Gymkhana is an Indian term which referred to a place of assembly. The meaning altered to denote a place where skill-based contests were held. "Gymkhana" is an Anglo-Indian expression, derived from the Persian word "Jamat-khana". Most gymkhanas have a Gymkhana Club associated with them, a term coined during British Raj for gentlemen's club. More gymkhana refers to a social and sporting club in the Indian subcontinent, in other Asian countries including Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore, as well as in East Africa. In English-speaking countries outside the Indian subcontinent, a gymkhana is a multi-game equestrian competition held to display the training and talents of horses and their riders in speed events; the term is used as the name of a timed automotive obstacle course, see Gymkhana and Gymkhana. The first element of Gymkhana comes from gend meaning ball in Hindi/Hindustani/Khariboli; this element is distinct from English word gym, short for gymnasium and gymnastics which has Greek and Latin roots.
The second element, khānā has Indo-Arabic origin meaning a place or a compartment. In the Persian it's a term for house. Texts on Wikisource: "Gymkhana". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. "Gymkhana". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911
Campdrafting is a unique Australian sport involving a horse and rider working cattle. The riding style is Australian stock, somewhat akin to American Western riding and the event is similar to the American stock horse events such as cutting, working cow horse, team penning, ranch sorting. In a campdrafting competition, a rider on horseback must "cut out" one beast from the mob of cattle in the yard or the "camp" and block and turn the beast at least two or three times to prove to the judge that they have the beast under control; the outside course must be completed in less than 40 seconds. Events for juniors 8 years and under 13 years have one sound beast in the yard at all times. In other events it is recommended that there shall be a minimum of six head of sound stock in the camp at any time. Up to a total of 100 points are scored by horse and rider: "Cut out" is worth a total of 26 points. Most disqualifications occur. A "tail turn" executed by a horse in the opposite direction of the beast's line of travel incurs disqualification at any stage of the draft.
The sport requires consummate skill and horsemanship, the skill in selecting a beast from the mob that will run well, but is not too fast for that particular horse. Great prestige is bestowed on the winning rider of the competition, it is thought the sport developed in outback Queensland among the stockmen and drovers in informal competitions to prove horse skills. The first formal campdrafting competition occurred in Tenterfield at the Tenterfield Show Society's 1885 show. Competing at this event was Clarence Smith, a cattleman and horse breeder near Tenterfield, on the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, he went on judging procedures that remain similar to the rules of today. The Warwick Gold Cup is one of the premier events on Australia's campdraft calendar where around 1,800 camp drafters compete for prize money over about four days of competition. Paradise Lagoons in Queensland is the venue of the richest campdraft in Australia with A$230,000 of prize money distributed over the four days of competition.
The Acton Super Beef Open Campdraft has prize money of $80,000. This event, alone attracted 605 entries, conducted with two rounds and a final; the Queensland Triple Crown of campdrafting consists of the Condamine Bell, Chinchilla Grandfather Clock and Warwick Gold Cup campdrafts. Walcha, New South Wales has held the National titles on several occasions as the district is one of the few able to supply the quantities of quality cattle needed for these big events. Most campdrafting days schedule an open, novice, ladies' and junior events. Larger competition days may include a draft for stallions and bareback riders. Campdrafting has become a popular family sport, with the husband, wife and a child sometimes competing on one horse in the ladies' campdraft, junior'draft and in another drafting event with the man up. There are 30,000 campdrafters registered and competing at various locations in Australia; the Equine influenza outbreak in Australia during 2007 and 2008 saw many horse events cancelled including campdrafting.
During this time some shows ran small campdraft events using motorcycles instead of horses. The Acton family has constructed a $3,000,000 purpose designed and constructed campdrafting complex situated on their property, Paradise Lagoons near Rockhampton, Queensland. In July 2008, $230,000 in prize money was available to successful competitors. During 2008, $500,000 was spent upgrading spectator facilities in preparation for the event; the annual Paradise Lagoons campdrafting events now have three non-stop arenas that operate for four days for increased prizemoney. In February 2009 the richest campdraft, the $50,000 Landmark Classic Campdraft was held at the Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre, Tamworth. Following this a new Australian record was established for a non-Thoroughbred horse sale when the annual Landmark Classic Campdraft Horse Sale was held here; the 320 horses sold here for $2.9 million to a top of $46,000 and an average of $9,075.'Open campdrafting' is still practised on cattle properties when selected beasts are drafted from the mob while they are in their paddock, instead of droving the cattle for yard drafting.
