AEK Larnaca FC
AEK Larnaca FC is a Cypriot professional football club from Larnaca, Cyprus. Their home ground as from the 2016–2017 season is the brand new AEK Arena - Georgios Karapatakis stadium with a capacity of 7,400 spectators; the club was formed in 1994 after a merger of EPA Larnaca and Pezoporikos. The club has basketball sections for men AEK Larnaca BC and women Petrolina AEK and a volleyball section for women; the club's name comes from the ancient Greek city-kingdom of Cyprus Kition, located on the site of today's Larnaca. The colours of the club are yellow and green and their emblem is admiral Kimon, who died at the seafront defending the city of Kition in a major battle in Cyprus at about 450 BC, in a fight against the Persians, he had told his officers to keep the news of his possible death secret. The quote "Και Νεκρος Ενικα" refers to Kimon. Greatest successes of the football club are the qualification to the 2011–12 UEFA Europa League group stage and the win of Cypriot Cup in 2004 and 2018.
The highest league performance is the 2nd place in three consecutive years. AEK was founded on 18 July 1994, it came from the merger of EPA Larnaca and Pezoporikos. Pezoporikos had been established in 1924. In 1926, serving retired members of Pezoporikos founded the "Athletic Musical Larnaca Club". In 1932 the two clubs were merged by founding EPA Larnaca. However, in 1937 a group of members and players of EPA refounded Pezoporikos. After several decades, in 1994, the two clubs were created AEK Larnaca. EPA had 50 participations in the first division, won the championship three times, five times the Cypriot Cup and once the shield of CFA. In addition, the season 1970–71 participated in the Alpha Ethniki of Greece and had three appearances in European competitions. Pezoporikos had 49 participations in the first division, won two championships and one Cypriot Cup, it had three appearances in European competitions. Apart from football, the two clubs had other athletic departments; the efforts and the decision to merge was made to create in Larnaca a sports club that starred in all competitions and would not have financial problems.
After the merge of the Pezoporikos and EPA, AEK replaced Pezoporikos in the first division. In its first participation in the championship, in 1994–95 season, AEK finished in the 9th place. In 1995–96 season, won the 4th place. Together with APOEL had the best defense in the league with 21 conceded goals. In the Cypriot Cup 1995–96 the club reached the final, where they lost to APOEL. However, because APOEL had won the championship and participated in the 1996–97 UEFA Cup, the finalists of the Cypriot Cup, AEK represented Cyprus in the 1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. In the preliminary round has faced the Armenian club Kotayk Abovyan; the first match took place in Armenia, where AEK lost 1–0. The second leg was held at the New GSZ Stadium on 22 August 1996 with AEK winning 5–0 and progressing to the first round of the tournament. In this round, AEK were drawn to face Barcelona; the first leg held at Barcelona Olympic Stadium where Spanish team won 2–0. The second leg took place at the GSZ Stadium with both teams stay tied 0–0 and the Spanish team qualified.
Barcelona won the trophy. In 1996, before the begging of the 1996–97 season because APOEL had won the league and cup 1995–96, AEK, as finalist of the Cypriot Cup, played against league winners the match for shield of CFA, losing 1–0. In the 1996 -- 97 season, AEK reached to Cypriot Cup semi-finals; this was followed by 5th place in 1997 -- 98. Three seasons in a row, 1999–00, 2000–01 and 2001–02, AEK finished in 7th place. In 1999–00 season the Cypriot Cup reached the semi-finals and the 2002–03 ranked in 8th place; the 2003–04 season was important in the history of the team, where managed to win the first trophy. Although in the league finished in 9th place, in the Cyprus Cup 2003–04 reached the final, where beat AEL Limassol the GSP stadium with score 2–1; the conquest of the cup gave the opportunity to participate the second time in European competition, the 2004–05 UEFA Cup. In the second qualifying round of the competition faced Maccabi Petah Tikva; the first match took place on 12 August 2004 at GSP stadium where AEK won 3–0.
