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Penicillium tulipae

Penicillium tulipae is a species of fungus in the genus Penicillium which produces penicillic acid, roquefortine C, roquefortine D, terrestric acid, glandicoline A, glandicoline B, oxaline, penitrem A and epineoxaline. Juan-Francisco Martín. Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites. Springer. ISBN 1-4939-1191-0. Overy, David P.. "Epi-Neoxaline, a chemotaxonomic marker for Penicillium tulipae". Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 34: 345. Doi:10.1016/j.bse.2005.10.010. Seifert, K. A.. N.. "Prospects for fungus identification using CO1 DNA barcodes, with Penicillium as a test case". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104: 3901. Doi:10.1073/pnas.0611691104. PMC 1805696. PMID 17360450

Kermode bear

The Kermode bear known as the "spirit bear", is a rare subspecies of the American black bear living in the Central and North Coast regions of British Columbia, Canada. It is the official provincial mammal of British Columbia. While most Kermode bears are black, there are between 100 and 500 white individuals; the white variant is most common on three islands in British Columbia, where 10–20% of bears are white. Kermode bears hold a prominent place in the oral traditions of the indigenous peoples of the area, they have been featured in a National Geographic documentary. The Kermode bear was named after Frank Kermode, former director of the Royal B. C. Museum, who researched the subspecies and was a colleague of William Hornaday, the zoologist who described it. Today, the name Kermode is pronounced as kər-MOH-dee differing from the pronunciation of the Kermode surname, which originates on the Isle of Man. White Kermode bears are not albinos. Rather, a single, non-synonymous nucleotide substitution in the MC1R gene causes melanin to not be produced.

This mutant gene is recessive, so Kermode bears with two copies of this mutant, nonfunctional gene appear white, while bears with one copy or no copies appear black. It is possible for two black bears to mate and produce a white cub if both of these black bears are heterozygous, carrying one copy of the mutant MC1R gene, both mutant genes are inherited by the cub. Additional genetic studies found that white Kermode bears breed more with white Kermode bears, black Kermode bears breed more with black Kermode bears, in a phenomenon known as positive assortative mating. One hypothesis is. Kermode bears are omnivorous for most of the year, subsisting on herbage and berries except during autumn salmon migrations, when they become obligate predators. During the day, white bears are 35% more successful than black bears in capturing salmon. Scientists have found that salmon evade large, black models about twice as as they evade large white models, giving white bears an advantage in salmon hunting; the white fur of the bear is harder to spot under water by fish than black fur is, so the bear can catch fish more easily.

On some islands, white Kermode bears have more marine derived nutrients in their fur, indicating that white Kermode bears eat more salmon than the black Kermode bears. The U. a. kermodei subspecies ranges from Princess Royal Island to Prince Rupert, British Columbia, on the coast and inland toward Hazelton, British Columbia. It is known in the Tsimshianic languages as moksgmʼol. In the February 2006 Speech from the Throne, the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia announced the government's intention to designate the Kermode, or spirit bear, as British Columbia's official animal, it was adopted as such in April of that year. A male Kermode bear can reach 225 kilograms or more. Females are much smaller with a maximum weight of 135 kg. Straight up, it stands 180 cm tall. Fewer than 400 Kermode bears are estimated to exist in the coast area that stretches from Southeast Alaska southwards to the northern tip of Vancouver Island; the largest concentration of the white bears inhabits 80-square-mile Gribbell Island, in the territory of the Gitgaʼata people.

The bear's habitat was under threat from the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, whose planned route would have passed near the Great Bear Rainforest. Indigenous groups including the Gitgaʼat have opposed the pipeline; the Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline was rejected by the federal government in 2016. Although the Kermode bear is not listed as an endangered species, there have been considerable conservation efforts to maintain the rare subspecies' population due to the bear's cultural significance; the main threats to the bear include habitat destruction due to oil pipelines and trophy hunting of black bears. The majority of the Kermode bears' protein intake is from salmon during the fall season. Pipeline spills could cause damage to salmon populations by polluting ecosystems; this would not only affect the bears but the entire ecosystem, as salmon are a keystone species and are important to the nutrient intake of both aqueous and terrestrial environments. The salmon contribute nutrients to water during spawning and contribute to the land with decomposition of their carcasses when predators, such as bears, scatter them throughout the forest.

