List of file signatures

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This is a list of file signatures, data used to identify or verify the content of a file, such signatures are also known as magic numbers.

Many file formats are not intended to be read as text. If such a file is accidentally viewed as a text file, its contents will be unintelligible. However, sometimes the file signature can be recognizable when interpreted as text, the column ISO 8859-1 shows how the file signature appears when interpreted as text in the common ISO 8859-1 encoding, with unprintable characters represented as ..

Hex signature ISO 8859-1 Offset File extension Description
ed ab ee db
....
0 rpm RedHat Package Manager (RPM) package [1]
53 50 30 31
SP01
0 bin Amazon Kindle Update Package [2]
00
.
0 PIC
PIF
SEA
YTR
IBM Storyboard bitmap file

Windows Program Information File
Mac Stuffit Self-Extracting Archive
IRIS OCR data file

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
........
........
........
11 PDB PalmPilot Database/Document File
BE BA FE CA
...
0 DBA Palm Desktop Calendar Archive
00 01 42 44
..BD
0 DBA Palm Desktop To Do Archive
00 01 44 54
..DT
0 TDA Palm Desktop Calendar Archive
00 01 00 00
...
0 Palm Desktop Data File (Access format)
00 00 01 00
....
0 ico Computer icon encoded in ICO file format[3]
66 74 79 70 33 67
ftyp3g
4 3gp
3g2
3rd Generation Partnership Project 3GPP and 3GPP2 multimedia files
1F 9D
..
0 z
tar.z
compressed file (often tar zip)

using Lempel-Ziv-Welch algorithm

1F A0
..
0 z
tar.z
Compressed file (often tar zip)

using LZH algorithm

42 41 43 4B 4D 49 4B 45
44 49 53 4B
BACKMIKE
DISK
0 bac File or tape containing a backup done with AmiBack on an Amiga.

It typically is paired with an index file (idx) with the table of contents.

42 5A 68
BZh
0 bz2 Compressed file using Bzip2 algorithm
47 49 46 38 37 61
47 49 46 38 39 61
GIF87a
GIF89a
0 gif Image file encoded in the Graphics Interchange Format (GIF)[4]
49 49 2A 00
(little endian format)
4D 4D 00 2A
(big endian format)
II*.
MM.*
0 tif
tiff
Tagged Image File Format
49 49 2A 00 10 00 00 00
43 52
II*.....
CR
0 cr2 Canon RAW Format Version 2[5]
Canon's RAW format is based on the TIFF file format[6]
80 2A 5F D7
.*_.
0 cin Kodak Cineon image
52 4E 43 01
52 4E 43 02
RNC.
0 Compressed file using Rob Northen Compression (version 1 and 2) algorithm
53 44 50 58
(big endian format)
58 50 44 53
(little endian format)
SDPX
XPDS
0 dpx SMPTE DPX image
76 2F 31 01
v/1.
0 exr OpenEXR image
42 50 47 FB
BPGû
0 bpg Better Portable Graphics format[7]
FF D8 FF DB

FF D8 FF E0 ?? ?? 4A 46 49 46 00 01

FF D8 FF E1 ?? ?? 45 78 69 66 00 00
ÿØÿÛ

ÿØÿà ..J
F IF..

ÿØÿá ..E
x if..
0 jpg
jpeg
JPEG raw or in the JFIF or Exif file format
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 49 4C 42 4D
FORM....
ILBM
0

any

ilbm
lbm
ibm
iff
IFF Interleaved Bitmap Image
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 38 53 56 58
FORM....
8SVX
0

any

8svx
8sv
svx
snd
iff
IFF 8-Bit Sampled Voice
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 41 43 42 4D
FORM....
ACBM
0

any

acbm
iff
Amiga Contiguous Bitmap
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 41 4E 42 4D
FORM....
ANBM
0

any

anbm
iff
IFF Animated Bitmap
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 
41 4E 49 4D
FORM....
ANIM
0

any

anim
iff
IFF CEL Animation
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 46 41 58 58
FORM....
FAXX
0

any

faxx
fax
iff
IFF Facsimile Image
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 46 54 58 54
FORM....
FTXT
0

any

ftxt
iff
IFF Formatted Text
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 53 4D 55 53
FORM....
SMUS
0

any

smus
smu
mus
iff
IFF Simple Musical Score
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 43 4D 55 53
FORM....
CMUS
0

any

cmus
mus
iff
IFF Musical Score
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 59 55 56 4E
FORM....
YUVN
0

any

yuvn
yuv
iff
IFF YUV Image
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 46 41 4E 54
FORM....
FANT
0

any

iff Amiga Fantavision Movie
46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 41 49 46 46
FORM....
AIFF
0

any

aiff
aif
aifc
snd
iff
Audio Interchange File Format
49 4E 44 58
INDX
0 idx Index file to a file or tape containing a backup done with AmiBack on an Amiga.
4C 5A 49 50
LZIP
0 lz lzip compressed file
4D 5A
MZ
0 exe DOS MZ executable file format and its descendants (including NE and PE)
50 4B 03 04

