Harrow /ˈhæroʊ/ is a large suburban town in the London Borough of Harrow, northwest London, England. It is centred 10.5 miles northwest of Charing Cross, harrow-on-the-Hill includes the conservation area with a high proportion of listed buildings with a residential and institutional array of Georgian architecture and a few 17th century examples. Harrow gives its initial letters to a postcode area. Harrow was a borough of Middlesex before its inclusion in Greater London in 1965. Harrow is home to a large Westminster polytechnic campus and its oldest secondary schools are Harrow School, harrows name comes from Old English hearg = temple, which was probably on the hill of Harrow, where St. Marys Church stands today. The name has been studied in detail by Keith Briggs, the first and only contemporary artist-led gallery in Harrow was set up in 2010 by the Usurp Art Collective. The space is called the Usurp Art Gallery & Studios and is based in West Harrow, Usurp Art provides professional support to artists and runs the only public artists studios in the borough.
It is a project for Arts Council England. Much of Kenton and before 1716 all of Pinner were parts of Harrow, geographical facts which root the importance of Harrow as a meeting place, Harrow Weald, is the district north of Wealdstone, both of which were historically part of Harrow. Harrow may include the wards of Roxeth, Headstone North and Harrow on the Hill as well as the Greenhill, West Harrow, the combined population of these wards is 80,213. In the 2011 census, the Greenhill ward was 42% white, 26% Indian, the West Harrow ward was 44% white, 23% Indian, and 12% Other Asian. In addition, Headstone South ward was 43% white, 24% Indian, Harrow on the Hill ward was 47% white, 19% Indian and 12% Other Asian. Major employers include Kodak Alaris, the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital and Ladbrokes, on 7 August 1838 Thomas Port died from injuries received in a train accident near Harrow. With great fortitude, he bore a second amputation by the surgeons and died from loss of blood, August 7th 1838, on 26 November 1870 two trains collided at Harrow & Wealdstone station, killing 9 and injuring 44.
On 8 October 1952 three trains collided at Harrow and Wealdstone station, killing 112 people, of the dead,64 were railway employees on their way to work. Harrow is the hometown of renown fashion designer, Vivenne Westood whom went on to one of the notable pioneers of Punk culture. Harrow is twinned with, France Notes References Harrow Times newspaper Harrow Council Homepage Harrow Local Community News and Information
Homerton is a district in East London, England, in the London Borough of Hackney. It is bordered to the west by Hackney Central, to the north by Lower Clapton, in the east by Hackney Wick, Leyton and by South Hackney to the south. Archaeological excavations at Link Street exposed a building dating to the 11th or 12th century suggesting that Homerton existed before it was first recorded in 1343. The hamlet of Homerton developed for about a half-mile along the road on the side of the now buried and lost Hackney Brook. This led from the hamlet of Clopton, passing near the church of St Augustine at Hackney, across the marshes, by 1605 Homerton was the most populous part of the Parish of Hackney, becoming a separate parish in 1846. In mediaeval times, like much of Hackney, was rural and arable crops were grown, together with fruit. The majority of land was given over to pasture for sheep and cattle, small kitchen gardens ran at the back of the houses along the road, with large fields behind. Many unsavoury activities were undertaken, such as tanning and fulling - the cleaning of felt cloth using urine.
Homerton became a suburb of London in the Tudor period, with many estates. The village was divided between Upper and Lower Homerton, with the extending towards the marshes and the house at Hackney Wick, Upper Homerton was divided from the village of Hackney by the width of the rectory manors Church Field, and a path led to the churchyard. In 1538, this estate, including other fields lying along the brook, around 1560 part of this estate came into the ownership of Thomas Sutton, a resident of the Tan House. This land formed part of his endowment of the Hospital of King James in Charterhouse, marsh Road, from Homerton High Street, led to, and across the marshes, towards the Templar owned water powered corn mill at Temple Mills. Prone to flooding, the marshes were used for grazing. A Roman stone causeway was discovered in the 1770s, by 1795 the former Templar mills were being used for preparing lead. Sheets of lead were placed in pots and submerged in urine. The process converted the lead to lead oxide, and it was finely ground to form a pigment for white, yellow.
