List of coups d'état and coup attempts

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General Bonaparte during the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in Saint-Cloud, detail of painting by François Bouchot, 1840

This is a chronological list of coups d'état and coup attempts, from ancient times to the present.

BC[edit]

AD 1–999[edit]

Nero was the target of many plots. Here a plaster bust conserved at the Pushkin Museum, Moscow.
As-Saffah is proclaimed the caliph, from Balami's Tarikhnama.

1000–1699[edit]

General Yi Seong-gye, later crowned Taejo of Joseon.

1700–1799[edit]

1800–1899[edit]

Benito Juárez, after whom Benito Mussolini was named, took part himself in a coup.

1900–1909[edit]

1903[edit]

1908[edit]

1909[edit]

1910–1919[edit]

1910[edit]

1913[edit]

Citizens throng around The Citadel (La ciudadela) building during La decena tragica in 1913.

1916[edit]

  • While touring the city of Harar, Lij Iyasu V was deposed by a cabal of aristocrats in favor of his aunt Zewditu I. Forces loyal to him are defeated at Segale, and Lij Iyasu wanders northwestern Ethiopia with a small band of loyal followers until captured five years later.
  • Yuan Shikai launches a self-coup by proclaiming himself emperor of the Chinese Empire.

1917[edit]

1919[edit]

1920–1929[edit]

Defendants in the Beer Hall Putsch trial. Ludendorff is fifth from the left, with Hitler to the right. Ernst Röhm is to the right and in front of Hitler. Note that only two of the defendants, Hitler and Frick, were dressed in civilian clothing.

1920[edit]

1921[edit]

1922[edit]

Benito Mussolini and Fascist Blackshirts during the March on Rome in 1922. Mussolini stayed out of most of the march.

1923[edit]

1924[edit]

1925[edit]

1926[edit]

Józef Piłsudski and other leaders of the May Coup (1926) on Poniatowski Bridge in Warsaw.

1928[edit]

1929[edit]

1930–1939[edit]

1930[edit]

1931[edit]

1932[edit]

March in support of the proclamation of the Socialist Republic of Chile, in front of La Moneda Palace (June 12, 1932).

1933[edit]

1934[edit]

1935[edit]

1936[edit]

1st Lt. Niu Yoshitada and his rebel troops in the February 26th Incident of 1936.

1937[edit]

  • Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas, governing democratically since 1934, launches a self-coup and becomes the Dictator of Brazilian Estado Novo ("New State").

1938[edit]

  • King Carol II of Romania launches a self-coup, abolishing parliamentary democracy in favor of a royal dictatorship.
  • Vargas forces detected the attempted Integralista coup in Brazil. Vargas and guards shoot it out with insurgents at the Guanabara Palace.

1939[edit]

1940–1949[edit]

1940[edit]

1941[edit]

1942[edit]

  • French resistance coup in Algiers, by which 400 Civil French patriots neutralized Vichyst XIXth Army Corps in Algiers during 15 hours, arrested vichyst generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), and so allowed the immediate success of Operation Torch.

1943[edit]

1944[edit]

The conference room where Hitler survived the 20 July plot of 1944 after the explosion.

1945[edit]

1947[edit]

1948[edit]

1949[edit]

1950–1959[edit]

1951[edit]

1952[edit]

1953[edit]

1954[edit]

1955[edit]

1956[edit]

1957[edit]

1958[edit]

1959[edit]

  • Air Force military hijack a civil airplane and attempt a coup against Juscelino Kubitschek, in Brazil.

1960–1969[edit]

1960[edit]

1961[edit]

1962[edit]

1963[edit]

1964[edit]

1965[edit]

1966[edit]

1967[edit]

1968[edit]

1969[edit]

1970–1979[edit]

1970[edit]

1971[edit]

1972[edit]

1973[edit]

1974[edit]

1975[edit]

1976[edit]

1977[edit]

  • Military coup in Pakistan. Army Chief Gen. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq overthrows the civilian government and hangs Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1979 after a sham trial.
  • 21 Failed coup is occurred during the time of General Ziaur Rahman in Bangladesh. General Ziaur Rahman killed 2500 soldiers and officer (Army, Air Force, Navy) for these failed coups.

