List of countries and dependencies by population

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A map of world population in 2014
World population percentage by country

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population, it includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately; in addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1.

The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall. Some countries, notably Thailand, do not report total population, exclusively counting citizens; for total populations an international agency must issue an estimate.[citation needed]

Also given in percent is each country's population compared with the population of the world, which the United Nations estimated at 7.6 billion in September 2017.[1]

Method[edit]

Figures used in this chart are based on the most up to date estimate or projections[2] by the national census authority where available, and are usually rounded off. Where updated national data are not available, figures are based on the projections for 2017 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[3]

Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may create misleading conclusions. Furthermore, the addition of figures from all countries may not equal the world total. A handful of nations have not conducted a census in over 30 years, providing high error margin estimates only.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union,[Note 1] that are not sovereign states, and independent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.

Sovereign states and dependencies by population[edit]

Note: All dependent territories or constituent countries that are parts of sovereign states are shown in italics.

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
Population Date % of world
population
Source
1 China[Note 2] 1,387,630,000 November 21, 2017 18.3% Official population clock
2 India 1,324,190,000 November 21, 2017 17.5% Official population clock
3 United States[Note 3] 326,145,000 November 21, 2017 4.3% Official population clock
4 Indonesia 261,890,900 July 1, 2017 3.45% Official annual projection
5 Pakistan 209,651,000 November 21, 2017 2.76% Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
6 Brazil 208,290,000 November 21, 2017 2.75% Official population clock
7 Nigeria 193,392,500 March 21, 2016 2.55% Annual official estimate
8 Bangladesh 163,517,000 November 21, 2017 2.16% Official population clock
9 Russia[Note 4] 146,837,301 September 1, 2017 1.94% Official estimate
10 Japan 126,670,000 September 1, 2017 1.67% Monthly provisional estimate
11 Mexico 123,364,426 July 1, 2017 1.63% Official projection
12 Philippines 104,914,000 November 21, 2017 1.38% Official population clock
13 Egypt 96,072,800 November 21, 2017 1.27% Official population clock
14 Ethiopia 94,352,000 July 1, 2017 1.24% Official projection
15 Vietnam 93,700,000 July 1, 2017 1.24% Annual official projection
16 Germany 82,800,000 December 31, 2016 1.08% Provisional official annual estimate
17 Democratic Republic of the Congo 82,115,000 July 1, 2017 1.08% UN Projection
18 Iran 80,976,600 November 21, 2017 1.07% Official population clock
19 Turkey 79,814,871 December 31, 2016 1.05% Official annual estimate
20 Thailand 69,037,513 July 1, 2017 0.91% UN Projection
21 France[Note 5] 67,158,000 October 1, 2017 0.89% Monthly official estimate
22 United Kingdom[Note 6] 65,648,000 July 1, 2016 0.87% Official mid-year estimate
23 Italy 60,507,590 June 30, 2017 0.8% Official estimate
24 South Africa 56,717,000 July 1, 2017 0.75% Annual official estimate
25 Tanzania[Note 7] 55,451,000 July 1, 2017 0.73% UN projection
26 Myanmar 53,370,609 July 1, 2017 0.7% UN projection
27 South Korea 51,446,201 July 1, 2017 0.68% Annual official estimate
28 Kenya 49,699,862 July 1, 2017 0.66% UN projection
29 Colombia 49,504,000 November 21, 2017 0.653% Official population clock
30 Spain 46,528,966 January 1, 2017 0.61% Official estimate
31 Argentina 44,044,811 July 1, 2017 0.58% Official annual projection
32 Ukraine[Note 8] 42,444,919 September 1, 2017 0.56% Monthly official estimate
33 Algeria 41,697,498 July 1, 2017 0.55% Official annual projection
34 Sudan 40,782,742 July 1, 2017 0.54% Official annual projection
35 Poland 38,426,000 July 1, 2017 0.51% Official estimate
36 Iraq 38,274,618 July 1, 2017 0.49% UN projection
37 Uganda 37,673,800 July 1, 2017 0.5% Official annual projection
38 Canada 36,724,300 November 21, 2017 0.484% Official estimate
39 Morocco[Note 9] 34,498,800 November 21, 2017 0.455% Official annual projection
40 Saudi Arabia 34,358,143 July 1, 2017 0.45% Official estimate
41 Uzbekistan 32,345,000 July 1, 2017 0.42% Official population report
