List of countries by meat consumption

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This is a list of countries by meat consumption. Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.[1]

Accuracy[edit]

The data tabulated below do not represent per capita amounts of meat eaten by humans. Instead, they represent FAO figures for carcass mass availability (with “carcass mass” for poultry estimated as ready-to-cook mass),[2] divided by population, the amount eaten by humans differs from carcass mass availability because the latter does not account for losses, which include bones, losses in retail and food service or home preparation (including trim and cooking), spoilage and “downstream” waste, and amounts consumed by pets (compare dressed weight).[3][4][5] As an example of the difference, for 2002, when the FAO figure for US per capita meat consumption was 124.48 kg (274.4 lb), the USDA estimate of US per capita loss-adjusted meat consumption was 62.6 kg (138 lb).[6] Additionally, the 2002 FAO study was potentially misleading for countries with high levels of meat export compared to their population, as it relied on production data using full carcass mass availability, whereas exports generally contain less bones, cartilage and other things not typically used for human consumption, for example, the FAO (2002) figure for Denmark, which has one of the highest meat export rates compared to its population, was 145.9 kg (322 lb) (highest in the world). More recent FAO figures (2009) have taken the earlier discrepancy into account, resulting in a significantly lower 95.3 kg (210 lb) for Denmark (13th in the world).[7][8] When further adjusted for loss, calculations by DTU Fødevareinstituttet suggest the actual consumption was 48 kg (106 lb) per adult.[8]

Countries by meat consumption (per capita meat carcass mass availability)[edit]

Country Kgs/person (2002) Kgs/person (2009)[9]
 Albania 38.2
 Algeria 18.3 19.5
 American Samoa 24.9
 Angola 19 22.4
 Antigua and Barbuda 56 84.3
 Argentina 97.6 98.3
 Armenia 27.7 45.8
 Australia 108.2 111.5
 Austria 94.1 102
 Azerbaijan 15.9 32
 Bahamas 123.6 109.5
 Bahrain 70.7
 Bangladesh 3.1 4
 Barbados 88.7 74.5
 Belarus 58.6 78.4
 Belgium 86.1 76.9
 Belize 74.7 42.5
 Benin 16.2 20.9
 Bermuda 96.2 101.7
 Bhutan 3
 Bolivia 50 59.1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 21.4 27.9
 Botswana 27.3 26.2
 Brazil 82.4 85.3
 Brunei 56.4 67.5
 Bulgaria 69.4 53
 Burkina Faso 11.2 14.8
 Burundi 3.5 5.2
 Cambodia 13.9 16.6
 Cameroon 14.4 12.7
 Canada 108.1 94.3
 Cape Verde 26.3 46.1
 Côte d'Ivoire 11.3 13.3
 Central African Republic 28 33.5
 Chad 14.3 13
 Chile 66.4 74.1
 China 52.4 58.2
 Colombia 33.9 46.5
 Comoros 7.6 13.4
 Republic of the Congo 13.3 13.4
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 4.8
 Costa Rica 40.4 51.1
 Croatia 49.9 66.3
 Cuba 32.2 49.4
 Cyprus 131.3 78.1
 Czech Republic 77.3 83.4
 Denmark 145.9 95.2
 Djibouti 17.1 23.7
 Dominica 67.1 68.6
 Dominican Republic 37.8 53.7
 Ecuador 45 56.4
 Egypt 22.5 25.6
 El Salvador 21.4 28.3
 Eritrea 7.7 7.7
 Estonia 67.4 59.6
 Ethiopia 7.9 8.5
 Faroe Islands 86.4
 Fiji 39.1 38.8
 Finland 67.4 74.8
 France 101.1 86.7
 French Guiana 13.2
 French Polynesia 112.2 101.9
 Gabon 46 66.4
 The Gambia 5.2 8.1
 Georgia 26 25.5
 Germany 82.1 88.1
 Ghana 9.9 13.9
 Greece 78.7 74.8
 Greenland 113.8
 Grenada 97 61
 Guadeloupe 12.7
 Guam 52.6
 Guatemala 23.8 28.8
 Guinea 6.5 8.6
 Guinea-Bissau 13 16.2
 Guyana 31.8 39
 Haiti 15.3 15.6
 Honduras 24.7 34.3
 Hungary 100.7 76
 Iceland 84.8 86.2
 India 5.2 4.4
 Indonesia 8.3 11.6
 Iran 23.1 36.3
 Ireland 106.3 87.9
 Israel 97.1 96
 Italy 90.4 90.7
 Jamaica 56.8 59.1
 Japan 45.9 45.9
 Jordan 29.8 42
 Kazakhstan 44.8 62.6
 Kenya 14.3 16.7
 Kiribati 32.1 38.5
 Kuwait 60.2 119.2
 Kyrgyzstan 39 36.9
 Laos 15 21.3
 Latvia 45.7 61.5
 Lebanon 63.1 58.8
 Lesotho 15.4 18.3
 Liberia 7.9 10.4
 Libya 28.6 33.5
 Lithuania 49.5 78.2
 Luxembourg 141.7 107.9
 Macedonia 35.4 40.8
 Madagascar 17.6 14.7
 Malawi 5.1 8.3
 Malaysia 50.9 52.3
 Maldives 16.6 21.6
 Mali 19 22.2
 Malta 86.9 84.5
 Martinique 13.9
 Mauritania 29.9 29.7
 Mauritius 39.6 49.4
 Mexico 58.6 63.8
 Moldova 22.7 26.8
 Mongolia 108.8 82.1
 Montenegro 57.7
 Morocco 20.6 30.1
 Mozambique 5.6 7.8
 Myanmar 10.7 32.1
 Namibia 34 28.3
   Nepal 10 9.9
 Netherlands 89.3 85.5
 Netherlands Antilles 73.3 91
 New Caledonia 76.6 72.6
 New Zealand 142.1 106.4
 Nicaragua 14.9 25.3
 Niger 11.2 25.6
 Nigeria 8.6 8.8
 Norway 61.7 66
 North Korea 10.8 13.4
 Oman 49.8
 Pakistan 12.3 14.7
 Panama 54.5 63.5
 Papua New Guinea 73
 Paraguay 70.3 41.9
 Peru 34.5 20.8
 Philippines 31.1 33.6
 Poland 78.1 76.9
 Portugal 91.1 93.4
 Qatar 90.5
 Reunion 46.8
 Romania 54.5 64.7
 Russia 51 69.2
 Rwanda 4.4 6.5
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 99.3 70.8
 Saint Lucia 124.1 93.6
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 79.1 91.4
 Samoa 82.6 87.2
 Sao Tome and Principe 9.6 16.5
 Saudi Arabia 44.6 54.4
 Senegal 17.7 15.8
 Serbia 45.2
 Serbia and Montenegro 77.6 [10]
 Seychelles 51.1 35.6
 Sierra Leone 6.1 7.3
 Singapore 71.1
 Slovakia 67.4 60.4
 Slovenia 88 88.3
 Solomon Islands 9.7 11.9
 South Africa 39 58.6
 South Korea 48 54.1
 Spain 118.6 97
 Sri Lanka 6.6 6.3
 Sudan 21 19.1
 Suriname 40.3 47.5
 Swaziland 34.2 26.9
 Sweden 76.1 80.2
  Switzerland 72.9 74.7
 Syria 21.2 22.8
 Tajikistan 8.7 14.7
 Thailand 27.9 25.8
 Timor-Leste 41.3 33.8
 Tanzania 10 9.6
 Togo 8.5 11.7
 Trinidad and Tobago 57.8 47.7
 Tunisia 25.5 25.9
 Turkey 19.3 25.3
 Turkmenistan 41.7 58.6
 Uganda 11.7 11
 Ukraine 32.3 48.5
 United Arab Emirates 74.4 73.8
 United Kingdom 79.6 84.2
 United States of America 124.8 120.2
 United States Virgin Islands 6.6
 Uruguay 98.6 55.3
 Uzbekistan 20.7 28.4
 Vanuatu 32.6 35.4
 Venezuela 56.6 76.8
 Vietnam 28.6 49.9
 Yemen 14.7 17.9
 Zambia 11.9 12.3
 Zimbabwe 15.2 21.3
  • Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), FAOSTAT on-line statistical service (FAO, Rome, 2004). Available online at: http://faostat3.fao.org/
  • Meat consumption per capita refers to the total meat retained for use in country per person per year. Total meat includes meat from animals slaughtered in countries, irrespective of their origin, and comprises horsemeat, poultry, and meat from all other domestic or wild animals such as camels, rabbits, reindeer, and game animals
  • Per capita calculations were conducted by WRI using FAO data on meat production and trade, and using U.N. data on population. Meat consumption was calculated using a trade balance approach - total production plus imports, minus exports

