A number of national governments and international organisations have created lists of designated terrorist organisations, though there is no consistency as to which organisations are so designated. The following list of designated terrorist groups have been created by national governments, former governments, inter-governmental organizations; such designations have had a significant effect on the groups’ activities. Many organizations that have been designated as terrorist organization have denied using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism; some organisations have multiple wings or components, one or more of which may be designated as terrorist while others are not. This listing does not include unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism; this list excludes groups which might be considered terrorist, but who are not so designated according to the criteria specified above.
This list is not all inclusive. For more inclusive lists, including people and specific vehicles, refer to lists under Process of designation. There are near about 210 recognised terrorist organisations. Below is the list of organizations that have been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted. Among the countries that publish a list of designated terrorist organizations, some have a clear established procedure for listing and delisting, some are opaque; the Berghof Foundation argues that opaque delisting conditions reduce the incentive for the organization to abandon terrorism, while fuelling radicalism. Since 2002, the Australian Government maintains a list of terrorist organizations under the Security Legislation Amendment Act 2002. Listing, de-listing and re-listing follows a protocol that involves the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation and the Attorney-General's Department. Since 18 December 2001, section 83.05 of the Canadian Criminal Code allows the Governor in Council to maintain a list of entities that are engaged in terrorism, facilitating it, or acting on behalf of such an entity.
Entities are reviewed by the Minister and the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, published in the Canada Gazette. The list is published on the website of Public Safety Canada; the European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups. The first list is copied from the United Nations, the second is an autonomous list. All other designated organizations; the freezing of all funds, other financial assets and economic resources. A ban on directly or indirectly making funds, other financial assets and economic resources available, it is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.
As of 13 January 2020, there are 21 listed organizations. New organizations are added to the autonomous list following this process: "Designation": Member states and third party states tips about an organization; this state must have solid evidence and must the tip must be sent by the national authority. Scrutinity: The Presidency, or a delegation, gathers basic information, might require more information from the tipping state. Consultations: Information is shared with other member states for discussion. Everything is still confidential. 15 days after, delegates of the states meet as the CP 931 Working Party, Europol is sometimes invited too. Recommendation: The CP 931 Working Party prepares the listing decision. Decision by EU Council: The council adopts the list; the decision must be unanimous. Official Publishing: In the EU Official Journal Notification and Statement of Reason: The council secretariat notifies each designated organization via mail, together with instructions on how to get the decision to be reconsidered.
The EU has similar process to review the list, to remove organizations for the list. Under the Unlawful Activities Act, the Ministry of Home Affairs maintains a list of banned organizations; the Republic of Korea, has not yet listed a number of designated terrorist groups. Such groups banned under the National Security Act include, for example, the Workers' Party of Korea and al-Qaeda. In Myanmar, the Anti-Terrorism Central Committee is responsible for designating terrorist organisations in accordance with the country's counter-terrorism law. Designations must be approved by the union government before being official; the only group on Myanmar's terror list is the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, declared on 25 August 2017 in accordance with the counter-terrorism law. The New Zealand Police are responsible for coordinating any requests to the Prime Minister for designation as a terrorist entity; the designation of terrorist organizations is guided by the Terrorism Suppression Act 2002. New Zealand abides by several United Nations resolutions dealing with counter-terrorism including UN Resolutions 1267, 1989, 2253, 1988, 1373.
Government of Pakistan under section 11-B of Anti Terrorism Act can declare an organization believed to be concerned with terrorism as a Proscribed Organization or put it under surveillance. Ministry of Interior issues the formal notification of proscription of an organization. National Counter Terrorism Authority is concerned w
The Anglican Christ Church is in the northern Hillside Terraces district of Bradford-on-Avon, England. It is in the Bradford Deanery of the Diocese of Salisbury. Early in the 19th century, people in this area of town objected to going down the hill to the northern town centre to their parish church, the Norman church of Holy Trinity, considered to be "in a bad part of the town." The church was in need of repair and the nearby Saxon Church of St Lawrence across the road from Holy Trinity was yet to be discovered. The new parish of Christ Church was created and a new structure was commissioned to be designed by Bath architect G. P. Manners in 1839. Consecrated in 1841, it was "originally...a simple design with plain walls, clear glass windows and stone flagged floors and was in the Perpendicular style." Victorian taste in churches was for something more elaborate, so in 1875 it was "restored" by Sir George Gilbert Scott. After Scott's death in 1878, interior work was overseen by his son John Oldrid Scott.
