The United States has the most diplomatic missions of any country in the world, including 169 of the 193 member countries of the United Nations, as well as observer state Vatican City and non-member countries of Kosovo and Taiwan. It maintains ` interest sections' in member states Syria. Morocco, in December 1777, became the first nation to seek diplomatic relations with the United States and together they maintain the United States' longest unbroken treaty. Benjamin Franklin established the first overseas mission of the United States in Paris in 1779. On April 19, 1782, John Adams was received by the States-General and the Dutch Republic as they were the first country, together with Morocco and France, to recognize the United States as an independent government. John Adams became the first U. S. ambassador to the Netherlands and the house that he had purchased at Fluwelen Burgwal 18 in The Hague, became the first U. S. embassy anywhere in the world. In the period following the American Revolution, George Washington sent a number of close advisers to the courts of European potentates in order to garner recognition of U.
S. independence with mixed results, including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Francis Dana, John Jay. Much of the first fifty years of the Department of State concerned negotiating with imperial European powers over the territorial integrity of the borders of the United States as known today; the first overseas consulate of the fledgling United States was founded in 1790 at Liverpool, Great Britain, by James Maury Jr., appointed by Washington. Maury held the post from 1790 to 1829. Liverpool was at the time Britain's leading port for transatlantic commerce and therefore of great economic importance to the United States. President George Washington, on November 19, 1792, nominated Benjamin Joy of Newbury Port as the first U. S. Consul to Kolkata, India. Joy was not recognized as consul by the British East India Company but was permitted to “reside here as a Commercial Agent subject to the Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction of this Country…”; the first overseas property owned, the longest continuously owned, by the United States is the American Legation in Tangier, a gift of the Sultan of Morocco in 1821.
In general during the nineteenth century, the United States' diplomatic activities were done on a minimal budget. The U. S. owned no property abroad and provided no official residences for its foreign envoys, paid them a minimal salary, gave them the rank of ministers rather than ambassadors who represented the great powers—a position which the U. S. only achieved towards the end of the nineteenth century. In the latter half of the nineteenth century, the State Department was concerned with expanding commercial ties in Asia, establishing Liberia, foiling diplomatic recognition of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, securing its presence in North America; the Confederacy had diplomatic missions in the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Papal States, Russia and Spain, consular missions in Ireland, Cuba, Italy and Nassau and New Providence. The United States' global prominence became evident in the twentieth century, the State Department was required to invest in a large network of diplomatic missions to manage its bilateral and multilateral relations.
The wave of overseas construction began with the creation of the State Department's Foreign Service Buildings Commission in 1926. The U. S. has embassies in all states it recognizes with the exceptions of the Comoros, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and the Seychelles. The U. S. has embassies in all states it recognizes with the exceptions of Dominica, St Kitts & Nevis, St Lucia and St Vincent. The U. S. has embassies in all countries it recognizes apart from Bhutan, Maldives, North Korea and Yemen. It has ` interest sections' in other nation's embassies in Syria, it has a de facto embassy in Taiwan. The U. S. has embassies in all countries it recognizes apart from Andorra, Liechtenstein and San Marino. The U. S. has embassies in all countries it recognizes apart from Kiribati, Tonga and Vanuatu. African Union Addis Ababa ASEAN Jakarta Asian Development Bank Manila European Union Brussels NATO Brussels OECD Paris Organization of American States Washington, D. C. OSCE Vienna United Nations and specialized agencies New York City Geneva Montréal Paris Rome Vienna History of United States diplomatic relations by country Ambassadors of the United States United States Foreign Service Terrorist attacks on U.
S. diplomatic facilities List of diplomatic missions in the United States List of countries by number of diplomatic missions Source: "Official list of embassies". U. S. Department of State. Retrieved April 19, 2019. State Department Details of diplomatic missions of the United States
Major Pricilla de Oliveira Azevedo is a Brazilian police officer who has won international awards for her bravery and integrity. She was born in about 1978 and she was brought up in Laranjeiras neighborhood, she held her prisoner. In 1998 she joined the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State, in 2000 she began working in street repression operations and police battalions. In 2007 she was kidnapped and attacked, but she escaped and managed to arrest three of her kidnappers. In 2008 she was placed in charge of the first “Police Pacification Unit” in Rio de Janeiro, in the favela of Santa Marta; as of January 2014 she is the chief of the Police Pacification Unit in Rocinha, which she became chief of in 2013 after its officers were accused of being involved in the disappearance of a local man. She received a 2012 International Women of Courage award, Veja named her Defender of the City
A long-running blue plaque scheme is in operation in Gateshead and Wear. Administered by the local council, the scheme was registered with English Heritage in 1970 and 21 blue plaques were installed from the inception of the scheme until 1996. Although the scheme was never formally closed, only one further plaque was unveiled prior to the presentation of a'report to cabinet' on 16 November 2004 which recommended that the scheme be revived. Seven further plaques were installed prior to the publication of a commemorative council document in 2010, bringing the total to 29, though a number of further plaques have been installed since that date; the Gateshead scheme aims to highlight notable persons who lived in the borough, notable buildings within it and important historical events. An individual will only be considered for commemoration by Gateshead blue plaque if they meet the suggested criteria laid out in the 2004'report to cabinet'; these are that the individual has sufficient local standing, is regarded as an eminent member of their profession, calling or field or has made some important contribution to "human welfare or happiness".
The individual must have lived in Gateshead and either had a significant impact on the borough or are of such national or international eminence that their association with the borough is itself noteworthy. They must be deceased; some of those commemorated through the scheme include Geordie Ridley, author of the Blaydon Races, William Wailes, a noted 19th century proponent of stained glass who lived in a "fairytale mansion" at Saltwell Park, the industrialist and co-founder of Clarke Chapman, William Clarke and Sir Joseph Swan, the inventor of the incandescent light bulb whose house in Low Fell was the first in the world to be illuminated by electric light. An historical event will be considered suitable for a Gateshead blue plaque so long as it was not a usual occurrence, had a significant impact on local or national history and can be associated with a building or structure to which the corresponding plaque can be appended. Events commemorated by Gateshead blue plaque include the 19th century Felling mining disasters, one of which included "one of the most tremendous explosions in the history of coal mining" and which killed 92 men and boys.
Crawford, Elizabeth. Women's Suffrage Movement: A reference guide 1866–1926. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0415239265. MacKenzie and Ross. An Historical and Descriptive View of the County Palatine of Durham. McKenzie and Ross. ISBN 1-150796-79-0. Manders, Francis William David. A History of Gateshead. Gateshead Corporation. ISBN 0-901273-02-3. Unknown. A Record of the Great Fire in Newcastle and Gateshead. Routledge