List of countries in Asia and Oceania by Human Development Index

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The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare, it is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq[1] and Indian economist Amartya Sen.[2]

The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI)[3] for countries in Asia and the Pacific as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released in 2016).[4] Data for China does not include Taiwan and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Previous HDI values and rankings are retroactively recalculated using the same updated data sets and current methodologies, as presented in Table 2 of the Statistical Annex of the Human Development Report,[5] the HDI rankings and values in the 2016 Human Development Report cannot therefore be compared directly to HDI rankings and values published in previous Human Development Reports.

Asian countries by Human Development Index (2015)
  ≥ 0.900
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  ≤ 0.399
  Data unavailable

Countries with contiguous boundaries that are partially (but not entirely) located in Asia are shown here in italics, but HDI figures are given for the whole state. Taiwan is not ranked as it is not included in the latest report by the United Nations Development Programme.

List of Countries in Asia and the Pacific by Human Development Index
Rank Country Human Development Index (HDI)
In Region World HDI Value Change in HDI value 2014–15*
2015 2014
Very High Human Development
1 2  Australia 0.939 0.937 Increase 0.001
2 5  Singapore 0.925 0.924 Increase 0.001
3 12  Hong Kong 0.917 0.916 Increase 0.001
4 13  New Zealand 0.915 0.913 Increase 0.002
5 17  Japan 0.903 0.902 Increase 0.001
6 18  South Korea 0.901 0.899 Increase 0.002
7 19  Israel 0.899 0.898 Increase 0.001
 Taiwan[n 1][6] 0.885
8 30  Brunei 0.865 0.864 Increase 0.001
9 33  Cyprus 0.856 0.854 Increase 0.002
9 33  Qatar 0.856 0.855 Increase 0.001
10 38  Saudi Arabia 0.847 0.845 Increase 0.001
11 42  United Arab Emirates 0.840 0.836 Increase 0.004
12 47  Bahrain 0.824 0.823 Increase 0.001
13 49  Russia[n 2] 0.804
14 51  Kuwait 0.800 0.799 Increase 0.001
High Human Development
15 52  Oman 0.796 0.795 Increase 0.001
16 56  Kazakhstan[n 3] 0.794 0.793 Increase 0.001
17 59  Malaysia 0.789 0.787 Increase 0.003
18 60  Palau 0.788 0.783 Increase 0.005
19 69  Iran 0.774 0.774 Steady
20 70  Georgia[n 4] 0.769
21 71  Turkey[n 5] 0.767
22 73  Sri Lanka 0.766 0.764 Increase 0.003
23 76  Lebanon 0.763 0.763 Steady
24 78  Azerbaijan[n 6] 0.759
25 84  Armenia 0.743
26 86  Jordan 0.741 0.741 Increase 0.001
27 87  Thailand 0.740 0.738 Increase 0.002
28 90  China 0.738 0.734 Increase 0.004
29 91  Fiji 0.736 0.734 Increase 0.002
30 92  Mongolia 0.735 0.733 Increase 0.002
31 101  Tonga 0.721 0.718 Increase 0.003
32 104  Samoa 0.704 0.702 Increase 0.002
33 105  Maldives 0.701 0.701 Steady
34 105  Uzbekistan 0.701 0.697 Increase 0.004
Medium Human Development
35 111  Egypt[n 7] 0.691
35 111  Turkmenistan 0.691 0.688 Increase 0.003
36 113  Indonesia 0.689 0.686 Increase 0.002
37 114  Palestine 0.684
38 115  Vietnam 0.683 0.678 Increase 0.005
39 116  Philippines 0.682 0.679 Increase 0.003
40 120  Kyrgyzstan 0.664 0.662 Increase 0.002
41 121  Iraq 0.649 0.649 Steady
42 127  Micronesia 0.638 0.637 Increase 0.001
43 129  Tajikistan 0.627 0.625 Increase 0.002
44 131  India 0.624 0.615 Increase 0.008
45 132  Bhutan 0.607 0.604 Increase 0.002
46 133  East Timor 0.605 0.603 Increase 0.002
47 134  Vanuatu 0.597 0.598 Decrease 0.001
48 137  Kiribati 0.588 0.586 Increase 0.002
49 138  Laos 0.586 0.582 Increase 0.004
50 139  Bangladesh 0.579 0.575 Increase 0.004
51 143  Cambodia 0.563 0.558 Increase 0.005
52 144    Nepal 0.558 0.555 Increase 0.003
53 145  Myanmar 0.556 0.552 Increase 0.004
54 147  Pakistan 0.550 0.548 Increase 0.002
Low Human Development
55 149  Syria 0.536 0.553 Decrease 0.017
56 154  Papua New Guinea 0.516 0.515 Increase 0.001
57 156  Solomon Islands 0.515 0.513 Increase 0.002
58 168  Yemen 0.482 0.499 Decrease 0.017
59 169  Afghanistan 0.479 0.479 Steady
*Change in HDI value rounded to three decimals

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Table 1: Human Development Index and its components". 
  4. ^ ""Human Development Report 2016 'Human Development for Everyone'"". 
  5. ^ "Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990-2015". 
  6. ^ "2017中華民國人類發展指數(HDI)" (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-21. 
  1. ^ Calculated by the Taiwanese government based on the new 2010 methodology.
  2. ^ Located in Asia and Europe. Asian Russia makes over 75% of the country's territory, but only 22% of its population.
  3. ^ Mostly located in Central Asia, but its regions of West Kazakhstan and Atyrau are partly located in Europe.
  4. ^ The municipality of Kazbegi is located in Europe, which makes up about 0.1% of the country's population.
  5. ^ The European portion of Turkey is known as East Thrace, making up about 3% of the country's land area and 14% of its population.
  6. ^ The districts of Qusar, Shabran, Siazan, Khachmaz and Quba are geographically in Europe, placing about 5% of the population in Europe.
  7. ^ The portion of Egypt located in Asia is the Sinai Peninsula, comprising about 6% of the country's land mass.