List of equipment of the Australian Army

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This is a list of the equipment currently used by the Australian Army.

Armoured vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
Armoured vehicles
M1 Abrams Exercise Gold Eagle smooth ride for Aussie, Marine tanks 130914-M-AL626-0138.jpg  United States Main Battle Tank 59 59 M1A1 Abrams and seven M88 Hercules were purchased to replace the Leopard AS1 in service with the 1st Armoured Regiment. The first M1 equipped sub-units of the regiment became operational in mid-2007. In 2016 an additional six M88A2 Hercules were acquired.[1]
Beginning in around 2025 Australia is slated to upgrade its M1 fleet under LAND 907 Phase 2, which is currently the most advanced M1 Abrams variant in US service.[2]
ASLAV ASLAV in Afghanistan 2011.jpg  Canada
 Australia
Eight-wheeled Armored Personnel Carrier 257 The Army operates 257 ASLAV-25 vehicles, in a variety of roles including formation reconnaissance, as an infantry fighting vehicle, armoured ambulance or recovery vehicle.
Under LAND 400 Phase 2 the ASLAV is slated to be replaced by a new Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle (ARV) beginning in 2021. To be replaced by the Boxer (armoured fighting vehicle).[2][3][4]
M113 armoured personnel carrier Side view of a M113AS4 at the 2015 ADFA open day.jpg  United States Armoured personnel carrier 431 The Army now has 340 M113AS4 and 91 M113AS3 in service in seven variants.[5][6] The vehicles are used in the armoured reconnaissance and armoured personnel carrier roles. The Army had operated 840 M113A1 vehicles in nine variants.[5]
The M113 family of vehicles is scheduled to be replaced under LAND 400 Phase 3, the Request for Tender (RfT) for which was released on 24 Ausgust 2018. Land 400 Phase 3 will replace the M113AS4s with up to 450 infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) and 17 manoeuvre support vehicles.[7]
Boxer (armoured fighting vehicle) Boxer Land 400.jpg  Germany
 Netherlands
Multirole armoured fighting vehicle 211 on order 211 vehicles on order with deliveries expected to begin in 2019.[8] Part of the Land 400 Phase 2 program.[9][10]

Utility, Reconnaissance and Support vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
Bushmaster PMV Bushmaster at the 2016 ADFA Open Day.jpg  Australia 4×4 MRAP Cat. II 1052 The Army has ordered a total of 1,052 Bushmaster Protected Mobility Vehicles to date, with deliveries commencing in mid-2005. Bushmasters primarily equip the Motorised Infantry 7th Brigade, B Squadron, 3rd/4th Cavalry Regiment also operate armoured vehicles in support of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Combat Engineer Regiment, 2nd Combat Engineer Regiment, and 3rd Combat Engineer Regiment, as well as the heavy weapons and support elements of two mechanised battalions and three light infantry battalions.[11]
Hawkei PMV Hawkei DSC02320.JPG  Australia Armoured car 1100 on order The Army has ordered 1,100 Hawkei Protected Mobility Vehicles – Light (PMV-L) to partially replace the Land Rover Perentie. It is smaller and around half the weight of the Bushmaster. It is able to be carried underslung by the CH-47F Chinook helicopter.[12]
Land Rover Perentie Australian SOTG patrol Oct 2009.jpg  United Kingdom
 Australia
Utility vehicle (various roles) 5000+ 5,000+ Land Rovers were originally acquired as a fleet of light duty vehicles for transporting stores, equipment and personnel. As of 2017 fewer than 1,500 remain in service.
G-Wagen Bundeswehr MB Wolf.jpg  Germany Multi-purpose/light assault vehicle 2268 The Army has purchased a total of 2,268 G-Wagons to partially replace the Land Rover Perentie. There are eight G-Wagon variants including several in a specialized 6X6 configuration, including Mobile Command Post, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, and Ambulance.[13][14][15] Some 4X4 variants are transportable by the RAAF's Alenia C-27J Spartan battlefield airlifters.
RMMV HX 45M 28 Camo.jpg  Germany Tactical military trucks 2536 In July 2013, Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles (RMMV) Australia was awarded the contract for Project Land 121 (Overlander) Phase 3B. The contract is understood to have a value of AUD1.58 billion (USD1.2 billion) and called for the delivery of 2,536 medium and heavy HX and SX range trucks (later just HX), with deliveries running from 2016 and concluding in 2020. The complete order, which included 1,063 protected trucks, is made up of about 1,600 medium trucks with 4,000 to 6,000 kg payloads, about 800 heavy trucks, most with 15,000 kg payloads and some tank transporters, and just less than 100 recovery vehicles to support the fleet. Overall total and fleet breakdown have revised slightly from those stated at award date. Under a separate AUD400 million contract, 1,799 trailers will be supplied by Australian company Haulmark Trailers.

