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List of districts in Budapest

Budapest, the capital of Hungary has 23 districts, each with its own municipal government. Budapest was organized into 10 districts in 1873 after the unification of the cities of Pest, Buda and Óbuda; the districts at that time: Buda: I, II Óbuda: III Pest: IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, XIn the 1930s, 4 new districts were organized, numbered from XI to XIV. On 1 January 1950, 7 neighboring towns and 16 villages were annexed to Budapest by creating 9 new districts, so the number of its districts increased to 22. District IV was annexed to District V and the number IV was given to the northernmost newly merged town, Újpest. Former district borders were partly modified but the old numbering system is still clear on the map. In 1994, Soroksár left District XX, became the newest district and received the number XXIII. Listed below are the ordinal numbers of the 23 districts of Budapest, their official names, the names of the neighbourhoods within the districts; each district can be associated with one or more neighbourhoods named after former towns within Budapest.

Buda is the hilly part on the west bank of the Danube, Districts I, II, III, XI, XII, XXII Pest is the flat part on the east bank of the Danube. Districts IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXIII Csepel is a big island in the south which belongs to Budapest; this part of the island is the District XXI and is referred as Csepel. Margaret Island is an island, directly administered by the Municipality of Budapest and is used as a recreational area There is a third island called Óbuda Island which forms parts of District III and hosts the Sziget Festival since 1993. District I is a small area including the historic Castle. District II is in Buda again, in the northwest, District III stretches along in the northernmost part of Buda. To reach District IV, one must cross the Danube to find it in Pest at north. With District V, another circle begins: it is located in the absolute centre of Pest. Districts VI, VII, VIII and IX are the neighbouring areas to the east, going southwards, one after the other.

District X is another, more external circle in Pest, while one must jump to the Buda side again to find Districts XI and XII, going northwards. No more districts remaining in Buda in this circle, we must turn our steps to Pest again to find Districts XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX and XX regularly in a semicircle, going southwards again. District XXI is the extension of the above route over a branch of the Danube, the northern tip of a long island south from Budapest. District XXII is still on the same route in southwest Buda, District XXIII is again in southernmost Pest, irregular only because it was part of District XX until the mid-90s. Budapest I – Várkerület Budapest II Budapest III – Óbuda-Békásmegyer Budapest V – Belváros-Lipótváros Budapest VI – Terézváros Budapest VII – Erzsébetváros Budapest VIII – Józsefváros Pescina, ItalyBudapest IX – Ferencváros Budapest X – Kőbánya Budapest XI – Újbuda Budapest XII – Hegyvidék Arad, RomaniaBudapest XIII Budapest XIV – Zugló Budapest XV Budapest XVI Tây Hồ District, VietnamBudapest XVII – Rákosmente Budapest XVIII – Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre Budapest XIX – Kispest Budapest XX – Pesterzsébet Budapest XXI – Csepel Budapest XXII – Budafok-Tétény Budapest XXIII – Soroksár District I-X street maps showing boundaries

Heilbronn University

Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences, is a German University of Applied Sciences with campuses in Heilbronn-Sontheim, in the centre of Heilbronn, in Künzelsau and Schwäbisch Hall. Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences ranks amongst the major institutions of Higher Education in the state of Baden-Württemberg where it caters for over 8,000 degree-seeking students on three campuses, namely Heilbronn, Künzelsau and Schwäbisch Hall; the university’s second campus is located in Künzelsau, the economic centre of the Hohenlohe district, its third in Schwäbisch Hall. At April 17, 1961 the Staatliche Ingenieurschule Heilbronn was established in Heilbronn. Since 1965 it is located in Heilbronn-Sontheim. In 1969 the four existing technical study courses were complemented by the first economical course. In 1971 the school was renamed to Fachhochschule Heilbronn In 1972 the study course medical computer science was founded in cooperation with the University of Heidelberg. In 1988 the outside campus Künzelsau opened.