However, the first match score was not enough to offer the qualification in the Cyprus team. In the rematch in Israel, AEK lost 4–0 thus eliminated from the next round of the tournament. In 2004, as a cup winner, before the beginning of the 2004–05 season, AEK faced champions APOEL in the match for the shield of CFA. Match final score ended 3–3. AEK lost at extra time 5–4. In 2004–05 AEK finished in 9th place, just three points ahead of 12th place which leads to the second division; the following season ranked 8th. In Cypriot Cup 2005–06 reached the final against APOEL. After the draw between the home stadiums of the two clubs, the final took place at the home ground of AEK GSZ Stadium. However, the team failed to win the trophy after being defeated 3–2 at extra time. In 2006 -- 07 season, AEK reached the semi-finals of the 2006 -- 07 Cypriot Cup. In the 2007–08 season, won the 4th place in the league; the darkest page in the history of team was the 2008–09 season where AEK finis
Nicosia is the largest city and seat of government of the island of Cyprus. It is located on the banks of the River Pedieos. Nicosia is the southeasternmost of all EU member states' capitals, it has been continuously inhabited for over 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the 10th century. The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities of Nicosia segregated into the south and north of the city in early 1964, following the fighting of the Cyprus crisis of 1963–64 that broke out in the city; this separation became a militarized border between the Republic of Cyprus and Northern Cyprus after Turkey invaded the island of Cyprus in 1974, occupying the north of the island, including northern Nicosia. Today North Nicosia is the capital of Northern Cyprus, a state recognized only by Turkey, considered to be occupied Cypriot territory by the international community. Apart from its legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia has established itself as the island's financial capital and its main international business centre.
In 2018, Nicosia was the 32nd richest city in the world in relative purchasing power. The earliest mention of Nicosia is in the clay prism of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon in 672 BC; this is a mention to the city-state of Ledra located on the site of Nicosia, the city is named "Lidir". The name Ledra and variations remained in use as late as 392 AD, when it was used in writing by Saint Jerome. However, that text refers the city as "Leucotheon", early Christian sources of this period are the first to use similar variations of the name Lefkosia; the origin of the name "Lefkosia" is considered by scholars to be a "toponymic puzzle". The name is recorded in the majority of Byzantine sources as "Leukousia", it is accepted in literature that the name "most probably" derives from the Greek phrase "leuke ousia". Nicosia has been in continuous habitation since the beginning of the Bronze Age 2500 years BC, when the first inhabitants settled in the fertile plain of Mesaoria. Nicosia became a city-state known as Ledra or Ledrae, one of the twelve kingdoms of ancient Cyprus built by Achaeans after the end of the Trojan War.
Remains of old Ledra today can be found in the Ayia Paraskevi hill in the south east of the city. Only one king of Ledra is known: Onasagoras; the kingdom of Ledra was destroyed early. Under Assyrian rule of Cyprus, Onasagoras was recorded as paying tribute to Esarhaddon of Assyria in 672 BC. By 330 BC, Ledra was recorded to be a small unimportant town, it is thought that the settlement was economically and politically dependent on the nearby town of Chytri. The main activity of the town inhabitants was farming. During this era, Ledra did not have the huge growth that the other Cypriot coastal towns had, based on trade. In Byzantine times, the town was referred to as Λευκωσία or as Καλληνίκησις. In the 4th century AD, the town became the seat of bishopric, with bishop Saint Tryphillius, a student of Saint Spyridon. Archaeological evidence indicates that the town regained much of its earlier significance in the early Christian period, the presence of two or three basilicas with opus sectile decorations, along with marbles decorated with high relief indicate the presence of a prosperous and sophisticated Christian society.
After the destruction of Salamis, the existing capital of Cyprus, by Arab raids in 647, along with extensive damage to other coastal settlements, the economy of the island became much more inward-looking and inland towns gained relative significance. Nicosia benefited from this and functioned as an outlet of the agricultural products from its hinterland, the Mesaoria plain, it further was at an advantageous position due to its ample water supply. As such, the town developed enough for the Byzantine Empire to choose Nicosia as the capital of the island around 965, when Cyprus rejoined the Byzantine Empire; the Byzantines moved the island's administration seat to Nicosia for security reasons as coastal towns were suffering from raids. From that point on it has remained as the capital of Cyprus. Nicosia was the seat of the Byzantine governor of Cyprus. Testimony as late as 1211 indicates that Nicosia was not a walled city at that point and thus that the Byzantines did not build a city wall, thinking that the city's inland location would be sufficient for defense purposes.
