Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. With a total area of approximately 513,000 km2, Thailand is the worlds 51st-largest country and it is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 66 million people. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and has switched between parliamentary democracy and military junta for decades, the latest coup being in May 2014 by the National Council for Peace and Order. Its capital and most populous city is Bangkok and its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. The Thai economy is the worlds 20th largest by GDP at PPP and it became a newly industrialised country and a major exporter in the 1990s. Manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy and it is considered a middle power in the region and around the world. The country has always been called Mueang Thai by its citizens, by outsiders prior to 1949, it was usually known by the exonym Siam. The word Siam has been identified with the Sanskrit Śyāma, the names Shan and A-hom seem to be variants of the same word. The word Śyâma is possibly not its origin, but a learned, another theory is the name derives from Chinese, Ayutthaya emerged as a dominant centre in the late fourteenth century. The Chinese called this region Xian, which the Portuguese converted into Siam, the signature of King Mongkut reads SPPM Mongkut King of the Siamese, giving the name Siam official status until 24 June 1939 when it was changed to Thailand. Thailand was renamed Siam from 1945 to 11 May 1949, after which it reverted to Thailand. According to George Cœdès, the word Thai means free man in the Thai language, ratcha Anachak Thai means kingdom of Thailand or kingdom of Thai. Etymologically, its components are, ratcha, -ana- -chak, the Thai National Anthem, written by Luang Saranupraphan during the extremely patriotic 1930s, refers to the Thai nation as, prathet Thai. The first line of the anthem is, prathet thai ruam lueat nuea chat chuea thai, Thailand is the unity of Thai flesh. There is evidence of habitation in Thailand that has been dated at 40,000 years before the present. Similar to other regions in Southeast Asia, Thailand was heavily influenced by the culture and religions of India, Thailand in its earliest days was under the rule of the Khmer Empire, which had strong Hindu roots, and the influence among Thais remains even today. Voretzsch believes that Buddhism must have been flowing into Siam from India in the time of the Indian Emperor Ashoka of the Maurya Empire, later Thailand was influenced by the south Indian Pallava dynasty and north Indian Gupta Empire. The Menam Basin was originally populated by the Mons, and the location of Dvaravati in the 7th century, the History of the Yuan mentions an embassy from the kingdom of Sukhothai in 1282
Thai League 1
The Thai League, commonly known as the T1, is a Thai professional league for Football Association of Thailand clubs. At the top of the Thai football league system, it is the premier football competition. Contested by 18 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Thai League T2, the Thai League is a corporation in which the 18 member clubs act as shareholders. Seasons run from March to October, with teams playing 34 games each with a total of 306 games in the season and it is sponsored by Toyota and therefore officially known as the Toyota Thai League. In the Thai League, most of the games are played during Saturdays and Sundays, before the inception of the Thai League, the highest level of club football was the Kor Royal Cup which was contested in a tournament format from 1916 to 1995. Thai League was introduced in 1996 by the Football Association of Thailand under the name Thailand Soccer League, eighteen clubs who earlier competed for the Kor Royal Cup were registered to play in the first edition of a double round-robin league system. Thai Farmers Bank was crowned as the first champion of the 1996–97 Thailand Soccer League, the Thai League originally had 10 to 12 clubs each season until 2007, when it was expanded to 16 clubs. At the end of season, the three bottom placed clubs are relegated to the Thai Division 1 League. Most of Thai League clubs in that time were the organization of government authorities club that based in Greater Bangkok, meanwhile, the other local clubs had competed in the semi-pro league called the Provincial League. Thai Premier League faced the issue of low attendance and lack of local loyalties while the Provincial league suffered the financial issue, in 2007, Thai League was integrated with Provincial League completely. Chonburi from the Provincial League was the first champion of the new Thailand Premier League in 2007 season, in 2009 season, there were significant changes in the lead to the new era of the Thai Premier League. Asian Football Confederation declared the regulations for the associations that have the intention to send the clubs to compete in AFC Champions League starting from 2011, clubs were forced to separate themselves from the parent organizations and registered as the independent football authorities. The massive changes occurred in that season, Thailand Premier League renamed to Thai Premier League. Two times league champion Krung Thai Bank failed to complete the new regulations, the organization decided to sell the club. The club was acquired by Boon Rawd and rebranded to be Bangkok Glass, Bangkok University had expelled their football club section. The club rebrand itself to Bangkok United since then, the organization-based clubs had to relocate to find the local supporters to backup the clubs. Muangthong United were promoted from Thai Division 1 League in that season and won Thai Premier League in their first year in the top league, Thailand Clasico or The Classic Match of Thailand is the matchup between Muangthong United and Chonburi. It is the matchup that presents Thai football in the modern era, the name was given to the encounter of two teams due to the hype and massive atmosphere around the match
Bangkok Glass F.C.