Since 2004 the diplom degrees were replaced by a bachelor/master-system. In 2005 the Fachhochschule was renamed to Hochschule Heilbronn. In 2009 the outside campus Schwäbisch Hall opened. In 2011 near the city centre of Heilbronn a new campus as part of the Bildungscampus Heilbronn was opened. In 2018 the Heilbronn University was renamed to Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences. Mechanics and Electronics with 5 bachelor and 6 master courses Industrial and Process Engineering with 3 bachelor and 2 master courses Informatics with 2 bachelor and 2 master courses Business and Transport Management with 4 Bachelor courses International Business with 5 bachelor and 3 master courses Economics and Engineering with 8 bachelor and 4 master courses Management and Sales with 4 bachelor and 1 master courses In terms of number of students, Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences is the largest University of Applied Sciences in the state of Baden-Württemberg. Heilbronn: 5.868 Künzelsau: 1.548 Schwäbisch Hall: 952 The International Office assists students from partner institutions in finding suitable accommodation in the vicinity of the university.

Whenever possible, students are allocated a room in one of the university’s student halls. All students have access to a up-dated database listing furnished and reasonably priced apartments which they can rent. Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences welcomes students; the International Office is pleased to assist them individually. Studying in a foreign country can be a challenging endeavour for those students who are not fluent in German. Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences therefore provides German classes at elementary and advanced levels throughout the year at low or no cost. In addition, the following support is offered: - student mentors - free membership in faculty-based student organisations - detailed advice on handling residence permits and opening bank accounts - guided tours to sites of particular interest - on-campus German classes - assistance in finding work placements and temporary jobs - preferential access to cultural events - access to the university’s library services and the Internet - information on scholarships available to international students Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences has been enjoying favorable reviews from the Centre of Development for University of Applied Sciences.

The results of the survey released in the magazine Zeit-Studienführer 2010/2011 stated that the course Drives Systems and Mechatronics in Künzelsau Campus scored excellently in eight out of ten examined criteria. The course Process and Environmental Engineering on the other hand achieved excellent scores in nine out of fourteen examined criteria. Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences is one of the few Universities of Applied Sciences that offers both Process as well as Environmental Engineering under the same course title and belongs to the elite group in the field. Hochschule Heilbronn HSHN CHE-Hochlranking Petermann, Wolfgang. "Fachhochschule Heilbronn". Stadt- und Landkreis Heilbronn. Stuttgart and Aalen: Theiss. Pp. 218–220. ISBN 3-8062-0121-8. "Hochschule Heilbronn". Official website, English portal

Grand Mufti

The Grand Mufti is the head of regional muftis, Islamic jurisconsults, of a state. The office originated in the early modern era in the Ottoman empire and has been adopted in a number of modern countries. Muftis are Islamic jurists qualified to issue a nonbinding opinion on a point of Islamic law. In the 15th century, muftis of the Ottoman empire, who had acted as independent scholars in earlier times, began to be integrated into a hierarchical bureaucracy of religious institutions and scholars. By the end of the 16th century, the government-appointed mufti of Istanbul came to be recognized under the title Shaykh al-Islam as the Grand Mufti in charge of this hierarchy; the Ottoman Grand Mufti performed a number of functions, including advising the sultan on religious matters, legitimizing government policies, appointing judges. After the dissolution the Ottoman empire the office of the Grand Mufti has been adopted in a number of countries across the Muslim world serving the role of providing religious support for government policies.

The Grand Mufti is an individual appointed by the state, although the office has collective or elective character in some modern countries. Muftis are Muslim religious scholars; the Ottoman Empire began the practice of giving official recognition and status to a single mufti, above all others, as the Grand Mufti. The Grand Mufti of Istanbul had, since the late 16th century, come to be regarded as the head of the religious establishment, he was thus not only pre-eminent but bureaucratically responsible for the body of religious-legal scholars and gave legal rulings on important state policies such as the dethronement of rulers. This practice was subsequently adapted by Egypt from the mid-19th century. From there, the concept spread to other Muslim states, so that today there are 16 countries with sizable Muslim populations which have a Grand Mufti; the relationship between the Grand Mufti of any given state and the state's rulers can vary both by region and by historical era. The State Mufti of Brunei is nominated by the Sultan.