50 4B 05 06
(empty archive)
50 4B 07 08
(spanned archive)
PK..
0 zip
jar
odt
ods
odp
docx
xlsx
pptx
vsdx
apk
aar
zip file format and formats based on it, such as JAR, ODF, OOXML
52 61 72 21 1A 07 00
Rar!...

0 rar RAR archive version 1.50 onwards[8]
52 61 72 21 1A 07 01 00
Rar!....
0 rar RAR archive version 5.0 onwards[9]
7F 45 4C 46
.ELF
0 Executable and Linkable Format
89 50 4E 47 0D 0A 1A 0A
.PNG....
0 png Image encoded in the Portable Network Graphics format[10]
CA FE BA BE
Êþº¾
0 class Java class file, Mach-O Fat Binary
EF BB BF

0 UTF-8 encoded Unicode byte order mark, commonly seen in text files.
FE ED FA CE
........
0

0x1000

Mach-O binary (32-bit)
FE ED FA CF
........
0

0x1000

Mach-O binary (64-bit)
CE FA ED FE
........
0 Mach-O binary (reverse byte ordering scheme, 32-bit)[11]
CF FA ED FE
........
0 Mach-O binary (reverse byte ordering scheme, 64-bit)[11]
FF FE
..
0 Byte-order mark for text file encoded in little-endian 16-bit Unicode Transfer Format
FF FE 00 00
....
0 Byte-order mark for text file encoded in little-endian 32-bit Unicode Transfer Format
25 21 50 53
%!PS
0 ps PostScript document
25 50 44 46
%PDF
0 pdf PDF document
30 26 B2 75 8E 66 CF 11
A6 D9 00 AA 00 62 CE 6C
0&²u.fÏ
.¦Ù.ª.bÎl
0 asf
wma
wmv
Advanced Systems Format[12]
24 53 44 49 30 30 30 31
$SDI0001
0 System Deployment Image, a disk image format used by Microsoft
4F 67 67 53
OggS
0 ogg
oga
ogv
Ogg, an open source media container format
38 42 50 53
8BPS
0 psd Photoshop Document file, Adobe Photoshop's native file format
52 49 46 46 ?? ?? ?? ?? 57 41 56 45
RIFF....
WAVE
0 wav Waveform Audio File Format
52 49 46 46 ?? ?? ?? ?? 41 56 49 20
RIFF....
AVI.
0 avi Audio Video Interleave video format
FF FB
ÿû
0 mp3 MPEG-1 Layer 3 file without an ID3 tag or with an ID3v1 tag (which's appended at the end of the file)
49 44 33
ID3
0 mp3 MP3 file with an ID3v2 container
42 4D
BM
0 bmp
dib
BMP file, a bitmap format used mostly in the Windows world
43 44 30 30 31
CD001
0x8001

0x8801
0x9001

iso ISO9660 CD/DVD image file[13]
53 49 4D 50 4C 45 20 20
3D 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20 20 54
SIMPLE  
=       
        
     T
0 fits Flexible Image Transport System (FITS)[14]
66 4C 61 43
fLaC
0 flac Free Lossless Audio Codec[15]
4D 54 68 64
MThd
0 mid
midi
MIDI sound file[16]
D0 CF 11 E0 A1 B1 1A E1
0 doc
xls
ppt
msg
Compound File Binary Format, a container format used for document by older versions of Microsoft Office.[17] It is however an open format used by other programs as well.
64 65 78 0A 30 33 35 00
dex.035.
0 dex Dalvik Executable
4B 44 4D
KDM
0 vmdk VMDK files[18][19]
43 72 32 34
Cr24
0 crx Google Chrome extension[20] or packaged app[21]
41 47 44 33
AGD3
0 fh8 FreeHand 8 document[22][23][24]
05 07 00 00 42 4F 42 4F
05 07 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 01
....BOBO
........
....
0 cwk AppleWorks 5 document
06 07 E1 00 42 4F 42 4F
06 07 E1 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 01
....BOBO
........
....
0 cwk AppleWorks 6 document
45 52 02 00 00 00
8B 45 52 02 00 00 00
ER....
ãER....
0 toast Roxio Toast disc image file, also some .dmg-files begin with same bytes
78 01 73 0D 62 62 60
x.s.bb`
0 dmg Apple Disk Image file
78 61 72 21
xar!
0 xar eXtensible ARchive format[25]
50 4D 4F 43 43 4D 4F 43
PMOCCMOC
0 dat Windows Files And Settings Transfer Repository[26]

