Paraguay the Republic of Paraguay, is a country of South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, Bolivia to the northwest. Although it is one of the only two landlocked countries in South America, the country has coasts and ports on the Paraguay and Paraná rivers that give exit to the Atlantic Ocean through the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de Sudamérica. Spanish conquistadores arrived in 1524 after navigating northwards from the Río de la Plata to the Paraná River, up the Paraguay River. In 1537, they established the city of Asunción, the first capital of the Governorate of Paraguay and Río de la Plata. Paraguay was the epicenter of the Jesuit Missions, where the Guaraní people were educated and introduced to Christianity and European culture under the direction of the Society of Jesus in Jesuit reductions during the 17th century. However, after the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish territories in 1767, Paraguay became a peripheral colony, with few urban centers and settlers.
Following independence from Spain at the beginning of the 19th century, Paraguay was ruled by a series of authoritarian governments who implemented nationalist and protectionist policies. This period ended with the disastrous Paraguayan War, during which Paraguay lost at least 50% of its prewar population and around 25–33% of its territory to the Triple Alliance of Argentina and Uruguay. In the 20th century, Paraguay faced another major international conflict – the Chaco War – against Bolivia, from which the Paraguayans emerged victorious. Afterwards, the country entered a period of military dictatorships, ending with the 35 year regime of Alfredo Stroessner that lasted until he was toppled in 1989 by an internal military coup; this marked the beginning of the "democratic era" of Paraguay. With around 7 million inhabitants, Paraguay is a founding member of Mercosur, an original member of the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Lima Group; the city of Luque, in Asuncion's Metropolitan Area, is the seat of the CONMEBOL.
The Guarani culture is influential and more than 90% of the people speak different forms of the Guarani language on top of Spanish. Paraguayans are known for being a happy and easy-living people and many times the country topped the "world's happiest place" charts because of the "positive experiences" lived and expressed by the population; the indigenous Guaraní had been living in eastern Paraguay for at least a millennium before the arrival of the Spanish. Western Paraguay, the Gran Chaco, was inhabited by nomads of whom the Guaycuru peoples were the most prominent; the Paraguay River was the dividing line between the agricultural Guarani people to the east and the nomadic and semi-nomadic people to the west in the Gran Chaco. The Guarcuru nomads were known for their warrior traditions and were not pacified until the late 19th century; these indigenous tribes belonged to five distinct language families, which were the bases of their major divisions. Differing language speaking groups were competitive over resources and territories.
They were further divided into tribes by speaking languages in branches of these families. Today 17 separate ethnolinguistic groups remain; the first Europeans in the area were Spanish explorers in 1516. The Spanish explorer Juan de Salazar de Espinosa founded the settlement of Asunción on 15 August 1537; the city became the center of a Spanish colonial province of Paraguay. An attempt to create an autonomous Christian Indian nation was undertaken by Jesuit missions and settlements in this part of South America in the eighteenth century, which included portions of Uruguay and Brazil, they developed Jesuit reductions to bring Guarani populations together at Spanish missions and protect them from virtual slavery by Spanish settlers and Portuguese slave raiders, the Bandeirantes. In addition to seeking their conversion to Christianity. Catholicism in Paraguay was influenced by the indigenous peoples; the reducciones flourished in eastern Paraguay for about 150 years, until the expulsion of the Jesuits by the Spanish Crown in 1767.
The ruins of two 18th-century Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue have been designated as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. In western Paraguay Spanish settlement and Christianity were resisted by the nomadic Guaycuru and other nomads from the 16th century onward. Most of these peoples were absorbed into the mestizo population in the 19th centuries. Paraguay overthrew the local Spanish administration on 14 May 1811. Paraguay's first dictator was José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia who ruled Paraguay from 1814 until his death in 1840, with little outside contact or influence, he intended to create a utopian society based on the French theorist Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract. Rodríguez de Francia established new laws that reduced the powers of the Catholic church and the cabinet, forbade colonial citizens from marrying one another and allowed them to marry only blacks, mulattoes or natives, in order to break the power of colonial-era elites and to create a mixed-race or mestizo society.
He cut off the rest of South America. Because of Francia's restrictions of freedom, Fulgencio Yegros and several other Independence-era
Club Atlético 3 de Febrero
Club Atlético 3 de Febrero is a professional Paraguayan football club from Ciudad del Este, the capital city of the department of Alto Paraná. The club was founded in 1970, named after St. Blas Day, a national holiday throughout many hispanic countries. 3 de Febrero have played 9 seasons in the Primera División Paraguaya. At present plays in the Second Division of the Paraguayan league; the team started playing in the Liga Paranaense and made their way to the second division of the Paraguayan League in 2000. In 2004 the club got promoted to the first division. In 2011, the club was relegated to the Paraguayan 2nd division, but won the title again in 2013, once again being promoted to the first division. 3 de Febrero's stadium is the Estadio Antonio Aranda known as Estadio 3 de Febrero. It is located next to Ciudad del Este's bus terminal; the stadium is on the Avenue General Bernardino Caballero, was opened in 1973. The capacity of the stadium, is 28,000, it has a grass surface and was renovated in 1999, for which it was utilized as one of the venues of the 1999 Copa América.