42 Malaysia 32,298,200 November 21, 2017 0.426% Official population clock
43 Peru 31,826,018 July 1, 2017 0.42% Official annual projection
44 Venezuela 31,431,164 July 1, 2017 0.41% Official annual projection
45 Afghanistan 29,724,323 July 1, 2017 0.39% Annual official estimate
46 Ghana 28,956,587 July 1, 2017 0.38% Official annual projection
47 Nepal 28,825,709 July 1, 2017 0.38% Official annual projection
48 Angola 28,359,634 January 1, 2017 0.37% Official Estimate
49 Yemen 28,250,000 July 1, 2017 0.37% UN projection
50 Mozambique 27,128,530 July 1, 2017 0.36% Annual official projection
51 Madagascar 25,571,000 July 1, 2017 0.34% UN projection
52 North Korea 25,491,000 July 1, 2017 0.34% UN projection
54 Australia 24,722,700 November 21, 2017 0.326% Official population clock
53 Ivory Coast 24,725,104 July 1, 2017 0.32% UN projection
55 Taiwan[Note 10] 23,562,318 October 31, 2017 0.31% Monthly official estimate
56 Cameroon 23,248,044 January 1, 2017 0.31% Annual official projection
57 Niger 21,477,348 July 1, 2017 0.28% UN projection
58 Sri Lanka 21,444,000 July 1, 2017 0.28% Official estimate
59 Romania 19,638,000 January 1, 2017 0.26% Annual official estimate
60 Burkina Faso 19,632,147 July 1, 2017 0.26% Annual official projection
61 Malawi 18,622,000 July 1, 2017 0.25% UN Projection
62 Mali 18,542,000 July 1, 2017 0.24% UN projection
63 Syria 18,270,000 July 1, 2017 0.24% UN projection
64 Kazakhstan 18,096,900 October 1, 2017 0.24% Official estimate
65 Chile 17,373,831 August 31, 2017 0.24% Preliminary 2017 Census Results
66 Netherlands 17,173,300 November 21, 2017 0.226% Official population clock
67 Ecuador 16,854,900 November 21, 2017 0.222% Official population clock
68 Zambia 16,405,229 July 1, 2017 0.22% Official annual projection
69 Guatemala 16,176,133 July 1, 2015 0.21% Official estimate
70 Cambodia 15,848,495 July 1, 2017 0.21% Official annual projection
71 Senegal 15,256,346 January 1, 2017 0.2% Official annual projection
72 Chad 14,900,000 July 1, 2017 0.2% UN projection
73 Somalia[Note 11] 14,743,000 July 1, 2016 0.19% UN projection
74 Zimbabwe 14,542,235 July 1, 2017 0.19% Official annual projection
75 Guinea 12,717,176 July 1, 2017 0.17% UN projection
76 South Sudan 12,575,714 July 1, 2017 0.17% UN projection
77 Rwanda 11,809,300 July 1, 2017 0.16% Official projection (medium scenario)
78 Belgium 11,370,968 August 1, 2017 0.15% Monthly official estimate
79 Tunisia 11,304,482 July 1, 2016 0.15% Official estimate
80 Cuba 11,239,224 December 31, 2016 0.15% Annual official estimate
81 Bolivia 11,145,770 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official Estimate
82 Benin 11,002,578 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official projection
83 Haiti 10,911,819 March 31, 2015 0.14% Official estimate
84 Greece 10,783,748 January 1, 2016 0.14% Official estimate
85 Czechia 10,588,063 June 30, 2017 0.14% Official quarterly estimate
86 Burundi 10,400,938 July 1, 2017 0.14% Official annual projection
87 Portugal 10,309,573 December 31, 2016 0.14% Annual official estimate
88 Dominican Republic 10,169,172 July 1, 2017 0.13% Official projection
89 Sweden 10,093,734 September 30, 2017 0.13% Official monthly estimate
90 Jordan 10,016,250 November 21, 2017 0.132% Official population clock
91 Azerbaijan 9,867,250 September 1, 2017 0.13% Official estimate
92 Hungary 9,799,000 January 1, 2017 0.13% Annual official estimate
93 Belarus 9,495,800 October 1, 2017 0.13% Official quarterly estimate
94 United Arab Emirates 9,400,000 July 1, 2017 0.12% UN projection
95 Honduras 8,866,351 July 1, 2017 0.12% Official annual projection
96 Tajikistan 8,829,300 July 1, 2017 0.12% Official estimate
97 Austria 8,817,514 October 1, 2017 0.12% Quarterly provisional figure
98 Israel 8,774,820 November 21, 2017 0.116% Official population clock
99 Switzerland 8,448,585 June 30, 2017 0.11% Quarterly provisional figure
100 Papua New Guinea 8,151,300 July 1, 2016 0.11% Annual official estimate
Hong Kong (China) 7,389,500 July 1, 2017 0.097% Official estimate
101 Togo 7,178,000 July 1, 2017 0.095% Official estimate
102 Bulgaria 7,101,859 December 31, 2016 0.094% Official estimate
103 Sierra Leone 7,075,641 December 4, 2015 0.093% Preliminary 2015 census result
104 Serbia[Note 12] 7,058,322 June 30, 2016 0.093% Annual official estimate
105 Paraguay 6,953,646 January 1, 2017 0.092% Official estimate
106 El Salvador 6,581,940 July 1, 2017 0.087% Official projection
107 Laos 6,492,400 March 1, 2015 0.086% Preliminary 2015 census result
108 Libya 6,374,616 July 1, 2017 0.084% UN projection
109 Nicaragua 6,305,956 July 1, 2017 0.083% Official estimate
110 Kyrgyzstan 6,140,200 January 1, 2017 0.081% Official estimate
