This is a list of the counties in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, with population and county seats. Before New Brunswick was partitioned from Nova Scotia, it consisted of Cumberland and Sunbury Counties. Counties were at the top of a three-layer local government system. Below each county were parishes, but not all, parishes were further subdivided into municipalities; the exception to this was the municipality of Saint John, not in a parish but was a sub-division of Saint John County. With the New Brunswick Equal Opportunity program in 1966, county councils were abolished. Counties continue to be used as an organizational unit, along with parishes, for registration of real-estate and its taxation, they figure prominently in residents' sense of place and continue as significant threads in the Province's cultural fabric. They still appear on most maps. Administrative divisions of Canada List of parishes in New Brunswick List of Municipalities in New Brunswick Local government in Canada Subdivisions of Canada New Brunswick Parishes New Brunswick Communities Past and Present: County Listing
German submarine U-736 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built for service during World War II. Her keel was laid down on 29 November 1941 by Schichau-Werke of Danzig, she was commissioned on 16 January 1943 with Oberleutnant zur See Reinhard Reff in command. German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-736 had a displacement of 769 tonnes when at the 871 tonnes while submerged, she had a total length of 67.10 m, a pressure hull length of 50.50 m, a beam of 6.20 m, a height of 9.60 m, a draught of 4.74 m. The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower for use while submerged, she had two 1.23 m propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres; the submarine had a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots.
When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles at 4 knots. U-736 was fitted with five 53.3 cm torpedo tubes, fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, two twin 2 cm C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of between sixty, she conducted two patrols: 16 January 1943 to 31 March 1944 8th U-Boat Flotilla 1 April 1944 to 6 August 1944 1st U-Boat Flotilla On 24 May 1944 she was damaged by a Consolidated Liberator from No. 224 Squadron RAF, aircraft letter'C', shot down a British Vickers Wellington aircraft. On 6 August 1944 she was sunk in the Bay of Biscay west of St. Nazaire, in position 47°19′N 4°16′W, by Squid depth charges from HMS Loch Killin, there were 19 survivors and 28 dead; the U-boat captain, Oblt.z. S. Reinhard Reff, had fired a torpedo at HMS Loch Killin and the periscope was spotted by a port lookout. Action stations rang out through the depth charges shot out in record time; the torpedo was destroyed by the explosion, so violent that it forced the damaged U-736 to surface under the stern of the frigate.
For a few minutes both vessel were locked together and the survivors of the crew scrambled onto the quarter-deck of Loch Killin to the bewilderment of the frigate's crew. U-736 slipped away taking the other crew members to the bottom; the prisoners were disembarked to another warship returning to England and Loch Killin continued on patrol. Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-736". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014
Solar power in Washington, D. C. has been growing in recent years due to new technological improvements and a variety of regulatory actions and financial incentives a 30% tax credit, extended with a phase down approach. A bill signed on Dec 18, 2015 extends the 30% Solar Investment Tax Credits for both residential and commercial projects through the end of 2019, drops the credit to 26% in 2020, 22% in 2021 before dropping permanently to 10% for commercial projects and 0% for residential projects. Washington, D. C. has the potential to install 2,100 MW of rooftop photovoltaics using technology available in 2012, which would generate 21% of the electricity used in 2010. Every two years a Solar Decathlon is held on the National Mall. Contestants are challenged to build an energy efficient building, capable of generating all of the energy used. In 2013 the Solar Decathlon was held outside Washington, D. C. for the first time, was located in Orange County. In 2006 Mount Pleasant residents Anya Schoolman and George Musser's sons Walter and Diego had watched Al Gore's documentary, An Inconvenient Truth and suggested that their families do something about the climate change problem.
Upon investigating the possibility of going solar, Schoolman found the problems of building code and contracting issues too complex to be solved by a single person, so Schoolman and their two sons formed the Mount Pleasant Solar Cooperative to bring greater time, expertise and buying power to the problem. In 2009 45 houses in Mount Pleasant went solar. Since that number has grown to about 250. Soon a Capitol Hill Solar Co-op was calling seeking Mount Pleasant's expertise. There were solar coops in every ward in the District. In 2010 the eleven neighborhood solar coops of Washington, DC formed an umbrella organization, DC Solar United Neighborhoods; the SUN model has begun spreading to additional states, including Virginia. In 2011, Schoolman founded the Solar United Neighbors, a nonprofit organization bringing together the efforts of local renewable energy groups; as of May 2019, Solar United Neighbors is active in 12 U. S States. Anya Schoolman and the Mount Pleasant Solar Cooperative were the subject of a segment in M. Sanjayan's Discovery Channel series, Powering The Future and have been recognized by the White House's Champions of Change program.