The Byzantines did, build a weak fort within the city. The economy under Byzantine rule consisted of the trading of agricultural goods, but the town produced luxury items and metalware due to the presence of the imperial administration. On his way to the Holy Land during the Third Crusade in 1187, Richard I of England's fleet was plagued by storms, he himself stopped first at Crete and at Rhodes. Three ships continued on, one of, carrying Joan of England, Queen of Sicily and Berengaria of Navarre, Richard's bride-to-be. Two of the ships were wrecked off Cyprus, but the ship bearing Joan and Berengaria made it safely to Limassol. Joan refused to come ashore, fearing she would be captured and held hostage by Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus, who hated all Franks, her ship sat at anchor for a full week before Richard arrived on 8 May. Outraged at the treatment of his sister and his future bride, Richard invaded. Richard laid siege to Nicosia met and defeated Isaac Komnenos at Tremetousia and became ruler of the island, but sold it to the Knights Templar.
Famagusta is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. It possesses the deepest harbour of the island. During the medieval period, Famagusta was the island's most important port city and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe; the old walled city and parts of the modern city presently fall within the de facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Gazimağusa District, of which it is the capital. In antiquity, the town was known as Arsinoe, after Arsinoe II of Egypt, was mentioned by that name by Strabo. In Greek it is called Ammochostos, meaning "hidden in sand"; this name developed into Famagusta, used in Western European languages, to its Turkish name, Mağusa. In Turkish, the city is called Gazimağusa; the old town is nicknamed "the city of 365 churches" owing to a legend that at its peak, Famagusta boasted one church for each day of the year. The city was founded around 274 BC, after the serious damage to Salamis by an earthquake, by Ptolemy II Philadelphus and named "Arsinoe" after his sister.
Arsinoe was described as a "fishing town" by Strabo in his Geographica in the first century BC. It remained a small fishing village for a long time; as a result of the gradual evacuation of Salamis due to the Arab invasion led by Muawiyah I, it developed into a small port. The turning point for Famagusta was 1192 with the onset of Lusignan rule, it was during this period. It increased in importance to the Eastern Mediterranean due to its natural harbour and the walls that protected its inner town, its population began to increase. This development accelerated in the 13th century as the town became a centre of commerce for both the East and West. An influx of Christian refugees fleeing the downfall of Acre in Palestine transformed it from a tiny village into one of the richest cities in Christendom. In 1372 the port was seized in 1489 by Venice; this commercial activity turned Famagusta into a place where merchants and ship owners led lives of luxury. The belief that people's wealth could be measured by the churches they built inspired these merchants to have churches built in varying styles.
These churches, which still exist, were the reason Famagusta came to be known as "the district of churches". The development of the town focused on the social lives of the wealthy people and was centred upon the Lusignan palace, the Cathedral, the Square and the harbour. In 1570–1571, Famagusta was the last stronghold in Venetian Cyprus to hold out against the Turks under Mustafa Pasha, it resisted a siege of thirteen months and a terrible bombardment, until at last the garrison surrendered. The Ottoman forces had lost 50,000 men, including Mustafa Pasha's son. Although the surrender terms had stipulated that the Venetian forces be allowed to return home, the Venetian commander, Marco Antonio Bragadin, was flayed alive, his lieutenant Tiepolo was hanged, many other Christians were killed. With the advent of the Ottoman rule, Latins lost their privileged status in Famagusta and were expelled from the city. Greek Cypriots were at first allowed to own and buy property in the city, but were banished from the walled city in 1573-74 and had to settle outside in the area that developed into Varosha.
Turkish families from Anatolia were resettled in the walled city but could not fill the buildings that hosted a population of 10,000. This caused a drastic decrease in the population of Famagusta. Merchants from Famagusta, who consisted of Latins, expelled, resettled in Larnaca and as Larnaca flourished, Famagusta lost its importance as a trade centre. Over time, Varosha developed into a prosperous agricultural town thanks to its location away from the marshes, whilst the walled city remained dilapidated. In the walled city, some buildings were repurposed to serve the interests of the Muslim population: the Cathedral of St. Nicholas was converted to a mosque, a bazaar was developed, public baths, fountains and a theological school were built to accommodate the inhabitants' needs. Dead end streets, an Ottoman urban characteristic, was imported to the city and a communal spirit developed in which a small number of two-storey houses inhabited by the small upper class co-existed with the widespread one-storey houses.