The National Campdraft Council of Australia was formed around 2000 and oversees the four campdrafting bodies which are the Australian Bushmen's Campdraft and Rodeo Association, the Australian Campdraft Association, the Southern Campdrafters Association and Gippsland Campdraft Association. Campdrafting is recognised by the Australian Institute of Sport as a national sport; the ideal horse for this work is considered to be about 15 hands and agile enough to take a beast from the camp without trouble. He needs the speed to control the beast and the body weight to push a big bullock round by pressure on his shoulder, if needed. Beyond this, he has to be willing, have the cattle sense necessary in this most exacting, dangerous trial of strength between man and beast. A bigger horse is not suited to the sharp turns in this sport. A polo or polocrosse horses' work requirements are somewhat similar. A good campdrafting horse does not take his eye off the beast and the rider has to watch his own seat when the horse is propping and turning on the j
The quadrille is a dance, fashionable in late 18th- and 19th-century Europe and its colonies. Performed by four couples in a rectangular formation, it is related to American square dancing; the Lancers, a variant of the quadrille, became popular in the late 19th century and was still danced in the 20th century in folk-dance clubs. A derivative found in the Francophone Lesser Antilles is known as kwadril, the dance is still found in Madagascar and is within old Jamaican / Caribbean culture; the quadrille consists of a chain of four to six contredanses, courtly versions of English country dances, taken up at the court of Louis XIV and spread across Europe. Latterly the quadrille was danced to a medley of opera melodies; the term quadrille originated in 17th-century military parades in which four mounted horsemen executed square formations. The word derived from the Italian quadriglia; the dance was introduced in France around 1760: it was a form of cotillion in which only two couples were used, but two more couples were added to form the sides of a square.
The couples in each corner of the square took turns, in performing the dance, where one couple danced, the other couples rested. The "quadrille des contredanses" was now a lively dance with four couples, arranged in the shape of a square, each couple facing the center. One pair was called the adjacent pairs the "side" couples. A dance figure was performed first by the head couple and repeated by the side couples. Terms used in the dance are the same as those in ballet, such as jeté, chassé, croisé, plié and arabesque. Reaching English high society in 1816 through Lady Jersey, the quadrille became a craze; as it became more popular in the 19th century it evolved into forms that used elements of the waltz, including The Caledonians and The Lancers. In Germany and Austria dance composers composed for the quadrille, its popularity made it a metaphor, the "stately quadrille", of the constant formation of fresh political alliances with different partners in order to maintain the balance of power in Europe.
Lewis Carroll lampooned the dance in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland's "The Lobster Quadrille". Though new music was composed, the names of the five parts remained the same, as did the steps and the figures themselves; the parts were called: Le Pantalon L’été La Poule La Pastourelle Finale All the parts were popular dances and songs from that time: Le Pantalon was a popular song, the second and third part were popular dances, La Pastourelle was a well-known ballad by the cornet player Collinet. The finale was lively. Sometimes La Pastourelle was replaced by another figure; this was a figure made by the dance master Trenitz. In the Viennese version of the quadrille both figures were used: La Trénis became the fourth part, La Pastourelle the fifth, making a total of six parts; the quadrille was danced in the United States. In the early part of the nineteenth century "complicated steps and patterns such as pigeon-winging – a showy maneuver involving, in part, jumping into the air and striking both legs together – and jigging at the corners" were part of the dance.
