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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. All 193 member states of the United Nations plus the Vatican City are given a rank number. Unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order; the areas of such unrecognised states are in most cases included in the areas of the more recognised states that claim the same territory. Not included in the list are individual country claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica, entities such as the European Union that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories, unrecognised micronations such as the Principality of Sealand; this list includes three measurements of area: Total area: the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines.

Land area: the aggregate of all land within international boundaries and coastlines, excluding water area. Water area: the sum of the surface areas of all inland water bodies within international boundaries and coastlines. Coastal internal waters may be included. Territorial waters are not included. Contiguous zones and exclusive economic zones are not included. Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division; the charts below are based on the CIA World Factbook as of February 15, 2005. Sovereign states with areas greater than 100,000 km2 are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are included for purposes of comparison, are shown in gray. Areas include inland water bodies. Claims to parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included. List of countries and dependencies by area and population density List of countries and dependencies by population List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area List of largest empires List of sovereign states Orders of magnitude Countries of the world ordered by land area

Rose Hacker

Rose Hacker was a British socialist, sex educator and campaigner for social justice. At her death, aged 101, she was the world's oldest newspaper columnist. Hacker was born in central London, her parents were middle class Jewish immigrants, her father ran a business making women's clothes. She studied art, design and German at the Regent Street Polytechnic, but was a voracious learner outside formal education, aided by an incredible memory. After leaving polytechnic, she worked for her father as a model and assistant, while keeping up a full social life in London, she had to give up her first love, a doctor, because the social mores and economic realities of the day forced him to choose between marriage and a career. She was outraged that life should create such situations, but had a happy marriage with Mark Hacker, an accountant, they adopted a daughter. She developed her talents as an sculptor, having a piece displayed in the British Museum, she remained active late in life, practising belly-dancing, T'ai chi and the Alexander Technique, swimming most days.

In 2007, she and two fellow care home residents performed a dance choreographed specially for them at The Place, in Euston. Hacker became a pacifist and socialist in her teens, having seen wounded soldiers returning from World War I, hunger marchers from Wales and the Midlands in Oxford Street. In the 1930s she worked against fascism and to relieve the sufferings of the working class during the Great Depression. In 1931, at the height of Joseph Stalin's purges, she visited the USSR along with the Sydney & Beatrice Webb. Writing of her trip in the Camden New Journal, Hacker said:'of course we didn't know what he was doing then' indicating that, like many people on the left at that time, she did not believe the atrocity stories circulating about the regime; the phrase'we did not know' in regard to Stalin's terror has to be set alongside the fact that in 1931, a conference against'slavery in Russia' took place at London's Royal Albert Hall. Hacker's activism continued as she became involved with the Co-operative Correspondence Club, she became more involved with education and helping the disadvantaged through her work as a relationship counsellor with the Marriage Guidance Council after the Second World War.

This led to work in prisons, mental hospitals and with the disabled, she championed housing rights and equality for all. In 1949, she was one of the researchers for a study on sexual behaviour in Britain, dubbed "Little Kinsey" after the 1948 American Kinsey Report; the study grew out of Britain's Mass Observation programme and was funded by the Daily Mirror's Sunday Pictorial. It went further than the first Kinsey Report by interviewing women as well as men, but its findings were deemed shocking and few were made public. One of the biggest problems she uncovered was that of unconsummated marriages. Hacker wrote several books, but it was her sex education book, Telling the Teenagers: A guide to parents and youth leaders, that became a best seller, it was revised and republished in 1960 as The Opposite Sex: Vital knowledge about adult relationships – from your first "date" to married life and love. After years of serving on voluntary and local government organisations, Hacker was elected to the Greater London Council as Labour Party member for St Pancras.