Fixtures of the 2004 South American U-16 Championship and the 2007 South American U-20 Championship were disputed at the stadium. The stadium is Paraguay's third largest, according to its seating capacity; the stadium was the venue which saw Paraguayan footballers, Roque Santa Cruz score his first international goal for the Albirroja on 17 June 1999 in a friendly match against Uruguay, Nelson Haedo score his first international goal for the Albirroja on 17 August 2005 in a friendly match against El Salvador. División Intermedia: 22004, 2013Primera División B Nacional: 12000Regional Titles: 61973, 1975, 1977, 1986, 1992, 1997 As of 9 September 2018Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. To appear in this section a player must have either:Played at least 125 games for the club. Set a club record or won an individual award while at the club. Been part of a national team squad at any time. Played in the first division of any other football association.
Played in a continental and/or intercontinental competition. Official Website
Club Sol de América
Club Sol de América is a Paraguayan sports club known for its football team. The club is located in Barrio Obrero, it was founded in 1909; the stadium Sol de America uses for most of its first division games is located in the suburb city of Villa Elisa on the border of the capital city, Asunción. Sol de America have won the Paraguayan First Division title on two occasions, in 1986 and again in 1991, they have a strong basketball team and an athletics department. Paraguayan First Division: 21986, 1991Paraguayan Second Division: 31965, 1977, 2006 Copa Libertadores: 6 appearancesBest: Quarter-finals in 1989 1989: Quarter-finals As of 13 September 2018. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. To appear in this section a player must have either:Played at least 125 games for the club. Set a club record or won an individual award while at the club. Been part of a national team squad at any time. Played in the first division of any other football association.
Played in a continental and/or intercontinental competition. Ferenc Puskás Sergio Markarián Ever Hugo Almeida, Ricardo Dabrowski Gualberto Jara Mauricio Larriera Roberto Pompei Daniel Garnero Sol de América has an athletics department affiliated with the Federación Paraguaya de Atletismo. Physical preparers of the club are Edgar Torres and 2004, 2008 and 2012 Summer Olympics javelin thrower Leryn Franco. Sol de América has a basketball team participating in the Paraguayan Metropolitan Basketball League. Paraguayan Championship: 91982, 1983, 1984, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2007, 2010, 2011 List of athletics clubs in Paraguay Paraguayan Soccer Info
Club Sport Colombia
Club Sport Colombia, is a Paraguayan football club based in the city of Fernando de la Mora. The club plays in the Paraguayan second division, their home games are played at the Estadio Alfonso Colmán which has a capacity of 7,000 seats. The club is the former home of Jorge Daniel Florentín, Elio Mora, Ignacio Paniagua, Emilio Martinez, José Antonio Franco, Pedro Richard Irala, Carlos Antonio Mereles, Rodolfo Guillén, Marcelo Estigarribia and Victor Cristaldo. Paraguayan Second Division: 61940, 1944, 1945, 1950, 1985, 1992Paraguayan Third Division: 31944, 1969, 2007 Updated January 18, 2015 Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. To appear in this section a player must have either:Played at least 125 games for the club. Set a club record or won an individual award while at the club. Been part of a national team squad at any time. Played in the first division of any other football association. Played in a continental and/or intercontinental competition.
Sport Colombia Info
Deportivo Humaitá is a Paraguayan football club from the city of Mariano Roque Alonso, in the Gran Asunción area. The club was founded in 1932; the club took its name from the historic Paraguayan city of Humaitá. It is the third oldest team from Mariano Roque Alonso and won 12 titles from the regional league of that city, before joining the Liga Paraguaya de Futbol and participating in the lower divisions with other metropolitan area teams, its biggest achievement was promotion to the Paraguayan first division in 1993. It competed in the first division for three years before being relegated to the second division. Humaitá plays in the "Primera División Chilo", equivalent to the fourth division. Paraguayan Second Division: 11993Paraguayan Third Division: 11988Paraguayan Fourth Division: 12001Paraguayan Second Division: 1Runner-up: 1991. Albigol: Deportivo Humaita Info Paraguayan Soccer Info
Club Deportivo Capiatá, is a Paraguayan football club based in the city of Capiatá. The club was founded on September 8, 2008 and plays in the Primera División of the Paraguayan league, their home games are played at the Estadio Lic. Erico Galeano Segovia; the club was founded in September 4, 2008. In 2010 play for the first time in Paraguayan División Intermedia. In 2012 they finished in 2nd place, thus getting promoted to the Primera División for the first time in history. In 2013 they made history again by qualifying to the 2014 Copa Sudamericana in their first year in the Primera División. Paraguayan Segunda División:Runner-up: 2012 Interleague National Championship:Runner-up: 2007-2008 Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. To appear in this section a player must have either:Been part of a national team squad at any time. Played in the first division of any other football association. Played in a continental and/or intercontinental competition.
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Silvio Pettirossi was a Paraguayan airplane pilot and aviation pioneer. Born in Asunción on June 16, 1887 to Italian immigrant parents; as a young man he moved to Buenos Aires. In 1912, Pettirossi received a scholarship from the Paraguayan government and moved to France where he obtained the title of aviator pilot from the international aeronautic federation. After receiving the title he made many important flights, one of, a record eight-hour flight, he bought. He made many famous and extraordinary acrobatic flights in Europe, South America and the United States. In December 1914 he served as its first president. On October 17, 1916, while doing an inverted loop, the left wing of his plane broke, the aircraft crashed to the ground in a ranch owned by the Castell family, in Punta Lara, Buenos Aires Province. Pettirossi died instantly. Asunción's Silvio Pettirossi International Airport, three football clubs, the Airborne Brigade of the Paraguayan Air Force, a Paraguayan Air Force Base in Luque, an avenue in Asunción, the Paraguayan Institute of Aviation History, a school, some other places are named after him.
Sapienza, Antonio Luis: La Contribución Italiana en la Aviación Paraguaya. Author's edition. Asunción. 2007