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List of counties in Washington

There are 39 counties in the U. S. state of Washington. The Provisional Government of Oregon established Vancouver and Lewis Counties in 1845 in unorganized Oregon Country, extending from the Columbia River north to 54°40′ North latitude. After the region was organized within the Oregon Territory with the current northern border of 49°N, Vancouver County was renamed Clarke, six more counties were created out of Lewis County before the organization of Washington Territory in 1853; the final five were established in the 22 years after Washington was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Article XI of the Washington State Constitution addresses the organization of counties. New counties must have a population of at least 2,000 and no county can be reduced to a population below 4,000 due to partitioning to create a new county. To alter the area of a county, the state constitution requires a petition of the "majority of the voters" in that area. A number of county partition proposals in the 1990s interpreted this as a majority of people who voted, until a 1998 ruling by the Washington Supreme Court clarified that they would need a majority of registered voters.

No changes to counties have been made since the formation of Pend Oreille County in 1911, except when the small area of Cliffdell was moved from Kittitas to Yakima County. The default form of county government is the non-charter commission, with three to five elected commissioners serving as both the legislature and executive. Seven counties have adopted charters providing for home rule distinct from state law: King, Whatcom, Pierce, San Juan, Clark. Of these, Whatcom and Pierce, four major counties on Puget Sound, elect a county executive. Councils in other three charter counties appoint a manager to administer the government. Voters may elect a clerk, sheriff, coroner and prosecuting attorney. Elections are nonpartisan in noncharter counties, but charter counties may choose to make some positions partisan, though all elections are by top-two primary. Counties are not subdivided into minor civil divisions like townships. There are 242 census county divisions for statistical purposes only. King County, home to the state's largest city, holds about 30% of Washington's population and has the highest population density with more than 1,000 people per square mile.

Garfield County is both the densely populated. Two counties, San Juan and Island, are composed only of islands, the only such counties outside New York and Hawaii. Seventeen counties have Native American-derived names, including nine names of tribes whose land settlers would occupy. Another seventeen were named for political figures, but only five of; the last five are named for geographic places. The Federal Information Processing Standard code, used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry; the FIPS code links in the table point to U. S. Census data pages for each county. Washington's postal abbreviation is WA and its FIPS state code is 53. Chehalis County named for the Chehalis people, was renamed Grays Harbor County in 1915. Sawamish County named for the Sahewamish Native American tribe, was renamed Mason County in 1864. Slaughter County named for Lieutenant William A. Slaughter, killed during the Indian Wars, was renamed Kitsap County shortly after its formation in 1857.

The initial proposals for this county called it Kitsap County. Vancouver County named for George Vancouver, was renamed Clarke County in 1849 and corrected to Clark in 1925. Spokane County was established in Washington Territory in 1858 until it merged into Stevens County in 1864. Missoula County was established in Washington Territory in 1860 until it split off with the Idaho Territory in 1863. Shoshone County, Idaho County, Nez Perce County were established in Washington Territory in 1861, Boise County in 1863, until they split off into the Idaho Territory in March 1863, leaving the current borders of Washington. Ferguson County, named for Washington legislator James L. Ferguson, was established on January 23, 1863 from Walla Walla County and dissolved on January 18, 1865. Yakima County was established in its place. Quillehuyte County was split from Jefferson and Clallam counties in 1868 and returned to those counties a year before it could be organized; the representatives at the Cowlitz Convention of 1851 discussed a proposal to form Columbia Territory, which included a number of new counties in what became Washington.

The next session of the Oregon Territorial Legislature created only one of counties: Thurston County. Buchanan County was proposed in 1856 as a division of Clark County. Other proposed counties during Washington's statehood have included: Big Bend, Sherman, Washington, McKinley, Coulee. ^a A first attempt to organize Spokane County in 1858 failed. It was re-organized in 1859 but annexed into Stevens County in 1864 before reappearing in 1879. Works Washington State Association of Counties Washington County Profiles Municipal Research and Services Center of Washington County officials Washington Association of County Officials

Culter Fell

Culter Fell is a hill in the Southern Uplands of Scotland. It is the county top of the historic county of Lanarkshire, as well as the highest point in South Lanarkshire council area, it is the culmination of a network of ridges that lie south of the village of Coulter, close to the town of Biggar. It is most climbed from the north west; the best starting point is the mouth of Kings Beck, at NT 031305. Earlier OSGB topographic maps show a public road at this location, but the most recent maps show only a private road, there are notices threatening to remove unauthorised vehicles. Cars should therefore be parked at Birthwood, 500 metres further back, it is tempting to walk up the track leading up the Kings Beck, but the direct route up the north west ridge is much easier. The slope is smooth and dry, the vegetation is short, although there is no constructed footpath, helpful steps have been cut by the boots of previous climbers. There is an alternative starting point at Glenkirk, to the east. From here, a circular route along a ridge including Chapelgill Hill is among several additional options.