Until November 26, 2016, the greatest pipeline threat to the Great Bear Rainforest had been the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines, but Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau shut the project down after the First Nations took the Canadian government to court and won. Trudeau instead approved two different pipelines, the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain Expansion Project and another Enbridge Pipeline, that have been deemed not to affect the British Columbia Coast or the Great Bear Rainforest. In 2012 the coastal First Nations banned trophy hunting of all bears in their territories of the Great Bear Rainforest. On November 30, 2017, after much public pressure to end the practice, the government of British Columbia banned the trophy hunting of grizzlies in the Great Bear Rainforest, but the hunting of black bears remains legal. Black bears are the parent species of Kermode bears, each one killed could be carrying the rare recessive gene that allows Kermode bears to be genetically produced. Additional concerns in reg

2018–19 Hazfi Cup

The 2018–19 Hazfi Cup was the 32nd season of the Iranian football knockout competition. The final played at the Foolad Arena in Ahvaz on 2 June 2019 between Damash Gilan and Persepolis which Persepolis won the match 1–0 and won its second double after 20 years. A total of 62 teams participated in the 2018–19 Hazfi Cup; the teams were divided into three main groups. 16 teams of the Persian Gulf Pro League: 16 teams of Azadegan League: The 16 teams from Iran Pro League entered the competition from the second stage. The following is the bracket. Iran Pro League 2018–19 Azadegan League 2018–19 Iran Football's 2nd Division 2018–19 Iran Football's 3rd Division 2018–19 Iranian Super Cup


NRK P1 is a nationwide digital radio channel operated by the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. It is the result of the NRK radio channel reform initiated in 1993 by radio director Tor Fuglevik. NRK P1 is the direct descendant of NRK's first radio station which began broadcasting in 1933. P1's programming is aimed at a broad mature demographic and it is Norway's most popular radio station, with 1.9 million listeners daily. P1's headquarters are located in the Tyholt area of Trondheim and most of its programmes are made there, except for news broadcasts which are produced, together with some other programming, at Broadcasting House in Marienlyst, Oslo. With its 1176 FM transmitters using 124 different frequencies, NRK P1 was the largest radio network in Europe. However, all NRK's radio stations were digitised during 2017 and are now transmitted via DAB+ and internet. NRK P1 transmited in longwave at 153 kHz via the Ingøy radio transmitter, which served the country's fishing fleet in the Barents Sea.

The channel's schedules include around 24.5 hours of local programming each week, produced by the following regional centres: NRK P1 - official home page NRK P1, Local programming

William Elliot of Wells

William Elliot of Wells was an army officer and Member of Parliament during the reign of George II. The son of William Elliot of Wells, the younger William was christened February 1701 at St James's Church, Westminster. Around 1720, he stood as legal guardian to Granville Elliott, the infant son of his elder sister Charlotte Elliot and her deceased husband Roger Elliott, he entered the army in 1722 as a cornet in the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, in the following year joined Charles Churchill's Regiment of Dragoons as a captain. While serving under Col. Churchill, Elliot witnessed the will of Churchill's mistress, the celebrated actress Anne Oldfield, was one of the pallbearers at her funeral in 1730. Elliot inherited his father's estate of Wells, in Roxburghshire, in 1728. In 1737, Elliot was commissioned as major of the 2nd Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards, of which he was made lieutenant-colonel in 1741, he fought at both Dettingen and Fontenoy, but resigned his commission in 1746. His eldest sister's son, George Augustus Eliott, was one of his subordinate officers in the 2nd Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards.

In 1741, Elliot was elected as a Whig Member of Parliament for Wiltshire. Subsequently, in 1743, he was made one of the equerries to George II, served until the king's death in 1760. Elliot married – against her father's wishes – Lady Frances de Nassau d’Auverquerque, elder daughter of the Earl of Grantham and Lady Henrietta Butler, daughter of the Earl of Ossory, at St Benet Paul's Wharf, London, on 4 June 1737, with one son: Henry Elliot, born 17 April 1741 Westminster, who died young. In 1758, Lady Frances would have inherited the Scottish title lordship of Dingwall upon the death of her uncle the Earl of Arran, had this title not been forfeited as a consequence of the 1715 attainder of her uncle the Duke of Ormonde following his involvement in the Jacobite risings of that year. William Elliot died in 1764 and was buried in St James's Church, Westminster. Lady Frances Elliot died on 5 April 1772, was buried with her late husband. Romney Sedgwick, ed; the History of Parliament: The Commons 1715-1754