Further work in 1884 included the addition of a south porch, in 1919 C. E. Ponting added the south chapel as a war memorial to C. Eric Moulton; the church has a memorial to Eric Moulton in the Lady Chapel, a ring of eight bells cast in 1923 by Gillett & Johnston of Croydon. The church was designated as Grade II* listed in 1952. Pevsner describes it as a "big, prosperous church". Today the parish forms part of the North Bradford-on-Avon benefice. Official website Media related to Christ Church, Bradford-on-Avon at Wikimedia Commons
The Romero Institute is a nonprofit law and public policy center in Santa Cruz, California. The Institute has two main projects: the Lakota People's Law Project based in part in the Dakotas, Greenpower, based in California; the Christic Institute was a public interest law firm founded in 1980 by Daniel Sheehan, his wife Sara Nelson, their partner, William J. Davis, a Jesuit priest, they wanted to continue public interest law. Christic represented victims of the nuclear disaster at Three Mile Island. In 1985 they filed a civil suit for damages against KKK and American Nazi Party members who had killed civil rights demonstrators in the 1979 Greensboro Massacre. In litigation by the state in a criminal trial and the federal government under civil rights law, all defendants had been acquitted by all-white juries. In addition, the Institute had accused local police and Federal agents of knowing of the potential for violent confrontation and failing to protect the marchers; the Institute defended Catholic workers providing sanctuary to Salvadoran refugees.
The Institute was based in Washington, D. C. with offices in several other major U. S. cities. The Institute received funding from a nationwide network of grass-roots donors, as well as organizations like the New World Foundation. In 1988, the Christic Institute was ordered to pay $955,000 in attorneys fees and $79,500 in court costs as the result of a $24 million lawsuit, deemed to be frivolous by the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida; the ruling was subsequently upheld by the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit and the Supreme Court of the United States. In addition, the Institute lost its non-profit status, as the IRS ruled that its suit had been politically motivated. In the wake of this loss, Daniel Sheehan and Sara Nelson regrouped. In 1992 they became the leaders of the Christic Institute's successor organization, the Romero Institute. Founded in 2004, the Lakota People's Law Project began as a group of Lakota grandmothers organizing around issues relating to the Indian Child Welfare Act.
The "Lakota Child Rescue Project" was created to assist in the return of Lakota children to families and communities and expanded to include the creation of a tribal foster care program funded with direct Title IV-E funds from the federal government. In 2016, the Lakota People's Law Project expanded its mission to include land and water issues during the controversial protests against the Dakota Access Pipeline on the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Indian Reservation in North Dakota. LPLP defended water protector and attorney Chase Iron Eyes following his arrest in February 2017 and attempted to use a Necessity Defense in his trial, claiming that Iron Eyes had no choice to resist the Dakota Access Pipeline due to risks posed to his family and drinking water. Prosecutors dropped felony charges against Iron Eyes in August 2018. Greenpower, founded in the beginning of 2016, is a community-based organization aiming to aid the transition away from fossil fuels to locally produced and controlled renewable energy.
Accomplishments include a robust organizing effort for Monterey Bay Community Power, a community choice energy program in San Benito, Santa Cruz, Monterey counties. More Greenpower has extended its work to advocate for community choice energy in other parts of the state. Daniel Sheehan taught a college-level course at the University of California at Santa Cruz on social justice entitled "The Trajectory of Justice: Eight Cases that Changed America." The course examines foundational cases between 1970 and 2000: Eisenstadt v. Baird, Pentagon Papers Case, In re Pappas, U. S. v. James W. McCord, Jr. Silkwood v. Kerr-McGee Corp. Greensboro Massacre, American Sanctuary Movement Case and Avirgan v. Hull and the Iran-Contra Affair; the Romero Institute offers an internship program through the University of Santa Cruz. Http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/5/prweb10725665.htm http://lastrealindians.com/historic-icwa-summit-rapid-city-sd-may-15-17-2013/ http://www.argusleader.com/article/DF/20130731/VOICES01/307310032/Editorial-Native-run-foster-care-worth-effort http://www.argusleader.com/article/20130728/NEWS/307280030/Tribes-child-welfare-We-can-do-better https://www.npr.org/2011/10/25/141672992/native-foster-care-lost-children-shattered-families https://www.npr.org/2011/10/25/141662357/incentives-and-cultural-bias-fuel-foster-system https://www.npr.org/2011/10/26/141700018/tribes-question-foster-groups-power-and-influence https://www.npr.org/2011/10/27/141728431/native-survivors-of-foster-care-return-home https://www.npr.org/2011/10/25/141650809/a-fight-for-her-grandchildren-mirrors-a-native-past https://www.npr.org/2011/10/25/141475618/disproportionality-rates-of-native-american-children-in-foster-care https://www.npr.org/2013/08/12/211386932/npr-ombudsman-differ-on-s-dakota-indian-foster-care-series http://www.aljazeera.com/humanrights/2013/08/201387123136821461.html Lakota People's Law Project website