Bexleyheath is a town in the London Borough of Bexley, southeast London, approximately 12 miles east-southeast of Charing Cross. The town is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. Until the early 19th century, Bexley Heath comprised an area of scrub-land with few buildings, although Bexley Heath windmill stood at the corner of what is today Erith Road, in 1766 Sir John Boyd had Danson House built in parkland. In 1814 the land to the north of Bexley that would become Bexleyheath became subject to an Enclosure Act, the National Trust acquired the house in 2003. Morris wanted to have a Palace of Art in which he, the house is of red brick with a steep tiled roof and an emphasis on natural materials. Red House is in a non-historical, brick-and-tile domestic style and it is now a Grade I listed building. Morris lived with his wife Jane in the house for five years, forced to sell the house for financial reasons in 1865, Morris vowed never to return to it—he said that to see the house again would be more than he could bear.
Bexleyheaths parish church, Christ Church, dates from 1841, and the parish of Bexleyheath from 1866, the clock-tower at the centre of the modern shopping area, built in 1912, commemorates the coronation of King George V. In the late 1970s the London Borough of Bexley built its headquarters and it is generally seen as being split into two parts by the old Roman road. The DA6 postcode area which is south Bexleyheath has a less homogeneous feel and features Danson House, adjacent to the park, Danson Road has an array of large houses, including a small number of Modernist buildings. In the north DA7 postcode area the majority of houses are predominantly 1930s semi-detached residences and this area includes part of the Bostall Park Estate, built by the developers Feakes & Richards. A face-lift in 2008 on The Mall gave the centre a more modern internal appearance, other developments included the building of Bexleyheath Square in the early 2000s as an extension to the Broadway, providing more retail units.
The 1990s saw the pedestrianisation of the adjacent to The Broadway shopping centre following the construction of two minor bypasses. Many of the changes to the centre since 2000 have been in some way a response to competition from Bluewater Shopping Centre,9 miles to the east in Greenhithe. Management was taken over in 2010 by Broadway Shopping Centre, the statue outside the Broadway Centre is Family Outing by local artist John Ravera, it was commissioned by Norwich Union and unveiled in 1985. The sculpture, of two parents playing with their son, is based on a Mr G Brazier of Bexley, in May 2009 a major redevelopment scheme was approved by the local council following public consultation. This involved the redevelopment of sites occupied by the Bexley council buildings, the magistrates court was to move to a new building on a site occupied by the library, which would be incorporated into the new development alongside 300 new homes. However, this development did not proceed following the sale of the Broadway Shopping Centre to new owners, in 2012, the local council approved plans to relocate its offices into the former headquarters of The Woolwich, which had lain empty since 2006
Barnehurst is a town and electoral ward in South East London within the London Borough of Bexley. It lies north east of Bexleyheath, and 13.0 miles east south-east of Charing Cross and it is separated from North Bexleyheath by the A220, Erith Road. The town came into being after the sale of land in 1881 to build the Bexleyheath loop line between Lewisham and Dartford, barnehursts name originates from the name of the railway station, which was so-named after Colonel Barne, who owned a local property, May Place House. As in much of suburban London, Barnehurst railway station was opened to building of houses. The Barnehurst Estate was built in 1926 and other building, mainly by W. H, wedlock followed in the years after. In 1920 the area part of the Crayford Urban District of Kent. In 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, the district was abolished. Most of Barnehurst is in the Barnehurst ward of the London Borough of Bexley, three elected councillors represent the ward on the borough council.
The northernmost part of Barnehurst is in Colyers ward and part of one road, Eversley Avenue, for education in Barnehurst see the main London Borough of Bexley article Barnehurst has a Non-League football club Phoenix Sports F. C. which plays at Phoenix Sports Ground. Bexleyheath Crayford Northumberland Heath Slade Green Barnes Cray The nearest station is Barnehurst railway station on the Bexleyheath line, trains run between London Charing Cross, London Victoria or London Cannon Street, via Lewisham and Eltham to the west and Dartford railway station to the east. Some trains go to Slade Green, Crayford and Woolwich in peak hours
Falconwood is an area of south east London within the London Boroughs of Bexley and Greenwich, located east of Eltham. Falconwood forms part of the Falconwood and Welling ward in the London Borough of Bexley, Falconwood is served by one National Rail train station. Falconwood station which was opened in 1936, is served by Southeastern on the Bexleyheath Line, the station is situated in London Travelcard Zone 4. The Green Chain walking network runs through Shepherdleas Wood, Oxleas Wood, Eltham Common, Eltham Park North, all these wooded and open areas are accessible via footpaths from Rochester Way, Welling Way and Riefield Road. Falconwood Community Centre, next to Falconwood Park, was opened in 1954, the Falconwood Community Association meets here 5 times a week along with many other groups. The Falconwood and District Horticultural Society stages the Annual Fruit, Flower, in 2008 the Mayor of Bexley, Falconwood & Welling Councillor Nigel Betts, inaugurated the Community Centre as the local Childrens Centre.