Bangkok Glass Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in Pathum Thani Province and is managed by BG FC Sport Co. Ltd. Which is a subsidiary of Bangkok Glass Group of Companies, Bangkok Glass FC currently play in the Thai League T1 after BG FC Sport Co. Ltd. Who purchased the license of the Thai Premier League side Krung Thai Bank F. C. in January 2009. Changed the club name and moved its home from central Bangkok to Pathum Thani Province, the name and logo derive from Krung Thai Bank, PCL, the team owner and major sponsor of the club. Bangkok Glass FC was founded in 2006 and played in the Khǒr Royal Cup, in the beginning of the 2009 season, the club bought the franchise of Krung Thai Bank F. C. in order to compete in the Thai League T1. The club then started the pre-season under the name of Raj-Vithi-BGFC in the 2009 Queens Cup in the match against Haaka-Sriracha FC, the team was made up of players from Bangkok Glass FC, trialling players with the potential to play in the Thai League. In their first Premier League season, the club was managed by Hans Emser, under his service, the club was unbeaten for twelve league games in a row. He was a coach from Bangkok Glass FC with a points average of 2,33. Nevertheless, Emser himself declared that he preferred to work with the team rather than the senior team. The club then appointed Surachai Jaturapattarapong, a former Thailand national team player who worked as a coach in S. League of Singapore as the clubs new head coach. After a poor start to the 2010 season, Surachai stepped down from his post and was replaced by the Brazilian Carlos Roberto and his tenure in charge was short-lived though as he was fired in October 2010 after two heavy defeats to PEA Buriram and Osotspa Saraburi. Bangkok Glass finished a disappointing 5th in the PLT in 2010, the current manager is Supasin Leelarit and Surachai Jaturapattarapong was re-appointed as head coach at the end of the 2011 season. After a disappointing season Surachai stepped down again from his post October 2012 and was replaced by Phil Stubbins, Bangkok Glass finished the season a disappointing 8th in the PLT2012. After short lived in Bangkok Glass FC Phil Stubbins stepped down in March 2013, for short time assistant coach Anurak taken over and he make the club history for the first club trophy Thai FA Cup 2014 since they founded. Leo Stadium was open in 2010 after being renovated on land adjacent to bangkok glass company limited. It located in Pathum Thani. It was originally used by bangkok glass company limited officer. After Bangkok Glass F. C. bought the franchise of Krung Thai Bank F. C. in order to compete in the Thai League T1 they use Leo Stadium to be their own home ground, the capacity of the stadium was 13,000. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note 1, Players who are AFC Champions League quota foreign players are listed in bold, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules
Bangkok United F.C.
Bangkok United Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in Pathum Thani. Formerly known as Bangkok University FC until 2009 and this club were relegated from the 2010 Thai Premier League only 4 years after winning their first league title in 2006. In 2012 they got promoted to Thai League T1 again, after finishing 3rd in 2012 Thai Division 1 League, the club appeared in the 2007 AFC Champions League but played their home matches in the group stage away from the clubs home. The third, against Japans Kawasaki Frontale, was played at the Thai Army Sports Stadium, the team has failed to qualify for the next stage. Bangkok University FC always used the Bangkok University Stadium for domestic competitions until the end of the 2008 Thailand Premier League season, the stadium was based on the Bangkok Universitys Rangsit Campus and had a capacity of 5,000, currently used by the club for training ground. The stadium is for multi-use, such as athletics and football, the stadium was also shared by Thai Port FC whilst they waited for their stadium to be upgraded. Bangkok United narrowly escaped relegation in the 2009 Thai Premier League, for the 2010 Thai Premier League season, United were backed by Thai media company True Corporation. The early season optimism did not last long and the 2010 campaign ended in relegation, the Angels only won two home games all season. Rather surprisingly the two victories were against high-fliers Buriram PEA and Chonburi F. C, incidentally both victories were achieved at the Bangkok University Stadium after they switched their home fixtures from the Thai-Japanese Stadium to the university midway through the season. In 2015 the club move to Thammasat Stadium to pass the assignment of AFC Champions League regulation, AFC Champions League,2 appearance 2007, Group Stage 2017, Qualifying Preliminary Round 2 Coaches by Years Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Buriram United F.C.