Those fancy steps had by mid-century for the most part been replaced by simple walking steps. Thus the quadrille was a intricate dance; the standard form contained five different parts, the Viennese lengthened it to six different parts. The following table shows what the different parts look like, musically speaking: part 1: Pantalon theme A – theme B – theme A – theme C – theme A part 2: Été theme A – theme B – theme B – theme A part 3: Poule theme A – theme B – theme A – theme C – theme A – theme B – theme APart 3 always begins with a two-measure introduction part 4: Trénis theme A – theme B – theme B – theme A part 5: Pastourelle theme A – theme B – theme C – theme B – theme A part 6: Finale theme A – theme A – theme B – theme B – theme A – theme APart 6 always begins with a two-measure introductionAll the themes are 8 measures long. Joseph Binns Hart, composer of quadrillesHistorically related forms of dance: Contra dance Square dance English country dance Irish set dance
Western riding is a style of horse riding which evolved from the ranching and warfare traditions brought to the Americas by the Spanish Conquistadors, both equipment and riding style evolved to meet the working needs of the cowboy in the American West. American cowboys needed to work long hours in the saddle over rough terrain, sometimes needing to rope cattle with a lariat; because of the necessity to control the horse with one hand and use a lariat with the other, western horses were trained to neck rein, that is, to change direction with light pressure of a rein against the horse's neck. Horses were trained to exercise a certain degree of independence in using their natural instincts to follow the movements of a cow, thus a riding style developed that emphasized a deep, secure seat, training methods encouraged a horse to be responsive on light rein contact. Though there are significant differences in equipment, there are fewer differences between English and Western riding than appear at first glance.
Both styles require riders to have a solid seat, with the hips and shoulders balanced over the feet, with hands independent of the seat so as to avoid jerking the horse in the mouth and interfering with its performance. "Western Riding" is the name for a specific event within western competition where a horse performs a pattern that combines trail and reining elements. The needs of the cowboy's job required different tack. Covering long distances, working with half-wild cattle at high speeds in rough, brushy terrain, meant the ever-present danger of a rider becoming unseated in an accident miles from home and support. Thus, the most noticeable equipment difference is in the saddle, which has a heavy and substantial tree to absorb the shock of roping; the western saddle features a prominent pommel topped by a deep seat and a high cantle. Depending on the local geography, tapaderos cover the front of the stirrups to prevent brush from catching in the stirrups. Cowboy boots have somewhat more pointed toes and higher heels than a traditional work boot, modifications designed to prevent the rider's foot from slipping through the stirrup during a fall and being dragged.
To allow for communication with the horse with a loose rein, the bridle evolved. The biggest difference between "English" and "Western" bridles is the bit. Most finished "Western" horses are expected to perform in a curb bit with a single pair of reins that has somewhat longer and looser shanks than the curb of an English Double bridle or a pelham bit. Two styles of Western reins developed: The long split reins of the Texas tradition, which are separated, or the closed-end "Romal" reins of the California tradition, which have a long single attachment on the ends that can be used as a quirt. Young horses are started under saddle with either a simple snaffle bit, or with the classic tool of the vaquero, the bosal-style hackamore; the clothing of the Western rider differs from that of the "English" style dressage, hunt seat or Saddle seat rider. Practical Western attire consists of a long-sleeved work shirt, denim jeans, a wide-brimmed cowboy hat. A rider wears protective leather leggings called "chaps" to help the rider stick to the saddle and to protect the legs when riding through brush.
Clean, well-fitting work clothing is the usual outfit seen in rodeo and reining competitions for men, though sometimes in brighter colors or finer fabrics. Some competitive events may use flashier equipment. Unlike the English traditions where clothing and tack is quiet and unobtrusive, Western show equipment is intended to draw attention. Saddles and bridles are ornamented with substantial amounts of silver; the rider's shirt is replaced with a jacket, women's clothing in particular may feature vivid colors and depending on current fads, rhinestones or sequins. Hats and chaps are color-coordinated and belt buckles are silver-plated, women's scarf pins and, when worn, men's bolo ties are ornamented with silver or semi-precious gemstones. Competition for western riders at horse shows and related activities include in the following events: Western pleasure - the rider must show the horse together with other horses in an arena at a walk and lope. In some breed competitions, a judge may ask for an extended canter and/or a hand gallop, less an extension of the jog.