See also USMT 3.0 (Win XP)[27] and USMT 4.0 (Win 7)[28] User Guides

4E 45 53 1A
NES
0 nes Nintendo Entertainment System ROM file[29]
75 73 74 61 72 00 30 30
75 73 74 61 72 20 20 00
ustar.00
ustar  .
0x101 tar tar archive[30]
74 6F 78 33
TOX
0 tox Open source portable voxel file[31]
4D 4C 56 49
MLVI
0 MLV Magic Lantern Video file[32]
44 43 4D 01 50 41 33 30
DCM PA30
0 Windows Update Binary Delta Compression[33]
37 7A BC AF 27 1C
7z¼¯'
0 7z 7-Zip File Format
1F 8B
..
0 gz
tar.gz
GZIP
FD 37 7A 58 5A 00 00
²7zXZ..
0 xz
tar.xz
XZ compression utility
using LZMA/LZMA2 compression
04 22 4D 18
."M.
0 lz4 LZ4 Frame Format[34]

Remark: LZ4 block format does not offer any magic bytes.[35]

4D 53 43 46
MSCF
0 cab Microsoft Cabinet file
53 5A 44 44 88 F0 27 33
SZDD....
0 Various. (Replacing the last character of the original file extension with an underscore, e.g. setup.exe becomes setup.ex_) Microsoft compressed file in Quantum format, used prior to Windows XP. File can be decompressed using Extract.exe or Expand.exe distributed with earlier versions of Windows.
46 4C 49 46
FLIF
0 flif Free Lossless Image Format
1A 45 DF A3
.Eߣ
0 mkv
mka
mks
mk3d
webm
Matroska media container, including WebM
4D 49 4C 20
MIL 
0 stg "SEAN : Session Analysis" Training file. Also used in compatible software "Rpw : Rowperfect for Windows" and "RP3W : ROWPERFECT3 for Windows".
41 54 26 54 46 4F 52 4D ?? ?? ?? ?? 44 4A 56
AT&TFORM....DJV
0 djvu
djv
DjVu document
The following byte is either 55 (U) for single-page or 4D (M) for multi-page documents.
30 82
0.
0 der DER encoded X.509 certificate
44 49 43 4D
DICM
0x80 dcm DICOM Medical File Format
77 4F 46 46
wOFF
0 woff WOFF File Format 1.0
77 4F 46 32
wOF2
0 woff2 WOFF File Format 2.0
3c 3f 78 6d 6c 20
<?xml 
0 XML eXtensible Markup Language when using the ASCII character encoding
00 61 73 6d
.asm
0 wasm WebAssembly binary format[36]
cf 84 01
0 lep Lepton compressed JPEG image[37]
43 57 53
46 57 53
CWS

FWS

0 swf flash .swf
21 3C 61 72 63 68 3E
!<arch>. 0 deb linux deb file
52 49 46 46 ?? ?? ?? ?? 57 45 42 50
RIFF....

WEBP

0 webp Google WebP image file
27 05 19 56
'..V
0 U-Boot / uImage. Das U-Boot Universal Boot Loader.[38]
7B 5C 72 74 66 31
{\rtf1
0 rtf Rich Text Format
54 41 50 45
TAPE
0 Microsoft Tape Format
47
G
0

0xBC

0x178

...

(every 188th byte)

ts

tsv

tsa

MPEG Transport Stream (MPEG-2 Part 1)
00 00 01 BA
....
0 m2p

vob

MPEG Program Stream (MPEG-1 Part 1 (essentially identical) and MPEG-2 Part 1)
00 00 01 BA
47
00 00 01 B3
....
G
....
0 mpg

mpeg

MPEG Program Stream

MPEG Transport Stream

MPEG-1 video and MPEG-2 video (MPEG-1 Part 2 and MPEG-2 Part 2)