The Grand Mufti of India is elected by the Electoral college and appointed by the Islamic Community of India. Throughout the era of British colonialism, the British retained the institution of Grand Mufti in some Muslim areas under their control and accorded the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem the highest political stature in Palestine. During World War I, there were two competing Grand Muftis of Jerusalem, one endorsed by the British and one by the Ottoman Empire; when Palestine was under British rule, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem was a position appointed by the British Mandate authorities. In the Palestinian National Authority, the administrative organization established to govern parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the Grand Mufti is appointed by the president. Malaysia has a unique system of collective mufti. Nine of the fourteen Malaysian states have their own constitutional monarchy; these nine monarchs have authority over religious matters within their own states: therefore, each of these nine states have their own mufti who controls the Islamic Council or Islamic Department of the state.

At the national level, a National Council of Fatwa has been formed under the Department of Islamic Advancement of Malaysia. JAKIM appoints five Muftis for the five states; the muftis of the nine monarchical states, together with the five officials appointed by JAKIM in the National Council of Fatwā, collectively issue fatāwā at the national level. In the Mughal Empire, the Grand Mufti of India was a state official. In the Ottoman Empire, the Grand Mufti was a state official, the Grand Mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these; the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, with office created in 1953, is appointed by the King. According to Article 78 of the 2014 Constitution, the Grand Mufti of Tunisia is appointed and can be dismissed by the President of the Republic. Imam Muftiate List of Islamic muftiates Grand Mufti of India

Leo Buerger

Leo Buerger was an Austrian American pathologist and urologist. Buerger's disease is named for him. In 1880 his family emigrated to the United States, he attended several elementary schools in New York and Philadelphia. At a New York City college from 1897, he obtained a a general, followed by medical studies at the (College of Physicians and Surgeons, he graduated from Columbia University in New York. He was married twice, they had two children before they divorced in 1927. Buerger practiced at the Lenox Hill Hospital the Mount Sinai Hospital as a volunteer in the surgical clinic at Wrocław with study visits to Vienna and Paris. From 1907 to 1920, Buerger worked as a surgeon at Mount Sinai Hospital. There in 1908 he gave the first accurate pathological description of thromboangiitis obliterans or Buerger's disease, a disease of the circulatory system associated with smoking first reported by Felix von Winiwarter in 1879; as a surgeon, he practiced at several other clinics in New York: Beth David Hospital, Bronx Hospital, Wyckoff Heights Hospital, Brooklyn.

In 1917 he received a professorship at the Medical Urology Outpatient Clinic New York, which he held until 1930. He took up a similar position of the College of Medical Evangelists, Los Angeles, but worked there for only a short time before returning to New York to work in private practice. Buerger alone or in collaboration wrote more than 160 articles in various scientific journals. Thrombo-Angiitis Obliterans: A study of the vascular lesions leading to presenile spontaneous gangrene. Am J Med Sci 136 567 The pathology of the vessels in cases of gangrene of the lower extremities due to so-called endarteritis obliterans. Proc NY Pathol Soc 8 48 Proc Soc NY Pathol 8 48 Diseases of the Circulatory Extremities. 1924 E. J. Wormer: Angiology - Phlebology. Syndromes and their creators. Munich 1991, pp 225–234 P. Rentchnick: Le centenaire de la naissance du Dr Leo Buerger. 192 Méd Hygiène 38 192 G. W. Kaplan: Leo Buerger. Invest Urol 11 342-3 A. Birch: Leo Buerger, 1879-1943. Practitioner 211 823 S. Kagan: Jewish Medicine.

Boston 1952, p. 71

Graeme Ferreira

Graeme David Ferreira is a former Zimbabwean cricketer who represented Matabeleland and Midlands in Zimbabwean domestic cricket. He played as bowling right-arm off-spin. Ferreira was born in Salisbury, he was selected for the Zimbabwe under-19s team during the 1995–96 season, played four matches against the England under-19s. Ferreira made his first-class debut in April 1996, playing for Matabeleland against Mashonaland Country Districts in the final of the 1995–96 Logan Cup, he opened the batting with Ethan Dube in both innings, Matabeleland won by six wickets despite the pair scoring only eight runs between them. After his debut, Ferreira did not return to first-class level until the 1999–00 Logan Cup, where he played three matches for Midlands. In his first match of the season, against CFX Academy, he made 46 runs from 84 balls, the highest score of his career. In the next match, against Matabeleland, he took 4/55 and 5/45, finishing with match figures of 9/100. Ferreira's final first-class match came against Mashonaland, saw Midlands lose by 251 runs after being bowled out for 31 and 56.

