the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Vermont Medical College, Vermont, the University of Louisville, where he was Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, the University of the City of New York, the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, where he was Chair of Materia Medica and Medical Jurisprudence.

He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1845. After graduating from Brown in 1826 and brief study in Paris, Bartlett married Elizabeth Slater of Smithfield, in 1827 settled in Lowell, Massachusetts. Except for his tenure at Berkshire Medical College, he remained in Lowell throughout the 1830s. In April, 1836, Lowell received its city charter from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in October, 1836, Bartlett was elected as the city's first mayor. Running as a Whig, he defeated Democrat Eliphalet Case 958–868 for a one-year term. In 1837 he ran for re-election, defeating Case again, by a margin of 1,018-817. During his tenure he was faced with the challenges of the Lowell Mill Girls strike in 1836, the Panic of 1837. An Address of the Birth of Spurzheim The history and treatment of typhoid and of typhus fever, with an essay on the diagnosis of bilious remittent and of yellow fever. An sssay on the philosophy of medical science; the history and treatment of the fevers of the United States.

An inquiry into the degree of certainty in medicine: and into the nature and extent of its power over disease. The history and treatment of edematous laryngitis. Rider, Sidney Smith, A Brief Memoir of Dr. Elisha Bartlett: With Selections from His Writings, Rhode Island: Sidney Smith Rider Stempsey, William E. Elisha Bartlett's Philosophy of Medicine, Netherlands: Springer, ISBN 140203041X Elisha Bartlett at Find a Grave Huth, E. J.: Elisha Bartlett, an American disciple of Jules Gavarret. In: The James Lind Library. Accessed Tuesday July 13, 2010. Huntington, Elisha: An address on the life and writings of Elisha Bartlett, M. D.. From The Digital Collections of the National Library of Medicine

General Atomics

General Atomics is an American energy and defense corporation headquartered in San Diego, specializing in research and technology development. This includes physics research in support of nuclear fusion energy; the company provides research and manufacturing services for remotely operated surveillance aircraft, including the Predator drones. General Atomics was founded on July 18, 1955, in San Diego, California by Fredrick De Hoffman with assistance from notable physicists Edward Teller and Freeman Dyson; the company was part of the General Atomic division of General Dynamics "for harnessing the power of nuclear technologies for the benefit of mankind". GA's first offices were in the General Dynamics facility on Hancock Street in San Diego. GA used a schoolhouse on San Diego's Barnard Street as its temporary headquarters, which it would "adopt" as part of its Education Outreach program. In 1956, San Diego voters approved the transfer of land to GA for permanent facilities in Torrey Pines and the John Jay Hopkins Laboratory for Pure and Applied Science was formally dedicated there on June 25, 1959.

The Torrey Pines facility continues to serve as the company's headquarters today. General Atomics's initial projects were the TRIGA nuclear research reactor, designed so that it was guaranteed to be safe by the laws of nature, Project Orion. GA helped developed and run the San Diego Supercomputer CenterA brief history of the company: 1967: Sold to Gulf Oil and renamed Gulf General Atomic. 1973: Renamed "General Atomic Company" when Royal Dutch Shell Group's Scallop Nuclear Inc. became a 50–50 partner. 1982: Renamed "GA Technologies Inc" when Gulf bought out its partner. 1984: Taken ownership of by Chevron following its merger with Gulf Oil. 1986: Sold to a company owned by Neal Blue and Linden Blue when it assumed its current name. 1987: Joined by former US Navy Rear Admiral, Thomas J. Cassidy, Jr. 1993: Awarded the "Information Services" portion of the NSF contract for InterNIC functions and publishes Internet Scout Report. 1993: Spawned General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. with Neal Blue as Chairman-CEO and Thomas J. Cassidy as President.

1994: GA-ASI spun off as an affiliate. 1995: Ended role as provider of InterNIC Information Services. On March 15, 2010, Rear Adm. Thomas J. Cassidy stepped down as President of GA-ASI's Aircraft Systems Group, staying on as non-executive chairman of the company's management committee. Frank Pace, the executive vice president of Aircraft Systems Group, succeeded Cassidy as President of GA-ASI. General Atomics is developing a Generation IV reactor design, the Gas Turbine Modular Helium Reactor. In 2010, General Atomics presented a new version of the GT-MHR, the Energy Multiplier Module, which uses fast neutrons and is a Gas-cooled fast reactor. General Atomics, including its affiliate, General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, is San Diego County's largest defense contractor, according to a September 2013 report, by the San Diego Military Affairs Council; the top five contractors, ranked by defense-generated revenue in fiscal year 2013, were General Atomics, followed by Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics-NASSCO, BAE Systems, SAIC.

A separate October 2013 report, by the San Diego Business Journal ranked contractors by the number of local employees. The top three contractors were General Atomics, Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics NASSCO. Electromagnetic Systems Group The Electromagnetic Systems Group is a supplier of electromagnetic systems and related power equipment for a variety of defense and commercial transportation applications. EMS has expertise in the design and fabrication of linear motors and conventional rotating motors, power inverters, high-voltage DC power distribution systems, numerous other energy conversion and storage systems. EMS is a major factor in applying electromagnetic technologies to aircraft launch and recovery, projectile launch, magnetic levitation transportation systems. Energy GroupMagnetic Fusion Energy DIII-D National Fusion Facility ITER Central Solenoid Fusion Plasma Theory and Computation Inertial fusion technology Nuclear Technology & Materials Advanced fission reactor technology Nuclear fuels and medical isotopes Nuclear Materials Science & Engineering General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc.

– GA-ASI's Aircraft Systems Group produces the Predator series of remotely piloted aircraft used in the Kosovo and Afghanistan conflicts. GA-ASI's Reconnaissance Systems Group provides tactical reconnaissance radars, as well as high-resolution surveillance systems for both manned and unmanned aircraft. General Atomics Electronic Systems, Inc. – consists of five product lines involving different aspects of energy. Terminal Automation Products provides automated distribution, inventory control and transaction processing systems to bulk product storage facilities that handle petroleum and agricultural products. Radiation Monitoring Systems designs and supports a full range of radiation monitoring, control, data collection, display equipment, with equipment and systems at over half of the operating nuclear plants in the United States and at numerous sites in Europe and throughout the Far East. General Atomics Energy Products manufactures Maxwell high voltage capacitors after acquiring the product line from Maxwell Technologies in 2000.

The Gulftronic Separator System is a continuous operation, electrostatic, on-stream separation system in use by most major oil companies. Since their introduction in 1979, over 30 systems have been installed at petro

A.mart

Far Eastern A-mart Co. Ltd. doing business as A.mart, is a hypermarket chain in Taiwan. It is a direct subsidiary of Far Eastern Department Stores, which in turn is part of the Far Eastern Group conglomerate, it has its head office in Taipei. It was Far Eastern Geant Co. Ltd. doing business as Far Eastern Geant. Casino Guichard-Perrachon SA owned a 50% stake in the company. In 2004 it was the third largest hypermarket chain in Taiwan; the store began offering a membership card that year. Casino decided to exit Taiwan in order to focus on Brazil and other expanding markets in order to gain sales growth more quickly. In September 2006 sold its 50% stake, worth $738 million New Taiwan dollars, to Far Eastern Department Stores. In 2006 Far Eastern Geant was still the third largest hypermarket chain in Taiwan, with over NT$13 billion in sales. At that time the company was still making losses. List of companies of Taiwan A.mart Far Eastern Géant