The first vehicles left RMMV's Vienna plant in July 2015. The first customer handover occurred on 7 April 2016 when six HX77 and six HX40M (plus 70 trailers) were handed over. As part of the award, RMMV Australia will also deliver almost 3,000 modules, with local partners including Sea Box Australia, which will deliver more than 2,100 flatracks for the ILHS system; Varley Group, which will supply more than 550 stores/maintenance modules; Holmwood Highgate, which will supply 276 tankers as well as water and fuel modules; and RPC Technologies, which will provide interface units for Australia's GDELS Ribbon Bridge and support boats, deliveries of which commenced in March 2018, and will conclude by September 2018.[16] Rheinmetall announced on 25 July that Australia had awarded it the LAND 121 Phase 5B contract. RMMVA will deliver more than 1000 logistics trucks and more than 800 modules to the ADF under the new program, which is an extension of the current LAND 121 Phase 3B Project. Deliveries will start in 2019 and will run to 2024.[17]

HMT Extenda Extenda.jpg  United Kingdom High Mobility Transporter 31 The Army purchased 31 HMT Extenda MK1 Nary patrol vehicles for use by the Special Air Service Regiment to replace the Long Range Patrol Vehicle to provide armoured protection from IEDs.[18] Its namesake comes from Warrant Officer David Nary who was the killed during pre-deployment training in Kuwait for the Iraq War. In addition, 89 HMT Extenda MK2 have been ordered for the 2nd Commando Regiment that will be reconfigurable in four configurations.[19][20][21]

Watercraft[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
LARC-V Australian Army LARC-V in 2013.jpg  United States Amphibious cargo vehicle 15 15 medium size coastal / inland waterway landing craft fitted with 2 x 12.7mm HMG to be in service until 2027.[22][23]
LCM-8 Aust. Army LCM-8.jpg  United States River boat and mechanized landing craft 12 12 amphibious vehicles to be in service until 2027. Withdrawn from service in 1993 and reintroduced in 1998 after upgrade.[22][23]

Artillery[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
M777 howitzer Australian soldiers from the 8-12 Field Regiment firing a M777 155mm howitzer.jpg  United Kingdom 155mm Towed Howitzer 54 Thirty-five 155 mm M777s were ordered as part of the first phase of the Land 17 project to replace the Army's inventory of towed artillery, with initial deliveries beginning in late 2010.[24] An additional 19 guns were purchased in late 2012 instead of the self-propelled guns previously planned, bringing the total order to 54.

Air defence[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
RBS 70 16th Air Defence Regiment soldiers with RBS-70 July 2011.jpg  Sweden Short-range Air Defense (SHORAD)
Man-portable air-defence system (MANPADS)
30 Thirty upgraded RBS-70 short range air defence weapon systems are currently divided between two Air Defence Batteries within the 16th Air Land Regiment.[25] More sophisticated Bolide missiles have now been purchased.[26]
NASAMS 2 NASAMS II E.T..JPG  Norway Medium Range Surface-to-air missile - In April 2017 the Australian Government awarded Raytheon a contract to produce an unspecified number of NASAMS systems for use with the Australian Army.[27] The batteries, possibly mounted on Hawkei PMVs, will be used by the 16th Air Land Regiment.[28]

Aircraft[edit]

Name Origin Type Number[29] Notes
Airbus Helicopters ARH Tiger France France Armed reconnaissance helicopter 22 Modified and upgraded version of the Tiger HAP. These helicopters are planned to be phased out by the mid-2020s by the formal Tiger ARH replacement project.
NHIndustries MRH-90 Taipan France France Medium lift/utility helicopter 41 (+ 6 joint with Navy)[30] Replaced the UH-1 Iroquois in 2008, and the Black Hawks in 2017.
UH-60 Black Hawk United States United States Medium lift/utility helicopter 20 The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk was the Army's primary battlefield lift/utility helicopter. The helicopters were assembled by Hawker de Havilland. Replaced in utility and transport roles by the MRH-90, with 20 aircraft remaining in service with the 6th Aviation Regiment until 2021 to support special forces missions.[30]
Boeing CH-47F Chinook United States United States Heavy lift helicopter 10[31] The Chinook can be armed with the 7.62×51mm FN MAG 58 general-purpose machine gun and the 7.62×51mm M134D Minigun.[32]
Bell 206 Kiowa United States United States Training Helicopter 12 To be replaced by the Eurocopter EC135 in 2018
Eurocopter EC135 T2+  France
 Germany
Training helicopter 15 (Joint with Navy)[33] Helicopter Aircrew Training System (HATS) shared with the Navy

Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Name Origin Type Number[29] Notes
AAI RQ-7 Shadow United StatesUnited States Reconnaissance and battlefield surveillance 18[citation needed]
ScanEagle United StatesUnited States Reconnaissance and battlefield surveillance

Infantry weapons[edit]

Assault rifles and carbines[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
F88 Austeyr  Austria
 Australia
Bullpup assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Tactical Live Fire Demonstration during RIMPAC 2014 140729-M-QH615-107.jpg A derivative of the Austrian Steyr AUG STG-77 assault rifle. It is the ADF's standard individual weapon, which replaced the L1A1 SLR and the M16A1 rifle from front-line service in the late 1980s. The weapon is manufactured under licence in Australia by Thales Australia (formerly Australian Defence Industries Ltd). Enhanced F88 (EF88), The Latest variant to improve modularity featuring extended accessories rail, a fixed barrel and bolt catch release. 1RAR will begin to re-equip with the EF88 from June 2015 with a wider roll out from 2016.[34] The ADF has ordered 30,000 of these rifles.[35]
M4 carbine  United States Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg Used by various Australian special forces units. Its official designation in Australia is the M4A5.[36]
HK416  Germany Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO HK416.jpg Used by infantry marksman, as well as various Australian special forces units.
L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle  Belgium
 United Kingdom
 Australia
Battle rifle 7.62×51mm NATO SLRL1A1.jpg Used by the Australian Federation Guard with bayonet attachment.

Precision rifles[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
SR-98  United Kingdom Bolt action sniper rifle 7.62×51mm USMC-110507-M-JG138-004.jpg An Australian variant of the bolt action Accuracy International Arctic Warfare rifle, it is the standard-issue sniper rifle in the Australian Army and is chambered for 7.62×51mm. It replaced the Parker Hale Model 82 rifle in the late 1990s. Manufactured under licence in Australia by Thales Australia.
AW50F  United Kingdom Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG AW50.png The AW50F is the largest-bore variant of the Arctic Warfare sniper rifles suited to the anti-materiel role. It is chambered for the .50 BMG cartridge, and is primarily used with Raufoss Mk211 HEIAP rounds. The AW50F was designed with an Australian-designed and manufactured barrel.
Blaser 93 Tactical 2  Belgium Bolt Action Sniper rifle .338 Lapua Magnum Blaser R93 LRS2 .308 Win 4thNovSniperCompetition06.jpg a straight-pull bolt-action sniper rifle chambered in .338 Lapua Magnum. The rifle has been observed in service with special forces and infantry units in Afghanistan.
Heckler & Koch HK417  Germany Marksman Rifle System 7.62×51mm NATO Heckler & Koch HK417 Sniper Rifle of PASKAL.JPG 'Marksman Rifle System' used by infantry and special forces units to fill the gap between a sniper rifle and 5.56mm derivatives.[37]
SR-25  United States semi-automatic 7.62×51mm SR-25 pic02.jpg A semi-automatic 7.62×51mm sniper rifle. It has recently been observed in service with reconnaissance and special forces units of the Australian Army. It has seen service in Iraq, Afghanistan and East Timor.
Mk 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle (M14EBR)  United States Designated marksman rifle 7.62×51mm NATO PEO M14 EBR.jpg Small numbers borrowed from American forces[38] were used by Australian special forces in Afghanistan.
Barrett M82  United States Anti-materiel Sniper Rifle .50 BMG Barrett-M82A1-Independence-Day-2017-IZE-048-white.jpg A semi-automatic sniper and anti-materiel rifle chambered in .50 BMG[39]

Machine guns[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
F89 Minimi  Belgium Light machine gun 5.56×45 mm NATO An Australian soldier with a F89 light machine gun in 2010.jpg The Army's standard light machine gun chambered for 5.56×45 mm NATO. The F89 is also manufactured under licence in Australia by Thales Australia.
Maximi  Belgium Light machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO FN MINIMI Standard Right.jpg The 7.62×51mm NATO model of the Minimi is also in limited service.[40]
FN MAG 58  Belgium General-purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO Australian Army soldier armed with a FN MAG machine gun in Afghanistan during 2010 - cropped.jpg The Army's general purpose machine gun chambered for 7.62 × 51 mm NATO. It replaced the M60 machine gun.
Browning M2HB-QCB  United States Heavy machine gun .50 BMG IDF-M2-Browning-v01-by-Zachi-Evenor.jpg Heavy machine gun not used at the infantry section level but rather as a heavy support weapon usually mounted on vehicles. It uses the .50 BMG cartridge and has an effective range in excess of 2,000 metres.