Player profile and statistics at Cricket Archive Player profile and statistics at ESPNcricinfo

Hired armed cutter Lurcher

His Majesty's Hired armed cutter Lurcher was a 12-gun cutter that served the Royal Navy from 15 August 1795 until 15 January 1801 when a French privateer captured her in the Channel. On 6 June 1793, the cutter Lurcher, of 100 tons burthen, eight 3 and 4-pounder guns, under the command of Christopher Heayott, received a Letter of Marque. On 1 April 1798, Lurcher and the hired armed cutter Nimrod recaptured the Roebuck packet, which the French privateer Adelaide had captured on 20 March. Lurcher and Nimrod sent Roebuck into Plymouth. In 1799, Lurcher was under the command of Lieutenant J. Betts, stationed at Portsmouth. Lurcher shared, with many other British warships, in the capture of the French privateer Aimable Victoire on 29 January 1799; the actual captor, after a chase of eight and a half hours, was Triton. Aimable Victoire was armed with 16 brass 8-pounder guns and two iron 6-pounder guns, had a crew of 86 men, she was on her first cruise, was one day out of Cherbourg, had not captured anything.

In May, still under Bett's command, landed at the mouth of the River Shannon to procure fresh provisions for HMS Royal George, Admiral Lord Bridport's flagship. On 19 June Lurcher, Lieutenant Robert Forbes, came into Plymouth from Brest, with damage that she had sustained in an engagement with a French cutter. Lurcher had succeeded in cutting out the French cutter from the Penmarks. On 13 November 1800, the hired armed cutters Lurcher captured the French brig Prothée. Five days they captured a French privateer brig of 14 guns. Prize money was due to be paid on 10 July 1801 in Plymouth. Two weeks on 23 November, Captain Sir Richard Strachan in Captain chased a French convoy in to the Morbihan where it sheltered under the protection of shore batteries and the 20-gun corvette Réolaise. Magicienne was able to force the corvette onto the shore at Port Navalo; the hired armed cutter Suworow towed in four boats with Lieutenant Hennah of Captain and a cutting-out party of seamen and marines. The hired armed cutters Lurcher towed in four more boats from Magicienne.

Although the cutting-out party landed under heavy fire of grape and musketry, it was able to set the corvette on fire. Only one British seaman, a crewman from Suworow, was killed. However, Suworow's sails and rigging were so badly cut up. A French report of the action stated that Captain Duclos, seeing the approach of the British, ran Réolaise on shore and burnt her. On 7 December 1800, Nile discovered a convoy of 15 or 16 small vessels coming round the point of Croisic near the mouth of the river Vilaine in Quiberon Bay. Lurcher joined Nile and together the two cutters captured or destroyed nine vessels at a cost of only one man wounded on Lurcher, despite fire from shore batteries; the three vessels that fell to Lurcher were all sailing from Nantes to Yannes with wine from Nantes. The three vessels were: Martin Beroist, master, of two men and eight tons. Lurcher captured her. Eponine, Yine Le Frank, of three men and 13 tons. Lurcher drove her on shore on Houat with the loss of her cargo. Bon Secour, Yine Nicolane, of two men and eight tons.

Lurcher sank her after saving her cargo. In 1801 Lurcher was still under the command of Lieutenant Forbes when a 16-gun French privateer captured her. Lurcher had been believe wrecked in a gale, but a letter from Excellent dated 24 February at Lorient arrived at Portsmouth on 2 March. A flag of truce vessel had reported that Lurcher was at Lorient after a French privateer of superior force had captured her "after a gallant action." Notes Citations References