List of countries by public debt

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Government total debt as a percent of GDP by IMF

This is a list of countries by public debt to GDP ratio as listed by CIA's World Factbook and IMF. Net debt figure is the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency.

Concept[edit]

Gross government debt is the most relevant data for discussions of government default and debt ceilings, it is different from external debt, which includes the foreign currency liabilities of non-government entities.

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product, the public debt relative information provided by national sources (CIA) is not always objective and true, given the fact that there is no independent research in these matters. Note that net debt figures are included where gross debt figures are unavailable in the CIA set.

List[edit]

Sortable table (not available on mobile)
Country Net public debt
as % of GDP

(CIA)[1]
Date Total (gross) government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)
Net government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)[2]
Date Region
 Albania 71.0 2016 72.564 72.564 2014 Europe
 Algeria 16.8 2016 8.764 -16.485 2014 Africa
 Andorra 41.1 2012 Europe
 Angola 57.4 2016 38.043 2014 Africa
 Antigua and Barbuda 89.0  2012 98.692 98.692 2014 Central America/Caribbean
 Argentina 41.6 2012 44.88 2012 South America
 Armenia 53.4 2016 44.222 2014 Europe
 Aruba 67.0 2013 Central America/Caribbean
 Australia 46.1 2016 34.258 16.967 2014 Oceania
 Austria 85.8 2016 86.824 51.114 2014 Europe
 Azerbaijan 31.4 2016 16.353 2014 Europe
 Bahamas 64.4 2016 60.408 60.408 2014 Central America/Caribbean
 Bahrain 72.0 2016 43.763 43.763 2014 Middle East
 Bangladesh 25.9  2016 33.860 Asia
 Barbados 108.9 2016 100.351 2014 Central America/Caribbean
 Belarus 60.7 2016 37.887 2012 Europe
 Belgium 106.7 2016 105.600 65.363 2014 Europe
 Belize 86.3 2016 76.314 76.314 2014 Central America/Caribbean
 Benin 40.2 2016 30.867 2014 Africa
 Bhutan 30.0 2016 107.511 2014 Asia
 Bolivia 47.0 2016 32.409 11.970 2014 South America
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 46.5 2016 44.906 38.169 2012 Europe
 Botswana 21.0 2016 14.450 2014 Africa
 Brazil 72.4 2016 71.218 60.107 2016 South America
 Brunei 2.615 2012 Southeast Asia
 Bulgaria 24.0 2016 26.900 -2.538 2014 Europe
 Burkina Faso 28.321 2014 Africa
 Burma 47.524 2012 Southeast Asia
 Burundi 43.4 2016 30.541 2014 Africa
 Cambodia 33.9 2014 29.543 2014 Southeast Asia
 Cameroon 31.1 2016 23.932 2014 Africa
 Canada 98.8 2016 86.515 37.338 2014 North America
 Cape Verde 116.8 2016 112.199 107.691 2014 Africa
 Central African Republic 41.830 2014 Africa
 Chad 35.4 2016 24.983 2014 Africa
 Chile 18.5 2016 13.891 -5.154 2014 South America
 People's Republic of China 20.1 2016 65.68 2016 Asia
 Colombia 50.5 2016 38.015 27.888 2014 South America
 Comoros 19.953 19.953 2014 Africa
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 18.2 2016 19.691 2014 Africa
 Congo, Republic of the 49.3 2016 42.295 2014 Africa
 Costa Rica 62.3 2016 39.758 39.758 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Cote d'Ivoire 50.9 2016 36.414 2014 Africa
 Croatia 88.3 2016 80.926 2014 Europe
 Cuba 32.7 2016 Central America/Caribbean
 Cyprus 104.6 2016 107.106 2014 Europe
