List of federal judges appointed by Rutherford B. Hayes

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President Rutherford B. Hayes.

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes during his presidency.[1] In total Hayes made 22 Article III federal judicial appointments, including 2 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, 4 judges to the United States circuit courts, and 16 judges to the United States district courts.

Hayes appointed 2 judges to the United States Court of Claims, an Article I tribunal.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 John Marshall Harlan 8 Kentucky David Davis October 16, 1877 November 29, 1877 November 29, 1877 October 14, 1911
2 William Burnham Woods 3 Ohio William Strong December 15, 1880 December 21, 1880 December 21, 1880 May 14, 1887

Hayes also nominated Stanley Matthews to the Supreme Court, but the United States Senate did not act on the nomination; Matthews was renominated by Hayes' successor, James A. Garfield, and was confirmed.

Circuit Courts[edit]

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 John Baxter Sixth December 6, 1877 December 13, 1877 December 13, 1877 April 2, 1886
2 Samuel Blatchford Second February 15, 1878 March 4, 1878 March 4, 1878 March 22, 1882
3 John Lowell First December 16, 1878 December 18, 1878 December 18, 1878 May 1, 1884
4 George W. McCrary Eighth December 1, 1879 December 9, 1879 December 9, 1879 March 18, 1884

District Courts[edit]

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Hoyt Henry Wheeler D. Vt. March 15, 1877 March 16, 1877 March 16, 1877 September 30, 1906
2 Romanzo Bunn W.D. Wis. October 25, 1877 October 30, 1877 October 30, 1877 January 9, 1905
3 William Gardner Choate S.D.N.Y. March 14, 1878 March 25, 1878 March 25, 1878 June 1, 1881
4 Eli Shelby Hammond W.D. Tenn. June 15, 1878 June 17, 1878 June 17, 1878 December 17, 1904
5 Thomas Leverett Nelson D. Mass. January 7, 1879 January 10, 1879 January 10, 1879 November 21, 1897
6 Alexander Burton Hagner D.D.C. January 17, 1879 January 21, 1879 January 21, 1879 June 1, 1903
7 William Butler E.D. Pa. February 12, 1879 February 19, 1879 February 19, 1879 January 31, 1899
8 Walter Smith Cox D.D.C. February 26, 1879 March 1, 1879 March 1, 1879 July 1, 1899
9 Andrew Phelps McCormick N.D. Tex. April 7, 1879 April 10, 1879 April 10, 1879 March 22, 1892
10 Thomas John Morris D. Md. July 1, 1879 July 1, 1879 July 1, 1879 June 6, 1912
11 Charles Pinckney James D.D.C. December 1, 1879 December 10, 1879 July 24, 1879[2] December 1, 1892
12 William Hercules Hays D. Ky. December 1, 1879 December 10, 1879 September 6, 1879[2] March 7, 1880
13 Marcus Wilson Acheson W.D. Pa. January 6, 1880 January 14, 1880 January 14, 1880 February 9, 1891
14 John Watson Barr D. Ky. April 9, 1880 April 16, 1880 April 16, 1880 February 21, 1899
15 David M. Key E.D. Tenn.
W.D. Tenn.
May 19, 1880 May 27, 1880 May 27, 1880 January 21, 1895
16 Ezekiel B. Turner W.D. Tex. December 14, 1880 December 20, 1880 November 18, 1880[3] June 2, 1888

Specialty courts (Article I)[edit]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Bancroft Davis December 12, 1877 December 14, 1877 December 14, 1877 December 9, 1881[4]
2 William H. Hunt April 18, 1878 May 15, 1878 May 15, 1878 March 11, 1881

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 1, 1879, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 10, 1879, and received commission on December 10, 1879.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1880, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 1880, and received commission on December 20, 1880.
  4. ^ Davis resigned from the Court of Claims, and was re-appointed the following year by Chester A. Arthur.

Sources[edit]