Zamalek Sporting Club, is an Egyptian sports club based in Meet Okba, Egypt. It is best known for its football team, which plays in the Egyptian Premier League. It was founded on 5 January 1911 as Qasr El-Neel Club and was first headed by Belgian lawyer George Marzbach, the name was changed to El-Mokhtalat Club in 1913 and in 1941 it was changed again to King Farouk Club, named after King Farouk. The name finally settled as Zamalek SC after the 1952 Egyptian revolution, Zamalek has never been relegated to the Second Division. On the continental side, Zamalek has won more CAF trophies than any other African team in the Twentieth century, the club has 5 CAF Champions League titles,3 CAF Super Cup titles and 1 African Cup Winners Cup title. Internationally, Zamalek has won 2 Afro-Asian Cup titles, the club plays their home matches in the Cairo International Stadium, with a capacity of 75,000. The club started out as Qasr El-Neel Club by a Belgian lawyer and it was the first football club in Cairo emerged from its non-English expatriate communities.
They formed sports and social clubs each with its own identity, a very important aspect of Zamalek was that it was a club for all people and not for any specific social, economical, or ethnic status. Zamalek started out and continued through World War I under the presidency of Merzbach, the next president was Nicola Arfagi who played left wing for the clubs football team. Following the 1919 revolution, the club became Egyptian controlled in 1923 under the presidency of General Haidar Pasha, in the winter of 1924, the club moved for the third time to what is now known as El Balloon Theater. Then in 1940, the club was renamed Farouk El Awal Club after being honored by its acknowledgement from the King of Egypt and Sudan, following the army coup against the King in 1952, the club was renamed Al Zamalek after the area where the club was situated. The Egyptian members realized that it was important to increase the number of Egyptian members to gain a majority at the general members meeting. After the first board, a new board in 1923 was formed with General Mohammad Haidar as a president, at the beginning of 1941, General Haidar was selected from the assistants of the king.
Then in 1952, the Egyptian army revolution came and a new board was formed with Dr. Mohammad Shawky as a president who was the secretary. He is thwarts team in the world 11 leagues only general of the office with high social status right then. In the same board, there was Mohammad Hassan Helmy who is one of the most popular Zamalek figures taking the position of the secretary assistant. Due to the right then, half the club board was changed every year. In 1954, the idea of renovating the stadium was emerging due to the bad state of the current stadium right then
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe.
The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established and episkyros were Greek ball games.
An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Ghazl El Mahalla SC
Ghazl El Mahalla Sporting Club is an Egyptian football club based in El-Mahalla El-Kubra. They are members of the Egyptian Premier League and they won the Egyptian Premier League once in 1973. The team reached the final of the Egypt Cup six times, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Sherif El-Khashab Mohamed Radwan Salah El-Nahy Ibrahim Youssef Abdel-Latif El-Doumany Farouk Gaafar Ashraf Kasem Mohamed Fayz Ghazl El-Mehalla SC official funs website
Pausanias noted that for about half a century the only event at the ancient Greek Olympic festival was the race that comprised one length of the stade at Olympia, where the word stadium originated. In modern times, a stadium is officially a stadium when at least 50% of the capacity is an actual building. If the majority of the capacity is formed by grasshills, the venue is not officially considered a stadium. Most of the stadiums with a capacity of at least 10,000 are used for football, or soccer. A large amount of sports venues are used for concerts. Stadium is the Latin form of the Greek word stadion, a measure of length equalling the length of 600 human feet, as feet are of variable length the exact length of a stadion depends on the exact length adopted for 1 foot at a given place and time. Although in modern terms 1 stadion =600 ft, in a historical context it may actually signify a length up to 15% larger or smaller. The equivalent Roman measure, the stadium, had a similar length — about 185 m -, the English use of stadium comes from the tiered infrastructure surrounding a Roman track of such length.
Most dictionaries provide for both stadiums and stadia as valid English plurals, although etymological purists sometimes apply stadia only to measures of length in excess of 1 stadium. The oldest known stadium is the one in Olympia, in the western Peloponnese, initially the Games consisted of a single event, a sprint along the length of the stadium. The stadion, a measure of length, may be related to the Stadium and Roman stadiums have been found in numerous ancient cities, perhaps the most famous being the Stadium of Domitian, in Rome. The excavated and refurbished ancient Panathenaic stadium hosted a version of the Olympic Games in 1870,1875,1896 and 1906. The excavation and refurbishment of the stadium was part of the legacy of the Greek national benefactor Evangelos Zappas, the first stadiums to be built in the modern era were basic facilities, designed for the single purpose of fitting as many spectators in as possible. One such early stadium was the Lansdowne Road Stadium, the brainchild of Henry Dunlop, banned from locating sporting events at Trinity College, Dunlop built the stadium in 1872.