 Czech Republic 35.2 2016 41.595 2014 Europe
 Denmark 39.6 2016 50.102 7.626 2012 Europe
 Djibouti 38.6 2012 38.618 2012 Africa
 Dominica 70.0  2012 72.164 72.164 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Dominican Republic 44.0 2016 33.486 33.486 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Ecuador 33.0 2016 18.613 2012 South America
 Egypt 92.6 2016 80.155 68.807 2012 Africa
 El Salvador 64.9 2016 52.193 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Equatorial Guinea 24.3 2016 8.177 8.177 2012 Africa
 Eritrea 119.8  2016 125.785 2012 Africa
 Estonia 9.7 2016 8.498 2.511 2012 Europe
 Ethiopia 54.2 2016 21.551 18.172 2012 Africa
 Fiji 50.2 2016 51.642 46.906 2012 Oceania
 Finland 64.9 2016 53.335 -50.933 2012 Europe
 France 96.5 2016 90.291 84.065 2012 Europe
 Gabon 43.5 2016 21.999 2012 Africa
 Gambia, The 77.179 77.179 2012 Africa
 Georgia 42.4 2016 32.738 2012 Europe
 Germany 69.0 2016 81.964 57.224 2012 Europe
 Ghana 73.7 2016 56.526 53.125 2012 Africa
 Gibraltar 7.5 2008 Europe
 Greece 181.6 2016 158.546 155.378 2012 Europe
 Grenada 110.0  2012 112.567 112.567 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Guatemala 27.4 2013 25.112 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Guinea 42.993 42.993 2012 Africa
 Guinea-Bissau 59.751 2012 Africa
 Guyana 53.1 2016 60.333 57.689 2012 South America
 Haiti 26.5 2015 15.446 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Honduras 47.3 2016 34.676 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Hong Kong 38.4 2016 32.393 2012 East Asia
 Hungary 75.1 2016 79.003 72.772 2012 Europe
 Iceland 56.5 2016 99.083 68.23 2012 Europe
 India 52.3 2016 41.11 2016 Asia
 Indonesia 29.4 2016 24.004 2012 Southeast Asia
 Iran 11.9 2016 10.726 1.214 2012 Middle East
 Iraq 34.191 2012 Middle East
 Ireland 77.9 2016 117.122 102.324 2012 Europe
 Israel 62.2 2016 69.637 69.574 2016 Middle East
 Italy 132.5 2016 126.978 103.208 2012 Europe
 Jamaica 130.1 2016 146.591 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Japan 234.7 2016 237.918 134.325 2012 Asia
 Jordan 90.6 2016 79.586 74.936 2012 Middle East
 Kazakhstan 24.1 2016 12.318 -17.097 2012 Asia
 Kenya 50.4 2016 48.185 43.167 2012 Africa
 Kiribati 8.6 2013
 Korea, North Asia
 Korea, South 46.1 2016 33.668 32.241 2012 Asia
 Kuwait 23.1 2016 7.290 2012 Middle East
 Kyrgyzstan 69.5 2016 48.935 2012 Asia
 Laos 61.6 2016 53.082 2012 Southeast Asia
 Latvia 38.4 2016 36.417 26.569 2012 Europe
 Lebanon 132.5 2016 139.527 134.18 2012 Middle East
 Lesotho 53.4 2015 41.903 -2.141 2012 Africa
 Liberia 11.8 2016 29.076 -8.254 2012 Africa
 Libya 10.0 2016 -95.035 2012 Africa
 Lithuania 41.8 2016 39.586 35.39 2012 Europe
 Luxembourg 21.4 2016 21.138 2012 Europe
 Macedonia 50.5 2016 33.271 29.006 2012 Europe
 Madagascar 38.309 2012 Africa
 Malawi 61.2 2016 54.903 51.15 2012 Africa
 Malaysia 55.1 2016 55.474 2012 Southeast Asia
 Maldives 72.8 2014 77.486 2012 Asia
 Mali 27.3 2016 32.003 26.881 2012 Africa
 Malta 62.6 2016 72.538 2012 Europe
 Marshall Islands 51.3 2013 60.043 2012 Oceania
 Mauritania 79.703 2012 Africa
 Mauritius 66.0 2016 50.29 50.29 2012 Africa
 Mexico 49.7 2016 43.519 37.998 2012 North America
 Moldova 44.8 2016 23.845 23.845 2012 Europe
 Mongolia 72.0 2015
 Montenegro 59.5 2014 51.068 48.778 2012 Europe
 Morocco 77.0 2016 59.587 59.057 2012 Africa