With the British takeover, Famagusta regained its significance as a port and an economic centre and its development was targeted in British plans. As soon as the British took over the island, a Famagusta Development Act was passed that aimed at the reconstruction and redevelopment of the city's streets and dilapidated buildings as well as better hygiene; the port was developed and expanded between 1903 and 1906 and Cyprus Government Railway, with its terminus in Famagusta, started construction in 1904. Whilst Larnaca continued to be used as the main port of the island for some time, after Famagusta's use as a military base in World War I trade shifted to Famagusta; the city outside the walls grew at an accelerated rate, with development being centred around Varosha. Varosha became the administrative centre as the British moved their headquarters and residences there and tourism grew in the last years of the British rule. Pottery and production of citrus and potatoes significantly grew in the c
AEP Paphos FC
AEP Paphos was a Cypriot football club based in Paphos. The club was formed in 2000 after the merger of the two clubs of APOP and Evagoras. AEP Paphos was dissolved on 9 June 2014, in order to be merged with AEK Kouklia and create a new team, Pafos FC. APOP and Evagoras were the two clubs of Paphos playing sometimes in First and sometimes in the Second Division. In contrast with the other Districts of Cyprus and other major towns, which had permanent teams in First Division, Paphos did not have such a team as the two clubs could not remain in First Division for many years. For this reason the two clubs were merged to form AEP Paphos as the people of Paphos wanted a permanent team in First Division; when the two clubs joined to form AEP, APOP was in First Division, managed to remain there, Evagoras was in the Second division without managing to achieve promotion. Since APOP was in the First Division, the newly formed club of Paphos began its history from the First, they club remained in the first division until 2005, but soon had the luck of APOP and Evagoras when the team was for first time relegated to the Second Division.
However, despite the fact that the team for the season 2005/06 was playing in the Second Division, on April 2006 they had their greatest success as a club since the team qualified for first time for the semi finals of Cypriot Cup by eliminating Olympiakos Nicosia. In the semi finals of the Cup they faced AEK Larnaca and despite the fact that Paphos was not beaten in none of the matches against AEK, they were eliminated with scores 1–1 at home and 0–0 away; the same season, AEP won the Second Division Championship and was promoted back to First division but after a bad season were again relegated. The club had not justified the dreams of the people of Paphos of having a better team than APOP and Evagoras and to have a worthy team which will be permanent in the First Division. On 9 June 2014, AEP Paphos was merged with AEK Kouklia and created a new team, Pafos FC; the colours of the team were white. These colours were chosen because they were both Evagoras' colours; the club's badge was a blue shield with some white lines and in the middle was the figure of Evagoras Pallikarides's as a face in a circle.
Evagoras Pallikarides was a hero from Paphos, hanged by British Colonists, as he was an EOKA guerilla, fighting for the freedom of Cyprus. From his name came the name, Evagoras FC, one of the two football clubs which were merged for AEP to be established. For this reason it was used in AEP's badge inside the blue badge with the white lines, APOP's badge. APOP's name meant Athletic Football Club of Paphos; the home ground of AEP Paphos, was a multi-use stadium in Paphos. The capacity was 8000 seated spectators but in 2003 the ground was updated and expanded, it can now hold 11,000 fans. The Pafiako served as the home ground for APOP and Evagoras, was used by APOP Kinyras Peyias FC, whilst competing in the First Division during the 2005–06 season. GSK stadium was the home of Evagoras before the Pafiako was built. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. For recent transfers, see List of Cypriot football transfers summer 2013.
Nir Klinger Tasos Kyriakou Savvas Kofidis Giorgos Polyviou Ioannis Topalidis Horácio Gonçalves Saša Jovanović Yiannakis Yiangoudakis Andreas Polydorou Cypriot Second Division Winners: 2006, 2008Before 2006, since APOP and Evagoras played in Second Division for several years, they had won it 6 times each.
Athlitiki Enosi Lemesou known as AEL, is a Cypriot sports club based in the city of Limassol, most famous for its football team. AEL maintains a men's and women's basketball teams, a women's volleyball team and a Futsal team, a women's handball team as well as a cricket team. AEL is one of the most successful clubs on the island with 16 official football trophies consisting of 6 first division championships, 6 cups and 4 super cups; the basketball branch of AEL is well known being the only team from Cyprus in any sport to have won a European title. Limassol's official club mascot is a Lion, affectionately nicknamed the lions by their fans; the club was founded on 4 October 1930, with Stavros Pittas serving as the club's first president. The football section of the club competed in its first game on 6 January 1931 against PSC, winning 6–1 in Limassol; the club won the national championship in 1934 though this is not credited as it is an unofficial title. That year, AEL became one of the eight founding members of the Cypriot First Division for the 1934–35 season, the first official league of the country.