A new watermill was established on the marshes by Prince Rupert for a method of boring guns, however the secret died with him in 1682. In the 18th century the availability of land, large houses, the educational ones were commonly known as Dissenting Academies
Upper Clapton is a district in the London Borough of Hackney. Upper Clapton approximates to the part of the E5 postal district. The district borders the River Lea to the east and the border with Lower Clapton to the south is marked by the Lea Bridge, neither Upper Clapton nor the wider Clapton area have ever been an administrative unit and consequently their extent has never been formally determined. As is frequently the case with London districts, these boundaries are often uncertain, Clapton was from 1339 until the 18th century normally rendered as Clopton, meaning the farm on the hill. The Old English clop - lump or hill - presumably denoted the high ground rises from the River Lea. As described, the settlement emerged along the way which in 1745 was called Hackney Lane, building spread to meet streets east of the high road and north of Homerton in the 19th century. Manorial courts from the early 19th century distinguished the parts north and south of Lea Bridge Road as Upper and Lower Clapton, and those names soon passed into general use.
Hackney Lane came to be known as Lower and Upper Clapton roads, the area, along with Lower Clapton, was known in the 1990s and early 2000s for drug and gun related crimes, gaining it the nickname Murder Mile. One of the most pleasant amenities in Upper Clapton is Springfield Park, the park received a Green Flag award in July 2008. Aside from the mansion, another survivor is the Anchor and Hope pub, the area along the Lea was heavily bombed in the Second World War, and the pub is one of the few survivors of the terraced housing that once dominated the area. It is now overshadowed by pre- and post-war blocks of flats. Besides Springfield Park, Upper Clapton is delineated to the west by the long strip of Clapton Common. The name Clapton Pond, refers to a set of two much smaller ex-reservoirs in Lower Clapton, and bus routes that use Clapton Pond as a point are referring to Lower Clapton. The pond is a favourite with bird watchers — besides the usual variety of ducks and swans, such shy birds as grebes, the church was originally built by the Agapemonite cult in 1892 as the Church of the Ark of the Covenant.
Although it is conventional in floor plan, the outside of the church is a riot of statuary. The main doorways sport large carvings of angels and the four evangelists symbolised by a man, an eagle, a bull, the same four figures, cast in bronze, look out over the four quarters of the Earth from the base of the steeple. The church, which was completed in 1895, was designed by Joseph Morris in a Gothic Revival style, the cult had always been surrounded by scandal during its sojourn in Somerset and, after the move to Clapton, this degenerated into sheer farce. Smyth-Pigott, who claimed immortality, died in 1927, after which the cult went into decline, the Clapton church had already been abandoned by the cult and was acquired first by the Ancient Catholic Church in 1956, and by the Georgian Orthodox Church in 2005
Haggerston is an area of East London and as part of Shoreditch is often considered part of London’s East End. In 1965, the Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch became part of the new London Borough of Hackney, there is an electoral ward called Haggerston within the borough. In the 1990s a number of the areas more rundown housing estates were refurbished, in 2010 Haggerston Railway station re-opened, a little to the north of the original station. The new station straddles the boundary of Haggerston\Shoreditch, which leaves Kingsland Road at Arbutus Street, runs along Albion Drive. The area has the 9th highest crime rate in Hackney, Haggerston is first recorded in the Domesday Book as Hergotestane, possibly of Viking origin, and an outlying hamlet of Shoreditch. The proximity to Hoxton and Shoreditch has made the popular with students and workers in the creative industries. In recent years, escalating property prices have driven commercial art galleries further into east London, for the same reason, Haggerston has been attracting tech start ups over Silicon Roundabout in Old Street, with some people calling the area Hackerston. A shortage of school places has made the area less attractive to families.