The Falconwood Park Estate was designed and constructed by housing developers Ideal Homesteads in the 1930s, situated between Welling and Eltham, the estate occupies the site of the former Westwood Farm. Regarding housing styles, the majority of the consists of semi-detached and terraced houses. There are flats above the shops on Lingfield Crescent and Falconwood Parade, there are 3/4 storey blocks of flats on Lingfield Crescent, at the corner of Rochester Way and Riefield Road, near the A2 and Eltham Cemetery & Crematorium. See London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich education services, Westwood Primary School was formed from two separate schools - Westwood Infant & Junior Schools in the late 1990s. Harris Academy Falconwood is an academy sponsored by the Harris Federation, the academy occupied the original secondary school and the old junior school buildings, but was replaced by a £27 million new school in 2011 built on some of the old playing fields. Stationers Crown Woods Academy is an academy sponsored by the Worshipful Company of Stationers and it is located in a £50million rebuilt school building and community learning facility that opened on 26 April 2011.
Falconwood forms part of 2 London boroughs and 2 post codes and these being, Bexley - DA16 - The rest of DA16 being formed by Welling and East Wickham. Greenwich - SE9 - The rest of SE9 being formed by Eltham, the SE9 roads in Bexley became part of LB Bexley under the 1994 boundary change. The Royal Mail have refused many attempts to change the postcode of these roads to DA16, nearest train stations Falconwood station, Lingfield Crescent, London, SE9 2RN. Eltham station, Well Hall Road, London, SE9 6SL, Welling station, Station Approach, London, DA16 3AU. Central London bound, trains run to London Bridge, London Waterloo East, London Charing Cross, London Victoria, travelling away from London, trains terminate at Dartford, but with some trains terminating before reaching Kent, at Barnehurst, Crayford or Slade Green. There are less frequent services for further into Kent, with most services requiring alighting and changing at Dartford,621 - Lewisham station - Avery Hill
Erith is a town next to the River Thames, in the London Borough of Bexley, south-east London, and the historic county of Kent, north-east of Bexleyheath and north-west of Dartford. Erith town centre has undergone modernisation and an increase in dwellings since 1961, the curved riverside high street contains three listed buildings, including the Church of England church and the Carnegie Building, while the district otherwise consists primarily of suburban homes. Erith is linked to central London and Kent by rail and a dual carriageway and it has the longest pier in London, and retains a coastal environment with salt marshes as well as industrial land. The museums work at the site of Erith School in Belmont Road revealed traces of prehistoric settlement. Following the collapse of Roman rule at the beginning of the 5th century, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that they won the Battle of Crecganford in 457 and shortly after claimed the whole of Kent. Their different way of life was reflected in their pattern of settlement, the town and country estates of the Roman bureaucrats gave way to a network of villages, occupied by warriors and farmers.
Erith was one village and has a Saxon name, originally Ærre hyðe meaning old haven. There was probably a church on the site of the present St John the Baptists during the Anglo-Saxon period, the early settlement was based around it, meaning that the centre of Erith was once west of its current location. The earliest reference to the area is in a Latin charter of 695 recording a grant by the Bishop of the East Saxons of certain lands at Erith, the surrounding area was known as Lesnes or Lessness, which is mentioned in the Domesday Survey. After the Norman Conquest, Lessness passed into the possession of Bishop Odo, in 1315, a Royal Charter was granted for a market to be held in Erith every Thursday. However, it was noted in 1776 that the market had long been discontinued, henrys famous warship, Henri Grâce à Dieu, was fitted out there in 1515. Up until the 19th century Erith remained a popular anchorage, ships often discharged some cargo there to reduce their displacement before entering the shallows upstream.
In 1797 Edward Hasted described Erith as consisting of one street of houses, which leads to the water side. In 1831 Eriths population was 1533 – it was described in 1840 as being composed chiefly of two streets, one leading down to the side, the other branching off to the left towards the church. By 1849 Erith was enjoying a spell as a riverside resort. Its pier and nearby hotel gave hospitality for arriving on Thames pleasure boats or by railway. The Local Government Act 1894 brought into existence Erith Urban District and it included Northumberland Heath and Belvedere. Erith Iron Works was established in 1864 in Anchor Bay by William Anderson, from 1881 Erith was home to a large cable works founded by William Callender
London Borough of Bexley
The London Borough of Bexley /ˈbɛksli/ is a London borough in south-east London, England. There is a border with Dartford borough to the east and Sevenoaks district to the south-east, the London Borough of Bexley is within the Thames Gateway, an area designated as a national priority for urban regeneration. The local authority is Bexley London Borough Council, Erith was a port on the River Thames until the 17th century, the opening of the sewage works at nearby Crossness in the late 19th century turned it into an industrial town. Todays settlement pattern is the result of the extension of the London influence. Until the 19th century it was an area with a few isolated buildings such as the Georgian Danson House, with the coming of the railways building began apace, although the area is still composed of many disconnected settlements, interspersed with area of open ground and parks. The town of Bexley, Ohio, a suburb of the city of Columbus, was named at the suggestion of a resident, Mr. Kilbourne, whose familys roots were in Bexley.