111 Lebanon 6,082,000 July 1, 2017 0.08% UN projection
112 Denmark 5,778,570 October 1, 2017 0.076% Official quarterly estimate
113 Turkmenistan 5,758,000 July 1, 2017 0.076% UN projection
114 Singapore 5,612,300 July 1, 2017 0.074% Official estimate
115 Finland 5,509,984 September 30, 2017 0.073% Monthly official estimate
116 Slovakia 5,437,752 June 30, 2017 0.072% Official estimate
117 Norway 5,290,288 October 1, 2017 0.07% Official quarterly estimate
118 Republic of the Congo 5,261,000 July 1, 2017 0.069% UN projection
119 Central African Republic 4,659,080 July 1, 2017 0.061% UN projection
120 Eritrea 5,069,000 July 1, 2017 0.067% UN projection
121 Costa Rica 4,947,490 June 30, 2017 0.065% Official estimate
122 New Zealand 4,832,280 November 21, 2017 0.0637% Official population clock
123 Palestine 4,816,503 July 1, 2016 0.064% Official estimate
124 Ireland 4,757,976 July 14, 2016 0.063% Preliminary 2016 census result
125 Oman 4,573,075 February 1, 2017 0.06% Official estimate
126 Liberia 4,289,520 July 1, 2017 0.057% Official projection[Note 13]
127 Croatia 4,154,213 December 31, 2016 0.055% Annual official estimate
128 Kuwait 4,132,415 July 1, 2016 0.054% Official estimate
129 Panama 4,037,043 July 1, 2016 0.053% Official estimate
130 Mauritania 3,806,719 July 1, 2017 0.05% Annual official projection
131 Georgia[Note 14] 3,718,200 January 1, 2017 0.049% Annual official estimate
132 Moldova[Note 15] 3,550,900 January 1, 2017 0.047% Official estimate
133 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,518,000 July 1, 2015 0.046% Official estimate
134 Uruguay 3,493,205 June 30, 2017 0.046% Annual official projection
Puerto Rico (U.S.) 3,411,307 July 1, 2016 0.045% Official estimate
135 Mongolia 3,180,600 November 21, 2017 0.042% Official population clock
136 Armenia 2,979,600 September 30, 2017 0.039% Official quarterly estimate
137 Albania 2,876,591 January 1, 2017 0.038% Annual official estimate
138 Lithuania 2,812,713 November 1, 2017 0.037% Monthly official estimate
139 Jamaica 2,730,894 December 31, 2016 0.036% Official estimate
140 Qatar 2,634,234 September 31, 2017 0.035% Monthly official estimate
141 Namibia 2,368,747 July 1, 2017 0.031% Official projection
142 Botswana 2,230,905 July 1, 2016 0.029% Official annual projection
143 Lesotho 2,233,000 July 1, 2017 0.029% UN projection
144 The Gambia 2,101,000 July 1, 2017 0.028% UN projection
145 Macedonia 2,073,702 December 31, 2016 0.027% Official estimate
146 Slovenia 2,065,895 January 1, 2017 0.027% Official estimate
147 Latvia 1,933,200 October 1, 2017 0.025% Monthly official estimate
Kosovo[Note 16] 1,836,978 January 1, 2016 0.024% Official annual projection
148 Gabon 1,811,079 June 2, 2016 0.024% Estimate (press release)
149 Guinea-Bissau 1,553,822 July 1, 2017 0.02% Official annual projection
150 Bahrain 1,451,200 July 1, 2017 0.019% Official annual projection
151 Trinidad and Tobago 1,353,895 July 1, 2016 0.018% Official estimate
152 Estonia 1,352,320 January 1, 2017 0.017% Official estimate
153 Mauritius 1,263,820 December 31, 2016 0.017% Official estimate
154 Equatorial Guinea 1,222,442 July 4, 2015 0.016% Preliminary 2015 census result
155 East Timor 1,167,242 July 11, 2015 0.015% Preliminary 2015 census result
156 Swaziland 1,145,970 July 1, 2017 0.015% Official projection
157 Djibouti 956,985 July 1, 2017 0.013% UN projection
158 Fiji 869,458 July 1, 2015 0.011% Annual official estimate
159 Cyprus 848,300 December 31, 2015 0.011% Official estimate
160 Comoros 806,153 July 1, 2016 0.011% Official estimate
161 Bhutan 793,620 November 21, 2017 0.01% Official population clock
162 Guyana 746,900 July 1, 2013 0.0098% Official estimate
163 Solomon Islands 651,700 July 1, 2016 0.0086% Annual official estimate
Macau (China) 648,400 June 30, 2017 0.0086% Official quarterly estimate
164 Montenegro 622,387 January 1, 2017 0.0082% Official estimate
165 Luxembourg 590,667 January 1, 2017 0.0078% Official estimate
Western Sahara[Note 17] 552,628 July 1, 2017 0.0073% UN projection
166 Suriname 541,638 August 13, 2012 0.0071% Final 2012 census result
167 Cape Verde 531,239 July 1, 2016 0.007% Official annual projection
Transnistria[Note 18] 475,665 October 15, 2015 0.0063% Preliminary 2015 census result
168 Malta 429,344 December 31, 2014 0.0057% Official estimate
169 Brunei 417,200 July 1, 2015 0.0055% Official estimate
170 Belize 380,010 October 1, 2016 0.005% Official estimate
171 Bahamas 378,040 July 1, 2016 0.005% Official projection
172 Maldives 344,023 September 20, 2014 0.0045% Preliminary 2014 census result
173 Iceland 346,750 September 30, 2017 0.0046% Official quarterly estimate