Many Vietnamese and Laotian people have formed communities in Haggerston, outside the area, the most visible sign of this is the profusion of Southeast Asian restaurants on nearby Kingsland Road in Shoreditch and on Mare Street in Hackney. There is a notable Russian community focused on bars and cafés along Kingsland Road, besides the Regents Canal, Haggerston Park, on the site of a demolished gasworks on Hackney Road, provides much-needed open space in the area. Also in the area is the Hackney City Farm, the Regent Estate provides the Regent Estate Pensioners Club/Hall and the Regent Estate Community Centre/Hall which together provide community services and spaces for hire. The Regent Estate Pensioners Hall is used as a polling station, the Grade II listed Haggerston Pool, designed by Alfred Cross and opened in 1904, was closed in 2000. In June 2009, after a community campaign, a £5m grant was announced from the Department for Children and Families to refurbish. The building would contain community facilities and a GP surgery, Haggerston School is a Grade II listed building, designed by the modernist architect Ernő Goldfinger and built in 1964–65.
This area of Hackney has an association with clowning. Much of the collection is now on display at Wookey Hole, other Anglican churches in Haggerston are All Saints, Haggerston Road, St Columba, Kingsland Road, and Sts Mary and Chad, Nichols Square. The Little Sisters of Jesus have had a community of sisters within Fellows Court, the Haggerston electoral ward forms part of the Hackney South and Shoreditch constituency. The ward returns three councillors to Hackney Council, with an election every four years, at the election on 6 May 2010, Ann Munn, Jonathan McShane, and Barry Buitekant, all Labour Party candidates, were returned
Bromley is a large suburban town, the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Bromley in Greater London, United Kingdom. It was historically a market town chartered since 1158 and an ancient parish in the county of Kent, as part of the suburban growth of London in the 20th century, Bromley significantly increased in population and was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1903. Most of Bromley including the centre falls under the BR1 postcode district. Bromley is first recorded in a charter of 862 as Bromleag and it shares this Old English etymology with Great Bromley in Essex, but not with the Bromley in Tower Hamlets. The history of Bromley is closely connected with the See of Rochester, in AD862 Ethelbert, the King of Kent, granted land to form the Manor of Bromley. It was held by the Bishops of Rochester until 1845, when Coles Child, the town was an important coaching stop on the way to Hastings from London, and the now defunct Royal Bell Hotel is referred to in Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice.
Bromley, known as Bromley St Peter and St Paul, formed an ancient parish in the Bromley and Beckenham hundred, in 1840 it became part of the expanded Metropolitan Police District. The parish adopted the Local Government Act 1858 and a board was formed in 1867. The board was reconstituted as Bromley Urban District Council in 1894 and it formed part of the London Traffic Area from 1924 and the London Passenger Transport Area from 1933. Bromley became part of the newly created Greater London in 1965, Bromley forms part of the Bromley and Chislehurst Parliament constituency and the London European Parliament constituency. The current MP is Bob Neill, James Cleverly is the London Assembly member for the Bexley and Bromley constituency, in which the town is located. Bromleys most prominent MP was the former Conservative Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, Bromley is located 9.3 miles south east of Charing Cross and is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan. Bromley is a post town in the BR postcode area, consisting of BR1, BR1 covers Bromley, Sundridge Park and part of Downham, and the BR2 portion covers Hayes, Shortlands and Bromley Common.