 Mozambique 100.3 2016 46.628 2012 Africa
 Namibia 35.6 2016 26.642 24.411 2012 Africa
   Nepal 30.0 2012 33.129 33.129 2012 Asia
 Netherlands 63.7 2016 71.736 32.502 2012 Europe
 New Zealand 34.0 2016 38.154 26.416 2012 Oceania
 Nicaragua 46.2 2016 52.086 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Niger 31.051 4.25 2012 Africa
 Nigeria 13.2 2016 17.762 13.283 2012 Africa
 Norway 32.2 2016 34.118 -165.508 2012 Europe
 Oman 18.5 2016 6.122 2012 Middle East
 Pakistan 58.5 2016 62.079 58.771 2012 Asia
 Panama 39.3 2016 38.796 38.796 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Papua New Guinea 39.4 2016 Oceania
 Paraguay 22.4 2016 11.358 2012 South America
 Peru 26.3 2016 19.759 4.456 2012 South America
 Philippines 42.9 2016 41.919 2012 Southeast Asia
 Poland 44.7 2016 55.166 26.742 2012 Europe
 Portugal 126.2 2016 122.985 111.556 2012 Europe
 Qatar 55.6 2016 37.812 31.915 2012 Middle East
 Romania 39.3 2016 37.038 2012 Europe
 Russia 13.7 2016 10.877 2012 Europe
 Rwanda 36.6 2016 28.040 2012 Africa
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 83.0 2013 82.962 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Lucia 77.0 2012 84.761 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 67.0  2013 67.084 2012 Central America/Caribbean
 San Marino 25.8 2013 Europe
 Sao Tome and Principe 89.5 2016 75.503 2012 Africa
 Saudi Arabia 31.0 2016 3.622 -52.725 2012 Middle East
 Senegal 55.6 2016 45.002 2012 Africa
 Serbia 65.7 2017 63.650 56.888 2012 Europe
 Seychelles 59.1 2016 82.528 69.482 2012 Africa
 Sierra Leone 43.3 2016 44.471 2012 Africa
 Singapore 110.5 2016 111.017 2012 Southeast Asia
 Slovakia 52.4 2016 52.333 2012 Europe
 Slovenia 81.8 2016 52.610 2012 Europe
 Solomon Islands 18.228 6.737 2012 Oceania
 South Africa 43.3 2016 42.282 35.561 2012 Africa
 Spain 99.6 2015 97.2 71.931 2015 Europe
 Sri Lanka 77.1  2016 Asia
 Sudan 68.8 2016 97.642 2012 Africa
 Suriname 20.464 2012 South America
 Swaziland 19.041 7.607 2012 Africa
 Sweden 41.4 2016 38.020 -17.632 2012 Europe
  Switzerland 34.1 2016 15.70 28.265 2016 Europe
 Syria 57.5 2016 Middle East
 Taiwan 32.7 2016 40.938 2012 East Asia
 Tajikistan 6.5 2013 32.466 2012 Asia
 Tanzania 36.6 2016 41.391 2012 Africa
 Thailand 50.4 2016 36.54 2016 Southeast Asia
 Togo 63.3 2016 46.706 2012 Africa
 Tonga 45.1 2013
 Trinidad and Tobago 61 2016 39.723 29.141 2012 Central America/Caribbean[3]
 Tunisia 57.3 2016 44.466 2012 Africa
 Turkey 32.7 2016 35.01 27.801 2016 Asia/Europe
 Turkmenistan 15.821 2012 Asia
 Tuvalu 41.1 2013 43.727 2012 Oceania
 Uganda 35.4 2016 34.532 2012 Africa
 Ukraine 78.2 2016 37.422 35.22 2012 Europe
 United Arab Emirates 60.3 2016 17.617 -93.486 2012 Middle East
 United Kingdom 92.2 2016 84.86 82.785 2016 Europe
 United States 73.8 2016 106.71 87.859 2016 North America
 Uruguay 62.8 2016 53.686 36.335 2012 South America
 Uzbekistan 8.3 2015 8.636 2012 Asia
 Vanuatu 20.011 2012 Oceania
 Venezuela 36.7 2016 57.287 2012 South America
 Vietnam 54.9 2016 52.099 49.058 2012 Southeast Asia
 Wallis and Futuna 5.6 2004 Oceania
 Yemen 92.2 2016 46.743 44.781 2012 Middle East
 Zambia 57.2 2016 26.875 23.517 2012 Africa
 Zimbabwe 45.4 2016 60.451 2012 Africa
World 64  2012

See also[edit]

Government debt as a percent of GDP in EU in 2012
Nation specific

References[edit]

External links[edit]