78 01
78 9C
78 DA
....
0 zlib

No Compression/low

Default Compression

Best Compression

1F 8B 08 00
‹� 1 dat Minecraft Level Data File
62 76 78 32
- 0 lzfse LZFSE - Lempel-Ziv style data compression algorithm using Finite State Entropy coding. (bvx2)

https://github.com/lzfse/lzfse

4F 52 43
ORC
0 orc Apache ORC (Optimized Row Columnar) file format
4F 62 6A 01
Obj.
0 avro Apache Avro binary file format
53 45 51 36
SEQ6
0 rc RCFile columnar file format
65 87 78 56
e.xV
0

p25

obt

PhotoCap Object Templates
55 55 aa aa
UU¬¬
0 pcv PhotoCap Vector
78 56 34
xV4
0

pbt

pdt

pea

peb

pet

pgt

pict

pjt

pkt

pmt

PhotoCap Template
50 41 52 31
PAR1
0 Apache Parquet columnar file format
45 4D 58 32
EMX2
0 ez2 Emulator Emaxsynth samples
45 4D 55 33
EMU3
0 ez3

iso

Emulator III synth samples

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A. Format of the RPM file". Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  2. ^ "GitHub - NiLuJe/KindleTool: Tool for creating/extracting Kindle updates and more". Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  3. ^ Icons (at MSDN)
  4. ^ GRAPHICS INTERCHANGE FORMAT(sm) Version 89a
  5. ^ Computer Knowledge. "File Extension .CR2 Details". filext.com. 
  6. ^ "Inside the Canon RAW format version 2, understanding .CR2 file format and files produced by Canon EOS Digital Camera". free.fr. 
  7. ^ Bellard, Fabrice (2015). "BPG Image format". 
  8. ^ "TechNote.txt: RAR version 4.00 - Technical information". 2010-12-01. The marker block is actually considered as a fixed byte sequence: 0x52 0x61 0x72 0x21 0x1a 0x07 0x00 
  9. ^ "RAR 5.0 archive format". Retrieved 2013-05-01. 
  10. ^ "RFC 2083 - PNG (Portable Network Graphics) Specification Version 1.0". ietf.org. 
  11. ^ a b "Mac Developer Library". apple.com. 
  12. ^ "ASF (Advanced Systems Format)". 
  13. ^ Gary C. Kessler (21 October 2012). "File Signatures Table". Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  14. ^ "Flexible Image Transport System (FITS), Version 3.0 - File type signifiers". 2012-09-26. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  15. ^ Josh Coalson. "FLAC — format". Retrieved 4 April 2013. "fLaC", the FLAC stream marker in ASCII, meaning byte 0 of the stream is 0x66, followed by 0x4C 0x61 0x43 
  16. ^ "File Signature Database: mid File Signatures". filesignatures.net. 
  17. ^ "Developing a tool to recognise MS Office file types ( .doc, .xls, .mdb, .ppt )". social.msdn.microsoft.com. 
  18. ^ "What Files Make Up a Virtual Machine?". vmware.com. 
  19. ^ http://www.vmware.com/app/vmdk/?src=vmdk
  20. ^ "CRX Package Format". chrome.com. 
  21. ^ "CRX Package Format". chrome.com. 
  22. ^ "[Pythonmac-SIG] Discovering file type". python.org. 
  23. ^ Tim Fisher. "FH8 File - What It Is & How To Open One". About.com Tech. 
  24. ^ "Google Groups". google.com. 
  25. ^ "xar - xarformat.wiki". code.google.com. 
  26. ^ "Easily Restore Your Computer With File and Settings Transfer Wizard XP (Part 1)". howtogeek.com. 
  27. ^ "User State Migration Tool 3.0". microsoft.com. Microsoft. 
  28. ^ "User State Migration Tool 4.0 User's Guide". microsoft.com. Microsoft. 
  29. ^ "NESRomTool::NES ROM Quickstart". sadistech.com. 
  30. ^ "GNU tar 1.28: Basic Tar Format". gnu.org. 
  31. ^ "UVOX Universal Voxel Translator - Man Page". tox.land. 
  32. ^ "RAW Format v2.0 - Google Sheets". google.com. 
  33. ^ "Using Binary Delta Compression (BDC) Technology to Update Windows Operating Systems". Microsoft. 10 June 2005. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  34. ^ Collet, Yann. "LZ4 Frame format". github.com. 
  35. ^ Collet, Yann. "LZ4 Block Format". github.com. 
  36. ^ "WebAssembly/design". GitHub. Retrieved 2016-11-01. 
  37. ^ "Lepton image compression: saving 22% losslessly from images at 15MB/s". Dropbox. 
  38. ^ "How to Extract an uImage". Retrieved 2017-02-24. 

External links[edit]