Insolation is good at about 4.7 sun hours/day. Solar power in the United States Renewable energy in the United States Solar United Neighbors of D. C. American Solar Energy Society Incentives and Policies DC Solar Map by Mapdwell Solar Permitting Guidelines from DCRA
Ada Chard Williams was a baby farmer, convicted of strangling to death 21-month-old Selina Ellen Jones in Barnes in London in September 1899. Florence Jones, a young unmarried mother, had read an advert in the local newspaper which offered to find homes for unwanted children, she could only give her £ 3 on the day. She went back with the balance and found that Mrs Hewetson and Selina had vanished. Florence reported the matter to the police. Ada Chard Williams wrote a letter to the police denying the crime but in effect admitting she was a baby farmer who bought and sold babies for profit; the police soon discovered. However, they had no body with which to prove there had been a murder, at least not until Selina's corpse was washed up on the bank of the Thames at Battersea; the inquest was carried out by Mr Braxton Hicks who pointed out that the knots in the cord, a "fisherman's bend", had been found on three other dead bodies of children. On the child's head there was a large bruise, which suggested that someone had taken the child by the legs, struck it against a wall before it was strangled.
Like Amelia Dyer, Ada Chard Williams had her own "signature" way of tying up bodies she wished to dispose of, using a knot called a Fisherman's knot or bend and, a crucial piece of evidence at her trial at the Old Bailey on 16 and 17 February 1900. She was hanged, aged 24, in the yard of Newgate Prison on 6 March 1900, the last woman to be hanged there, she was suspected of killing other children. Old Bailey Proceedings Online, Trial of William Chard Williams, Ada Chard Williams.. Old Bailey Proceedings Online, Trial of William Chard Williams
The Sample Collection for Investigation of Mars is a mission concept for a Mars air and dust sample return. It was a semi-finalist at the Mars Scout Program along with four other missions in December 2002; the SCIM mission would be designed to skim through the Mars atmosphere without landing or entering orbit. It would take them back to Earth on a free-return trajectory; the success of fellow Discovery program mission Stardust was noted as supporting future sample return missions, in particular supporting the SCIM concept. This Stardust mission was similar in that it returned extraterrestrial material to Earth with an unmanned robotic spacecraft. SCIM would collect air and dust samples by flying through the atmosphere of Mars without landing or orbiting; the design utilizes heritage from the successful Genesis sample return missions. A pass through the atmosphere about 40 km above Mars' surface at a speed of 6 km/s would result in millions of particles being encountered; the particles would be returned to Earth inside a small sealed capsule.
Analysis of the dust could confirm the origin of the suspected meteorites on Earth from Mars. SCIM was studied in 2002 for the 2007 Mars Scout Program mission as a low-cost, low-risk Mars sample return, it achieved semifinalist status. The other semifinalist missions were ARES, MARVEL. ARES was a powered Mars aircraft, Phoenix was a polar lander, MARVEL was an orbiter. In 2014 the BoldlyGo organization stated their intention of raising money for this mission privately, they stated that many space missions are not being flown due lack of funds, not because there are issues with the proposals. Mars sample return mission InSight 2002 Edition of Sample Collection for Investigation of Mars BoldyGo's webpage for SCIM
Dorothy L. Starbuck was an American Women's Army Corps officer during World War II who went on to work for the Veterans Administration. Starbuck served overseas with the WAC and as a VA civil servant, she became the first woman to hold several important positions in that department. Starbuck was born into a large family in Denver, Colorado on October 17, 1917 where she had 11 siblings. Starbuck graduated from Loretto Heights College with a bachelor's degree in journalism and went on to do graduate work at the University of Denver, she taught elementary school for two years. In 1942, Starbuck joined the Women's Army Corps and earned her commission from the Army Corps Officers' Candidate School as a second lieutenant in 1942, her first duty station was at Lowery Army Airfield as a commander of a group of photo analysts. Starbuck served overseas during World War II and achieved the rank of captain. In Europe, during the war, she served at General Dwight D. Eisenhower's London Headquarters, where she held a top secret clearance.
She left the service in December of 1945. In 1946, she became a clerk at the Chicago Regional Office of the Veterans Administration. In 1962, she was named the assistant director of the Baltimore VA Regional Office, making her the first woman to earn a senior manager position in the VA. By 1963, she was director of the Denver Regional VA Office. In 1977, Starbuck was named the chief benefits director of the VA, becoming the first woman to hold that position; that same year, she argued that Women Air Force Service Pilots were not entitled to veterans' benefits since they had been a civilian program. In 1980, she received the President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service. Starbuck retired from the VA in 1985, she was buried at Fort Logan National Cemetery. Monahan, Evelyn M.. A Few Good Women:America's Military Women From World War I to the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. ISBN 9781400044344. Dorothy Starbuck on Find A Grave