In addition, a suburb of Sydney, Australia bears the name of Bexley, the London Borough of Bexley itself derived its name from the village of Bexley. The village currently lies within the London Borough, the coat of arms of the borough includes symbols for the main rivers in the area, the industry and the border to Kent. The administrative centre of the Borough is in Bexleyheath, there are 21 wards represented on Bexley Council, each ward elects three councillors,63 in all. The wards are shown on the accompanying map and this high land, whose geology is the sand and pebbles of the Blackheath beds, and which results in heathland, provided the line on the old Roman road ran between Crayford and Welling. The land falls away to the north of the ground, across the Erith Marshes to the River Thames. There is further ridge of higher ground from the west terminating at Sidcup. The major centres of settlement can be considered in two parts, the older established erstwhile villages, and the areas of suburban houses and centres.
Among the former are Erith, in the 17th century a port on the Thames, by the earlier 20th century, both were created Urban District Councils, as was Foots Cray. Thamesmead, the new town built on what was the Erith Marshes, extends into the Borough, Crayford was mentioned in the Domesday Book, and its parish included the hamlets of North End and Slade Green. The map of Bexley shows that a proportion of its area comprises suburbia. Some named places, like Albany Park and Barnehurst, are given to developments engendered by the building of the railways. Some came into being when large estates and farmland were broken up for the purpose of suburban building
Abbey Wood is an area of south east London, within the London Boroughs of Greenwich and Bexley. It is located south of Thamesmead and is 10.6 miles east of Charing Cross, the district takes its name from Lesnes Abbey Woods, located to the east, which once belonged to the monks of Lesnes Abbey. The Abbey of St Mary and St Thomas the Martyr at Lesnes was founded in 1178 by Richard de Luci, the Abbott of Lesnes Abbey was an important local landlord, and took a leading part in draining the marshland. However and the cost of maintaining river embankments was one of the reasons given for the Abbeys chronic financial difficulties and it never became a large community, and was closed by Cardinal Wolsey in 1525, under a licence to suppress monasteries of less than seven inmates. It was one of the first monasteries to be closed after the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1524, henry Cooke acquired the site in 1541 and it eventually passed to Sir John Hippersley who salvaged building materials, before selling the property to Thomas Hawes of London in 1632.
It was bequeathed to Christs Hospital in 1633, Abbey Wood railway station was opened in 1849, immediately to the north of the area now known as The Village, built where Knee Hill became Harrow Manorway. Contemporary maps show Knee Hill as a minor track compared with a major pathway through the centre of the existing woods. The Village consisted of a dozen or so cottages, and two pubs, the Abbey Arms and the Harrow Inn. 30pm whilst the Abbey Arms, Abbey Wood was suggested as a site for a cemetery serving east London at a time of burial crisis in the capital. The Treasury was sceptical that Chadwicks scheme would ever be financially viable, although the Metropolitan Interments Act 1850 authorised the scheme, it was abandoned in 1852. The Royal Arsenal Co-operative Society owned two farms on the hillside to the south of The Village, and between 1900 and 1930 built the Bostall Estate. The housing is traditional of the two-up, two-down design, in distinctive yellow London brick, with gardens to the front.
Between 1955 and 1959 the London County Council built the Abbey Estate starting with one road south of the railway and extending on the northern side on former Royal Arsenal marshland. Predominantly conventional brick houses with gardens, at first there were no shops or pubs, equipped with a few shops and pubs together with schools, transport was non existent at first until one bus, the route 180 was added after the building of Eynsham bridge. The estate was first used to people from Dockhead and Peckham Londons East End. The main through-road is Eynsham Drive, in the mid-1960s the Greater London Council began building the first phase of Thamesmead on more ex-Royal Arsenal land, north-east of Abbey Wood station. The original railway level crossing was replaced by a flyover, the Greenwich ward of Abbey Wood has a population of just over 13,000, and its rail station sees over 3 million passenger journeys a year. Places of interest include the ruins of the 12th-century Lesnes Abbey and the adjacent Lesnes Abbey Woods, part of the Woods are designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest called Abbey Wood, which has important Paleogene fossils.
The ancient Bostall Woods & Heath, Bostall Woods includes one of the few camping and caravan sites in London, which is owned and operated by The Caravan Club