Pistols[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Self-Loading Pistol 9 millimetre Mark 3  Belgium Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Browning High-Power 9mm IMG 1526.jpg The Self-Loading Pistol 9 millimetre Mark 3[41] is the standard issue service pistol of the Australian Defence Force.
Heckler & Koch USP  Germany Semi-automatic pistol 9mm HKUSP.png The Heckler & Koch USP is used by various special forces units.

Submachine guns[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Submachine gun 9mm MP5.jpg Primarily used by special forces units.

Shotguns[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
Remington Model 870 and 870P[42]  United States Shotgun 12-gauge Remington M870 12 Gauge.jpg Used by both Special Forces and Military Police personnel. It is also used in specific roles within the infantry.

Grenade launchers[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
M203 grenade launcher  United States grenade launcher 40×46mm Australian soldiers Afghanistan March2010.jpg Attaches to the F88 (RM Equipment M203PI) and M4 (Colt M203-A1) rifles.
Mk 19 AGL  United States automatic grenade launcher 40×53mm MK19-02.jpg Automatic grenade launcher that fires grenades at a cyclic rate of 325-375 rounds per minute, giving a practical rate of fire of 60 rounds per minute (rapid) and 40 rounds per minute (sustained). Usually vehicle mounted by Australian special forces units.
Mk 47 Striker LWAGL  United States automatic grenade launcher 40×53mm MK47.jpg Mk 47 Mod 1 Lightweight automatic grenade launcher (LWAGL) is 36% of the weight of the Mk 19, has a further range than the Mk 19 and is fitted with Lightweight Video Sight (LVS2) sighting system. It will be issued to infantry battalions from late 2016 and to Special Operation Command units from early 2017.[43]

Anti-armour[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
66 mm Short-Range Anti-Armour Weapon (M72 LAW)  United States anti-tank rocket launcher 66mm M72A2 LAW.png A single shot disposable anti-armour weapon
L14A1 Carl Gustav Medium Direct Fire Support Weapon  Sweden recoilless rifle 84mm M3E1.jpg Primarily used in the anti-armour role. M4 variant ordered in 2018 and to be delivered in 2020.[44]
Javelin Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)  United States guided anti-armour missile 127mm FGM-148 Javelin (5160721562).jpg

Mortars[edit]

Name Origin Type Calibre Photo Notes
F2 81mm Mortar  United Kingdom
 Canada
Mortar 81mm 81mmMORT L16.png

Grenades and anti personnel mines[edit]

Name Origin Type Detonation Photo Notes
F1 fragmentation hand grenade  Australia Frag grenade Fuse Australian Army soldiers throw a grenade RIMPAC Exercise 2014.JPG Manufactured by Thales Australia. It has a lethal range of 6 m (20 ft) and has a fuse time of 4.5 to 5.5 seconds.
M18A1 Claymore Antipersonnel Mine  United States Anti-personnel mine Remote US M18a1 claymore mine.jpg It is called an "Anti-Personnel Device" due to the Commonwealth of Australia agreeing not to use mines of any type.[citation needed]

Bayonets[edit]

Name Origin Type Photo Notes
M9 Bayonet  Australia Bayonet Bayonet-Knife M9 w Scabbard.jpg The Army's primary combat knife used by all personnel and attached on the F88 Austeyr and the M4 carbine.

Combat uniform of the Australian Army[edit]

F88A2 rifle and the Australian Multicam Pattern (AMP) combat uniform

There are three major combat uniforms worn by the Australian Defence Force, they are:

  • Disruptive Pattern Combat Uniform - DPCU is the standard combat uniform worn in terrains that feature green and brown-shaded flora. The pattern has been in service since the late 1980s.
  • Disruptive Pattern Desert Uniform - DPDU is the Desert Combat uniform worn by Australian Defence Force personnel in theatres where the terrain is arid. It uses the same pattern as DPCU, but with the colours changed to suit the desert terrain. This uniform was instituted in the early 2000s, to meet the need for personnel serving overseas in Southwest Asia
  • MultiCam - in late 2010, the ADF announced that Multicam will be the standard pattern for all regular Australian Army personnel in Afghanistan after trials were conducted by special operations units. Multicam, it is said, provided "... troops with greater levels of concealment across the range of terrains in Afghanistan – urban, desert and green." Previously, depending upon the terrain, Australian troops had to alternate between green and desert colored DPCUs.[45][46] Furthermore, the Defence Material Organisation has since announced that they had obtained a licence from Crye Associates to locally produce Multicam and for a new uniquely Australian pattern to be developed by Crye to replace DPCU uniforms.[47]

