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List of destroyers of the United States Navy

This is a list of destroyers of the United States Navy, sorted by hull number. It includes all of the series DD, DL, DDG, DLG, DLGN. CG-47 Ticonderoga and CG-48 Yorktown were approved as destroyers and redesignated cruisers before being laid down. See List of destroyer classes of the United States Navy. For destroyer escorts, see List of destroyer escorts of the United States Navy, for destroyer minelayers, see List of mine warfare vessels of the United States Navy; the DL category was established with the abolition of the CLK category. CLK 1 became DL 1 and DDs 927–930 became DLs 2–5. By the mid-1950s the term destroyer leader had been dropped in favor of frigate; the DLG sequence was deactivated in the 1975 fleet realignment, most DLGs and DLGNs were reclassified as CGs and CGNs, 30 June 1975. However, DLG 6–15 became DDG 37–46. DL-1 through DL-5 had been decommissioned prior to this time. DLG-16 Leahy through DLGN-40 Mississippi became CG-16 through CGN-40; the guided missile destroyer sequence has three irregularities: four DDGs are numbered as if they were Destroyers in the main sequence, two were redesignated as guided missile cruisers, two numbers were skipped.

The Zumwalt class picks up at DDG-1000. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships

Tom Squitieri

Tom Squitieri is an American journalist, public speaker, public relations specialist. He now is the Pentagon correspondent for Talk Meda News. Squitieri was an award-winning reporter with USA Today. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, he reported from the Pentagon as well as Iraq, Uzbekistan and Italy. Other experience included presidential and congressional campaigns in 2000 and 1996, Capitol Hill, various Bill Clinton and political scandals, drugs, arms smuggling and lead reporting on breaking news stories. Foreign assignments include an array of conflicts around the world, including the 1989 Panama invasion, Northern Ireland, 1991 Gulf War, former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Central Asia and Afghanistan, Iraq. Squitieri was forced to resign from USA Today in May 2005 after a dispute over attribution of quotes he reported in a story revealing Pentagon failures to properly up-armor vehicles in Iraq. Since leaving USA Today, Squitieri has written columns for the Foreign Policy Association, The Hill, U.

S. News and World Report, articles for Newsmax magazine, he was an adjunct professor at Washington and Jefferson College and is an adjunct professor at American University. Squitieri wrote three articles for the Huffington Post in 2011 that were deleted for "not adequately disclos a material conflict of interest." Salon claimed he had obfuscated his employment with Qorvis Communications, a company, registered as a pro-Bahrain lobbyist in the US. Each article contained this reader's note: "Tom Squitieri is a journalist and is working with the Bahrain government on media awareness."

Horace A. Tenney

Horace Addison Tenney was an American lawyer, politician and newspaper editor. Born in Grand Isle, Tenney moved with his parents to Elyria, Ohio in 1833. In 1841, Tenney was practiced law. In 1842, he started the Elyria Lorain Republican newspaper. In 1843, Tenney was elected prosecuting attorney of Lorain County, Ohio. Tenney moved to Galena, Illinois in 1845 and started the Galena Jeffersonian newspaper with his brother, he was co-owner of the Wisconsin Argus newspaper. Tenney was the Wisconsin territorial printer in 1846 and 1847, was the reporter of the two Wisconsin Constitutional Conventions, he was the Wisconsin assistant state geologist. He served in the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1857 as a Republican. Tenney served as president of the Village of Madison in 1853 and 1854, he was a regent of the University of Wisconsin. During the American Civil War, Tenney was paymaster for the Union Army, he was in charge of the United States Mail for Wisconsin, Iowa and the Dakota Territory. During the 1870s, he was involved with the editorial staff of some Chicago newspapers.

In the United States election of 1878, Tenney ran for the United States House of Representatives in Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district on the Greenback Party ticket. He died in Madison. Works by or about Horace A. Tenney at Internet Archive

Ayres Thrush

The Ayres Thrush the Snow S-2, Aero Commander Ag Commander, Rockwell Thrush Commander, is an American agricultural aircraft produced by Ayres Corporation and more by Thrush Aircraft. It is one of the most successful and long-lived agricultural application aircraft types in the world, with 2,000 sold since the first example flew 64 years ago. Typical of agricultural aircraft, it is a single-seat monoplane of conventional taildragger configuration. Powered by a radial piston engine, most examples produced since the 1980s have been turboprop-powered; the Thrush, designed by Leland Snow, first flew in 1956 and before long was being produced in series as the S-2 by the company he founded, Snow Aeronautical. In 1965, the corporation and all of its assets were purchased by the Aero Commander division of Rockwell, which put it into production alongside the CallAir A-9 that it had acquired, branding both unrelated machines as "Ag Commanders"; when Rockwell dropped the Aero Commander brand, the S-2 was renamed the "Thrush Commander".

In 1977, Rockwell sold off the production rights to the aircraft and the production facility at Albany, which were purchased by Ayres Corporation, a firm, built on retro-fitting turboprop engines to Thrush Commanders. On June 30, 2003, Ayres' assets were purchased by Thrush Aircraft, the current producer of the aircraft; the S-2 and its several variants have been purchased by agricultural spraying operators in many countries. Large numbers are operated in the United States and Australia, while other countries using the type include Costa Rica, Guyana, Israel, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Ayres developed a special anti-narcotics crop-spraying version of the Turbo-Thrush for the United States Department of State; this version, known as the Narcotics Eradication Delivery System featured an armored cockpit and engine to protect against hostile ground fire. Nine were sold to the Department of State between 1983 and 1985. Ayres attempted to market a militarized version as the Ayres Vigilante, intended for the Close Air Support role, but this failed to attract customers.