Buriram United Football Club is a professional football club based in Buriram, Thailand. The club has played at the top level of Thai football for the majority of their existence and is competing in the Thai League T1. The club was founded in 1970 and their current home stadium is New I-Mobile Stadium which has a capacity of 32,600, Buriram United won their first Thai League T1 title in 2008 and the Kor Royal Cup in 1998, as PEA FC. The club was based in Ayutthaya before moving east to Buriram for the 2010 season. In season 2011, Buriram PEA were the triple champions winning the in Thailand, the club was founded in 1970. But first successes came in 1998 with winning the division of the Kor Royal Cup. The club was then in the Thai Division 1 League, 2002–03 the club finished third in the second division. In the Thai League T1 Relegation to be lost at the end of the Thailand Tobacco Monopoly FC after round match with 0–1, being the runner-up entitled the club to participate in the AFC Champions League. It was the first participation in a competition for the club. However the club was excluded from the competition, in the following two seasons,2006 and 2007, the PEA took place only 10 and 8 at the end of the season. In 2008 Provincial Electricity Authority relocated to Ayutthaya and played at Ayutthaya Province Stadium where they gained a fan base. The club played under the nickname of Faifa Ayutthaya from media, under the head coach Prapol Pongpanich, PEA eventually won their first championship in Thai League T1. The club was qualified for 2009 AFC Champions League preliminary round, in 2009, PEA was eliminated from 2009 AFC Champions League after losing 1–4 to Singapore Armed Forces in the extra-time at Rajamangala Stadium. PEA ran their defending title campaign of Thai League T1 with the poor performance, prapon Pongpanich was sacked in the middle of the season and replaced by former Thailand national team head coach Thongsuk Sampahungsith. The club finished at 9th place of out of sixteen at the final standing, in December 2009 it was announced that a politician based in Buriram, Newin Chidchob was to take over the club. He had already tried unsuccessfully to take over TOT SC and Royal Thai Army FC Newin relocated the club to Buriram in Isan, the Buriram PEA inherited most of the players from the former PEA club included the stars like Rangsan Vivatchaichok, Apichet Puttan and Theerathon Bunmathan. Pongphan Wongsuwan who was a head coach of TOT S. C. was instated as coach. Thailand national team member Suchao Nuchnum of TOT S. C. also followed his coach to the new team, Buriram PEA finished their first season under the transition as the runner-up of 2010 Thai Premier League
Chiangrai United F.C.
Chiangrai United Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in Chiang Rai Province, a city located in the very northern part of Thailand. The club was currently plays in Thai League T1, founded in 2009, Singha Chiangrai United joined the new Thai football setup and started at the 3rd level setup, the Regional League Northern Division. On winning the championship, Chiangrai entered the 2009 Regional League Championships, an end of season mini-league for all 5 Regional League Division 2 championship winning teams and finished as runners-up and eventually promoted to Thai Division 1 League. In the next season the finished as 3rd in Thai Division 1 League. The strategy is designed to promote a total 360 degree become the big club in Thailand. Main articles, Singha Stadium, Mae Fah Luang University Stadium Singha Stadium is a stadium in Chiang Rai Province. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the stadium of Chiangrai United Football Club. The Singha Stadium is near Mae Fah Luang International Airport, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, the following former Chiangrai United players and managers are inductees in the Chiangrai United F. C. Hall of Fame Teerasak Po-on Mr. C. on Facebook
Chainat Hornbill F.C.