1978[edit]

1979[edit]

1980–1989[edit]

1980[edit]

1981[edit]

1982[edit]

1983[edit]

1984[edit]

1985[edit]

1986[edit]

1987[edit]

1988[edit]

1989[edit]

1990–1999[edit]

1990[edit]

1991[edit]

1992[edit]

1993[edit]

1994[edit]

1995[edit]

1996[edit]

1997[edit]

1998[edit]

  • In Albania, the funeral of Azem Hajdari turns violent as the Prime Minister's Office is attacked, obliging Fatos Nano to hastily flee and step down shortly after. His party remains in power.

1999[edit]

2000–2009[edit]

2000[edit]

2002[edit]

2003[edit]

2004[edit]

2005[edit]

2006[edit]

Tanks in Bangkok's street in 2006

2007[edit]

2008[edit]

2009[edit]

  • In an attempted coup in Madagascar the army seized one of the presidential palaces on March 16, 2009, at which president Marc Ravalomanana was not present. The proposal offered by the president for a referendum to solve the crisis was rejected, on March 17, 2009, Marc Ravalomanana resigned under pressure from the military.
  • In Honduras, the army seized one of the presidential palaces on June 28, 2009, kidnapped president Manuel Zelaya Rosales due to his endeavor for an unconstitutional third term and extradited him from the country. The 23-nation Rio Group & the United Nations General Assembly condemned the coup d'état.[24][25]
  • On 24 April 2009, the Ethiopian government claimed, through the Ethiopian News Agency, that it had foiled a coup attempt led by members of Ginbot 7 to overthrow the government.[26] Ginbot 7 described the allegation that it had attempted a coup as a "baseless accusation" that fitted a pattern of distraction and scapegoating by the government.[27]

2010–present[edit]

2012[edit]