Northern Cyprus[Note 19] 313,626 June 30, 2014 0.0041% Official estimate
174 Vanuatu 289,700 July 1, 2016 0.0038% Annual official estimate
175 Barbados 285,719 July 1, 2017 0.0038% UN projection
New Caledonia (France) 277,000 July 1, 2016 0.0037% Annual official estimate
French Polynesia (France) 275,918 August 17, 2017 0.0036% 2017 census results
Abkhazia[Note 20] 240,705 February 28, 2011 0.0032% 2011 census result
176 Samoa 196,315 January 1, 2017 0.0026% Official projection
177 São Tomé and Príncipe 187,356 May 13, 2012 0.0025% 2012 census result
178 Saint Lucia 178,844 July 1, 2017 0.0024% UN projection
Guam (U.S.) 184,200 July 1, 2015 0.0024% Annual official estimate
Curaçao (Netherlands) 160,337 January 1, 2017 0.0021% Annual official estimate
Flag of Artsakh.svg Artsakh[Note 21] 150,932 December 1, 2015 0.002% Preliminary 2015 census result
179 Kiribati 115,300 July 1, 2016 0.0015% Annual official estimate
Aruba (Netherlands) 110,882 June 30, 2017 0.0015% Official quarterly estimate
180 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,991 June 12, 2012 0.0015% Preliminary 2012 census result
United States Virgin Islands (U.S.) 104,901 July 1, 2017 0.0014% UN projection
181 Federated States of Micronesia 104,600 July 1, 2016 0.0014% Annual official estimate
Jersey (UK) 104,200 December 31, 2016 0.0014% Annual official estimate
182 Grenada 103,328 May 12, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
183 Tonga 100,600 July 1, 2016 0.0013% Annual official estimate
184 Seychelles 94,205 December 31, 2016 0.0012% Official estimate
185 Antigua and Barbuda 86,295 May 27, 2011 0.0011% Preliminary 2011 census result
Isle of Man (UK) 83,314 April 24, 2016 0.0011% 2016 census result
186 Andorra 78,264 December 31, 2016 0.001% Annual official estimate
187 Dominica 71,293 May 14, 2011 0.00094% Preliminary 2011 census result
Guernsey (UK) 62,723 March 31, 2016 0.00083% Official estimate
Bermuda (UK) 61,954 July 1, 2013 0.00082% Official estimate
Cayman Islands (UK) 60,413 December 31, 2015 0.0008% Official estimate
Greenland (Denmark) 56,171 July 1, 2017 0.00074% official estimate
American Samoa (U.S.) 56,400 July 1, 2016 0.00074% Annual official estimate
Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.) 55,700 July 1, 2016 0.00073% Annual official estimate
188 Marshall Islands 55,000 July 1, 2016 0.00073% Annual official estimate
South Ossetia[Note 22] 53,532 October 15, 2015 0.00071% Preliminary 2015 census result
Faroe Islands (Denmark) 50,322 October 1, 2017 0.00066% Monthly official estimate
189 Saint Kitts and Nevis 46,204 May 15, 2011 0.00061% 2011 census result
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 39,410 January 1, 2016 0.00052% Official estimate
190 Liechtenstein 37,815 December 31, 2016 0.0005% Semi annual official estimate
191 Monaco 37,550 December 31, 2016 0.0005% Annual official estimate
Flag of France.svg Saint-Martin (France) 36,457 January 1, 2015 0.00048% Annual official estimate
192 San Marino 33,230 June 30, 2017 0.00044% Monthly official estimate
Gibraltar (UK) 33,140 December 31, 2014 0.00044% Annual official estimate
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 31,458 January 25, 2012 0.00041% 2012 census result
British Virgin Islands (UK) 28,514 July 1, 2013 0.00038% Official estimate
Cook Islands (NZ) 18,100 March 1, 2016 0.00024% Official quarterly estimate
193 Palau 17,800 July 1, 2016 0.00023% Annual official estimate
Anguilla (UK) 13,452 May 11, 2011 0.00018% Preliminary 2011 census result
Wallis and Futuna (France) 11,800 July 1, 2016 0.00016% Annual official estimate
194 Nauru 10,800 July 1, 2016 0.00014% Annual official estimate
195 Tuvalu 10,100 July 1, 2016 0.00013% Annual official estimate
Saint Barthélemy (France) 9,417 January 1, 2015 0.00012% Annual official estimate
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,286 January 1, 2015 0.000083% Annual official estimate
Flag of Saint Helena.svg Saint Helena, Ascension
and Tristan da Cunha
(UK)
5,633 February 7, 2016 0.000074% 2016 census result
Montserrat (UK) 4,922 May 12, 2011 0.000065% 2011 census result
Falkland Islands (UK) 2,563 April 15, 2012 0.000034% 2012 census result
Norfolk Island (Australia) 2,302 August 9, 2011 0.000030% 2011 census result
Christmas Island (Australia) 2,072 August 9, 2011 0.000027% 2011 census result
Niue (NZ) 1,470 July 1, 2015 0.00002% Annual official estimate
Tokelau (NZ) 1,411 October 18, 2011 0.000019% 2011 census result
196 Vatican City 800 January 1, 2014 0.000011% Official estimate
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 550 August 9, 2011 0.0000073% 2011 census result
Pitcairn Islands (UK) 57 July 1, 2014 0.00000075% Official estimate