The horse must remain under control on a loose rein, with low head carriage, the rider directing the horse with nearly invisible aids and minimal interference. Reining - considered by some the "dressage" of the western riding world, with FEI-recognized status as a new international discipline at the World Equestrian Games, reining requires horse and rider to perform a precise pattern consisting of circles at a lope and gallop with flying changes of lead, rapid "spins", "rollbacks" and the crowd-pleasing sliding stop. Cutting - this event highlights the "cow sense" prized in stock horses; the horse and rider separate a cow out of small herd of 10-20 animals. When the cow tries to return to the herd, the rider relaxes the reins and leaves it to the horse to keep the cow from returning to the herd. Depending on the level of competition, one to three judges award points to each competitor. Working cow horse - called Reined cow horse. A judge
Skijoring is a winter sport in which a person on skis is pulled by a horse, a dog or a motor vehicle. It is derived from the Norwegian word skikjøring meaning ski driving. Skijoring with a dog is a sport in which a dog assist a cross-country skier. One to three dogs are used; the cross-country skier provides power with skis and poles, the dog adds additional power by running and pulling. The skier wears a skijoring harness, the dog wears a sled dog harness, the two are connected by a length of rope. There are no other signaling devices to control the dog. Many breeds of dog participate in skijoring; the only prerequisite is a desire to run down a trail and pull, innate in many dogs. Small dogs are seen skijoring, because they do not assist the skier. Athletic dogs such as Pointers and herding breeds take to skijoring with glee, as do the northern breeds, such as Siberian and Alaskan huskies, malamutes and Inuit dogs. Golden retrievers, giant schnauzers, Labrador retrievers, many cross-breeds are seen in harness.
Pulling breeds work well such as American bull terriers, Staffordshire terriers, American bulldogs, mastiffs. The sport is practiced recreationally and competitively, both for long distance travel and for short distances. Since many leashed dogs tend to pull a skier with no training, the sport cannot claim a single country of origin; as a competitive sport, however, it is believed that the first races were held in Scandinavia as an offshoot of the older sport of Pulka. Competitive racing has been taken up in North America while its older cousin Pulka racing has not yet become popular. Skijor races are held in many countries. Most races are between 20 kilometers in length; the longest race is the Kalevala held in Kalevala, Russia, with a distance of 440 kilometres. Next is the River Runner 120 held in Whitehorse, with a distance of 120 miles. In the United States and Canada, skijoring races are held in conjunction with sled dog races. In Scandinavia, skijor racing is associated with the older Scandinavian sport of Pulka.
Skijoring races are not limited to purebred Northern breed dogs such as the Siberian husky. On the contrary, the top-ranked racing teams in the world are German shorthaired pointers, pointer/greyhound mixes, Alaskan huskies, or crosses between these breeds. Although some races are unsanctioned, held under the sole guidance of a local club, many races fall under one of three international organizations. In the United States and Canada, ISDRA sanctions many races. In Europe ESDRA provides sanctioning, the IFSS sanctions World Cup races all over the world, as well as a world championship race every two years. At the IFSS World championship event, skijoring races are separated into men's and women's, one-dog and two-dog categories; the USA held the world's largest Skijoring event in February 2011 at the City of Lakes Loppet in Minneapolis. 200 Skijoring teams raced in this event which included the first-ever National Skijoring Championship. The skijoring belt worn by the skier is a wide waistband, clipped around the skier's waist, which may include leg loops to keep it in position.
Rock climbing harnesses are commonly used as skijoring belts. The sled dog harness can be any of the several types of dog harness used for dogsled racing; the skijoring line is at least 2.5 metres long. A longer line is used for a three-dog team. A section of bungee cord is incorporated into the line to absorb the impact of the dog's forward motion or a quick stop by the skier. Special quick-release hitches or hooks are available, used so that the skijorer may unhook the dog's lead rapidly; the skier uses either a classic diagonal stride cross-country technique, or the faster skate skiing technique. In races, the skate-skiing technique is exclusively used; the skis are hot. Classic skis with grip wax are not used for races but are used for extended back-country travel. Skijoring dogs are taught the classic dog sledding commands to start running, turn, to stop and to pass distractions. Training is best done on foot, before the person straps on their skis, to avoid being pulled into objects, like trees or half-frozen creeks.