Some 300 cartloads of soil from a trench beneath the railway were used to raise the ground, other early stadiums from this period in the UK include the Stamford Bridge stadium and Anfield stadium. In the U. S. However, many of these caught fire. All of the 19th-century wooden parks were replaced, some only a few years. Goodison Park was the first purpose-built football stadium in the world, walton-based building firm Kelly brothers were instructed to erect two uncovered stands that could each accommodate 4,000 spectators
Haras El Hodoud SC
Haras El Hodoud Sporting Club is an Egyptian football team. It was formerly known as Sawahel based in Alexandria, the team is a member of the Egyptian Premier League. The team fell into the tier and remained for many years before returning to the EPL again in the 2002–2003 season. Guard team has achieved great achievement in the 2003–2004 season when it achieved a place in the league for the first time in history. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Helmy Toulan Tarek El Ashry Helmy Toulan Abu-Taleb Al-Essawy Abdul Hamid Bassiouny Ahmed Ayoub Team profile – EFA Official website
Cairo Military Academy Stadium
The Cairo Military Academy Stadium is located in Cairo and has a total capacity of 28,500. It was one of six stadiums to be used in the 2006 African Cup of Nations and it was built in 1989 for the use of military teams and students at the military academy. The ground accommodated home games of Al Ahly and Zamalek during the refurbishing of the Cairo International Stadium, the stadium has a small roof extension serving as a cover for the main stand. On demand, during matches rent-a-crowd military cadets serve as ground-fillers in addition to the paying spectators for football matches
Cairo International Stadium
The Cairo Stadium or Stad El Qahira El Dawly, is an Olympic-standard, multi-use stadium with an all-seated capacity of 75,000. The architect of the stadium is the German Werner March, who had built from 1934 to 1936 the Olympic Stadium in Berlin, before becoming an all seater stadium, it had the ability to hold over 100,000 spectators, reaching a record of 120,000. Its the foremost Olympic-standard facility befitting the role of Cairo, Egypt as the center of events in the region and it is the 69th largest stadium in the world. The Stadium is located about 10 km west of Cairo International Airport, in 2005, in preparation for the 2006 African Cup of Nations it underwent a major renovation, and was brought up to 21st century world standard along with all its multi-game Olympic facilities. Cairo Stadium is known for its tremendous atmosphere and its large capacity. This was never more evident than during the 2006 African Cup of Nations, when Egypt had their matches in Cairo Stadium, the stadium seemed to nearly erupt.
Before seats were added to all sections in 2005, the stadium was notorious for holding more people than it was intended to, without seats, fans were able to squeeze together and sit in aisles. Because of the seating layout, Cairo International Stadium was able to host over 120,000 fans for the 1986 African Cup of Nations Final match between Egypt and Cameroon. Behind the enormous crowd, hosts Egypt defeated Cameroon, Cairo Stadium is a strong symbol of Egyptian football. Nearly all of the most important Egyptian matches are held there and it has served as the main stadium of the 1991 All-Africa Games. Hosts matches between Cairo giants Al-Ahly and Zamalek SC, hosts matches for the Egypt national football team. In the 1986 Africa Cup of Nations it was packed with 120,000 people to see their team winning the tournament against Cameroon. Hosted many matches in the 2006 Africa Cup of Nations and the final which Egypt won against Ivory Coast 4-2 in penalties shootouts after a 0-0 draw Overtime which was packed with 80,000 attendance.
Will be one of the stadiums for Egyptian bid to host the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations and it is the most visited stadium in Egypt having all of the important matches for the Egypt national football team. It was one of the stadiums along with Borg El Arab Stadium and 5 other future made stadium in the Egyptian fail bid to host the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Cairo Stadium Indoor Halls Complex Website for Cairo Stadium Photos at worldstadiums. com Photos at fussballtempel. net
Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt. Cairo has long been a center of the political and cultural life. Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the worlds second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University. Many international media and organizations have regional headquarters in the city, with a population of 6.76 million spread over 453 square kilometers, Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. An additional 9.5 million inhabitants live in proximity to the city. Cairo, like many other mega-cities, suffers from high levels of pollution, Cairos metro, one of only two in Africa, ranks among the fifteen busiest in the world, with over 1 billion annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East in 2005, Egyptians often refer to Cairo as Maṣr, the Egyptian Arabic name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the citys importance for the country. In Coptic the city is known as Kahire, meaning Place of the Sun, possibly referring to the ancient city of Heliopolis, the location of the ancient city is the suburb of Ain Shams.