See also[edit]

Lists of countries by population

Continental

Intercontinental

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a sui generis supranational union whose sovereign members delegate to it by treaty certain powers that are often exercised by sovereign states. Its combined population has been estimated at 510,284,430 on January 1, 2016, and it would be ranked 3rd if it were included in the list, it has 6.73% of the world's population — see "Eurostat-Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface(TGM)table". European Commission. 
  2. ^ The census figure refers to mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, the former of which returned to Chinese sovereignty on 1 July 1997 and the latter on 20 December 1999.
  3. ^ Population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  4. ^ Including the Republic of Crimea and Federal City of Sevastopol, Russia's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are occupied territories of Ukraine.
  5. ^ Population of the 18 regions of France. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Land, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  6. ^ Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories, which are shown separately.
  7. ^ Including Zanzibar.
  8. ^ Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with and de facto administered by Russia. However includes all territory in the Donbass region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  9. ^ It excludes the population of the disputed territory of the Western Sahara (the so-called Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic).
  10. ^ Taiwan (Republic of China) also includes the minor islands of Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, etc.
  11. ^ Includes Puntland and Somaliland.
  12. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  13. ^ Medium Variant
  14. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  15. ^ Excludes Transnistria.
  16. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  17. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  18. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Moldova.
  19. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Cyprus.
  20. ^ Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries, the Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
  21. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Azerbaijan.
  22. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries, the Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.

References[edit]

External links[edit]