There is extensive sheep farming and sporting activity in the area, so care should be taken when accessing Culter Fell in the spring or late summer. From the summit, the view on a clear day stretches from the Cumbrian Lake District to the Scottish Highlands; the Corbetts and Other Scottish Hills, ISBN 0-907521-29-0 Go4awalk Walk over Culter Fell

The Path Between the Seas

The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870–1914 is a book by the American historian David McCullough, published by Simon & Schuster. The 698-page book contains two maps and extensive source references, it won the U. S. National Book Award in History, the Francis Parkman Prize, the Samuel Eliot Morison Award, the Cornelius Ryan Award; the book details people and events involved in building the Panama Canal. The title refers to the connection between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans that the opening of the canal created. U. S. President Jimmy Carter has said that the treaties passing control of the Canal to Panama would not have passed the U. S Senate had it not been for McCullough's book. “All through the Senate debates on the issue,” McCullough observes, “the book was quoted again and again, I’m pleased to say that it was quoted by both sides. Real history always cuts both ways." History of the Panama Canal The Path Between the Seas. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780743262132. Official website.

"Reviews: David McCullough".


KCIM is a radio station based in Carroll, Iowa. The station plays classic hits music, along with providing news and farm information. KCIM is part of the Carroll Broadcasting Company, along with KKRL, KIKD, it was first licensed on November 2, 1950. KCIM-AM signed on July 27, 1950 at 5:00 PM with 14 full-time employees under the ownership of Carroll Broadcasting, owners of KCIM, KKRL along with local cable channel CBTV. At the time, KCIM was the first radio station owned by Carroll Broadcasting; the station in 1951 became a member of the Liberty Broadcasting system and featured Liberty's baseball game of the day. In 1953, 1954 KCIM aired White Sox baseball games from WCFL. In 1951 and 1952 they aired Carroll Merchant baseball games. On April 6, 1954, KCIM was granted a pattern change to extend their coverage west of Denison, south of Audubon and east of Jefferson. KCIM-AM was a news station dedicated to news from around the Carroll County Area. KCIM-AM went through a few format changes: first it was a country station after the purchase of KIKD it changed to an easy listening format, after a while it switched to classic hits/oldies.

KCIM's morning announcer and Program Director is John Ryan. Other current announcers include Chantelle Grove as News Director, Sports Director/middays Jeff Blankman, Farm News Director Von Kettelsen and Asst News Director Nathan Konz. KCIM has been the home for Iowa State sports, Cubs Baseball. KCIM official website Carroll Broadcasting Query the FCC's AM station database for KCIM Radio-Locator Information on KCIM Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KCIMQuery the FCC's FM station database for K236CV Radio-Locator information on K236CV FCC History Cards for KCIM

Lew Morgan

Lewis Morgan was a Scottish professional football player from Cowdenbeath. Morgan represented Scotland at schoolboy level, played for various Scottish junior clubs before joining Dundee in 1931, he represented the Scottish League in 1933. Morgan transferred to English side Portsmouth two years playing at left back, he was part of the Portsmouth team that beat Wolves 4-1 in the 1939 FA Cup Final. After the Second World War he joined Watford, playing 50 Football League games for them before being released on a free transfer. Morgan played for Chelmsford City, signing for the club in May 1948. Portsmouth FA Cup: 1939

Henry, Duke of Parma

Henry, Duke of Parma and Piacenza was the head of the House of Bourbon-Parma and the pretender to the defunct throne of Parma from 1907 to 1939. Prince Enrico was born at Wartegg Castle in Rorschach, the second but eldest surviving son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and his first wife, Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, he had learning difficulties and from 1907, his brother Elias took up the role as head of the family and served as regent throughout his and his brother Joseph's titular reigns. However, Enrico continued to be considered by legitimists as Henry of Parma. Enrico died in 1939 at Pianore, near Lucca, Italy and without issue, he was succeeded as titular pretender of Parma by his brother Joseph. Duchy of Parma House of Bourbon-Parma