Her election slogan was "bring the countryside to London". She was chair of the Thames Waterways Board; when the editor of her local North London newspaper, the Camden New Journal heard her speak on nuclear disarmament, he offered her a fortnightly column in the paper. The column first generated considerable interest. For the last 18 months of her life she was in great demand for television and magazine interviews and articles, she wrote the column as a personal testament to the truth, was rather disappointed to discover no one had written in to complain about it. Hacker died in hospital in 2008 after a fortnight's illness. Rose Hacker Column in Camden New Journal Obituary in The Times


KidsClick was a daily children's programming block distributed by Sinclair Broadcast Group, which premiered on July 1, 2017. The block, which consisted of long-form animated series as well as some short-form content, was carried in the U. S. on terrestrial television network TBD, on Sinclair-owned/operated television stations in several markets. At launch, the block was available in 75 million households; the block marked the return of traditional weekday cartoons and Saturday morning cartoons to terrestrial television as a network, as well as the first children's programming block on U. S. free-to-air television not to comply with Children's Television Act regulations since the Saban Brands-produced Vortexx was discontinued by The CW on September 27, 2014. The This TV iteration of the block accompanied an existing, unbranded lineup of educational programming on weekend mornings, which had aired on the network since November 1, 2013, after the discontinuation of Cookie Jar Toons. On July 1, 2018, This TV discontinued carriage of KidsClick, transferred to Sinclair's TBD channel, carrying the block on a transitional basis since May 7 of that year.

On March 29, 2019, shortly after closing sister site Circa News, KidsClick's Facebook page announced the block's discontinuation on March 31, 2019. On May 2, 2017, Sinclair Broadcast Group announced that it would launch a multiplatform children's programming block on linear television and online platforms; the company partnered with MGM Domestic Television Distribution to develop and distribute KidsClick, which it planned to air nationally on This TV and select network affiliates and independent stations owned and/or operated by Sinclair on July 1, 2017. Its content encompasses short- and long-form material and is distributed online, through internet browsers and mobile apps in video-on-demand and live streaming formats; the network's distribution and website utilized Imagine Communications' cloud technology from Sinclair's Las Vegas studios for their market triopoly. Sinclair returned to the children's television market with KidsClick several years after the demise of The Program Exchange, an industry estimated to be worth $1 billion, largely split in advertising revenue between Nickelodeon and Cartoon Network.

Speaking to the return of children's programming on American commercial broadcast television, Steven M. Marks, COO and EVP of Sinclair Television Group, said in an earnings report on May 3, 2017: "That's a $1 billion-plus spot business that we don't get a dime from. So again, it's an illustration of going back into the marketplace and fishing in ponds that we haven't fished in. So that's $1 billion, pretty much split between cable networks: Nickelodeon and the Cartoon Network. Disney is a subscription network. 18 years ago, we were the kings of reaching kids every day. There's no reason in the world why we can't be successful in that space."On Friday, March 29, 2019, KidsClick announced on Facebook that the block would air for the last time on March 31. Sinclair discontinued sister property Circa News three days previous. KidsClick ended on March 31, 2019 with an airing of Oggy and The Cockroaches. For the vast majority of stations carrying it, temporary or permanent paid programming, religious programming, other syndicated content, or alternate E/I-complaint shows overlaid the former timeslot until more permanent programming was scheduled in the fall.

Paid programming and some internet-originated content series replaced it on TBD. Several days the block's website was taken down, with the domain redirected to the main Sinclair corporate page; the block was preferred to air every Monday-Friday from 6:00 to 9:00 a.m. and Saturday and Sundays from 7:00 to 10:00 a.m. local time, though scheduling variances existed in certain markets due to network programming obligations, existing contracts for other syndicated programming or with paid or religious programming providers, or a preference to air news and sports programming in those slots. As This TV ran only in 480i 4:3 standard definition, it aired in a letterbox format on that network, as the entire block featured programming designed for a 16:9 high definition display, how it aired on TBD, as well as most affiliated and Sinclair stations; because the programs featured on KidsClick did not meet educational content guidelines defined in the Children's Television Act by the Federal Communications Commission, This TV continued to air a block of live-action travel and wildlife series from Steve Rotfeld Productions after the weekend broadcasts of the KidsClick lineup to fulfill the mandate (accordingly, the network's E/I block switched from a singular, three-hour block aired only on Sunday m