IOMAX USA of North Carolina, which had modified Air Tractor AT-802 agricultural aircraft as reconnaissance/attack aircraft, has developed the Archangel attack aircraft modeled on the S-2R-660. The United Arab Emirates has ordered 24 Archangels, with delivery from June 2015. Two Thrush 510Gs were modified to perform a counter-insurgency role by the Austrian company Airborne Technologies at the direction of Erik Prince, the former head of Blackwater, but in the absence of an export license the aircraft have not been used operationally. S-1 initial prototype with open cockpit. S-2 pre-production version of S-1 - three built. S-2A initial production version, powered by Continental engine – 73 built. S-2B S-2 powered by 450 hp Pratt & Whitney R-985 – 19 built. S-2C refined production version – 214 built. S-2C-600 S-2C re-engined with Pratt & Whitney R-1340-AN1. S-2D 6,000 lb take-off weight – 105 built. S-2D Ag Commander Thrush Commander 600 Thrush Commander 800 powered by Wright R-1300. S2R-T Turbo Thrush Rockwell Thrush Commanders converted to turbine power by Marsh Aviation using Garrett AiResearch TPE331-1-101 engines.

S-2R 1340 equivalent to Thrush Commander 600. S-2R 1820 Bull Thrush Pezetel Thrush powered by PZL-3. S-2R-T turboprop powered versions equipped with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A. Thrush Model 400 Thrush Model 510G General Electric H80 powered Thrush Model 510GR Honeywell TPE 331 powered Thrush Model 510P Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34 powered Thrush Model 550 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65AG powered Thrush Model 710 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65AG powered Archangel Thrush 550G modified as two-seat armed attack aircraft. 1,600 shp PT6A-67F engine. Fitted with 6 hardpoints for 6,000 lb of external stores. Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1976-77 General characteristics Crew: one Capacity: 400 US gal liquids or 3,280 lb dry chemicals Length: 29 ft 2 in Wingspan: 44 ft 4 in Height: 9 ft 2 in Wing area: 326.6 sq ft Empty weight: 3,700 lb Max takeoff weight: 6,900 lb Fuel capacity: 106 US gal Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 600 hp Propellers: 2-bladed Hamilton-Standard 12D40 metal constant speed propellerPerformance Maximum speed: 140 mph Cruise speed: 124 mph Stall speed: 66 mph Ferry range: 403 mi Service ceiling: 15,000 ft Rate of climb: 900 ft/min Related development PZL-Mielec M-18 DromaderAircraft of comparable role and era Aero Boero 260AG Air Tractor AT-300 Air Tractor AT-802 Cessna 188 Embraer EMB 202 Ipanema Grumman Ag Cat PAC Cresco PAC Fletcher PZL-106 Kruk Zlin Z-37 Cmelak Official website "Ayres Thrush". Joe F. Edwards. "COIN Machine: Flying The Iomax Archangel". Aviation Week & Space Technology


The P. K was a car made by Pars Khodro between 2000 and 2005 using the body of the Renault 5 and the platform of the Kia Pride. "P. K" is an acronym for Pars Khodro. After 24 years of manufacture of the Renault 5 as the Sepand in Iran by SAIPA Pars Khodro from 1976 to 2000, Pars Khodro updated the model with a Renault 5 body mounted on a Kia Pride platform; the Renault 5 bodywork was further modified and additional amenities were added, such as air conditioning. The result was the P. K. Manufacture of the P. K continued until it was replaced by the New P. K in 2005; the New P. K. is a car made by Pars Khodro, with a body similar to a first generation Renault 5 and the platform/engine of a Kia Pride. P. K is an acronym for Pars Khodro. Manufacture of the New P. K. commenced in 2005. The New P. K is different in body style from the previous P. K. models which had a similar body to the Renault 5. Pars Khodro official website

Gotthard Kettler

Gotthard Kettler, Duke of Courland was the last Master of the Livonian Order and the first Duke of Courland and Semigallia. Kettler was born near Anröchte, Kreis Soest, of an old Westphalian noble family and the ninth child of the German knight Gotthard Kettler zu Melrich and his wife Sophie of Nesselrode. Gotthard's older brother Wilhelm Kettler was bishop of Münster from 1553 to 1557. Kettler became a knight. In 1554 Gotthard Kettler became Komtur of Dünaburg, in 1557 Komtur of Fellin. In 1559, during the Livonian War he succeed Wilhelm von Fürstenberg as a Master of the Teutonic Order in Livonia; when the Livonian Confederation came under increasing pressure from Tsar Ivan the Terrible, Kettler converted to Lutheranism and secularised Semigallia and Courland. On the basis of the Treaty of Vilnius, he created the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia as a vassal state of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, soon merged into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Following the Duke's proposal in 1567, the regional assembly decided to build 70 new churches and 8 schools in the remote areas of Duchy where many peasants still lived and died unbaptized.

He died on 17 May 1587 in Mitau, aged 70. His heirs ruled in Courland until 1737. On 11 March 1566 Kettler married Anna, Duchess of Mecklenburg, daughter of Duke Albert VII of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and Princess Anna of Brandenburg. Couple had seven children, his sons Friedrich Kettler and Wilhelm Kettler succeeded him as dukes. The daughter Anna Kettler married the Lithuanian prince Albrecht Radziwiłł, the son of Mikołaj Radziwiłł Czarny, the daughter Elisabeth Kettler married the Adam Wenceslaus, Duke of Cieszyn of Duchy of Teschen. Grusemann, Hans, 1990. Die Frühgeschichte des Geschlechts Ketteler, 12.-16. Jahrhundert. Soest. Schwennicke, Ditleff. Europäische Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Band VIII, Tafel 91. Salomon Henning's Chronicle of Courland and Livonia and edited by Jerry C. Smith, William Urban and Ward Jones Heinz Matthiesen, "Gotthard Kettler", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 6, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 678–679.