AEL Limassol celebrated its first official title success in 1941, defeating APOEL 4–3 in a two-legged championship play-off. AEL fans had to wait 12 years until tasting title success again, as the club became champions of Cyprus again in 1953. AEL would twice repeat this success, winning back-to-back league championships in 1955 and 1956; the club won its last major trophy in 1989 – before the title success of 2012 – when it defeated city rivals Aris Limassol 3–2 after extra time in final of the Cypriot Cup. In 2011, after disappointingly finishing in seventh-place in the previous campaign, AEL hired Pambos Christodoulou, who had a reputation of steering "modest sides away from relegation", to start the club's rebuilding process. AEL Limassol secured the Cypriot league title for the first time since 1968 on 5 May 2012, ending a 44-year drought without a Cypriot first division title. Christodoulou had a dream-like first season at the helm AEL, as his side was unbeaten and had not conceded any goals through the first five games.
At the end of the second round, AEL finished top of the table, three points clear of the second placed team and had only conceded seven goals, the best defensive record of all the league teams. In the play-off round, AEL battled with the top four teams for the championship, winning it with one game to spare and conceding only nine goals; as Christodoulou has managed to bring AEL the championship crown, he was nicknamed by fans "Pambourinho", a combination of his name and of esteemed manager José Mourinho. AEL received the championship trophy during a spectacular "fiesta" evening at the Tsirion Stadium on the evening of Saturday 12 May 2012, they followed this with an open-top bus parade through Limassol. Up to 7,000 AEL fans packed the stadium to watch the trophy presentation; the club turned their attention to the Cup Final of 16 May against Omonia and the chance to be crowned double winners for the first time in club history. The following year, AEL made it to the group stage of a UEFA tournament for the first time, finishing last and picking up four points in their UEFA Europa League group.
On 22 October 2013, Angolan manager Lito Vidigal was sacked after just over three months in charge. Bulgarian Ivaylo Petev was appointed as AEL's manager on 25 October, having guided Ludogorets Razgrad to promotion to the A Group as well as two A Group titles, a Bulgarian Cup win as well as a triumph in the Bulgarian Super Cup. Petev signed an initial deal to stay at AEL until the end of the 2014–15 season. At the end of the 2013–14 season, AEL finished in first place in the initial phase of the competition. Going into the championship match against APOEL on 17 May 2014, AEL needed only a draw to secure their second league title in three years; the match, was abandoned after 52 minutes when firecrackers thrown by AEL fans struck APOEL player Kaká. The match was replayed behind closed doors at a neutral stadium on 31 May 2014, APOEL achieved to win their second consecutive league title after beating AEL 1–0, courtesy of a Cillian Sheridan goal. On 6 June 2014, the Cyprus Football Association's disciplinary committee – acting as an appeals board – unanimously cancelled on the CFA council’s decision to repeat the 17 May championship final, awarding the match to APOEL with a 0–3 score.
AEL winger Jorge Monteiro finished the season as joint-top scorer in the league with 18 goals, the former Porto academy product was voted player of the year by the CFA. AEL finished in the 4th place of the championship of 2016–2017 and as a result the team won a place in the first qualifying round of Europa League. Furthermore, AEL achieved to go up to third qualifying round from a not fair play game from the referee Artyom Kuchin and the players of Austria Wien; the referee had show the white dot of the penalty for a ghost faul outside of the box of AEL and a red card for AEL defender Marco Airosa in the twenty second minute. AEL had fight for the win for the whole game to achieve two goals that send her in the play offs but the score finished 1–2; the football department of AEL is owned by AEL Football Ltd, a public limited company, since 2009. The company's main activity is the management and commercial exploitation of AEL Football club. AEL plays its home matches at the 14,000-seat Tsirion Stadium known as the Olympia Stadium.