To participate in races, skijoring dogs must be taught to pass, or be passed by, other teams without interfering with them. An overly friendly attempt by one dog to stop and greet another team passing at high speed can be as problematic as a dog that attempts to nip other dogs in passing. A top skijor racing team can pass other teams head-on, without turning to look at them. Equestrian skijoring consists of a team of a single horse guided by a rider, pulling a person on skis who carries no poles and hangs onto a tow rope in a manner akin to water skiing. In Saint Moritz, competitions involve a riderless horse, guided by the skier. In all cases, the horses have to be trained to accept the presence of ropes and skier behind them and to remain calm in racing conditions. Skijoring behind a horse is said to have originated as a method of winter
A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse or by a team of horses. These vehicles had two or four wheels and were used to carry passengers and/or a load, they were once common worldwide, but they have been replaced by automobiles and other forms of self-propelled transport. A wide variety of arrangements of horses and vehicles have been used, from chariot racing, which involved a small vehicle and four horses abreast, to horsecars or trollies, which used two horses to pull a car, used in cities before electric trams were developed. A two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle is a cart. Four-wheeled vehicles have many names – one for heavy loads is most called a wagon. Light carts and wagons can be pulled by donkeys, ponies or mules. Other smaller animals are used, such as large dogs and goats. Heavy wagons and agricultural implements can be pulled by other large draught animals such as oxen, water buffalo, yaks or camels and elephants. Vehicles pulled by one animal have two shafts.
Two animals in single file are referred to as a tandem arrangement, three as a randem. Vehicles which are pulled by a pair have a pole. Other arrangements are possible, for example, three or more abreast, a wheel pair with a single lead animal, or a wheel pair with three lead animals abreast. Heavy loads sometimes had an additional team behind to slow the vehicle down steep hills. Sometimes at a steep hill with frequent traffic, such a team would be hired to passing wagons to help them up or down the hill. Horse-drawn carriages have been in use for at least 3,500 years. Two-wheeled vehicles are balanced by the distribution of weight of the load over the axle, held level by the animal – this means that the shafts must be fixed rigidly to the vehicle's body. Four-wheeled vehicles remain level on their own, so the shafts or pole are hinged vertically, allowing them to rise and fall with the movement of the animals. A four-wheeled vehicle is steered by the shafts or pole, which are attached to the front axle.
From the 15th century drivers of carts were known as Carmen, in London were represented by the Worshipful Company of Carmen. Ambulance: much the same purpose as the modern sense. Details of the design varied but would be a built and well-sprung, enclosed vehicle with provision for seated casualties and stretchers. Barouche: an elegant, high-slung, open carriage with a seat in the rear of the body and a raised bench at the front for the driver, a servant. Berlin: A four-wheeled covered carriage developed in the 17th century. Brake: Describes several types of vehicles. A large, four-wheeled carriage frame, circa late 19th and early 20th century. Britzka: A long, spacious carriage of four wheels, pulled by two horses. Brougham: A specific, light four-wheeled carriage, circa mid 19th century. Buckboard: A simple four-wheeled wagon, circa early 19th century. Bus: see omnibus As the name implies, a large vehicle; as a horse-drawn vehicle, circa early 19th century. Buggy: a light, four-wheeled carriage driven by its owner.
Cab: a shortening of cabriolet. Joseph Hansom based the design of his public hire vehicle on the cabriolet so the name cab stuck to vehicles for public hire. Cabriolet: Calash or Calèshe: see barouche: A four-wheeled, shallow vehicle with two double seats inside, arranged vis-à-vis, so that the sitters on the front seat faced those on the back seat. Cape cart: A two-wheeled four-seater carriage drawn by two horses and used in South Africa. Cariole: A light, two- or four-wheeled vehicle, open or covered, drawn by a single horse. Carriage: in the late eighteenth century equivalent to the modern word "vehicle", it came to be restricted to "passenger vehicle" and to "private, enclosed passenger vehicle". This last is the sense adopted by the linked article. Carryall: A type of carriage used in the United States in the 19th century, it is a light, four-wheeled vehicle drawn by a single horse and with seats for four or more passengers. Chaise: A light two- or four-wheeled traveling or pleasure carriage, with a folding hood or calash top for one or two people.
Charabanc: A larger wagon pulled by multiple horses. Cidomo: a form of horse-drawn carriage popular in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia. Clarence: A closed, four-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle with a projecting glass front and seats for four passengers inside. Coach: A large closed, four-wheeled carriage with two or more horses harnessed as a team, controlled by a coachman. Coupé: The horse-drawn carriage equivalent of a modern coupe automobile. Covered wagon: the name given to canvas-topped farm wagons used by North American settlers to move both their families and household goods westward. Varieties of this wagon include the Conestoga prairie schooner. Curricle: A smart, light two-wheeled chaise or "chariot", large enough for the driver and a passenger and drawn by a matched pair of horses. Diligence: a French stagecoach; the 19th-century ones came in three sizes, La petite diligence
Equestrian vaulting, or vaulting, is most described as gymnastics and dance on horseback, which can be practiced both competitively or non-competitively. Vaulting has a history as an equestrian act at circuses, but its origins stretch back at least two-thousand years, it is open to both men and women and is one of ten equestrian disciplines recognized by the International Federation for Equestrian Sports. Therapeutic or interactive vaulting is used as an activity for children and adults who may have balance, gross motor skill or social deficits. Vaulting's enthusiasts are concentrated in other parts of the Western world, it is growing in other western countries. Vaulting was first introduced in the United States in the 1950s and 60s but was limited only to California and other areas of the west coast. More it is beginning to gain popularity in the United States northeast, it is believed by some that the origins of vaulting could be traced to the ancient Roman games, where acrobats displayed their skills on cantering horses.