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lawrie, R. A.; Ledward, D. A. (2006). Lawrie’s meat science (7th ed.). Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-84569-159-2. 
  2. ^ FAOSTAT. (Statistical database of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Methods and Standards. http://faostat3.fao.org/mes/methodology_list/E
  3. ^ Loss-adjusted food availability documentation. United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-availability-(per-capita)-data-system/loss-a<djusted-food-availability-documentation.aspx
  4. ^ Buzby, J. C. H. F. Wells, B. Axtman and J. Mickey. 2009. Supermarket loss estimates for fresh fruit, vegetables, meat, poultry, and seafood and their use in the ERS loss-adjusted food availability data. United States Department of Agriculture. Econ. Infor. Bull. EIB-44. 26 pp.
  5. ^ Muth, M. K., S. A.Karns, S. J. Nielsen, J. C. Buzby and H. F. Wells. 2011. Consumer-level food loss estimates and their use in the ERS loss-adjusted food availability data. United States Department of Agriculture Tech. Bull. TB-1927. 123 pp.
  6. ^ Food availability (per capita) data system. (Excel files). United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-availability-(per-capita)-data-system/.aspx#26705
  7. ^ Foodculture.dk (11 March 2013). "Forkerte tal om danskernes forbrug fordrejer køddebatten". Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Landbrug & Fødevarer (14 August 2013). "Danskernes forbrug af kød". Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  9. ^ FAO (2013). Current Worldwide Annual Meat Consumption per capita, Livestock and Fish Primary Equivalent. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  10. ^ the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro was dissolved in 2006

External links[edit]