List of earthquakes in Iran

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Earthquakes in Iran from 1990–2006, by United States Geological Survey

Iran is one of the most seismically active countries in the world, being crossed by several major faults that cover at least 90% of the country.[1] As a result, earthquakes in Iran occur often and are destructive.

Geology and history[edit]

The Iranian plateau is subject to most types of tectonic activity, including active folding, faulting and volcanic eruptions. It is well known for its long history of disastrous earthquake activity. Not only have these earthquakes killed thousands, but they have also led to waste of valuable natural resources,[2] since 1900, at least 126,000 fatalities have resulted from earthquakes in Iran.[2]

Earthquakes[edit]

Date Province Mag. MMI Deaths Injuries Total damage/notes
2017-11-12 Kermanshah 7.3 Mw VIII 540 8,435
2017-05-13 North Khorasan 5.6 Mw VII 3 370
2017-04-05 Khorasan-e Razavi 6.1 Mw VII 2 34
2017-01-06 Fars 5.0 Mw VI 4 5
2014-08-18 Ilam 6.2 Mw VIII 60–330
2013-11-28 Bushehr 5.6 Mw VII 7 45
2013-04-13 Sistan and Baluchestan 7.7 Mw VII 35 117
2013-04-09 Bushehr 6.3 Mw 37 850
2012-08-11 East Azerbaijan 6.4 Mw VIII 306 3,037 Doublet
2012-08-11 East Azerbaijan 6.3 Mw Doublet
2011-06-15 Kerman 5.3 2
2010-12-20 Kerman 6.5 Mw IX 11 100
2010-08-27 Semnan 5.8 Mw VII 4 40 800 displaced
2008-09-10 Qeshm 5.9 Mw 7 45
2006-03-31 Lorestan 6.1 Mw VIII 63–70+ 1,246–1,418
2005-11-27 Qeshm 5.8 Mw VII 13 100
2005-02-22 Kerman 6.4 Mw VIII 612 1,411
2004-05-28 Māzandarān 6.3 Mw VIII 35 278–400 $15.4 million
2003-12-22 Kerman 6.6 Mw IX 26,271–43,200 22,628–30,000 45,000–75,600 displaced
2002-06-22 Qazvin 6.3 Mw VIII 261 1,500
1998-03-14 Kerman 6.6 Mw VIII 5 50 Berberian 2014, p. 617
1997-05-10 South Khorasan 7.3 Mw X 1,567 2,300
1997-02-29 Ardabil 6.1 Mw VIII 1,100 2,600
1990-06-20 Gilan 7.4 Mw X 35,000–50,000 60,000–105,000
1981-07-28 Kerman 7.1 Ms IX 1,500 1,000
1981-06-11 Kerman 6.6 Mw VIII+ 1,400–3,000 many
1978-09-16 South Khorasan 7.4 Mw IX 15,000–25,000
1972-04-10 Fars 6.7 Mw IX 5,374 1,710
1968-08-31 South Khorasan 7.4 Mw X 15,000
1968-09-01 South Khorasan 6.4 Mw 900
1965-02-10 East Azerbaijan 5.1 20
1962-09-01 Qazvin 7.1 ML IX 12,225 2,776
1960-04-24 Fars 6.0 Muk 420 NGDC
1958-08-16 Hamadan 6.7 Muk 132 NGDC
1957-12-13 Kermanshah 7.1 1,130 [3]
1957-07-02 Māzandarān 7.1 1,200 [3]
1953-02-12 Semnan 6.6 Mw VIII 800–973 140
1947-08-05 South Khorasan 7.3 500
1932-05-20 Māzandarān 5.4 Muk VIII 1,070 NGDC
1930-05-06 West Azerbaijan 7.1 Mw IX 1,360–3,000
1929-05-01 Khorasan-e Razavi 7.2 Mw IX 3,257–3,800 1,121
1923-05-23 Khorasan-e Razavi 5.7 2,200 [4]
1909-01-23 Lorestan 7.3 ML IX 6,000–8,000
1895-01-17 Khorasan-e Razavi 6.8 Ms VIII 1,000–11,000
1893-11-17 Khorasan-e Razavi 6.6 Ms X 18,000
1864-01-17 Kerman VIII Many NGDC
1853-05-05 Fars IX 13,000 NGDC
1755-06-07 Isfahan 40,000
1727-11-18 East Azerbaijan VIII 77,000
1721-04-26 East Azerbaijan 7.7 Ms VIII–X 8,000–250,000
1679-06-04 Yerevan, Armenia 6.4 Ms IX–X 7,600 Under Iranian rule at the time
1667-11-25 Shamakhi, Azerbaijan 6.9 Ms X 80,000 Under Iranian rule at the time
1042-08-21 East Azerbaijan 7.6 40,000
893-03-23 Ardabil 150,000
856-12-22 Semnan 7.9 Ms 200,000
Note: Mw = moment magnitude scale, Ms = surface wave magnitude, and Muk = unknown. The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles, the principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Preliminary Earthquake Reconnaissance Report on the June 22, 2002 Changureh (Avaj), Iran Earthquake". International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology. 2002-07-19. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b Manuel Berberian. "100 years; 126,000 deaths". The Iranian. 
  3. ^ a b "Earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths since 1900". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved March 18, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Historic Worldwide Earthquakes". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 

Sources

External links[edit]