The current issue of DPCU is known as 'DPCU-NIR' - or Disruptive Pattern Combat Uniform - Near Infra-Red. The Defence Science and Technology Organisation has developed materials for use in combat uniforms which will reduce night-vision detection, and it has been integrated into this uniform, which also sports a new cut and shape, the NATO-style front rank epaulette, zip-fastening, sleeve pockets and Velcro tabs.[48]

Future equipment[edit]

Infantry weapons[edit]

The Army has begun to roll out their new state of the art rifle, the Enhanced F88 (EF88). The new rifle has several new features including improved modularity featuring extended accessories rail, a fixed barrel, bolt catch release and a black paint scheme. It was confirmed in July 2015 that the contract for 30,000 EF88 rifles had been approved with full roll out starting in 2016. 2,500 Steyr Mannlicher SL40 grenade launchers have also been ordered.[49]

The Army had previously planned on replacing the F88 with the Advanced Individual Combat Weapon (AICW) by 2010–2012. The most notable feature of the AICW is a grenade launcher with 3 stacked rounds that uses electricity to fire off the grenade. The AICW had aimed to provide the infantry soldier with the ability to fire multiple grenades without having to reload, and to switch between 5.56 mm ballistic rounds and 40 mm grenades without changing sights, trigger or stance, giving the operator more versatility and reduced reaction times in combat.[citation needed] The AICW has all but disappeared from the Army's sights and it is unlikely to ever make a return. The company responsible for the ACIW, Metal Storm Limited was placed in voluntary administration in 2012.[50]

The Army decided to procure the Mk 47 Striker 40 mm lightweight automatic grenade launcher in mid-2015, and plans to begin receiving units within one year.[51]

Armoured vehicles[edit]

In December 2011, the Thales Hawkei PMV (Protected Military Vehicle) was selected as the preferred tender for the Army's requirement of a light 4x4 armored car with a potential order for 1300 vehicles.[52] The seven-tonne Hawkei has been described as a 'baby' variant of the Bushmaster[53] having been developed by the same manufacturer.

Under LAND 400 the ASLAV and M113s will be replaced, with the project to acquire a Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (CRV), an Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), a Manoeuvre Support Vehicle (MSV) and an Integrated Training System (ITS). The ASLAV fleet is planned to be replaced from 2020, and the M113s from 2025.[54] On 19 February 2015 the tender was opened for the replacement of the ASLAV, listing a requirement for up to 225 armored vehicles to provide the future mounted combat reconnaissance capability.[55] The remaining requirements of the project will be confirmed by the upcoming Defence White Paper; however, it is expected to include an infantry fighting vehicle—a capability currently only partly provided by the in-service M113AS4 Armoured Personnel Carrier—as well as a manoeuvre support vehicle, and an integrated training system.[56] The project is valued at more than $10 billion and is expected to acquire approximately 700 vehicles.[57]

Aircraft[edit]

The Army is reorganising its aviation element, through the purchase of 22 ARH Tiger attack helicopters and 30 MRH 90 Taipan utility helicopters (30 helicopters out of a total purchase of 46, which will be divided between Army, Fleet Air Arm and a joined MRH 90 training base). Furthermore, 7 CH-47F Chinook heavy lift helicopters will be purchased to replace the Army's five remaining CH-47D Chinook helicopters. In addition, the Army will also acquire a number of UAVs (including a number of Boeing ScanEagles and 18 RQ-7 Shadow) which will equip the 20th Surveillance and Target Acquisition Regiment, at Enoggera Barracks, Queensland.[58] Smaller UAVs being trialed include the AeroVironment Wasp III and Black Hornet Nano.[59]

Previously it was planned that the MRH-90 would eventually replace all of the Army's Black Hawks, with the Black Hawk fleet planned to be reduced to 18 operational aircraft in 2014–15 as part of the phased withdrawal of the type from service.[60] However, in December 2015 it was announced that 20 Black Hawks will remain in service with the 6th Aviation Regiment until the end of 2021 to provide aviation support to special forces.[30]

The Army as part of a joint program with the RAN under Air 9000 Phase 7B are seeking future advanced training and light support helicopters. The helicopters being offered by industry are: Eurocopter EC-135 (from Boeing-Thales), Bell 429 (Raytheon-Bell) and Agusta A109 (from BAE-CAE-AgustaWestland).[61]

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