Other nearby areas, Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, the Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is Cfb. Bromley is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan. The town has a retail area, including a pedestrianised High Street and The Glades centre. The shopping area includes such as Gap, Russell & Bromley and Waterstones. Orpington, Sevenoaks via Swanley, Ashford International via Maidstone East, Bromley North station with services to London Bridge and Charing Cross by changing at Grove Park. Bromley has a number of theatres, the most notable being the Churchill Theatre in the town centre, the Churchill Theatre was opened on 19 July 1977 by HRH Prince of Wales, and seats 785
Hackney Marshes is an area of grassland on the western bank of the River Lea in the London Borough of Hackney. It was incorporated into the Lee Valley Park in 1967 and it was originally a true marsh, but was extensively drained from Medieval times, and rubble was dumped here from buildings damaged by air raids during World War II. Hackney Marsh is one of the largest areas of land in Greater London. Before the 10th century, the estuary of the river came as far as Hackney Wick, Marsh Road, the continuation of Homerton High Street, led to the marshes, and thence to Temple Mills. In the 9th century, it formed a part of the Danelaw boundary and reputedly and this was achieved by draining the river where it met the River Thames, but the increased drainage affected river navigability, until it was restored in the 17th century. By medieval times, both sides had become counties in England, and attempts were made to control the flow of water through the marshes, Mills were established including the Knights Templar mill at Temple Mills.
Much of the marsh was owned by the Templars and used for pasture, when the Templars were abolished, the land passed to the Knights Hospitaller, and thence to the Crown during the Reformation, when monastic lands were seized. At this time, much of the land was associated with the Hackney village of Lower Homerton, around 1770, the river was straightened by the construction of the Hackney Cut, now forming the western extent of the marsh. The natural watercourse passes to the east over the Middlesex Filter Beds Weir, a nature reserve occupies the former Middlesex Filter beds on the island between the two watercourses. By 1795, the former Templar mills were being used for preparing lead, a new watermill was established on the Crown land of the marshes by Prince Rupert for an improved method of boring guns, however the secret died with him in 1682 and the enterprise collapsed. At the end of the 19th century Hackney suffered from increased demand for building land, the marshes had always suffered periodic flooding from the Lea but with the introduction of mains sewerage a flood relief sewer was constructed beneath the marshes.
This was a period of increasing arguments between landowners and groups, such as the Eton Manor Mission, who were trying to use the marsh for recreation. The 337 acres of marshes were finally preserved by the London County Council in 1890, by purchasing the rights and they opened to the public in 1893 and were formally dedicated in 1894. The LCC undertook further flood prevention, straightening some of the bends in the River by introducing four cuts, there were few houses on the marshes, but a notable exception was the White House Inn, by a bridge on the old road to Leyton. Originally built as part of a Lea fishery scheme, the pub is now gone but a bridge remains. In the Marshes towards Hackney Wick were low public houses, the haunt of highwaymen, dick Turpin was a constant guest at the White House, or Tylers Ferry, near Joe Sowters cock-pit at Temple Mills, and few police-officers were bold enough to approach the spot. Small areas of the marsh have been taken for housing and sports fields,35.5 acres were taken in 1915 to build the National Projectile Factory, after World War I, in 1922 this site was used to create the Mabley Green recreation ground.
A further 22.5 acres were taken in 1937 for the building of the Kingsmead Estate, the Lesney die cast model factory was built on the Homerton side of the Lee Navigation in the 1940s, having success for many years with their Matchbox brand
West End of London
Use of the term began in the early 19th century to describe fashionable areas to the west of Charing Cross. The West End covers much of the boroughs of Westminster and Camden, while the City of London, or the Square Mile, is the main business and financial district in London, the West End is the main commercial and entertainment centre of the city. It is one of the most expensive locations in the world in which to rent office space and it was close to the royal seat of power at Westminster, and is largely contained within the City of Westminster. Developed in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, it was built as a series of palaces, expensive town houses, fashionable shops. The areas closest to the City around Holborn, Seven Dials, as the West End is a term used colloquially by Londoners and is not an official geographical or municipal definition, its exact constituent parts are up for debate. The Edgware Road to the north-west and the Victoria Embankment to the south-east were covered by the document but were treated as adjacent areas to the West End.
