List of counties in West Virginia

The U. S. state of West Virginia has 55 counties. Fifty of them existed at the time of the Wheeling Convention in 1861, before which West Virginia was part of the Commonwealth of Virginia; the remaining five were formed within the state after its admission to the United States on June 20, 1863. At that time, Berkeley County and Jefferson County, the two easternmost counties of West Virginia, refused to recognize their inclusion in the state. In March 1866, the United States Congress passed a joint mandate assenting to their inclusion; the West Virginia Constitution was ratified in 1872, replacing the state constitution created in 1863 when West Virginia became a state. Article 9, Section 8, of the West Virginia Constitution permits the creation of additional counties if a majority of citizens in the proposed new county vote for its creation and the new county has a minimum area of 400 square miles and a population of at least 6,000. Creation of a new county is prohibited. Three counties have sufficient land area to allow a new county to be split off.

The remaining counties cannot be split, as either their land area would decrease to under 400 square miles, or their population would decrease to below 6,000. Population figures are based on the 2010 United States Census; the role of counties in local government had been minimized under the 1863 constitution, which vested most local government authority in a system of townships based on the New England model. The authors of the 1872 constitution chose to return to the system used in Virginia, in which each county was governed by a county court with combined authority for executive and judicial functions of the county government. In 1880, West Virginia amended its constitution and replaced the county court system with an arrangement that divides county government powers between seven county offices, each of, independently elected: the county commission, county clerk, circuit clerk, county sheriff, county assessor, county prosecuting attorney, county surveyor of lands. Counties have only those powers that are expressly granted to them by the state Constitution or by state statute.

These powers include, but are not limited to, maintaining the infrastructure of the state, funding libraries, maintaining jails and hospitals, waste disposal. Reforming public education became a county function in 1933. In May 1933, a county unit plan was adopted. Under this plan, the state's 398 school districts were consolidated into the current 55 county school systems; this enabled public schools to be funded more economically and saved West Virginia millions of dollars. Randolph County is the largest by area at 1,040 square miles, Hancock County is the smallest at 83 square miles. Kanawha County contributed land to the founding of 12 West Virginia counties and has the largest population. Wirt County has the smallest population; the oldest county is Hampshire, established in 1754, the newest is Mingo, established in 1895. Spruce Knob, located in Pendleton County, is the state's highest point at 4,863 feet. Federal Information Processing Standard codes, which are used by the United States government to identify counties uniquely, are five-digit numbers.

For West Virginia, they start with end with the three-digit county code. Each county's code is provided in the table below, linked to census data for that county. List of governors of West Virginia List of National Historic Landmarks in West Virginia

Giuseppe Mori

Giuseppe Mori was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of the Council from 1916 until his death, was elevated to the cardinalate in 1922. Born in Loro Piceno, Mori studied at the seminary in the Pontifical Roman Seminary, he was ordained to the priesthood on 17 September 1874, did pastoral work in Rome until 1880. Mori was raised to the rank of Honorary Chamberlain of His Holiness on October 4, 1880, served as a staff member and the auditor of the Sacred Congregation of the Council in the Roman Curia, he became Undersecretary of the Sacred Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments on 20 October 1908, Auditor of the Roman Rota on 9 February 1909, Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of the Council on 8 December 1916. As Secretary of the Council, Mori served as the second-highest official of that dicastery successively under Cardinals Francesco di Paola Cassetta, Donato Sbarretti, Giulio Serafini. Pope Pius XI created him Cardinal-Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere in the consistory of 11 December 1922.

Mori chose to be elevated to a Cardinal-Priest after ten years' standing as a Cardinal-Deacon on 13 March 1933. He served as a judge of the Apostolic Signatura and sat on the committee appointed to rule the Church during the sede vacante. Mori died from heart disease in his native Loro Piceno, at age 84, he is buried in the chapel of the Loro Piceno cemetery, his remains were transferred to his family's tomb. Catholic-Hierarchy Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church


Moynalty is a village in the north-west of County Meath in Ireland. It is located at the junction of the R194 and R164 regional roads 8 km north of Kells, near the border with County Cavan, it was part of the Kells Poor Law Union. The Borora river flows through the village, its population in 2011 was 116 people. According to the Annals of the Four Masters, the name Mágh nEalta was introduced into Ireland about 2000 BC when Partholon, a Greek, gave that name to a treeless fertile plain in Dublin; because the description described its location, the area now known as Moynalty got the name Magh nEalta also. The name was used to describe the manorial lands and settlement in the area; the Synod of Kells in 1152 restructured Catholicism on Ireland, replacing a monastic system of directing the Irish Church with a system of parishes and archdioceses. As the old manorial village had embraced the name of the surrounding plain, the new parish assumed that name'Magh n-Ealta' also; the village was built by the grandson of James Farrell who purchased the lands of Moynalty and its hinterland in 1790.

That grandson John Arthur completed the building of Moynalty Village in 1837 and it is to some extent based on a Swiss design. The village was built on one side only earning it the saying "All To One Side Like The Village Of Moynalty", it was only after 1900. The Donore Hoard of bronze artifacts, a bronze chain, a door knocker, decorated in an 8th-century style, were discovered in the townland of Donore, Moynalty during an excavation in 1984; the items have been housed in the National Museum of Ireland since June 1985. There was a small lace-making industry in Moynalty; this lace making industry supplied Lace to the wife of King George at Buckingham Palace in London. The village has become a familiar face in the national Tidy Towns competition. Moynalty was awarded with the title of Best Kept Town in All of Ireland in 2011; the village hosts the Moynalty Steam Threshing festival, held every August since 1975. Bus Éireann route 108 provides three journeys a day to Kells and three journeys a day to Bailieborough in County Cavan via Mullagh Onward connections to Dublin and Dublin Airport are available at Kells.

Matthew Gilsenan - Member of the Irish-based classical music group The Celtic Tenors was born in Moynalty in the early 1970s. Senator Patrick Lynch - Born in Shearke, Moynalty in 1867. Kevin Doyle - CEO 999 Australia List of towns and villages in Ireland