Others, believe that vaulting originated in ancient Crete, where bull-leaping was prevalent. In either case, people have been performing acrobatic and dance-like movements on the backs of moving horses/animals for more than 2,000 years. Renaissance and Middle Ages history include numerous references to similar activities; the present name of the sport/art comes from the French "la voltige," which it acquired during the Renaissance, when it was a form of riding drill and agility exercise for cavalry riders. Modern vaulting developed in post-war Germany as an initiative to introduce children to equestrian sports. In 1983, vaulting became one of the disciplines recognized by the FEI. European championships were first held in Ebreichsdorf, Austria in 1984, the first FEI World Vaulting Championship was held in Bulle, Switzerland in 1986. Vaulting was included in the World Equestrian Games in Stockholm in 1990 and in all subsequent editions of the games, it was demonstrated as an art during the 1996 Olympic Games events.
It has been included in the Inter-Africa Cup since 2006. The first World Cup Vaulting competition was held in Leipzig on 29–30 April 2011. In competitive vaulting, vaulters compete as individuals and teams. Beginning vaulters compete in walk; the vaulting horse moves in a minimum 15-metre diameter circle and is directed by a lunger who stands in the center. In competitive vaulting, the rider and horse will both be judged on a scale from 1 to 10. Vaulting competitions consist of compulsory exercises and choreographed freestyle exercises done to music. There are seven compulsory exercises: mount, basic seat, mill, scissors and flank; each exercise is scored on a scale from 0 to 10. Horses receive a score and are judged on the quality of their movement as well as their behavior. Vaulters compete in team, individual categories. An individual freestyle is a 1-minute program, the pas-de-deux kür is 2 minutes while the team is 4 minutes, they are all choreographed to music. The components of a freestyle vaulting routine may include mounts and dismounts, handstands and standing and aerial moves such jumps and tumbling skills.
However, many of these skills are only seen in the highest levels. A typical routine for a child or beginner will more contain variations on simple kneels and planks. Teams carry, lift, or toss another vaulter in the air. Judging is based on technique, form, balance and consideration of the horse. Vaulting horses wear a surcingle and a thick back pad; the surcingle has special handles which aid the vaulter in performing certain moves as well as leather loops called "cossack stirrups". The horse wears a side reins; the lunge line is attached to the inside bit ring. Vaulting horses move on the left rein, but in some competitions the horse canters in the other direction. Two-phase classes of competition work the horse to the right. While many European clubs do not compete to the right, they still work at home evenly both directions, believing this benefits the horse and the vaulter; the premier vaulting competitions are the biannual World and Continental Championships and the World Equestrian Games held every four years.
In many countries, vaulting associations organize and sponsor national and local events every year. In 2011 there were at least 24 countries with such organisations. Vaulters perform movements on the back of the horse. Novice and beginning vaulters may perform at the walk or the trot while higher level vaulters perform at the canter. There are compulsory exercises and depending on class the vaulter performs seven or eight of them: The compulsories are performed in succession in the above order, without pause or dismounts; the International Federation for Equestrian Sports regulates dress codes for competitive vaulting. Every 2–3 years, new guidelines are released, which declare that vaulters must wear form-fitting uniforms that do not conceal the line and form of the vaulter's body, as well as not hinder the movement of the vaulter or the safe interaction between the vaulters. For that reason, accessories such as belts, capes or hats are prohibited. Additionally, men’s trousers must be secured at the ankle.
It is expected that clothing be appropriate for the competition and does not give the effect of nudity. The most common form-fitting uniforms worn by vault