According to Ed Glinerts West End Chronicles the districts falling within the West End are Mayfair, Covent Garden, one of the local government wards within the City of Westminster is called West End. This covers a area that defined by Glinert, Soho. The population of this ward at the 2011 Census was 10,575, the New West End Company is a business improvement district and runs services including street cleaning and security on Oxford Street, Regent Street and Bond Street. NWEC runs the Red Caps service, the West End is laid out with many notable public squares and circuses, the latter being the original name for roundabouts in London. London West End Things to do General overview of what to do in the West End
Romford is a large town in East London and the administrative centre of the London Borough of Havering. It is located 14.1 miles northeast of Charing Cross and is one of the metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan. It was historically a town in the county of Essex and formed the administrative centre of the liberty of Havering. It now forms one of the largest commercial, entertainment, Romford is first recorded in 1177 as Romfort, which is formed from Old English rūm and ford and means the wide or spacious ford. The naming of the River Rom is a local back-formation from the name of the town, the ford most likely existed on the main London to Colchester road where it crossed that river. The original site of the town was to the south, in an area known as Oldchurch. It was moved northwards to the present site in the medieval period to avoid the frequent flooding of the River Rom. The first building on the new site was the church of Saint Edward the Confessor. The town developed in the Middle Ages on the road to London.
The early history of Romford and the area is agricultural. Several failed attempts were made in the early 19th century to connect the town to the Thames via a Romford Canal. The development of the town was accelerated by the opening of the station in 1839 which stimulated the local economy and was key to the development of the Star Brewery. Initially Eastern Counties Railway services operated between Mile End and Romford, with extensions to Brentwood and to Shoreditch in 1840. A second station was opened on South Street in 1892 by the London and Southend Railway on the line to Upminster and Grays, the two stations were combined into one in 1934. Suburban expansion increased the population and reinforced Romfords position as a significant regional town centre. Romford formed a chapelry in the ancient parish of Hornchurch in the Becontree hundred of Essex, as well as the town it included the wards of Collier Row, Harold Wood. Over time the vestry of Romford chapelry absorbed the powers that would usually be held by the parish authorities.
Improvement commissioners were set up in 1819 for paving, watching, the remainder of the parish became part of the Romford rural sanitary district in 1875
Hackney Central is the central district of the London Borough of Hackney in London, England. The area is focused on Mare Street and the areas to the north of it. As such it extends north from Regents Canal, takes in most of Broadway Market, the area includes the central retail area which extends from Hackney Downs railway station in the west to the Hackney Walk Outlet Village, on Morning Lane, to the east. Hackney Central is the area that once would have known as Hackney Village. This was a place that flourished from the Tudor period, when members of the Court had their houses in the surrounding area. Hackney Central remained a resort for Londoners until the end of the Georgian era. Railways and factories brought an end to Hackneys rural atmosphere during the Victorian era, the industries of nearby Homerton and the Lee Valley have largely disappeared, leaving the NHS and local council as the largest employers. Successive waves of immigrants, both abroad and within the United Kingdom, make modern Hackney a culturally vibrant part of inner London.
Extensive post-World War II redevelopment replaced much of the housing stock, in Roman times Ermine Street passed to the west of what is now Hackney Central. The land was covered with oak and hazel woodlands, with marshland around the rivers. Hackney lay in the Catevallauni tribal territory, the name Hackney derives from a 5th or 6th century Saxon settlement known as Hacas ey – or raised ground in marshland. The settlement was near Hackney Brook, and was probably on the ground around the St Augustines Tower. Hackney is not mentioned by name in the Norman Domesday Book, little remains of early Hackney, except the Tudor St Augustines Tower, which survives as Hackneys oldest building, and the positively medieval road network. The churchyard, Hackney Brook, and the surrounding villages prevented Hackneys expansion, in Tudor times there were a number of fine houses along Church Street, but many Tudor courtiers lived in nearby Homerton. On the site of Brooke House college, in Clopton was sited one of Henry VIIIs palaces and her guardian was Henrys Principal Secretary of State Ralph Sadleir, a resident of Bryck Place, Homerton.