Chainat Hornbill Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in Chainat Province. The club currently plays in Thai League T2, in 2012 the club was promoted to the top league Thai League T1 for the club first time. Regional League Northern Division, Runner-up,2010 Thai FA Cup Champions,2016 As of 2017 Note, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Coaches by Years Wangkanai Sugar Thai AirAsia Official Website of Chainat Hornbill FC Official Facebook
Chonburi Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in the city of Chonburi, Chonburi Province and currently playing in the top division in Thai football, the Thai League T1. The team lifted the title in 2007 which became the most successful season in their history. Chonburi were founded in 1997 and their rivalries are Pattaya United, the team is widely known by their nickname The Sharks which can be seen in the club logo. The shark tribes finished 8th place in the Thai League 2006 season, in 2006 they were invited to play in the Singapore Cup and reached the final, defeating local sides Home United, Albirex Niigata Singapore and Balestier Khalsa along the way. In the final they lost to Tampines Rovers 2–3 in the time after leading 2–0. In 2007 they were invited to participate in the Singapore Cup. Chonburi lost 3–2 in normal play and they have formed links with Manchester City. In July 2008 they made another important big step into the future, in addition, the previous sponsor, Hemaraj Land and Development PLC signed a major sponsorship deal which comes into force from 2009. The contract will run for three years and will amount to the sum of 18 million baht and this may indeed be the largest completed sponsorship of a Thai football club which was ever completed. At the end of the 2008 season, there was enough for runner-up. The main reason for this was certainly the profligacy, with two games left in the season you still on the first place in the table, but a 0–0 draw against Samut Songkhram made to naught in the penultimate round of the dream title defense. His successor is officially announced in mid-December 2008, kiatisuk Senamuang, known as Zico, was appointed coach of Chonburi. As Vice Champion 2008 is qualified for the 2009 AFC Cup and was drawn in a group with Hanoi ACB, Eastern AA, Chonburi has to call to mind the Zeil set to be first in the group and win the AFC Cup in Thailand. The group stage was confident survived with one defeat in six games. In the second round Chonburi PSMS Medan in Indonesia defeated 4–1 before retired in the quarter-finals against the Vietnam representative Bình Dương 2–4, the game against Medan was also the last game of Surat Sukha, who moved to Melbourne Victory. End of the 2009 season the club was only the runner-up again, at the end of 2008 they had 2 points behind the champions,2009, there were 3 points. Kiatisuk Senamuang changed at the end of the season to Hoàng Anh Gia Lai and his successor in Chonburi was Jadet Meelarp, which had been released a year earlier. At his side, his former boss Witthaya Hloagune was provided as technical director of the club, unlike other top clubs in the league but vorzuweisen Chonburi had hardly known commitments for the 2010 season
Muangthong United F.C.
Muangthong United Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in Muang Thong Thani, Nonthaburi Province and other private investors. The club currently plays in the Thai League T1, Muangthong United has participated in the Thai Premier League since 2009 when they won the Thai Division 1 League title in 2008. Muangthong United is one of the richest football clubs in Thailand, the club is widely known as The Twin Qilins. The club was founded in 1989, the first name registered with Football Association of Thailand was Norgjorg Pittayanusorn Football Club. Norgjorg Pittayanusorn Football Club was founded by Worawi Makudi the club race from Ngor Royal Cup and that year, the team performed poorly. Finally, it must be relegated to play in Ngor Royal Cup in season 2004–2005 by returning to its original name, the clubs first success was winning the first place in the 2007 Season of the Thailand Division 2 League. From here, they were promoted to the Thai Division 1 League, the team was then promoted to the Thai League T1 in the 2009 season so everyone praised Muangthong United in that season as 3 Years 3 Champs team. The club was promoted to play in the Thai Premier League in 2009, in the 2009 season, the club had many new and notable players in the country. Despite a successful start to the season, they pledged in April 2009 with Attaphol Buspakom a new coach, for the summer break, the association is, as expected by all experts, among the top five of the table and plays for the championship. One factor of success would certainly be the close links between the Club and Belgian club Lierse, was on break, the Thai star player Teeratep Winothai joined the team. At the same time joined with Ronnachai Rangsiyo, the master FC PEA, the association has with Ronnachai Rangsiyo, Teerasil Dangda and Teerathep Winothai, now probably the most talented strikers in the country in its ranks. They have access to Semi final round by lose to Al-Ittihad from Syria 2–1, in 2010 Thai Premier League they lost just three games and seven draws of 30 game. Which the club won the league for a second and Dagno Siaka is top score for club in 2010 season by 15 goal, at the start of the season Muangthong United signed former Liverpool player Robbie Fowler, who signed a one-year contract. Muangthong United participated in the 2011 AFC Champions League in play off round and they played Sriwijaya but lost on penalties after the game ended in a 2–2 draw. They were also eligible to play for the 2011 AFC Cup, in their first match of the round of 16 they beat Al Ahed from Lebanon 4–0 but went on to lose to Kuwait SC in the quarter-finals round 1–0. After their tournament exit Henrique Calisto, the manager, was sacked. In 2011 Thai Premier League Muangthong United finished the season in place in Thai league. For the 2010–11 season and Teerasil Dangda is top score for club in 2011 season by 13 goals, after Fowlers contract expired, Muangthong United signed a contract with Serbia coach Slaviša Jokanović