Tsirion Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Limassol. It is used for football matches and is the home ground
Larnaca is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and the capital of the eponymous district. It is the third-largest city in the country, after Nicosia and Limassol, with a metro population of 144,200 in 2015. Larnaca is known for its palm-tree seafront, the Church of Saint Lazarus, Hala Sultan Tekke, Kamares Aqueduct, Larnaca Castle, it is built on the ruins of ancient Citium, the birthplace of Stoic philosopher Zeno. Larnaca is home to Larnaca International Airport, it has a seaport and a marina. The word Larnaca derives from the Greek n. larnax, meaning: "coffer", "box", "chest", e.g. for household stores, "cinerary urn", "sarcophagus" or "coffin". An informal etymology, attributes the origin of the name to. Sophocles Hadjisavvas, a state archeologist, states that " consul of the last quarter of the 19th century, claimed to have explored more than 3,000 tombs in the area of Larnaca, so-called after the immense number of sarcophagi found in the modern town". In the vernacular, Larnaca is known as Scala (Greek: Σκάλα from the word.
During the Middle Ages, until the end of the 18th century, a small port-anchorage close to Larnaca Bay refers to maps, travel descriptions and documents as Scala di Saline and may account for this second name. The former city-kingdom of Kition was established in the 13th century BC. New cultural elements appearing between 1200 BC and 1000 BC are interpreted as indications of significant political changes and the arrival of the Achaeans, the first Greek colonists of Kition. Around the same time, Phoenicians settled the area. At the archaeological sites of Kiteon, remains that date from the 13th century BC have been found. Around 1000 BC, Kition was rebuilt by Phoenicians and it subsequently became a center of Phoenician culture; the remains of the sites include a complex of five temples and a naval port. It was conquered in the first millennium BC by a series of great powers of the region. First by the Assyrian Empire by Egypt. Like most Cypriot cities, Kition belonged to the Achaemenid Empire. In 450 BC, the Athenian general Cimon died at sea, while militarily supporting the revolt against Persia's rule over Cyprus.
On his deathbed, he urged his officers to conceal his death from both the Persians. Strong earthquakes hit the city in the year after. Earthquakes of 322 AD and 342 "caused the destruction not only of Kition but of Salamis and Pafos". Kition's harbor silted up, the population moved to the seafront farther south, sometime after this; the commercial port was located during the Ottoman Period. Skala is the name of the seashore south of the Larnaca castle—and its neighborhood; the city is sometimes colloquially referred to as "Skala" meaning "ladder" or "landing stage", referring to the historical port. The Kamares aqueduct was built in 1747—bringing water to the city from a source around six miles from the city; the Salt Lake fills with water during the winter season and is visited by flocks of flamingoes who stay there from November until the end of March. It dries up in the summer. In the past, it yielded good quality salt scraped from the dried surface; the salt from the lake is now considered unsuitable for consumption.
The climate in this area is described by the Köppen Climate Classification System as a hot semi-arid climate due to its low annual rainfall and strong summer drought. It is sometimes described as a mediterranean climate, but its winter rainfall is below the required amount to avoid the semi-arid classification; the city's landmarks include: the Church of Saint Lazarus. So-called "Foinikoudes" is the promenade along Athenon Avenue on the seafront. A row of palm trees lines either side of it. A bust of "Kimon the Athenian" stands on the Foinikoudes Promenade, with this quote referring to him on the pedestal: "Even in death he was victorious"; the marble bust of Zeno stands at the crossroads near the American Academy. Zeno was born in Kition in 334 BC. After studying philosophy in Athens, he founded the famous Stoic school of philosophy; the Armenian Genocide Memorial stands on Athinon Avenue. Larnaca's economy has been growing since 1975, after the loss of the Port of Famagusta, which handled 80% of general cargo, the closure of Nicosia International Airport, meant that Larnaca's airport and seaport had important roles in the economy of the island.
A €650m upgrade of Larnaca Airport has been completed. The service sector, including tourism, employs three-quarters of Larnaca's labor force. Many travel and tour operators and other travel-related companies have their head offices in Larnaca. There are over a hundred educational institutions in the city, including the American Academy, Larnaca Nareg Armenian school and the Alexander College. Larnaca has an art gallery, which are operated by the municipality; the Cornaro Institute was a cultural centre fo
Deryneia is a large village in the island of Cyprus. It is located at the east side of the island, 2 km south of the city of Famagusta; the population of the village is 5,758 and it consists of a municipality since 1994. The current mayor is Andros Karayiannis. Since the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, around 75% of the village terrain is in Northern Cyprus; the village is 12 kilometers from the famous resort of Ayia Napa. The "Ghost Town" of Varosha can be viewed from the roof of the Cultural Centre, as can the craters from shells fired during the invasion in the field opposite; the village has agricultural land around it, is one of the "Kokkinochoria" so called from the red soil. Potatoes are grown but Deryneia is famous for its strawberries and holds a biennial strawberry festival at the football ground of Anagennisi Deryneia on the Dherynia to Sotira road. According to data and information available, Dherynia is in this position for about 700 years, but it turns out the archaeological sites and monuments in the occupied area and the buffer zone that the history of Dheryneia is much greater.