A further cluster of houses existed in medieval times, where Well Street enters Mare Street, the Loddiges family founded their extensive plant nursery business on open ground to the north-east of here in the 18th century. By 1724, while consisting of a single street, there is an unbroken line of buildings, except by the churchyard and by the brook, with large gardens behind for the finer houses. The 16th-century church, despite galleries being installed, became too small for the needs of the parish, and parliament was petitioned in 1790 for a modern larger church to be built
Stoke Newington is an area occupying the north-west part of the London Borough of Hackney. The historic core on Church Street was the site of the hamlet of Stoke Newington which in turn gave its name to the Ancient Parish of Stoke Newington. Church Street retains the distinct London village character which led Nikolaus Pevsner to write that he found it hard to see the district as being in London at all, Stoke Newington is nicknamed Stokey by many residents. The modern London Borough of Hackney was formed by the merger of three former Metropolitan Boroughs and the considerably smaller authorities of Stoke Newington and Shoreditch. These Metropolitan Boroughs had been in existence since 1899 but their names and boundaries were very closely based on much older ancient parishes dating back to the medieval period. As described the Metropolitan Borough largely adopted the Ancient Parishes boundaries, there were minor rationalisations but the major change to the area covered was the transfer of part of Hornsey.
Stoke Newington northern and western boundaries have become the north-west borders of the modern London Borough, the eastern boundary was formed primarily by the A10 road where it goes by the name Stoke Newington High St and Stoke Newington Road, further south. -– Where that part of AP\MB of Hackney known as Dalston extends a short way over the A10 to meet Stoke Newington on a line along a road called ‘The Crossway’. The growth means that Stoke Newington is often associated with the N16 postcode, Stoke Newington is part of the Hackney North and Stoke Newington constituency which has been represented by Labour MP Diane Abbott since 1987. For a small district, Stoke Newington is endowed with an amount of open space. It was designed, by William Chadwell Mylne, to look like a towering Scottish castle and it is now a nature reserve, a role that it was in many ways intended for, as it was set up as an arboretum. Abney Park became scheduled in 2009 as one of Britains historic parks and gardens at risk from neglect, across the high street to the east is the fragmented Stoke Newington Common, which has had an extensive and diverse programme of tree planting.
From the 16th century onwards, Stoke Newington has played a prominent role in assuring a supply to sustain Londons rapid growth. Hugh Myddletons New River runs through the area and still makes a contribution to Londons water and it used to terminate at the New River Head in Finsbury, but since 1946 its main flow has ended at Stoke Newington reservoirs. The river bank, the New River Path, can be walked for some distance to the north through Haringey and on to its source near Hertford, Stoke Newington East and West Reservoirs, to the north of Clissold Park, are quite substantial for urban facilities. Stoke Newington Reservoirs were constructed in 1833 to purify the New River water, the West Reservoir is now a leisure facility, offering sailing and other water sports, plus Royal Yachting Association-approved sailing courses. On its western edge stands the former house, now set out as a visitor centre with a café. Besides the water facilities and the New River, Clissold Park contains two large ornamental lakes, a home to many water birds and a population of terrapins
London Borough of Hackney
The London Borough of Hackney is a North East London Borough within Inner London, United Kingdom. Southern and eastern parts of the borough are popularly regarded as being part of east London, the London Plan issued by the Greater London Authority assigns whole boroughs to sub-regions for statutory monitoring and resource allocation purposes. The most recent iteration of this plan assigns Hackney to the ‘East’ sub-region, while the 2008 and 2004 versions assigned the borough to ‘North’ and ‘East’ sub-regions respectively. Hackney is bounded by Islington to the west, Haringey to the north, Waltham Forest to the north-east, Newham to the east, Tower Hamlets to the south-east and the City of London to the south-west. Much of Hackney retains an inner-city character, but in places as Dalston large housing estates have been joined by newly developed gated communities. In South Hackney, near Victoria Park, terraced Georgian and Edwardian housing still survives, the historical and administrative heart of Hackney is the area roughly extending north from Mare Street and surrounding the Church of St John-at-Hackney, known as Hackney Central.