The ancient Egyptian name for the area is thought to be Khere-Ohe, The Place of Combat, sometimes the city is informally referred to as Kayro. The area around present-day Cairo, especially Memphis, had long been a point of Ancient Egypt due to its strategic location just upstream from the Nile Delta. However, the origins of the city are generally traced back to a series of settlements in the first millennium. Around the turn of the 4th century, as Memphis was continuing to decline in importance and this fortress, known as Babylon, remained the nucleus of the Roman, later, the Byzantine, city and is the oldest structure in the city today. It is situated at the nucleus of the Coptic Orthodox community, many of Cairos oldest Coptic churches, including the Hanging Church, are located along the fortress walls in a section of the city known as Coptic Cairo. Following the Muslim conquest in 640 AD the conqueror Amr ibn As settled to the north of the Babylon in an area became known as al-Fustat. Originally a tented camp Fustat became a permanent settlement and the first capital of Islamic Egypt, in 750, following the overthrow of the Ummayad caliphate by the Abbasids, the new rulers created their own settlement to the northeast of Fustat which became their capital.
This was known as al-Askar as it was laid out like a military camp, a rebellion in 869 by Ahmad ibn Tulun led to the abandonment of Al Askar and the building of another settlement, which became the seat of government. This was al-Qattai, to the north of Fustat and closer to the river, Al Qattai was centred around a palace and ceremonial mosque, now known as the Mosque of ibn Tulun. In 905 the Abbasids re-asserted control of the country and their returned to Fustat
Egypt national football team
The team plays its home games at Borg El Arab Stadium in Alexandria, and their current head coach is Héctor Cúper. Egypt has been as high as ninth in the FIFA World Rankings, despite their continental record, Egypt has so far made only two appearances in the World Cup, failing to win a game on both occasions. The Egypt national team was the first African and Middle Eastern team to qualify for the World Cup, the first Egyptian national football team was constituted in 1920 to compete in the Summer Olympics in Belgium. The opening match of their campaign was a loss against the Italians, Egypt qualified to the FIFA world cup twice in 1934 and 1990. Egypt was the first African country to qualify to the World Cup and lost to the Hungary 4–2 in their first and they only scored one goal in the 1990 World Cup scored by Magdy AbdelGhany to give the Egyptians their first point of the tournament. Egypt first participated in the first Africa Cup of Nations tournament in 1957, in their first game, which was a semi-final, they faced Sudan, winning 2–1 with goals from Raafat Attia and Ad-Diba, enabling Egypt to play in their first final.
In the final, they faced Ethiopia, in which Egypt won 4–0, with goals being scored by Ad-Diba. The top scorer of tournament was Ad-Diba from Egypt with five goals. In their second participation in the Africa Cup of Nations in 1959, there were only three teams in that tournament, being Ethiopia and Egypt itself. Egypt again was undefeated in tournament, like in the previous tournament in 1957. Their fourth appearance came in 1963 in Ghana, Egypt was placed in Group B with Sudan and Nigeria, winning Nigeria with a score of 6–3, but drawing 2–2 against Sudan. Despite being undefeated in the stage, they were ranked second, behind Sudan by goal difference. Egypt, as runners-up in Group B, participated in the 3rd place match, playing against Ethiopia, for the 1965 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt did qualify for the tournament, but they withdrew because of their diplomatic relationship with Tunisia, who were hosts of the tournament. Again, Egypt withdrew from the 1968 Africa Cup of Nations, in the 1970 Africa Cup of Nations, hosted again in Sudan, Egypt were in Group B along with Ghana and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known as Congo-Kinshasa back then.
In their opening match, Egypt defeated Guinea by a score of 4–1, in which Ali Abo Greisha scored twice, Hassan El-Shazly scored once, and Taha Basry scored once during that game. Egypts next game was against Ghana, which ended as a 1–1 draw, with Ibrahim Sunday scoring for Ghana, in their third game in this tournament, they faced Congo-Kinshasa, in which Egypt won 1–0 by a goal from Abo Greisha. Egypt ended being in first place, thus advancing to the next round, however, in the third place match, they won Ivory Coast by a score of 3–1, making Egypt become third place again in this tournament. For the 1972 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt failed to qualify for the first time in this tournament after being eliminated by Morocco by a score of 5–3