We do not know why the area was named "Dherynia". Simos Menardos and Mr J. Goodwin in his book, argue that settlers settled here after the Trojan War, the ancient city, Gerineia near Pylos and was the capital of the Kingdom of the famous and prudent King Nestor, which Homer calls GERINION it came from Gerinia; the above and Nearchus Clerides in his book,"Villages States and Cyprus." Another version is that the name came from the name of an English or Frankish general who once camped in the "mountains" of Dheryneia. The above and other aspects included in the study Deryneioti composer - Mr. Adamou researcher Katsantoni issued in 1991. What today we can consider as evidence to support his claim to the name of Deryneia is that between the southeast and Deryneia and beach is located on ancient village called Therimeio or Therineio. Became "Drynio", "Dryneia" and "Dherynia. Embracing the bay of Famagusta on the east coast of Cyprus, next to the historic and cosmopolitan city of Evagoras, near the famous Famagusta, is the beautiful and near the sea, Dherynia.
It is 2 km from the sea with the golden sand. The mesh of Attila in 1974 has a result that the 70% of the municipality is occupied and all residents have lost their property; the population of the municipality is 7,500 people. This figure includes the 1,000 refugees living in a refugee settlement in Deryneia and excludes 3,000 refugees inhabitants of occupied "Kato", or "Down Deryneia" where refugees scattered throughout Cyprus and abroad. Although the consequences of the Turkish invasion hindered the progress and development of the area both economically as commercially and in tourism area, however due to the progressiveness and industriousness of its inhabitants and the efforts of individual Local Authorities and organized the municipality became possible to develop Dherynia in a great level. Residents of the City are farmers or are employed in the tourism industry of Agia Napa and Protaras, trade and crafts; the farmers involved in the cultivation of early vegetables and the cultivation of strawberries.
Deryneia traditionally holds the first position in strawberry production and covers 60% of a national production. In fact it is given great importance and every 2 years, in mid-May, organised with great success, the Pancyprian Festival Strawberry which attracts thousands of visitors, both locals and foreigners. In the field of culture Dherynia maintains a long tradition. Ranks among the first communities founded dance and music groups. In the field of sport, Dherynia boasts great successes; the Athletic Association "Anagennisi" founded in 1920 ranks among the historic clubs in Cyprus, maintains football and volleyball teams for men and women. The National Association "Christodoulou Dimitrakis' has a futsal team in first division; the Dherynia athletes has made a national and worldwide with great success in athletics and shooting. The offer of Deryneia is strong in the National Games. Brought to the ideals of democracy and freedom of young people, responding to the calls of our small country have offered their lives in the struggle for freedom.
Deryneia has several monuments and points of reference, such as Byzantine churches, Folklore Museum, Monuments Heroes, Outdoor Amphitheatre, Sports Centre, City Park, City Hall, the Cultural Centre of Occupied Famagusta. Despite the difficulties with the occupation and semi-occupation of Deryneia and growth led to the upgrading of local government. From Improvement Board which functioned until January 6, 1994 upgraded to municipality after a referendum held on June 6, 1993 and percentage 74.70% of residents voted to upgrade the Community Council. Deryneia is directly connected with the cultivation of strawberries after the first strawberry plantations on commercial basis in Cyprus cultured in Derynia of the pioneer farmer m. Mitsio Giannoukou 55 years ago. Today despite the occupation and the loss of 70% of the region following the tragic events of 1974, Deryneia is still by far the first in the cultivation and production of strawberries in Cyprus, both in quantity and in quality; the Pancyprian Strawberry Festival was organized by the Municipality in 1999 and is presented every 2 years.
This Festival is about showcasing the innovative culture of the strawberry and the distribution of the product and by-products in conjunction with the presentation of quality cultural and artistic programmes. Thousands visitors the festival and locals are offered free fresh strawberries and various preparations of straw