To the north of the borough are Upper Clapton and Lower Clapton, Stamford Hill, to the east is the large open space of Hackney Marshes and the districts of Hackney Wick and Homerton. Light industries in the area around the River Lea employ over 3,000 people, some of the area was used for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The borough was formed in 1965 from the area of the metropolitan boroughs of Hackney, Shoreditch. The shield is surmounted by a representation of St. Augustines Tower, the old metropolitan borough of Hackney was closely based on the unusually large ancient parish of the same name. The council displays, in Hackney Town Hall, a portrait of the Queen wearing the robes of the Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem, in the 13th century the name appears as Hackenaye or Hacquenye, but no certain derivation is advanced. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Place Names discusses the origin of the name, the first surviving records of the place name are as Hakney and Hakeneye. This was once a much wilder place than today, the Dictionary suggests that the ‘Hack’ element may derive from, The Old English ‘Haecc’ meaning a hatch – an entrance to a woodland or common.
Or alternatively from ‘Haca’ meaning a hook, and in this context, given the island context, the ‘hatch’ option is unlikely to be correct, so the favoured Hakas Island or the Island on the bend seem more likely. The place name will have originally referred to just the island or possibly both the island and the manor of the name based around it. Subsequently, the name Hackney was applied to the ancient parish of Hackney. At one time most of the area was covered with oak and hazel woodlands, with marshland around the rivers. In Roman times and for a time after, the River Lea was an estuary
Dalston is a district of the London Borough of Hackney in North East London, England. Dalston began as a hamlet within the parish of Hackney, which developed on either side of Dalston Lane, as the area urbanised, the term came to apply to surrounding areas including the old centres of Kingsland and Shacklewell, which are now considered part of Dalston. The area’s best known resident was Prime Minister Tony Blair who lived in Mapledene Road from 1980–86. The same contrast could not be today as gentrification has led to a rapid increase in the price of property. The process of change was accelerated by the East London line extension, the reopening of Dalston Junction Station on this extension was part of Londons successful bid to hold the 2012 Olympics. Dalston has never been a unit, and partly for this reason the boundaries are not fully defined. There are popularly understood boundaries in the south and west, but its northern and this is a common situation in London’s neighbourhoods which often merge and change over time.
There is an electoral Ward of the name which covers a part of the north–west of Dalston. Dalston’s boundaries are described more or less precision below, South. Albion Drive forms much of this boundary, The originally Roman A10 road marks most of Dalston’s western margin. This area includes Dalston Kingsland Railway Station, There isnt a tradition of a clear northern boundary with Stoke Newington. East, Between Downs Road and Amhurst Road, the barrier of the railway embankment marks the postcode boundary with Lower Clapton. There is little tradition of a boundary with the central Hackney area except that it is said that Dalston extends as far as the park at London Fields. The name Dalston is thought to have derived from Deorlafs tun in much the way as nearby Hoxton was named after the farm of Hoch. The first written record available is from 1294 when the name was written as Derleston, the village was one of four small villages within the Parish of Hackney that were grouped for assessment purposes, together having only as many houses as the village of Hackney.
John Rocques map of 1746 shows the village of Kingsland centred on the crossroads at what is now Dalston Junction, another clear feature is Roman Ermine Street which now forms most of the western boundary of this area. Ermine Street now has the road number A10 and goes by a number of names, around AD1280 a leper hospital was founded in Dalston by the citizens of London and in AD1549 it was attached to the chapel of St Bartholomew as an outhouse. During the 18th and 19th centuries the area changed from an agricultural and rural landscape to urban one, during the 1930s, 40sand 60s the areas large Jewish and other minority populations made it a target for provocative rallies by Oswald Mosley and the various organisations he founded