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

2015[edit]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

  • on 29 March a 2017 Venezuelan self coup.
  • on 6 August an attempted military coup in Venezuela.[41][42][43][44]
  • Harare, Zimbabwe. In the early hours of 15 November 2017, an army spokesman announced the military takeover of government. This was after the army had seized control of the state run television broadcasting station, during the night before they had stormed the president's private residence and placed the head of state, President Robert Gabriel Mugabe under house arrest. The military police also captured and detained some cabinet ministers whom they labelled criminals around the president, it would succeed with the resignation of Mugabe on 21 November 2017.[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birth of the Roman Republic". UNRV History. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  2. ^ "100-50 BC". History Central. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  3. ^ "50-0 BC". History Central. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  4. ^ Bingham, Woodbridge (1950). "Li Shih-min's coup in A. D. 626. I: The climax of princely rivalry". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 70 (2). 
  5. ^ "History of the Plot". The Gunpowder Plot Society. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  6. ^ "History of England: In the name of God, go". HistoryWorld. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  7. ^ Hudson, Rex A.; Hanratty, Dennis M., eds. (1989). "Political Instability and Economic Decline, 1839-79". Bolivia: A Country Study. countrystudies.us (Report). Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office for the Library of Congress. Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2017. 
  8. ^ New York Times Special Report: Secret History of the CIA in Iran, https://www.nytimes.com/library/world/mideast/041600iran-cia-index.html
  9. ^ Cullather, Nick (1999). Secret History: The CIA's classified account of its operations in Guatemala, 1952–1954. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3311-2. 
  10. ^ DePalma, Anthony (2008-03-06). "Ramón Barquín, Cuban Colonel, Dies at 93". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  11. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (2008-03-06). "Ramón M. Barquín, 93; Led Failed '56 Coup in Cuba". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  12. ^ Szulc, pg. 78
  13. ^ Szulc, pg. 81
  14. ^ Szulc, pgs. 80-81
  15. ^ The Middle East and North Africa, 2004. Regional surveys of the world (50th ed.). London: Europa. 2004. ISBN 1-85743-184-7. 
  16. ^ Szulc, pg. 75
  17. ^ Szulc, pgs. 82-83
  18. ^ https://www.csmonitor.com/1990/0824/ecaes.html
  19. ^ Falcoff, Mark, Kissinger and Chile, Commentary, 2003.
  20. ^ Nina J. Fitzgerald, Somalia: issues, history, and bibliography, (Nova Publishers: 2002), p.25.
  21. ^ http://educ.ar/educar/site/educar/Alzamientos%20militares%20despu%E9s%20de%201983.html?uri%3Durn%3Akbee%3A38e173e0-0ae9-11dd-888e-00163e000043%26page-uri%3Durn%3Akbee%3Aff9221c0-13a9-11dc-b8c4-0013d43e5fae. Retrieved November 12, 2008.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ Association of Former Intelligence Officers (19 May 2003), US Coup Plotting in Iraq, Weekly Intelligence Notes 19-03 
  23. ^ "Second South Pacific Coup". The Guardian. 2 June 2000. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "Coup In Honduras: Army Expels President". CBS/AP. June 29, 2009. Retrieved Oct 7, 2010. 
  25. ^ "General Assembly condemns coup in Honduras". UN News. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 7 Oct 2010. 
  26. ^ "Woyanne claims it has foiled Ginbot 7 activities in Ethiopia", Ethiopian Review
  27. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120418222418/http://www.ginbot7.org/Ginbot_7_PressRelease_25_April_2009.htm
  28. ^ "Mali junta says "strangers" behind counter-coup". Reuters. 1 May 2012. 
  29. ^ Adama Diarra; Tiemoko Diallo (1 May 2012). "Gunfire erupts in Mali's Bamako, junta claims control". Reuters. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  30. ^ Straziuso, Jason (22 January 2013). "A day after unrest reported in Eritrea, calm returns. Ambassador denied coup attempt". AP. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  31. ^ "BBC News - Benin foils 'coup attempt' against President Yayi". Bbc.co.uk. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  32. ^ Libyan forces foil coup attempt (15 April 2013). "Libyan forces foil coup attempt". Middleeastmonitor.com. Archived from the original on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  33. ^ "Comores: coup d'État déjoué (autorités)". Lefigaro.fr. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  34. ^ "At least 4 dead in Chad coup attempt: security sources". Reuters. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  35. ^ "Two generals, pro-Deby MP arrested for Chad coup plot: prosecutor". Reuters. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  36. ^ "BBC News - Libya PM Zeidan's brief kidnap was 'attempted coup'". Bbc.co.uk. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Burkina Faso 'foils coup plot by forces loyal to Compaore'". BBC News. 
  38. ^ "Burkina Faso foiled coup attempt in early October, minister says". Reuters. 
  39. ^ "Au Burkina Faso, le pouvoir affirme avoir déjoué une tentative de coup d'Etat". Le Monde. 
  40. ^ [1] Baghdadi survives coup attempt by ISIS Islamic Police in Mosul
  41. ^ http://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/ausland/venezuela-putsch-gegen-maduro-laut-regierung-niedergeschlagen-15139281.html
  42. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/venezuela-soldaten-rufen-zu-putsch-auf-mehrere-festnahmen-a-1161569.html
  43. ^ http://www.n-tv.de/politik/Soldaten-rufen-zu-Putsch-auf-article19970593.html
  44. ^ https://deutsch.rt.com/newsticker/55265-militaerrebellion-in-venezuela/
  45. ^ "Zimbabwe's President Mugabe resigns". Bbc.co.uk. 21 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Szulc, Tad (1965). "Latin America", The New York Times Company, Library of Congress 65-27528

External links[edit]